Barrons Set 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Barrons Set 4 Deck (500):
1

ensue

follow (as a result)

2

entail

make necessary; require; necessitate; involve; limit the inheritance of (property) to a specified succession of heirs; Ex. entail A on/upon B

3

enterprising

full of initiative; showing enterprise

4

enterprise

willingness to take new ventures; initiative; business organization; plan (that is difficult or daring); Ex. their latest enterprise to sail round the world in a small boat

5

enthrall

capture; enslave; captivate; hold the complete attention of (as if magic); hold spellbound

6

entice

lure; persuade to do (something wrong); attract; tempt

7

mischief

behavior (of children) causing trouble with no serious harm; damage; harm; Ex. mischief to the crops; ADJ. mischievous: causing mischief; playfully troublesome

8

entity

real being

9

entomology

study of insects

10

entrance

put under a spell(condition caused by magical power); carry away(fill with strong feeling) with emotion; put into a trance; fill with delight

11

trance

hypnotic state; ecstatic state; detachment from one's physical surrounding (as in contemplation or daydreaming); CF. transition

12

hypnosis

induced sleeping state; ADJ. hypnotic; V. hypnotize

13

entreat

plead; ask earnestly

14

entree(entr\'ee)

entrance; a way in; right to enter; main dish of a meal; Ex. entree into the exclusive circle

15

entrepreneur

businessperson (who assumes the risk of a business venture); contractor; ADJ. entrepreneurial

16

enumerate

list; mention one by one

17

enunciate

announce; proclaim; utter or speak, especially distinctly; pronounce clearly; articulate; Ex. This theory was first enunciated by him.

18

environ

enclose; surround; N. environs: surrounding area (as of a city)

19

eon(aeon)

long period of time; an age; longest division of geologic time containing two or more eras

20

epaulet(epaulette)

ornament worn on the shoulder (of a uniform, etc.)

21

fringe

decorative edge of hanging threads; edge

22

ephemeral

short-lived; fleeting

23

fleet

fast; rapid; N. ADJ. fleeting: passing quickly; ephemeral

24

epic

long heroic poem, novel, or similar work of art (celebrating the feats of a hero); ADJ: (of stories or events) resembling an epic; grand

25

epicure

connoisseur of food and drink; gourmet; ADJ. epicurean; CF. Epicurus

26

Epicurean

believing that pleasure is good and suffering is bad and should be avoided; N.

27

epigram

witty thought or saying, usually short

28

epilogue

short speech at conclusion of dramatic work

29

episodic

(of a story or play) loosely connected; made up of separate and loosely connected parts; N. episode: incident in the course of an experience

30

epistemologist

philosopher who studies the nature of knowledge; N. epistemology

31

epitaph

inscription in memory of a dead person (as on a tombstone)

32

epithet

word or phrase characteristically used to describe a person or thing; descriptive phrase to characterize a person (often contemptous)

33

epitome

perfect example or embodiment; brief summary; Ex. epitome of good manners; V. epitomize: make an epitome of; be an epitome of; embody

34

epoch

period of time

35

equable

tranquil; of even calm temper; (of temperature) steady; uniform

36

equanimity

calmness of temperament; composure

37

equestrian

rider on horseback; ADJ.

38

equilibrium

balance of opposing forces; balance of the mind; equanimity

39

equine

resembling a horse; Ex. equine face

40

equinox

period of equal days and nights; the beginning of spring and autumn; Ex. vernal/autumnal equinox; ADJ. equinoctial

41

equipoise

balance; balancing force; equilibrium

42

equitable

fair; impartial; OP. inequitable

43

equity

fairness; justice; OP. inequity

44

equivocal

(of words or statements) ambiguous; intentionally misleading; (of behavior) questionable; OP. unequivocal

45

equivocate

use equivocal language to deceive people; lie; mislead; attempt to conceal the truth; N. equivocation

46

erode

eat away; wear away gradually by abrasion; Ex. The sea erodes the rocks.

47

erotic

pertaining to passionate love or sexual love

48

errant

wandering (esp. in search of adventure); straying from proper moral standards; Ex. knight-errant

49

erratic

odd; irregular in movement or behavior; unpredictable

50

erroneous

mistaken; wrong; incorrect

51

erudite

(of a person or book) learned; full of learning; scholarly; N. erudition

52

escapade

prank; flighty conduct; reckless adventure that disobeys rules

53

prank

mischievous trick

54

flighty

(esp. of a woman's behavior) capricious; often changing, esp. from one lover to another; impulsive

55

eschew

avoid habitually; Ex. eschew alcoholic drinks

56

esoteric

hard to understand; known only to the chosen few, esp. initiates; N. esoterica

57

espionage

spying

58

espouse

adopt; support (an idea or aim); marry; N. espousal

59

esteem

respect; value; judge; N.

