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Acid-Base & RNA Viruses > EENT > Flashcards

Flashcards in EENT Deck (26):
1

paranasal and middle ear are ______

sterile

2

in the _____, strep viridans, s. epidermis, strep salivarius, neisseria, strep pneumoniae, haemophilus influenzae

pharynx

3

UR tract is ______

sterile

4

staph epidermis, corynebacterium, and staph aureus are in the _____

nose

5

chronic inflammation of the lid is ________. Red rims. Treat with ________

blepharitis
lid scrubs

6

conjunctivitis is viral, bacterial, and _____

allergic.

7

viral conjunctivitis is from the ________, HSV

adenovirus

8

viral conjunctivitis is associated with redness. Bacterial is associated with ______

discharge

9

Hordeolum is a stye, from staph ____

aureus

10

drain and ______ for stye if it's big enough.

antibiotics

11

IV antibiotics, hospitalization for orbital ________

cellulitis

12

the three etiologies for otitis media are (same 3 for acute bacterial sinusitis):

strep pneumoniae
Haemophilus influenzae
moraxella catarrhalis

13

poor drainage from the eustachian tubes because of age occurs in ______ ______ . Change treatment if they don't get better in 3 days.

otitis media

14

labyrinthitis (inflammation of vestibular labyrinth) is ________. Rarely can be bacterial

viral

15

most common cause of temporary vertigo, with nausea and vomiting, is ________

labyrinthitis

16

acute mastoiditis is most commonly caused by _______ and strep pyogenes. Requires IV antibiotics, may need surgery.

strep pneumoniea

17

otitis externa ("swimmers ear") can be either ______ or fungal

bacterial (pseudomonas)

18

topical antibiotic and topical steroid used for ________

otitis externa

19

upper respiratory infection - "common cold" can be rhino or coronaviruses, or ______virus

parainfluenza/respiratory synctial virus

20

fever is uncommon in adults with a cold, may be present in children. more common in _____

influenza

21

strep throat is group A ___ hemolytic s. pyogenes

beta

22

strep throat is ____% of sore throat cases

10%

23

centor criteria for strep:
tonsillar exudate
fever
no cough
__________

tender anterior cervical adenopathy

24

substantial fatigue is a highlight for ______, and enlarged posterior cervical nodes. Caused by the Epstein Barr virus.

mono

25

acterial bacterial sinusitis caused by:
strep pneumoniae
Haemophilus influenzae
________________

moraxella catarrhalis

26

inflammation of the paranasal sinuses is ___________. Supportive, or antibiotics for bacterial.

acute sinusitits