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Flashcards in ATPL 76 - 100 Deck (22):

Explain CG working limit and operation limit

  • CG limit is the aft or forward limit found in AOM chap 1 limitations
  • Working CG is the forward or aft CG limit defined in the Weight and balance manifest
  • Working CG is more strict and it assures that during any movement of fuel passenger cargo the limit CG will never be exceeded


How do you check fuel leak

  • Total fuel quantity remaining compared to flight plan fuel
  • Fuel flow indication for an engine with excessive fuel flow
  • Individual tank quantities
  • Totalizer compared to calculated quantities (prog page 2)


Evacuation, what item does CPT/FO take

  • Captain: Crash axe, megaphone, Flashlight. Evacuate via the Mid cabin if possible and direct whole evacuation from there. Evacuate plane after all have evacuated to the extend possible
  • First Officer: Signal kit, Flash light. Evacuate via the forward area if land rescue required quickly evacuate and assist passenger evacuate


Why when you check weather and all you don’t need to check max tire speed or brake energy speed

  • For C2B2, limits not required to be checked unless CDL and MEL are applied as these limits will not become restrictive under most stringent conditions
  • For C2B6, required to check the limits when flight plans are made as follows and when CDL and MEL apply
  • When airport pressure ALT at or below 2000’, TOW at or above 310.0 (T/W > 5kts) etc; when airport pressure ALT above 2000’, TOW at or above 280.0 (T/W > 5kts) etc
  • Brake energy limit more restrictive than tire speed limit


When do you need to have extra fuel?

  • Extra fuel means the fuel loaded when the captain and the flight dispatcher consider it necessary to meet the company basic policy from the following reason:
  • ATC
  • Weather condition of destination, alternate airport, or en-route
  • Fuel loading procedure
  • Others, if any


What meaning of MCTF in flight plan?



The meaning of the 3 GA

  • GA THRUST autothrottle controlling to a maximum reference trust to maintain a climb rate of at least 2000fpm
    • IF both FD off reference thrust subject to flap and VMO speed limits
  • GA PITCH maintain target speed or current speed whichever is higher. After 5 second new speed is commanded up to window speed plus 25kt
  • GA ROLL steering indication provides guidance to maintain ground track present at mode engagement


Why do we use center command all the time?

Autopilot which has various redundancy amongst different systems


Aspect to consider during heavy weights

  • If acceleration is made up to the maneuvering speed for the next flap during flap retraction after Take off, there is a possibility of exceeding Placard Speed (VFe) for the preceding flaps position
  • To prevent the exceedance of the limitation, flight crew should remind of the followings during flap retractions:
  • When airspeed becomes within 20kt from the maneuvering speed for the next flap position during flap retraction then select the flap position and accelerate up to the maneuvering speed for that flap condition
  • High brake energy during RTO
  • Nose heavy aircraft during rotation
  • Required to fuel jettison in case of come back due to overweight for landing
  • Only max thrust is available for T/O


What happen if the endurance has been wrongly set

  • If endurance is set to a smaller number than the actual Endurance, Search and rescue might never find the aircraft, as they will search in the given endurance range and not look further then the actual aircraft endurance range


What action you take above FL410

At Least one of the pilot shall use his oxygen mask when operating above an altitude of 41000ft


When another pilot leaves cockpit?

  • Flight crewmember shall always have their oxygen mask ready for immediate use when operating at an altitude of 25000ft or above In the event that one of the pilot leaves his seat in the cockpit at an altitude of 25000 or above the other pilot shall use his oxygen mask until he comes back


Question relating to WS-84 in china. review OM as china is apparently part of it now



NRT usually 15-20 of taxi means flight late, how would you reach destination on time?