60

estranged

separated; alienated; V. estrange: alienate (people in a family); N. estrangement

61

ethereal

like a spirit or fairy; unearthly light; heavenly; unusually refined; Ex. She has an ethereal beauty; CF. ether: upper air

62

airy

of air; high in the air; lofty; immaterial; unreal

63

ethnic

relating to races

64

ethnology

study of humankind; study of the different races of human beings; CF. anthropology

65

ethos

underlying character of a culture, group, etc.; character or ideas peculiar to a specific person, group, or culture; Ex. the company ethos

66

etymology

study of word parts; study of the origins of words

67

eugenic

pertaining to the improvement of race; N. eugenics: study of hereditary improvement of the human race

68

eulogistic

praising; full of eulogy

69

eulogy

expression of praise, often on the occasion of someone's death; V. eulogize

70

euphemism

mild expression in place of an unpleasant one; ADJ. euphemistic

71

euphony

sweet sound; ADJ. euphonious

72

euphoria

feeling of exaggerated or unfounded(ungrounded; baseless) well-being; feeling of great happiness or well-being (when unreasonable); ADJ. euphoriaric

73

euthanasia

mercy killing

74

evanescent

fleeting; vanishing; soon disappearing; V. evanesce

75

evasive

not frank; trying to hide the truth; eluding; evading; V. evade: avoid (a duty or responsibility) or escape from by deceit

76

evince

show clearly

77

evenhanded

impartial; fair

78

evocative

tending to call up (emotions, memories)

79

evoke

call forth (memory or feeling); Ex. That old film evoked memories of my childhood; N. evocation

80

ewe

female sheep

81

ram

male sheep; V. strike or drive against with a heavy impact

82

exacerbate

worsen; aggravate; embitter

83

embitter

make bitter; fill with painful or bitter feelings; make sad and angry; Ex. He was embittered by many disappointments.

84

exacting

extremely demanding; Ex. exacting standard of safety

85

exact

demand and obtain by force; Ex. exact a promise from him; N. exaction

86

exalt

raise in rank or dignity; praise highly; inspire; Ex. exalt the imagination; ADJ. exalted; N. exaltation

87

exasperate

vex; annoy or make angry (by testing the patience)

88

exceptionable

objectionable; likely to cause dislike; offensive; CF. unexceptionable: entirely acceptable

89

except

exclude; N. exception: objection; exclusion; ADJ. exceptional: unusual; of unusually high quality

90

excerpt

selected passage (written or musical) taken from a longer work; V.

91

exchequer

treasury; Ex. Chancellor of the exchequer

92

chancellor

legal official of high rank; CF. chancellery(chancellory): position of a chancellor

93

treasure

keep as precious; cherish

94

excise

cut away; cut out; N: government tax on good produced and used inside a country; N. excision

95

exclaim

cry out suddenly; N. exclamation; ADJ. exclamatory

96

excoriate

scold with biting harshness; censure strongly; strip the skin off

97

exculpate

clear from blame or guilt

98

execrable

very bad; detestable

99

execrate

curse; express abhorrence for; detest

100

execute

put into effect; carry out; kill as a lawful punishment; N. execution

101

executor

person designated to execute the terms of a will

102

executioner

person administering capital punishment

103

executive

person having administrative authority; one branch of government executing laws; ADJ: relating to executing

104

legislature

legislating branch of government; CF. legislate: make laws

105

judiciary

judicial branch of government

106

exegesis

explanation, especially of biblical(of the bible) passages

107

exemplary

serving as a model; outstanding; Ex. exemplary punishment/behavior; N. exemplar: typical example; model

108

exemplify

show by example; furnish an example; serve as an example of; Ex. His pictures exemplify that sort of painting.

109

exempt

not subject to a duty or obligation; free from a duty; V.

