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Acid-Base & RNA Viruses > Neuro > Flashcards

Flashcards in Neuro Deck (22):
1

meningitis is most often the ________, RNA viruses (coxsackie, echo, polio)

enteroviruses

2

strep agalactiae (group B) is responsible for ________ in neonates

meningitis

3

strep pneumoniae and ______ _______ are responsible for meningitis in children and adults

neisseria meningitidis

4

strep pneuomoniae is causative from meningitis in the ______

elderly

5

most of meningitis is ________. only 10% is bacterial.

viral

6

fever, headache, and stiff neck are classic for _____

viral meningitis

7

a ______ _______ is required to diagnose viral meningitis

lumbar puncture

8

if bacterial cannot be excluded, treat with ___________

IV antibiotics

9

most common bacterial cause of meningitis is _______ _____, also strep pneumoniae

neisseria meningitidis (present with petechiae)

10

bacterial meningitis presents with _____, ______, headache, stiff neck, possible vomiting

fever (or hypothermia)
chills

11

the most common causes of encephalitis is __________. may also be _______

herpes simplex virus
bacterial

12

encephalitis will present with altered mental status and _______

delirium

13

brain abcess is most commonly caused by _______

streptococci

14

brain abscess is a _____________ lesion. May spread from osteomyelitis of nasal sinus, otitis media, dental-oral infections. (spread through the blood)

space occupying

15

brain abscess will present with _______, vomiting. Treat with _______ or ______ (30% neurological deficits)

fever
antibiotics or antifungals

16

clostridium botulinum (anaerobic, gram positive) ____________ bacillus produces toxin in the soil. May cause _____

spore-forming
paraylsis

17

dry mouth, blurred vision, pupil dilation, nystagmus (neurological manifestations) and muscle weakness are classic symptoms of _________

clostridium botulinum

18

treat botulism with ___________

ICU, antitoxin, 8% mortality

19

clostridium tetani is gram ________, anaerobic, spore forming rod. Contracted by the _______

positive
environment

20

patients with tetanus will have _____, treat with airway, support, benzos

spasms
fatality is 13%

21

vectors of rabies are most likely _________ carnivores. Symptoms are pain and __________ at the site

wild
paresthesias (skin sensitive to changes in temp and wind)

22

treat rabies with ________ ________

immune globulin