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Flashcards in Multicultural Deck (29):
1

Emic vs. Etic view of people
Hint: ETic = ETernal truths about all humans
eMic= Multicultural perspec

Etic- assumes universal principles underly personality & psychopathology (same for all ind regardless of culture)
Emic- Culture specific view of psychology, where no one model of mental health can be applied to all

2

Psychiatric problems tend to peak _ to _ years after immigration

1 to 3

3

Enculturation

process of learning about one's own culture, influenced primarily by home and family

4

Berry's Theory of Acculturation: 2 Key Factors

Cultural maintenance- valuing & preserving cultural id
Contact & participation-involvement with the dom culture & other cultural groups
*sees acculturation on a continuum
*test may use terms about retention of minority culture & maintenance of mainstream

5

Berry's theory of acculturation: 4 Strategies

1. Assimilation-person does not maintain cultural id, adopts attitudes & values of dom culture
2. Separation-person values orig culture and avoids interaction w/other cultures
3. Integration- maintain orig culture id while also interacting w/other cultures
4. Marginalization-do not maintain orig culture id and also do not interact w.other cultures

6

Idioms of distress

refers to the "illness language" of a particular cultural group; i.e. somatic complaints, witchcraft, possession

7

Somatization: ___ & ____ more often present w/stomach issues, whereas ___ may present w/cardiopulmonary sxs

whites; latinos
asians

8

Cultural Encapsulation

therapist makes narrow assumptions about reality, minimizes cultural variation among individuals, resorts to technique oriented strategies, judges according to self reference cx

9

Ppl of lowest SES are ____ times more likely to have a mental disorder than highest SES

2-3

10

RR Troiden Model of Gay & Lesbian ID development

4 stages:
1.Sensitization- after puberty, feels diff from peers, internalizes neg self concept
2. ID Confusion- around 17 or 18; growing recogn of sexuality, also incr isolation; attempt to resolve thru denial
3. ID assumption: Inc contact w/other gays & lesbians, though still underlying neg feelings re:being gay
4. Commitment Integration of sexual id, more open about id, more open relationships

11

Low Context Communication

meaning of the comm is what is explicitly verbalized (direct), middle class America values

12

High Context Communication

Situation & nonverbal cues significantly affect meaning of what is verbalized, more common in Filipino, AA, Asian Am, Hispanic and Native Am cultures

13

Minority Identity Development

Atkinson, Morton, & Sue
5 Stages:
1. Conformity
2. Dissonance
3. Resistance/Immersion
4. Introspection
5. Synergetic Articulation & Awareness/Integrative Awareness

14

Black Identity Development- Jackson's model

Strongly influenced by racism & oppression
4 Stages:
1. Passive acceptance
2. Active resistance
3. Redirection
4. Internalization

15

Black Identity Development- Cross' Model

5 stages from white frame of reference to pos. black frame of ref
1. Pre-encounter
2. Encounter
3. Immersion-emersion
4. Internalization
5. Internalization & Commitment

16

Helms' White Racial ID Dev Model

6 stages:
1. Contact-ignorance of racism & white privilege, timidity about ppl of color
2. Disintegration- discomfort w/advantages of being white & w/those that maintain racism; tendency to deny racism or avoid ppl of color
3. Reintegration: conscious acknowledgement of white id, but accept belief of white racial superiority
4. Pseudoindependence- actively question white supremacy, may try to disavow whiteness & assoc w/ppl of color
5. Immersion/Emersion-examine own racial id, try to replace myths w/accurate info
6. Autonomy- redefinition of being white, openness to new ways of thinking about race & culture

17

Collateral Culture

Highly values family & social connectedness, as opposed to individualistic cultures

18

Susto

Hisp. culture bound syndrome, "fright"

19

Nervios

Hisp culture bound syndrome, nerves

20

mal de ojo

Hisp culture bound syndrome, evil eye

21

attaque de nervios

Hisp culture bound syndrome, screaming, crying, aggression, dissociation, fainting

22

Hispanic idioms of distress

somatic complaints

23

Tx recs with Hispanic clients

Active, problem solving
Family therapy
Personalismo- informal small talk

24

Cultural paranoia

healthy suspiciousness based on real racism

25

Isolated sleep paralysis

AA culture bound synd; inability to move while falling asleep

26

Tx Recs w/ AA clients

Emph rapport early sessions, egalitarian, therapist must convey respect

27

Nancy Boyd Franklin's Multisystems approach

family's struggle must be eval in environ & cultural context, recommends involvement w/systems influencing clients (church, social services, etc)

28

Neurasthenia

Asian Am culture bound syndrome; numbness in various body parts, chronic fatigue, anxiety

29

hwa-byung

Asian Am Culture bound syndrome- suppressed anger syndrome