110

exertion

effort; expenditure of much physical work; V. exert oneself: make a great effort

111

exhale

breathe out; OP. inhale

112

exhilarating

invigorating and refreshing; cheering; V. exhilarate: make cheerful and excited; Ex. exhilarated by the ride in the sports car

113

exhort

urge (by strong argument or advice); Ex. The general exhorted his men to fight bravely; N. exhortation

114

urge

drive or force forward (by causing impulses); drive to take action; impel; entreat earnestly; Ex. urge horses; N: impulse that prompts action

115

urgent

compelling immediate action; pressing; persistent; importunate; Ex. urgent in his demands

116

exhume

dig out of the ground; remove from a grave

117

exigency

urgent situation; ADJ. exigent

118

exiguous

small in amount; minute

119

existential

pertaining to existence; pertaining to the philosophy of existentialism

120

exodus

departure (of a large number of people)

121

exonerate

acquit; exculpate; free from blame or guilt

122

exorbitant

(of costs or demands) excessive; exceeding reasonable bounds

123

exorcise

drive out evil spirits

124

exotic

not native; from another part of the world; strange; intriguingly unusual; Ex. exotic flower/dress

125

intrigue

make secret plans; plot; arouse the curiosity of; N: secret scheme; plot; secret love affair

126

expansive

(of a person) outgoing and sociable; broad and extensive; able to increase in size

127

outgoing

sociable; eager to mix socially with others

128

expatiate

talk at length; speak or write in detail

129

expatriate

exile; someone who has withdrawn from his native land; V: exile; banish; leave one's country

130

expedient

suitable (for a particular purpose although not necessarily morally correct); practical; politic(prudent); N: something expedient

131

expedite

hasten; make go faster

132

expeditious

done with speed; quick; N. expedition

133

expenditure

payment or expense; expending; something expended; output; Ex. receipt for the expenditure; Ex. expenditure of all the energy

134

expertise

specialized knowledge (in a particular field); expert skill

135

expiate

make amends for (a sin)

136

expletive

meaningless word; interjection; profane oath; swear-word

137

interjection

exclamation; Ex. "Ouch''

138

swear

vow; promise; use profane oaths; use offensive words

139

swear-word

word considered offensive; Ex. "bloody''

140

oath

solemn promise; blasphemous use of sacred words to express strong feelings; swear-word; Ex. "For Christ's sake''

141

explicate

explain in detail; interpret; clarify; CF. explicable

142

explicit

totally clear; definite; outspoken

143

exploit

brave and successful act; deed or action, particularly a brave deed; CF. crossing the Atlantic ocean

144

exploit

make use of, sometimes unjustly; N. exploitation

145

expository

explanatory; serving to explain; N. exposition: explaining; exhibition

146

expostulation

protest; remonstrance; reasoning with someone to correct or dissuade; V. expostulate

147

exposure

risk, particularly of being exposed to disease or to the elements; unmasking; act of laying something open; Ex. exposure of governmental corruption

148

expound

explain

149

expropriate

take possession of (often for public use and without payment)

150

expunge

cancel; remove a word or name (from a book or list); erase

151

expurgate

clean; remove offensive parts of a book

152

extant

(of something written or painted) still in existence

153

extemporaneous

not planned; impromptu; extempore

154

extenuate

weaken; mitigate; lessen the seriousness of (bad behavior)

155

extirpate

root up; uproot; destroy completely

156

extol

praise very highly; glorify

157

extort

wring from; get money by threats, etc.; obtain by force or threats; CF. extortionate: exorbitant

158

wring

twist (to extract liquid); extract by twisting; wrench painfully (necks or hands)

159

extradition

surrender of prisoner by one state to another; Ex. extradition treaty; V. extradite

160

extraneous

not essential; irrelevant; superfluous; external; coming from the outside; Ex. extraneous details/noise/to the subject

161

extrapolation

projection; conjecture; V. extrapolate: infer (unknown information) from known information

162

extricate

free from an entanglement or difficulty; disentangle

163

extrinsic

external; not essential or inherent; extraneous; OP. intrinsic

164

extrovert

person interested mostly in external objects and actions

165

mingle

mix together in close association

166

extrude

force or push out; thrust out; shape (plastic or metal) by forcing through a die

167

exuberance

overflowing abundance; joyful enthusiasm; flamboyance; lavishness; ADJ. exuberant: high-spirited and lively; growing abundantly and strongly

168

glow

shine brightly without a flame (as of eyes or metals); show redness and heat (in the face) after hard work or because of strong feelings; N: light produced by a heated body; brilliance of a color

169

exude

flow out slowly; discharge (gradually); give forth; N. exudation

170

ooze

(of a thick liquid) pass or flow slowly; N: mud or thick liquid as at the bottom of a river

171

exult

rejoice

172

fabricate

build; lie; make up (a story) in order to deceive; Ex. fabricate the whole story; CF. fabric: underlying structure; Ex. fabric of society

