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Flashcards in Schizophrenia Deck (40)
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1

What does Schizophrenia cause?

distorted and bizarre thoughts, perceptions, emotions, movements, and behaviors

2

Positive/Hard Symptoms

-ambivalence
-associative looseness
-delusions
-echopraxia
-flight of ideas
-hallucinations
-ideas of reference
-perseveration
-bizarre behavior

3

Ambivalence

holding seemingly contradictory beliefs or feelings about the same person, event, or situation

4

Associative looseness

fragmented or poorly related thoughts and ideas

5

Delusions

fixed false beliefs that have no basis in reality

6

Echopraxia

imitation of the movements and gestures of another person whom the client is observing

7

Flight of Ideas

continuous flow of verbalization in which the person jumps rapidly from one topic to another

8

Hallucinations

false sensory perceptions or perceptual experiences that do not exist in reality

9

Ideas of Reference

false impressions that external events have special meaning for the person

10

Perseveration

persistent adherence to a single idea or topic, verbal repetition of a sentence, word, or phrase; resisting attempts to change topic

11

Bizarre Behavior

outlandish appearance or clothing; repetitive or stereotyped, seemingly purposeless movements; unusual social or sexual behavior

12

Negative or Soft Behavior

-Alogia
-Anhedonia
-Apathy
-Asociality
-Blunted Affect
-Catatonia
-Flat Affect
-Avolition or lack of volition
-Inattention

13

Alogia

tendency to speak very little or to convey little substance of meaning

14

Anhedonia

feeling no joy or pleasure from life or any activities or relationships

15

Apathy

Feelings of indifference toward people, activities, and events

16

Asociality

social withdrawal, few or no relationships, lack of closeness

17

Blunted Affect

Restricted range of emotional feeling, tone, or mood

18

Catatonia

Psychologically induced immobility occasionally marked by periods of agitation or excitement; seems motionless as if in trance

19

Flat Affect

Absence of any facial expression that would indicate emotions or mood

20

Lack of Volition

Absence of will, ambition, or drive to take action or accomplish tasks

21

Inattention

inability to concentrate or focus on a topic or activity regardless of its importance

22

When is Schizophrenia usually diagnosed?

late adolescence or early adulthood
-age 15-25 men
-age 25-35 women

23

When is a person diagnosed with Schizoaffective disorder?

when the client as a mixture of psychotic and mood symptoms

24

What is the onset of schizophrenia typically like?

may be abrupt or insidious, but most clients slowly and gradually develop signs and symptoms

25

Schizophreniform Disorder

the client exhibits an acute, reactive psychosis for less than 6 months necessary to meet the diagnostic criteria for schizophrenia

26

Delusional Disorder

the client has one or more nonbizarre delusions that is the focus of the delusion is believable

27

Brief Psychotic Disorder

client experiences sudden onset of at least one psychotic symptom which lasts from 1 day to 1 month; may or may not have an identifiable stressor or follow childbirth

28

Shared Psychotic Disorder

two people share a similar delusion

29

Schizotypal Personality Disorder

involves odd, eccentric behaviors, including transient psychotic symptoms

30

What do the biologic theories of Schizophrenia focus on?

-genetic factors
-neuroanatomic and neurochemical factors (brain structure and function)
-immunovirology (body's response to virus)