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Flashcards in JCAB ATPL Deck (35):
1

Flight Plan & Nav Log Statement?

"In accordance with Article 73-2 of Aviation Law & Article 164-14 of Aviation Regulations, I will now carry out the Preflight Confirmation"

2

Weight & Balance Statement?

"I will use ANA B767-300ER Domestic weight & balance form for flight ANA8256, registration JA616A from Narita to Naha"

3

Final Statement?

"I will confirm maintenance status, fuel and lubricant quality & quantity, and cargo loading status ship-side. I do not find any problem to dispatch this aircraft and I am ready to submit this flight plan. In conclusion, my pre-flight confirmation and preparation is complete"

4

Explain TD, TS, STS & T

  • TD: Tropical Deppression, less than 34kts
  • TS: Tropical Storm ABV 34kts less than 47kts
  • STS: Severe Tropical Storm ABV 48kts less than 64kts
  • T Typhoon ABV 64 kts (Same as hurricane)
  • All international codes, Japan considers Typhooon at greater then 34kts

5

Typhoon path and Size categories?

  • Moves along the edge of the Ogasawara High pressure
  • Rotates around pacific high to the right
  • Typhoons move toward locations with large drops in pressure
  • Typhoons tend to move toward fronts of precipitation
  • Typhoon: less than 500km
  • Large Typhoon: 500km-800km
  • Super Typhoon: 800km or more

6

Explain the Air Masses and the seasons they accompany?

SIBERIA AIR MASS (Cold & Dry)

  • Pushes out toward the sea of Japan in WINTER (DEC-FEB)
  • (Seiko-Toutei) High in the West, Low in the East, typical pressure pattern
  • West side Mountains- Snow clouds CB CU
  • East Side- Dry & Cold NW wind, Sunny days, frosty nights
  • HAZARDS- Snow, Ice, Cold WX ops

YOSUKU AIR MASS (Warm & dry)

  • SPRING (MAR-MAY)
  • Moves FM china making good WX over Japan
  • Nihonkai Low brings strong southerlies & cyclones develop to the north
  • First Storm of the season marking the end of winter/ start of Spring is called the "Haru-Ichiban"
  • HAZARDS- Strong SW X Wind, Bumpy conditions

OKHOTSK HIGH (Cool & Moist)

  • Appears in RAINY SEASON (Bai-U) (MAY-JUN)
  • Starts in south OGASAWARA HIGH brings warm air northward FM the pacific which mixes with the cold Air FM the OHOTSK HIGH in the North
  • The air masses linger to produce several weeks of Heavy Rainfall
  • Eventually the OGASAWARA High pushes the Bai U Front Northward and the Bai u season ends
  • HAZARDS- Heavy Rain, Thick Fog in North

OGASAWARA AIR MASS (Hot & Moist)

  • SUMMER (JUN-AUG)
  • Hot moist air streams flow FM the SE to the NW
  • Airmass thunderstorms form and dissipate quick, Orographic TS & Sea fog also develop
  • HAZARDS- TS, FG

EQUATORIAL AIR MASS (Warm & High Moisture)

  • Shurin / Akisame front (Autumn rain)
  • TYPHOON SEASON (AUG-OCT)
  • Classified Typhoon in Japan >34kts
  • Develop over Sea then dissipate quickly over land
  • HAZARDS- Right side has more wind as the side which it is moving is the strongest

FALL- (SEP-NOV), Continental & Oceanic High pressure areas tend to balance over Japan giving fine, steady weather patterns. After the Polar front moves south Cold air from the Siberian High controls the weather.

7

What is a Doppler Lidar?

  • Light Detection & Ranging
  • Detects low level windshear or microburst by computing the velocity of Aerosol
  • Operated at Narita, Tokyo & Kansai

8

Step Climb Procedure?

  • CRZ PG Enter Step CLB Altitude in STEP TO (Default is CRZ ALT + 2000ft)
  • Verify Fuel savings & fuel at destination & determine if a higher CRZ ALT is more effective
  • If Fuel savings are affected by step CLB, initiate CLB at the time NOW is displayed on STEP POINT line
  • AOM 4-2-11-(22)

9

Optimum Altitude?

??

10

What is Taxi fuel and where can it be found?

  • Taxi fuel is normally 10 minutes however is different for each Airport, it can be found in the FPDM for each Airport
  • Fuel flow is 47 lb/min
  • APU fuel burn is indicated in taxi fuel as it's burn is minor (4 lb/min)
  • 8-2-5

11

What is the Alternate speed schedule normally?

  • At or ABV 11,000ft = LRC
  • At or BLW 10,000ft = 250KIAS

12

Climb speed?

  • 250/290/.78

13

Max Angle CLB?

  • VREF+80 / .77

14

High Speed CLB?

  • 250/350/.83

15

Cruise SPD ECON?

  • Normally CI 73
  • 290/.78

16

Descent SPD?

  • .78/290/250

17

Captains dutys, Prior to flight?

Moderate Weather Will Cause Safety Quams, Read the Flight plan Carefully) or Jump

  • Mental and physical fitness of all crew (ANA)
  • Weather & NOTAMS
  • Weight and balance
  • Condition of aircraft and equipment
  • Safety of loading
  • Quantity and quality of fuel and lubricants
  • Required documents
  • Flight plan
  • Crew briefing (ANA)
  • Jumpseat Brief (ANA)

18

Captains Duty's In-Flight?