173

facade(fa\c{c}ade)

front or face (of building); superficial or false appearance

174

facet

small plane surface (of a gem(precious stone)); a side

175

facetious

joking (often inappropriately); unserious; humorous

176

facile

easily accomplished; ready or fluent; superficial; not deep; Ex. facile solution to a complex problem; Ex. facile speaker; N. facility: ability to do something easily and well; ease in doing resulting from skill or aptitude; something that facilitates an action; amenity; Ex. with great facility

177

facilitate

help bring about; make less difficult

178

facsimile

copy

179

faction

party; clique (within a large group); dissension

180

dissension

disagreement of opinions causing strife within a group

181

factious

inclined to form factions; causing dissension

182

factitious

artificial; produced artificially; sham; false; Ex. factitious tears

183

factotum

handyman; person who does all kinds of work; CF. do everything

184

faculty

mental or bodily powers; teaching staff

185

fallacious

false; based on a fallacy; misleading; N. fallacy: false idea or notion; false reasoning; Ex. popular fallacy; Ex. fallacy of the argument

186

fallible

liable to err

187

falsify

make (something written) false by changing

188

fallow

(of land) plowed but not sowed (to improve the quality); uncultivated

189

sow

plant or scatter seed

190

falter

hesitate; weaken in purpose or action; walk or move unsteadily through weakness; N.

191

stumble

trip and almost fall; proceed unsteadily; act falteringly; N.

192

fanaticism

excessive zeal; extreme devotion to a belief or cause; N. fanatic; ADJ. fanatic

193

fancied

imagined; unreal

194

fancier

breeder or dealer of animals; one who has a special interest, as for raising specific plant or animal

195

fanciful

whimsical; visionary; imaginary; produced by imagination; Ex. fanciful scheme

196

fancy

imagination (of a whimsical or fantastic nature); capricious liking; V: imagine; be fond of; ADJ. decorative; elaborate

197

fanfare

call by bugles or trumpets; showy display; spectacular public display

198

farce

broad comedy; mockery; humorous play full of silly things happening; ADJ. farcical

199

fastidious

difficult to please; squeamish; fussy; finicky

200

squeamish

easily shocked or sickened by unpleasant things; fastidious; Ex. A nurse should not be squeamish.

201

fatalism

belief that events are determined by forces or fates beyond one's control; ADJ. fatalistic; CF. fatal: causing death

202

fathom

comprehend; investigate; determine the depth of; N. unit of measurement for the depth of water

203

fathomless

too deep to be measured or understood; unfathomable

204

fatuous

smugly and unconsciously foolish; inane; silly; N. fatuity, fatuousness

205

fauna

animals of a period or region; CF. flora

206

fawning

courting favor by cringing and flattering; V. fawn: exhibit affection as a dog; seek favor or attention by obsequiousness

207

court

attempt to gain; seek; woo; risk; behave so as to invite; attempt to gain the favor of by attention; Ex. court disaster

208

faze

disconcert; dismay; embarrass

209

feasible

practical; able to be carried out; practicable

210

febrile

feverish

211

fecundity

fertility; fruitfulness; ADJ. fecund: very productive of crops or young

212

fertile

producing many young, fruits, or seeds; (of land) producing good crops; V. fertilize

213

fruitful

producing results; profitable; prolific; producing in abundance

214

feign

pretend

215

feint

trick; shift; sham blow; feigned attack to draw away defensive action; V.

216

shift

change position or place; exchange (one thing) for another; change in direction or position; Ex. shift the stolen goods; N. group of workers which takes turns with other groups; working period of such a group

217

felicitous

(of a word or remark) apt; suitably expressed; well chosen

218

felicity

happiness; appropriateness (of a remark, choice, etc.); quality of being felicitous

219

feline

of a member of the cat family; N.

220

fell

cruel; (of a disease) deadly

221

fell

cut or knock down (a tree or a person); bring down (with a missile)

222

felon

person convicted of a grave crime; CF. felony: serious crime

223

feral

(of an animal) not domestic; wild

224

ferment

agitation; commotion(noisy and excited activity); unrest (of a political kind); V. produce by fermentation; undergo fermentation; cause (a state of trouble)

225

fermentation

chemical reaction that splits complex organic compounds; unrest; agitation

226

ferret

drive or hunt out of hiding; hunt with ferrets; drive out (as from a hiding place); expel; uncover or discover by searching; Ex. ferret out the secret; N. small fierce animal which catches rats and rabbits by going into their holes

227

fervent

ardent; zealous; hot

228

fervid

ardent; zealous; hot

229

impassioned

(of speech) filled with passion; fervent

230

fervor

glowing ardor; intensity of feeling; quality of being fervent or fervid; zeal; intense heat

231

fester

rankle; produce irritation or resentment; (of a cut or wound) generate pus or rot; Ex. His insult festered in my mind for days.

