Eating Disorders Flashcards Preview

PSYCH > Eating Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Eating Disorders Deck (39):
0

Anorexia Nervosa- must have all these criteria

restriction of energy intake-->significantly below body weight
intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat (may deny)
body-image disturbance (disturbance in perception of how you see your body)

1

subtypes of anorexia

restricting type
binge-eating/purging type

2

partial remission

normal weight but rest of criteria are present

3

mild anorexia BMI

>17

4

moderate BMI

16-16.99

5

severe anorexia

15-15.99

6

extreme

BMI <15

7

prevalence of anorexia

0.4% rare! but not rare, just stringent criteria
used to have amennorhea for 3 months or more but too hard to assess

8

percentage of women who maintain a near-normal body weight

little less than half

9

how many patients do not recover

about 1/4

10

suicide risk

higher than any other mental disorder

11

mortality rate

higher than any other mental disorder except heroin disorder

12

inpatient treatment AN focuses on

weight gain

13

long term AN treatment

no psychological or drug treatment

14

outcomes of treatment vs no treatment

similar outcomes
-doesnt mean treatment isnt important

15

promising treatments

family therapy (for adolescents)
acceptance and cmmitment therapy

16

Bulimia Nervosa

recurrent episodes of binge eating
recurrent inappropriate compensatory behavior to prevent weight gain
both behaviors occur at least 2x/week for 3 months
self evaluation is unduly influenced by body shape and weight
disturbance is not exclusively during episodes of AN

17

severity scale

mild: 1-3
moderate: 4-7
severe: 8-13
extreme: 14 or more

18

prevalent of Bullemia

about 1-3% in women
90% women

19

effective in treating BN

CBT
Interpersonal psychotherapy
fluoxteine

20

big problem with treatments

drop-out, non-response, incomplete response

21

binge eating disorder

recurrent binges
assocaited with atleast three- eating more rapidly, feeling uncomfortably full, large amounts of food when not hungry, eating alone bcause of embarrassment, feeling disgusted, depressed or very guilty
marked distress about binge eating***
once a week for 3 months
no compensatory beahviors (purging, restriction)

22

less emphasis in binge eating on

body dissatisifcation

23

gender in binge eating

more even sex ratio

24

CBT is

effective but does not cause weight loss

25

BED NOT synonymous with

obesity

26

EDNOS

more common than AN and BN

27

DSM5 replaced with 2 diagnosies

other specified feeding or eating disorder
unspecified feeding or eating disorder

28

other specificed feeding or eating disorder

includes specific subthreshold instances of other disorders

29

unspecified feeding or eating disorder

inadequate information to make another diagnosis

30

genetic influences

may be specific for AN- starving humans crave sugar- anorexics have that switch turned off

31

other influences

family influences
dieting
socioculture- If no cultural imperative to be thin, no eating disorder

32

obesity is NOT

a mental disorder

33

obestiy and eating

most obese people do not eat differently than normal people

34

underweight, overweight and mortality

underweight 2x more likely to die
overweight has most likely to have long mortality

35

all treatments except ___ haveproven ineffective for long term

bariatric surgery

36

weight loss efforts predict

eright gain and onset of obesity

37

intended weight loss

may be as strongly related to health outcomes as actual weight loss

38

empirically supported for AN

maudsley-model family therapy