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Acid-Base & RNA Viruses > Genitourinary Reprod > Flashcards

Flashcards in Genitourinary Reprod Deck (36):
1

flora in the genitourinary is _______

none; sterile

2

E. coli is the most prevalent cause of _____ _____

acute cystitis

3

urinary frequency, dysuria, suprapubic tenderness, possible vaginal discharge, and __________ tenderness are common in ________

costovertebral
acute cystitis

4

treat UTI with __________ for 7 days or _________ for ___ days

nitrofurantoin - 7
trimethoprim - 3

5

E coli is the primary cause of ______, which presents with _____, dysuria, frequency, and urgency, _______ pain & CVA tenderness, nausea/vomiting

pyelonephritis
abdominal
fever

6

treat pyelonephritis with _____

cipro

7

treat prostatitis with _______ or _______, for _____ weeks

fluoroquinones or TMP-SMX
4-6 weeks

8

classic symptoms of prostatitis are malaise, fever, chills, ________ pain, and ______ pain

low pack
deep perineal

9

epididymitis is often associated the bacteria ______

E. coli

10

urethritis is most often associated with the bacteria ______ ______ (gram negative aerobic cocci) and _______

neisseria gonorrhae
chlamydia

11

urethritis is often associated with _______

STIs

12

balanitis is inflammation of the _____ _____ and foreskin. Will present with _______, tenderness, and itching

glans penis
pain

13

balanitis is most commonly associated with ________ (fungal), but can also be group B strep

candida

14

treat balanitis with an _______. A KOH wet mount may show fungal hyphae

antifungal

15

most common viral cause of orchitis is _______. Can be unilateral or bilateral

mumps

16

treat orchitis with ________

antibiotics

17

group vesicles for _______, painless ulcer for sphylisis, chlamydia, klebsiella are all forms of ______ lesions

herpes simplex virus
genital

18

male reproductive is ______, whereas the vagina contains _________, group B strep, _______, and staph epidermis as normal flora

sterile
lactobacilli
E coli

19

infection that can involve the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, peritoneum is _________ _______ ______

pelvic inflammatory disease

20

PID presents with ________ and ______ pain, vaginal discharge, abnormal bleeding

abdominal and pelvic pain

21

cervical motion tenderness commonly occurs in _______

PID

22

treat PID with _________

antibiotics

23

if uterus is involved in PID, the pathogens are likely ______________, ________, and _______

neisseria gonorrhae
chlamydia
bacterioides

24

if the cervix is involved in PID, the pathogens are likely _______, ______, and HSV

neisseria gonorrhae
chlamydia

25

risk factors for candidiasis include _________, chronic use of corticosteroids, ________, and other diseases

broad spectrum antibiotics
hormonal factors (contraceptives)

26

treat candida albicans with a topical ______

antifungal

27

mastitis presents with warm, red, tender breast, fever. Most likely caused by ____________ (gram negative)

staph aureus (possibly strep)

28

treat mastitis with ___________ of abscess, NSAIDS, and antibiotics

surgical drainage

29

neisseria gonorrheae causes ________ and _______. Gram stain and culture if diagnosis is in question.

dysuria and purulent discharge

30

_________ (obligate intracellular) is the most common STI after _______. Presents with dysuria, discharge, postcoital bleeding.

chlamydia trachomatis
HPV

31

haemophilis ducreyi cause ________, which present with painful vesiculopustular lesions and nodules on the inguinal canal

chancroid

32

HSV is a ______ STI. Genital herpes is type ____. Cytology and viral culture.

viral
2

33

treat HSV with ______ Otherwise, self limiting.

acyclovir

34

trichomonas vaginalis is a _______ STI. Foul-smelling vaginal discharge in women, or ______ in men

parasitic
urethritis

35

a KOH wet mount will show flagellated protozoan, which is representative of which STI?

trichomonas vaginalis (parasitic)

36

Treat trichomonas vaginalis with ________

metronidazole