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Flashcards in Derm Deck (31):
1

strep pyogenes, staph epidermis, staph aureus, and cornyebacterium deptheroids are normal _______ of the skin

flora

2

pediculus humanus capitis (scalp) and phthirus pubis (pubic/crabs) are ______. Found on the hair shaft.

lice

3

permethrin is used for ____

lice

4

sarcoptes scabiei is _______ and is skin to skin transmission

scabies

5

permethrin is used for lice and _______. repeat in 1 week.

scabies

6

viral infection of skin and mucous membranes is ______ ______. Transmitted ____ to ____. More common in children. From the _____ virus.

molluscum contagiousum (DNA virus)
skin to skin
Poxviridae.

7

_____ and ______ are classic signs of chickenpox. Head to toe.

fever and rash

8

________ for shingles, support for chickenpox

acyclovir (only within 72 hrs)

9

HPV warts (_______ virus) Can use ________ for treatment.

DNA papova virus
cryotherapy

10

Measles are an ____ virus from the family ______. Highly contagious. Incubation is 1 week.

RNA, paramyxo

11

Prodromal phase (fever, malaise, itchy eyes, cough) and exanthem phase (fever, cough, rash) occur in _________. Will self resolve.

measles

12

Mumps (RNA, paramyxo) is _____, systemic, communicable. _______ phase of malaise. ____ gland swelling is classic.

acute
Prodromal phase
Parotid

13

treatment for mumps is ______ and acetaminophen, prednisone

supportive (rest/fluids)

14

Rubella is a _____ causing a rash, from the _____viridae. Treatment is ______

viral illness
togaviridae.
supportive

15

erythema infectiousum (_____ ____) is a ______ DNA virus. "slap cheek". Treatment is _______

fifth disease.
parvoviridae
supportive

16

inflammation of the dermis and subcutaneous tissue is _________ (typically strep)

cellulitis

17

if abscess is hard, use hot packs or soaks. If not, incision and ____.

drainage

18

For cellulitis and abscess, use ______ for antibiotics

cephalexin

19

bullous impetigo is ____ ____, and nonbulous (honey crusting) is staph aureus or beta hemolytic ____

staph aureus
strep

20

topical _______ treats impetigo

mupirocin (and systemic cephalexin)

21

bacteria from infected tick is ______, blanching macular pink _____ is classic on ankles/wrist/forearms

rickettsia rickettsii (rocky mountain spotted fever)
rash

22

treat rickettsia rickettsii with ______

doxycycline

23

staph aureus, strep pyogenes and strep agalactiae may cause secondary infection of ____ ____

diabetic foot ulcer

24

inflammation of the nail fold is ______. Staph aureus, HSV, and candida

paronychia

25

paronychia can be associated with an ingrown _____

toenail

26

paronychia can be ____ or bacterial

fungal

27

a painless ulcer occurs in ______ syphilis (treponema pallidus). This is a _____

primary
spirochete

28

treat syphilis with ________. use doxycyclin if they are ______

penicillin
allergic

29

lyme disease, which is borrelia burgdorferi, has ___ stages and a classic lesion.

3

30

"bullseye" of lyme disease is called __________

erythema migrans

31

treat borrelia burgdoferi with _________

doxycycline