  • The pilot can use cost index from range of 20-200
  • Therefore if pilot sees that he will be late at destination he can select higher cost index
  • Also taxi fuel is based on a 10 min taxi time so aircraft will have only 5-10 min delay


Wind shear definition

  • A change in wind speed and/or direction in a short distance resulting in a tearing or shearing effect; sometimes accompanied by turbulence
  • Indicated by TS, virga, PWS, WSAS

  • Indication of W/S encounter – WSAS or unacceptable flight path deviations
  • Unacceptable flight path deviations are conditions in excess of the following below 1000’AGL – 15kts, 5 degrees pitch, 500fpm, 1 dot G/S, unusual thrust lever position for a significant period of time


When do you need to make deviation call out

  • Callout should be made made whenever you find a signification deviation on each case
  • PF is recommended show guidance for deviation callout to PM at preflight briefing is necessary
  • Refer to the standart callout in normal procedure section
  • Significant call out below 1000ft are:
  • Airspeed: above 10kt or below 5kt (with landing flaps)
  • Sink rate: exceed 1000fpm
  • Localizer: more than 1⁄2 dot (1dot on expand scale) more then 1/3 dot (1/2 dot on expand) after approaching minimum is called on cat 2/3
  • Glideslope: more then 1 dot
  • VOR: more than 5 degrees or 1 dot
  • Glide path: exceed -50ft or +100ft


Shoot ils approach and loose ils ground facility what indication in cockpit

In the ADI pointer will not be displayed when localizer/glide slope signal is unusable


Explain normal and expand ILS

Expand scale is more sensitive, with one dot deviation equal to one half dot deviation on the four dot scale 4 time more sensitive


Explain each instrument switch button and if there is a checklist

 Selects source for FD bars and FCC. The indications for a failure depend on which system has failed. If left or right, related FD bars will disappear and NO LAND 3 will annunciate on ASA. If centre fails, NO LAND 3 will annunciate, though both Capt and FO FD bars will remain. The autopilot will disengage though as the related FCC has failed. (FCC drives the autopilot servos). A minimum of 2 FCC’s are required for autopilot engagement. FMC 
Selects the source for the L/C EFIS SG’s and the L/C FCC’s. Usually, the left FMC drives the L/C FCC’s + SG’s and the right FMC drives the R FCC + SG. In a failed condition, the R FMC drives the L/C FCC’s and SG and the L FMC drives the right FCC + SG. If a failure occurs, the LNAV and VNAV FMA’s will have a strike through them, VTK and MAP will appear on the EHSI, the CDU will blank, “L/R FMC FAILURE” will annunciate on the EICAS and the FD bars will disappear on the related side. FMC Synch display similar indications to that of an FMC – be careful not to confuse. The main difference is that both CDU’s will still display relevant information during a synch, unlike a fail condition. (AOR)
  • EFIS 
The EFIS switch controls the source for the related SG, ILS receiver and RADALT. Usually, left drives left, right drives right and centre is for redundancy. If either side fails, both EADI and EHSI will go blank. To restore, push EFI switch. If both sides running of centre (dual failure), “INST SWITCH” message will appear on EICAS – checklist! IRS 
Controls the source of the IRS for the L/C SG’s & Capt VSI and R SG & FO VSI. Usually, left drives and L/C SG’s, Capt VSI and FO RDMI and vice versa. If a failure occurs, ATT, VSI flags will appear, EADI will blank, IRS EICAS messsage, NO LAND 3 and Anti-Skid messages will appear.
  • ADC 
Controls the source for the Capt primary flight instruments and FO primary flight instruments. So if the associated ADC fails, the instruments will erroneously display. The ADC automatically switches to reflect the AP in CMD, though this does not apply for the instrument display, hence the requirement to push the switch. Unable RVSM


Do you know any recent AJX incident?

August 2014: One airplane selected flaps above 20.000ft August 2014: wrong taxi has been entered at Okinawa July 2014:Passenger injury due to turbulence in flight July 2014: some incident related to the engagement of autopilot at low level altitude  June 2014: Fuel imbalance in flight, Naha taxiway incursion


After DA you reach 100ft what you need to see in order to continue landing

Flight crew member shall not descend below 100ft AFE using ALS or RAI as visual reference, unless the Red termination barrettes, the red side row barrettes or the other visual reference is also distinctly visible and identifiable


Explain PM/PF scan pattern

Approach using DA/DH Pf: include outside view in scan pattern after ____ in sight or approaching minimum PM: Call out ____ in sight or approaching minimum and after verifying PF response, concentrate on scanning monitoring of the flight navigation instrument ect and call out any abnormality observed Approach using MDA PF: Include outside view ager ____ in sight is called by PM PM: calls out ____ in sight after verify PF response include instrument scan and call out any abnormality Approach using AH PF: include outside view after touch down PM: intent on scanning of th flight and navigation and call out any abnormality observer