RADCuNt

  • Revise Company clearance if required
  • Adhere to rules and procedures
  • Direct and supervise all crew
  • Comply with OM regarding assisting other aircraft in distress
  • Normally manipulate controls from the left seat

 

A-lternate N-o D-ice if R-educed C-onditions)

19

Captains Duty's Post Flight?

Submit Documents Company Needs

  • Submit any required reports
  • Direct crew and pax for CIQ if required
  • Conduct crew de-briefing
  • Notify maintenance if required

SaDCuNt

20

Captain's Responsibility's?

  • Full responsibilities during flight;
  • Flight = Departure time to Arrival time
  • From all doors closed for departure to any door open for disembarkation, the Captain may take measures to restrain a person if necessary

(Full Responsibility to Direct May Not Ensure People Will Respond)

  • Full and final responsibility for safety of flight
  • Responsibility of all POB and cargo
  • Direct and supervise all crew
  • May delegate duties
  • Not leave for rest unless Dep Captain relieves
  • Ensure a pilot qualifies for airport in seat for T/O or LDG
  • Present on flight deck for T/O and LDG
  • When leaving flight deck, brief and handover
  • Retain flight logbook and Gen Dec

21

Destination Alternate Requirements?

Preflight:

  • 1 x alternate required in principle 
  • 2 x alternates required if DEST weather forecast intermittently < LDG minima at ETA
    • Unless ALTN weather CIG > 1500ft and VIS > 5000m at ETA, then only require 1 ALTN

Inflight: Destination

  • If DEST weather forecast < LDG minima at ETA, Require additional ALTN to continue towards DEST
  • If additional ALTN can't be selected & weather not forecast to improve at DEST, must change DEST
    • Not applicable if Able to HOLD until weather forecast to improve at DEST or:
    • The ALTN weather at ETA indicates CIG > 1500ft and VIS > 5000m or
    • The aircraft diverts to the ALTN

Inflight - Alternate

  • If ALTN weather forecast < ALTN minima, select a new ALTN or don't continue to DEST unless:
    • Flight time < 6 hours and for at least 1 hour before and after ETA CIG > 2000ft or DH/MDH + 1500ft and VIS > 5000m or RVR/VIS + or 3200m
    • If neither options available - must change DEST (if ALTN can't be selected without change to destination due fuel)

Inflight: Destination + Alternate

  • If both DEST and ALTN below company minima, select new DEST with new ALTN

Inflight: Other

  • If DEST closed temporarily, may continue taking consideration weather and fuel remaining until reopened
  • If safety may be interferred with, destinaton shall be changed
  • When safety of flight will be inteferred with by CBs, turbulence or NAV facilities, change route

22

What is Field Limit Weight and Field length limit?

Field limit weight:

  • The least limit of Accelerate Stop, Accelerate Go, Two eng T/O dist
  • Maximum weight the Aircraft may take off from the selected field taking into consideration, temperature, RWY condition and altitude

Field Length Limit:

  • Maximum takeoff weight for runway available
  • The field length limit comprises several different events
  • As in the case of the Climb Limit, ambient conditions must be taken into account
  • In addition to temperature and pressure altitude, wind and runway slope must also be considered

23

What is Climb limit weight?

  • The climb limit is the maximum weight at a particular altitude and temperature, at which the aircraft can meet the climb gradient requirements for takeoff (First, second, third and fourth)

24

What is the Takeoff/ Landing distance, 280,000lbs?

  • Take-off (F5, D2, 25oC, 0ft) 5,900ft
    • 8-4-2-(213)
  • Landing (F30, Dry, with anti-skid) 4,900ft
    • 8-4-2-(203)
  • Optimum altitude (ECON cruise) 37,300ft/FL370
  • Maximum altitude 1.3G = 41,100ft, 1.5G = 37,900ft, ISA + 10 = 42,300ft, So FL410

25

What is the aerodynamic advantage of optimum altitude?

  • Optimum altitude gives best fuel mileage for a given airspeed and weight
  • Max altitude is the altitude at which planned cruising airspeed is obtainable with thrust at MCRT with 0fpm residual climb capacity
  • So optimum is best efficient level for burn off fuel and gives some margins for turbulence & TCAS RA

26

Why not fly at MAX Altitude?

  • Can't do TCAS climb
  • No buffet margin
  • Less fuel efficient

27

What's the difference between fog and mist?

  • Fog = less than 1km (FG)
  • Mist = 1km-5km (BR- Baby Rain)

28

What is ECON SPD today?

  • LRC compensating for wind
  • M.805 for today's weight

29

SPDS

  • ECON .805
  • LRC .800
  • MRC .79

30

Can you change PCF?

  • Yes at PIC discretion you can change PCF
  • eg. to increase the ACL (Allowable cabin load)

31

What does changing your thrust rating do to your VMCG?

  • VMCG increases with higher thrust due to the rudder deflection required for the higher thrust setting
  • Hence why MAX thrust increases RWY length

32

What is Critical DME?

  • DME which the loss of would create a DME gap

33

What Flight plans are there?

  • Short plan
  • Long plan
  • ETOPS plan
  • Tanker plan
  • Re-clear plan
  • OEI plan

34

Who issues EDCT?

  • The dispatcher
  • EDCT will only be printed when EDCT would be issued until CFP is made by dispatcher
  • Otherwise the area for memo

35

What is OEW?

  • ANA basic empty weight plus satndard operational items