232

festive

joyous; celebratory; relating to a feast or festival

233

fete(f\^ete)

honor at a festival; celebrate or honor with a feast; N. (outdoor) festival or feast; CF. feast

234

fetid(foetid)

malodorous; foul

235

foul

very bad or disagreeable; very dirty; Ex. foul smell/flavor/temper/language/air/deed/weather/means; N. act against the rules; V. make or become foul; commit a foul

236

fetish(fetich)

object believed to have spiritual powers; object of excessive attention or reverence; CF. fetishism

237

fetter

shackle; restrict the freedom of; N. chain or shackle for the foot of a prisoner; CF. foot

238

fiasco

total failure; CF. bottle

239

fiat

command; arbitrary order; Ex. presidential fiat; CF. let it be done

240

fickle

changeable (in affections or friendship); faithless

241

fictitious

imaginary; non-existent; purposely invented to deceive; untrue; Ex. fictitious name/boyfriend; CF. fictional

242

fidelity

loyalty; accuracy

243

figment

invention; something invented; imaginary thing; Ex. figment of your imagination

244

figurative

not literal but metaphorical; using a figure(impression) of speech

245

figure

written symbols; number; amount represented in numbers; outline or silhouette of a thing or human body; person (well-known); impression; diagram; pattern; group in a dance; Ex. figure of speech; V. calculate with numbers; adorn with figures; appear; consider; Ex. My name did not figure in the list.

246

figurine

small ornamental statuette(very small statue)

247

filch

steal (things of small value)

248

pilfer

steal things of small value; filch; snitch

249

filial

pertaining to or befitting a son or daughter; Ex. filial respect

250

filibuster

block legislation or prevent action in a lawmaking body by making very slow long speeches; N; freebooter

251

freebooter

pirate or plunderer who makes war in order to grow rich

252

bust

piece of sculpture showing a person's head, shoulders, and upper chest; V: break up; arrest; Ex. crimebuster

253

filigree

delicate ornamental lacelike metalwork

254

lace

cord used to draw and tie together two opposite edges (as of a shoe); delicate fabric made of fine threads; V: draw together by tying a lace

255

filing

particle removed by a file

256

finale

conclusion; concluding part

257

finesse

delicate skill; V: handle with finesse

258

finicky

too particular; fussy; difficult to please; too concerned with unimportant details or quality; Ex. finicky about her food

259

fussy

fastidious; finicky; easily upset

260

fuss:

trouble or worry over trifles; make nervous; pay too much attention to; N: needless concern or worry (about a trivial thing); anxious nervous condition; display of attention; Ex. make a fuss over the baby

261

finite

limited

262

firebrand

piece of burning wood; hothead; troublemaker; person who stirs up trouble

263

hothead

person who does things too quickly without thinking; ADJ. hotheaded

264

fissure

crevice; crack

265

fitful

spasmodic; intermittent; irregular

266

fit

sudden outburst of an illness or feeling; convulsion caused by epilepsy

267

flaccid

flabby; lacking firmness; weak; Ex. flaccid muscles

268

limp

walk lamely; ADJ: lacking firmness; weak

269

flag

droop; grow feeble; decline in vigor or strength; ADJ. flagging; CF. unflagging

270

droop

bend or hang downward; become weakened; Ex. His shoulders drooped with tiredness; N.

271

flagrant

conspicuously wicked, bad, or offensive; blatant; outrageous

272

outrage

act of extreme violence or viciousness; resentful anger; V: commit an outrage on; produce anger in; ADJ. outrageous: offensive

273

flail

beat with or as if with a flail; move wildly; thresh grain by hand; strike or slap; toss about; N: threshing tool consisting of a stick swinging from the end of a long handle

274

thresh

beat (cereal plants) with a machine or flail to separate the grains from the straw

275

toss

throw lightly; move or lift (the head) with a sudden motion; flip (a coin) to decide something

276

flair

talent

277

flamboyant

ornate; highly elaborate; richly colored; ostentatious; showy; CF. flame

278

flaunt

display ostentatiously; Ex. ``Honey, if you've got it, flaunt it !''

