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Flashcards in Arthritis Deck (32):
1

what is the most common form of arthritis

ankylosing spondyltits

2

what is the most common bacteria in septic arthritis

Staph. arureus

3

were are the osteophytes located in the hand in rheumatoid arthritis

PIP
MCP

4

in osteoarthritis what will be found in the DIP and PIP joints

Heberden's nodes: DIP
Bouchards node: PIP

5

on the body how does Rheumatoid arthritis distrubte

symmetric

6

what will the X-ray show for osteoarthritis

loss of joint space
sclerosis
sunchondral cysts
osteophytes

7

what are other side effects of rheumatoid arthritis

malaise,
carpal tunnel disease

8

in order to diagnose a patient with rheumatoid arthritis they must have what

4/6
morning stiffness for 1 hours
arthritis of 3+joints for 6 weeks
Systemic arthritis for 6 weeks
Rheumatoid nodules
+RH factor
radiographic changes

9

what tests can be use to detect rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid factor ( IgM Ab against Fe portion of IgG)
HLA-DR4
ESR-CRP elevated

10

what will X-ray of Rheumatoid arthritis show

bony erosion
joint space loss
C1-2 instability

11

treatment options for Rheumatoid Arthritis

NSAIDs
Steroids
DMARDs (disease modifying drugs)
surgery

12

Septic arthritis occurs in who

children
-immunocompromised adults

13

in septic arthritis what protein causes destruction

Metalloproteases

14

what are symptoms of septic arthritis

PAIN with ROM of joint
fever, tachycardia

15

what will labs show for septic arthritis
WBC
ESR, CRP
blood culture
x-rays
joint aspirate

WBC: elevated or normal
ESR, CRP: elevated
blood culture: point towards bacteria
x-rays: normal in acute setting
joint aspirate: greater 50,000 WBC/mm3

16

septic arthritis common bug for:
neonate:
5 yrs less:
5-teen:
adolescents:
adults:
sickle cell:

neonate: staph aureus
5 yrs less: staph aures
5-teen: staph arues
adolescents: gonorrhea
adults: staph arues
sickle cell: Salmonella

17

Chronic septic arthritis is most likely from

Tb or lyme

18

treatment for septic arthritis

surgical washout
antibiotics

19

what joints get impacted by Seronegative spondyloarthropathies

SI joints
spine

20

protein present in Seronegative Spondyloarthropathies

HLA-B27

21

what are 3 clinical symptoms for seronegative spondyloarthropathies

uveitis
carditis
enthesitis

22

When does Reiter Disease appear

after: urethritis, cervicitis, or dysentery
2-8 weeks after infection

23

clinical symptoms for psoriatic arthritis

nail disorders
iritis

24

Inflammatory Bowel Disease more in

Crohns

25

what are symptoms of Seronegative Spondylorthropathies

back pain
morning stiffness

26

what exam is used for sernegative spondyloarthropathies

FABER
SI joint
enthesitis

27

what labs can be done and be positive for Seronegative Spondyloarthropathies

HLA-B27
X-rays of spine

28

treatment for Seronegative spondyloarthropathies

NSAIDS, MTX
surgery

29

For osteoarthritis, is the pain worse at the beginning or end of the day

end

30

what is the incidence of Akylosing Spondylitis

1 in 2000

31

Rheumatoid arthritis patients that undergo surgery must have what part of their spine evaluated to prevent cord injury

C1 and C2

32

what arthritis falls under seronegative spondyloarthropathies

ankylosing spondylitis
Reiter disease
Psoriatic arthritis
Inflammatory Bowl Disease