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Flashcards in Fungi and Parasites Deck (32):
1

Fungi require an _____ environment

aerobic

2

yeast is _________, spherical, or ellipsoidal. Reproduce by ______. For pseudohyphae when buds don't separate.

unicellular
budding

3

threadlike branching of fungi is _____

hyphae

4

molds are clumps of _______, multicellular colonies

hyphae

5

the innermost layer of the cytoplasm contains ________

ergosterol

6

amphotericin B binds to ______ and punch holes in the cell membrane

ergosterol

7

the cell wall of fungi are _____ to humans. They are surrounded by a _____

antigens
capsule

8

candida albicans and dermatophytoses are _______ fungi

cutaneous

9

fungal subcutaneous gain entrance through ______ trauma

skin

10

parasites can be ___ or ____ cellular

uni or multi

11

parasites secrete a protective ____

coat

12

plasmodium have a sexual (mosquitoes) and asexual phase (humans). ____ species infect humans

4

13

_______: rapid infection of ________ starts asexual cycle in humans. In 48-72 hours, RBCs rupture and release meroxoites to infect new RBCs

Plasmodium
hepatocytes.

14

plasmodium _______ is the most widely distributed of the 4 species

vivax

15

P. falciform is the dominant organism of the ______.

tropics

16

symptom progress of malaria: hot, cold, and ____

wet

17

RBC rupture causes the ____ of malaria and anemia.

fever

18

Malarial fever causes vasodilation, which cause ______

hyptension

19

toxoplasma gondii found in ______ and birds. Tissue cysts common in meat. May develop in 3rd trimester of pregnancy. Avoid kitty litter!

mammals

20

toxoplasmosis can be congenital, normal host, or in _________.

immunocompromised

21

amebiasis can cause traveler's diarrhea. Create _______

ulcers

22

Giardia lamblia causes acute _______ that is profuse and watery. can also be chronic with greasy stools (would find cysts and parasites)

diarrhea

23

giardia occurs under moist, cool conditions where the _____ can survive for weeks to months. Fecal contamination of water or food

cysts

24

cryptosporidium also has watery, profuse diarrhea, but it is _____. 1-3% of immunocompetent patients have diarrhea. Self limiting.

rare

25

helminths are _____ ____. Round or flat.

parasitic worms

26

_______ will affect the GI tract, the liver, or the skin primarily.

worms

27

whipworm and pinworm occur with ingestion of ______. Hookworm penetrates the _____

eggs
skin

28

whipworm (trichuriasis) produces 10,000 eggs. Not common in the US ,but common in the ______ climate

tropical

29

in pinworm, the home of the worm is in the _______

cecum

30

pinworm is very common, not usually _____. Anal itching is most common.

serious

31

hookworm larvae require hot, moist conditions. Limited to ______ areas and southern US. Pruritus at site of skin penetration.

tropical

32

fish tapeworm release eggs in water. Humans infected by ingesting inadequately cooked ______. Eggs will be in stool.

fish