Bacteria Gram Negative Flashcards Preview

Acid-Base & RNA Viruses > Bacteria Gram Negative > Flashcards

Flashcards in Bacteria Gram Negative Deck (41):
1

Moraxella are ______. They colonize in the respiratory tract or ears. Cause _____ and otitis

rods
bronchitis

2

Neisseria meningitidis is a ________ that has a capsule (antiphagocytic).

diplococci

3

Niesseria meningitides has an endotoxin lipopolysaccharide that can cause _______ and _____

hemorrhage and sepsis

4

neisseria gonorrhoeae have ____ that protect bacteria from antibodies. Have protein II allowing it to adhere to host cells.

pili

5

the enterics hang out in the ______. Enterobacteria, vibrion, pseudo, bacterio.

intestine. part of normal flora.

6

______ releases both endo and exotoxins. Known in women for _____, diarrhea, nonnative meningitis. Enterotoxigenic and enterohemorrhagic.

E coli
UTI

7

Kelbsiella causes ________ pneumonia and UTIs

alcoholic

8

shigella is most known for _______. Fecal-oral and has a shiga _____

dysenteriae
toxin

9

salmonella causes _____ fever and diarrhea, mostly in chicken and eggs

typhoid

10

Yersinia enterocolitica causes _____ and ____

fever and diarrhea

11

Vibrio cholera is ____ gram negative rod with a single _____

curved
flagellum

12

vibrio cholera is fecal-oral, but more severe than _____. Causes severe ______ (loss of Na and Cl) and rice water stool

e coli
dehydration

13

pseudomonas aeruginosa are an obligate _____ rod. _____ and blue fluorescent pigment

aerobic
green

14

bacterioides fragilis has no _______. Low virulence in the intestine, but traumatic elsewhere

gram negative

15

3 types of diarrhea:
1. no cell invasion (caused by exotoxins)
2. invasion of the intestinal _______ cells (toxins destroy the cells) WBC.
3. invasion of the lymph nodes and bloodstream (fever, headache) WBC count.

epithelia

16

campylobacter is a ______ that causes diarrhea from fecal-oral (water or poultry)

fastidious organism

17

helicobacter pylori causes _______ and _______ (30-50% stomach worldwide)

gastritis and ulcers

18

legionella are acquired via __________ tract. Haemophilus "blood loving"

respiratory

19

haemophilus influenza can cause _________ (enlarged epiglottis)

epiglottitis

20

haemophilus decreyi causes _____________ STI

chancroid

21

gardnerella vaginalis causes _______ ______

bacterial vaginosis

22

bordetella pertussis attaches to ciliated epithelia cells of the trachea and bronchi, destroys them, and causes _________ cough. (Pertussis toxin)

whooping

23

legionella pneumophilia is an _______ gram negative rod. Water environments, aerosolized contaminated water.

aerobic
Pontiac fever to Legionnaires disease

24

Yersinia causes ________ plague. Fleas carry from rodents. Bacteria invade lymph nodes, hemorrhage cause black skin

bubonic

25

franciseall can resemble the ________, comes from rabbits/ticks/deerflies

bubonic plague

26

brucella comes from ________ milk.

unpasteurized milk (goats/cows, pigs, dogs)

27

pasteurella multocide is a _____ organism that colonizes in the mouths of ______ and dogs. do not suture.

zoonotic
cats
give Augmentin!

28

chlamydia and rickettsia are gram negative ______, intracellular parasites. Rickettsia from a ____

obligate
vector

29

chlamydia in the genitals and _____. Infant _______

eyes
infant pneumonia

30

rickettsia rickettsii causes _______________ from ticks. Diffuse rash!

rocky mountain spotted fever

31

________ are tiny corkscrews, move in a spinning fashion. Can't be cultured.

spirochetes

32

treponema palladium (spirochete) causes _________. 3 clinical stages if left untreated.

syphilis

33

Borellia (spirochete) causes _____ disease; tick borne. Single painless ______. ____ stages.

lyme
lesion
3

34

leptospira interrogans (spirochete) from the ______ of dogs/rats/livestock

urine

35

acid-fast bacteria are mycobacterium _______ and ______. Only _____ are infected

tuberculosis and leprae
humans

36

TB is an obligate aerobic with affinity for the _____. 6 weeks for growth.

lungs

37

_______ on footpads of mice, armadillos and monkeys.

leprae

38

mycoplasma lacks the _______ ____, not rods or cocci.

cell wall

39

mycoplasma pneumoniae ("walking pneumonia) attaches to ________ epithelia cells. 2-3 week incubation.

respiratory epithelial cells
graduate fever, sore throat, dry hacking cough)

40

Prions have no host _____ ____

immune response

41

all prions are _______ and _______

untreatable and fatal