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Flashcards in Anxiety Disorders Deck (24):
1

lifetime prevalence anxiety disorders

28%

2

anxiety and fear are emotional response systems designed to

detect threat/danger
motivate protection or defense
facilitate protection or defense

3

3 components of anxiety/fear

physiological
verbal-cognitive
behavioral

4

fear

an organsm's defensive response that motivates protection from an imminent threat; immediate and short lived

5

anxiety

an organism's prepatory response that motivates avoidance of impending threat
-diffuse and long-lasting

6

both fear and anxiety lead to

physiological arousal
behavioral avoidance and/or escape
cognitive constriction onto threatening situation (attention narrowing, focused thoughts)

7

anxiety and fear differ by three ways

length of response
length of emotional response
what elicits them

8

simple task

performance increases with increasing arousal

9

difficult task

preformance is highest at medium arousal

10

Biological contributions to anxiety (4)

genetic transmission

anxiety and brain circuits (depeleted levels of GABA)

limbic (amygdala) and septal-hippocampal systems

CRG

11

3 types of panic attacks

situationally bound
cued
uncued

12

panic attack does NOT

mean panic disorder

13

uncued panic attack

at least 1 month of concerns about havng more panic attacks or worry about consequences of having panic attacks or behavioral changes because of panic attacks

14

anxiety sensitivty

fear of interceptive symptoms of fear and anxiety
--physiological, cognitive, or social

15

12 month prevalence of panic attacks

11%

16

agoraphobia

no global worry about panic attacks, only anxiety about "panic-like" symptoms in situations where escape is embarrasing

17

panic disorder without agoraphobia

anxiety about possibility of having more panic attacks

18

panic disorder with agoraphobia

anxiety about having more panic attacks and worry about having panic attack in situation where escape is difficult and/or embarrassing

19

Generalized Anxiety Disorder

excessive worry and anxious apprehension for 6 months of more
1 year-3%
lifetime 9%

20

worry is thought to be

negatively reinforcing
worrying temporarily relieves the negative imagery associated with anxiety by transforming it into words-->decreases physiological activity BUT need more and more anxiety to do so

21

specific phobias epi

7-9%

22

5 broad categories of specific phobias

animal type
natural environment type
blood-injury-injection
situation type
other type

23

most prevalent anxiety disorder

social phobia (7%)

24

peak of social anxiety

about 15 years; onset is during adolescence