Flashcards in Bacteria Gram Negative Deck (41):
Moraxella are ______. They colonize in the respiratory tract or ears. Cause _____ and otitis
Neisseria meningitidis is a ________ that has a capsule (antiphagocytic).
Niesseria meningitides has an endotoxin lipopolysaccharide that can cause _______ and _____
hemorrhage and sepsis
neisseria gonorrhoeae have ____ that protect bacteria from antibodies. Have protein II allowing it to adhere to host cells.
the enterics hang out in the ______. Enterobacteria, vibrion, pseudo, bacterio.
intestine. part of normal flora.
______ releases both endo and exotoxins. Known in women for _____, diarrhea, nonnative meningitis. Enterotoxigenic and enterohemorrhagic.
Kelbsiella causes ________ pneumonia and UTIs
shigella is most known for _______. Fecal-oral and has a shiga _____
salmonella causes _____ fever and diarrhea, mostly in chicken and eggs
Yersinia enterocolitica causes _____ and ____
fever and diarrhea
Vibrio cholera is ____ gram negative rod with a single _____
vibrio cholera is fecal-oral, but more severe than _____. Causes severe ______ (loss of Na and Cl) and rice water stool
pseudomonas aeruginosa are an obligate _____ rod. _____ and blue fluorescent pigment
bacterioides fragilis has no _______. Low virulence in the intestine, but traumatic elsewhere
3 types of diarrhea:
1. no cell invasion (caused by exotoxins)
2. invasion of the intestinal _______ cells (toxins destroy the cells) WBC.
3. invasion of the lymph nodes and bloodstream (fever, headache) WBC count.
campylobacter is a ______ that causes diarrhea from fecal-oral (water or poultry)
helicobacter pylori causes _______ and _______ (30-50% stomach worldwide)
gastritis and ulcers
legionella are acquired via __________ tract. Haemophilus "blood loving"
haemophilus influenza can cause _________ (enlarged epiglottis)
haemophilus decreyi causes _____________ STI
gardnerella vaginalis causes _______ ______
bordetella pertussis attaches to ciliated epithelia cells of the trachea and bronchi, destroys them, and causes _________ cough. (Pertussis toxin)
legionella pneumophilia is an _______ gram negative rod. Water environments, aerosolized contaminated water.
Pontiac fever to Legionnaires disease
Yersinia causes ________ plague. Fleas carry from rodents. Bacteria invade lymph nodes, hemorrhage cause black skin
franciseall can resemble the ________, comes from rabbits/ticks/deerflies
brucella comes from ________ milk.
unpasteurized milk (goats/cows, pigs, dogs)
pasteurella multocide is a _____ organism that colonizes in the mouths of ______ and dogs. do not suture.
chlamydia and rickettsia are gram negative ______, intracellular parasites. Rickettsia from a ____
chlamydia in the genitals and _____. Infant _______
rickettsia rickettsii causes _______________ from ticks. Diffuse rash!
rocky mountain spotted fever
________ are tiny corkscrews, move in a spinning fashion. Can't be cultured.
treponema palladium (spirochete) causes _________. 3 clinical stages if left untreated.
Borellia (spirochete) causes _____ disease; tick borne. Single painless ______. ____ stages.
leptospira interrogans (spirochete) from the ______ of dogs/rats/livestock
acid-fast bacteria are mycobacterium _______ and ______. Only _____ are infected
tuberculosis and leprae
TB is an obligate aerobic with affinity for the _____. 6 weeks for growth.
_______ on footpads of mice, armadillos and monkeys.
mycoplasma lacks the _______ ____, not rods or cocci.
mycoplasma pneumoniae ("walking pneumonia) attaches to ________ epithelia cells. 2-3 week incubation.
respiratory epithelial cells
graduate fever, sore throat, dry hacking cough)
Prions have no host _____ ____