Gastroenterology Flashcards Preview

Acid-Base & RNA Viruses > Gastroenterology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Gastroenterology Deck (37):
1

E coli, colstridium, bactericides are _____ ____ in the large intestine

normal flora

2

H pyori and viral cause _________, which is inflammation of the stomach. _______ and abdominal pain are most common symptoms.

gastroenteritis

3

peptic ulcer disease refers to a disruption of the mucosal integrity of the ________, ________ or both. Mostly caused by ___________

stomach and duodenum
H pylori

4

gnawing epigastric pain relieved by food or liquid intake is classic symptom of ____________

PUD

5

triple therapy (2 antibiotics and PPI) or quadruple therapy (bismuth) are used to treat _________

PUD

6

infection of the gallbladder is usually from the _________ group (68%)

enterobacter (gram negative)

7

acute cholecystitis is inflammation of the _______. Usually caused by obstruction of the _____ _____ (stone)

gallbladder
bile duct

8

Fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, RUQ is class of __________. Treat with _______ and surgical consult

acute cholecystitis
antibiotics

9

viral, ______, HSV causes hepatitis is A, B, C.

mono

10

hepatocellular damage and inflammation of the liver is ___________. The etiology is usually ______, but can be caused by alcohol also. Hepatitis A and E are spread _____ - ______, from water or hands.

hepatitis
viral
feca-oral

11

Hepatitis B, C, D, are transmitted ________ (sexual contact, IV use, et)

parenterally or mucous membrane

12

fatigue, malaise, nausea and ________ are indicative of hepatitis. Avoid alcohol and hepatotoxins. Vaccinate A & B

jaundice

13

enterobacter, bacteroides, enterocci cause ________ abscess. This is a pus-filled _____ in the liver

hepatic abscess
cavity

14

Hepatic abscess is caused by a ___________, infection of the GI

biliary tract source

15

hepatic abcess will present like _______, with malaise, fever, chills, anorexia. Later, they will develop more jaundice, diarrhea. Use ultrasound.

hepatitis

16

treat hepatic abscess with __________ and surgery

IV antibiotics

17

liver tests measure liver injury: _____, ____, and ________. They also measure liver function, with ______, -, and _______

AST, ALT, alkaline phosphatase
albumin (protein synthesis)
serum glucose (gluconeogenesis)
total bilirubin (excretory function)

18

biliary tract disease is the most common cause of _______, in addition to heavy _____ use

acute pancreatitis
alcohol

19

upper abdominal pain to back and flank, nausea, and fever, and class symptoms of ________, which is characterized by sudden swelling and inflammation.

acute pancreatitis

20

treat acute pancreatitis with ________, fluids, nutrition, and IV ______

antibiotics
analgesia

21

luminal obstruction and lack of venous outflow results in ______, causes perforation, and _____.

ischemia
perionitis

22

enterobacteria, ________, and ________ are typical for appendicitis

bacteroides
enterococci

23

classic history for appendicitis includes __________, abdominal pain (periumbilical and migrates to RLQ), and finally _______ and _________ ("rebound tenderness")

anorexia
nausea and vomiting

24

inflamed and infected out pouching of the colon results in _________. Pt will present with _____ pain, tenderness, fever.

diverticulitis
LLQ

25

treat _______ with antibiotics, bed rest, and analgesics

diverticulitis

26

diarrhea is defined by 3 or more liquid/semisolid stools for at least __________ days

2-3 days

27

large volume of diarrhea without inflammation is __________ diarrhea (laxative, pancreatic insufficiency)

secretory

28

bloody diarrhea with fever is __________ diarrhea

inflammatory

29

inflammatory diarrhea indicates _______ ______ or IBS

invasive organisms

30

antibiotic-associated diarrhea is usually caused by ______ ______

clostridium difficile

31

infectious diarrhea can viral (rorovirus, norwalk, and ______

rotavirus

32

infectious diarrhea can be parasitic: helminth, ______, ________, toxoplasmosis

malaria, pinworms, toxoplasmosis

33

Non blood bacterial diarrhea:
staph aureus
clostridium perfringens
______ (cholera; watery and profuse)
enterotoxic: _____ (cramps and watery)
giardia lamblia: water or person to person; treat METRONIDAZOLE
salmonella: poultry. PURULENT diarrhea

vibrio
E. coli (can be enterotoxic or enterohemorrhagic)
infectious diarrhea

34

Purulent and blood diarrhea is caused by:
____________ E Coli
Shigella (treat with cipro)
Campylobacter (treat with cipro)
__________ (treat with cipro)

enterohemmorhagic
travelers

35

treat shigella, campylobacter, enterohemorrhagic, and traveler's diarrhea with _______. But, treat Giardia with ________

Cipro
metronidazole

36

crampy, watery diarrhea is from:
staph ______
clostridium ______
enterotoxic _____

aureus
perfrigens
E. Coli

37

watery diarrhea results from:
Norovirus
________
_______ (profuse as well)

rotavirus
Vibrio (cholera)