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Flashcards in Assessment Deck (10):
1

Raven's Progressive Matrices

Thought to be one of the best non verbal measures of intelligence

2

Spearman's "g" factor

proposed that intelligence is one general factor and measurement should not be clouded by specific abilities

3

Normative vs. Ipsative scores

normative- tells how someone performed relative to others
ipsative-provides info on relative strengths & weaknesses of one person only (voc pref tests)

4

Empirical Criterion Keying

Process for selecting which items should be included in a test, items keyed to an external criterion
Ex-MMPI generated pool of items, only those found to differentiate ppl w/schiz incl on scale 8

5

Spearman's theory of intelligence

proposed that intelligence is a single factor, termed "g" factor
Based on observation that scores on various tests of mental ability tend to correlate with one another
widely used tests, like Weschler & Stanford binet measure g factor

6

Thurstone's Theory of Intelligence

Proposed 7 distinct primary mental abilities:
Verbal Comp
Word Fluency
Numerical Fluency
Spatial Visualization
Associative Memory
Perceptual Speed
Reasoning

7

Cattell's Theory of Intelligence

Reorganized Thurstone's theory to propose that "g factor" does exist w/ 2 subtypes:
Fluid Int-ability to acquire new knowledge, problem solving
Crystallized-knowledge gained thru life experience, interaction btwn fluid intelligence & environment

8

Cattell-Horn-Carroll Theory of Intelligence

Result of extensive factor analysis, probably the most empirically validated theory
Proposed 3 levels of intellect
"g" general intelligence-Stratum III
10 broad abilities- Stratum II
~70 narrow abilities- Stratum I

9

Gardner's Multiple Intelligences

Proposed 8 distinct intelligences:
Linguistic
Logical-mathematical
Spatial
Musical
Bodily-kinesthetic
Interpersonal
Intrapersonal
Naturalistic
*ppl have relative strengths & weaknesses in these categories

10

Sternberg's Triarchic Theory of Intelligence

Proposed 3 aspects of intelligence
1. Internal components: used to acquire, store, perceive, remember
2. Capacity to adapt to environmental changes
3. Ability to apply past exp to current problems