279

flay

strip off skin; plunder; remove the skin from; criticize harshly

280

fleck

spot; mark with flecks; N: small mark or spot

281

fledgling(fledgeling)

inexperienced; N: young bird that has acquired wing feathers and is learning to fly; inexperienced person

282

fleece

wool coat of a sheep; V: shear the fleece from; rob by a trick; swindle; plunder

283

shear

remove (fleece or hair) by cutting; remove the hair or fleece from; cut with or as if with shears; N: shears; pair of scissors

284

trickster

person who cheats people

285

flick

light stroke as with a whip; V: move with a light quick blow; strike with a light quick blow (as from a whip); Ex. flick the switch

286

flicker

burn unsteadily or fitfully; move waveringly; N: flickering movement or light; brief sensation; Ex. flicker of excitement

287

flutter

(of a bird with large wings) wave (the wings) lightly, rapidly, and irregularly; vibrate rapidly or erratically; fly by waving quickly; flitter; N.

288

flinch

hesitate; shrink back (in fear of something unpleasant); Ex. She did not flinch in the face of danger.

289

flippant

lacking proper seriousness; Ex. flippant remarks about death; N. flippancy

290

flip

send (something) spinning, often into the air, by striking with a light quick blow; turn over; Ex. flip over

291

flit

fly; fly or move lightly or quickly; dart lightly; pass swiftly by; Ex. a bee flitting from flower to flower

292

floe

flat mass of floating ice

293

flora

plants of a region or era

294

florescence

condition or period of flowering

295

florid

ruddy; (of a complexion) reddish; flowery; very ornate; CF. rose

296

flush

redden; blush; flow suddenly and abundantly; wash out by a rapid brief flow of water; N: reddish tinge; blush; brief rush; rush of strong feeling; Ex. flush of pride; ADJ: having surfaces in the same plane; even; blushing

297

blush

become red in the face (from embarrassment or shame); become red or rosy; N.

298

tinge

give a slight degree of a color or quality to; N: slight degree of a color or quality; Ex. tinged with grey/jealousy

299

tint

slight degree of color; V: give a tint to

300

flowery

full of flowers; full of ornate expressions

301

flotsam

drifting wreckage

302

jetsam

things thrown from a ship (to lighten the ship)

303

flounder

struggle and thrash about; proceed clumsily or falter (as in water, mud, snow, etc.); proceed in confusion

304

thrash

beat with a whip or flail; defeat utterly; talk about thoroughly in order to find the answer; move wildly or violently; Ex. The fishes thrashed about in the net.

305

flourish

grow well; prosper; make sweeping gestures; wave; brandish; Ex. The trees flourished in the sun. N: showy movement or gesture; embellishment or ornamentation (esp. in handwriting)

306

flout

reject; mock; show contempt for; scorn; Ex. flout the rules

307

curb

chain or strap used with a bit to restrain a horse; something that checks; V: check; restrain

308

fluctuate

waver; shift; rise and fall as if in waves; change or vary irregularly

309

fluency

smoothness of speech; ADJ. fluent

310

fluke

unlikely occurrence; stroke of fortune; accidental stroke of good luck; ADJ. fluky

311

fluster

confuse; make nervous and confused; N.

312

fluted

having vertical parallel grooves (as in a pillar); V. flute: make long parallel inward curves in; N. flute: long rounded groove incised on the shaft of a column

313

groove

long narrow channel made in a surface to guide the movement of something; Ex. groove of the record

314

stammer

speak with involuntarily pauses or repetitions

315

flux

flowing; series of changes; fluctuation; Ex. in a state of flux

316

fodder

coarse food for cattle, horses, etc.; feed for livestock; CF. food

317

foible

small weakness of character; slight fault; CF. feeble

318

foil

contrast; one that by contrast enhances the distinctive characteristics of another

319

foil

defeat; frustrate; prevent from being successful; thwart; CF. fail

320

foist

insert improperly; impose upon another by coercion; palm off; pass off as genuine or worthy; CF. fist

321

palm

conceal in the palm of the hand; palm off: pass off; Ex. palm off some bad oranges onto the lady/the painting as a real Renoir

322

pass_off

present falsely; represent falsely to be

323

foliage

masses of leaves; CF. defoliate

324

foment

stir up; incite; instigate; promote the growth of (something evil or unpleasant)

325

foolhardy

rash; reckless; foolishly daring

326

foppish

vain about dress and appearance; N. fop: man who takes too much interest in his clothes and appearance

327

foray

raid; sudden raid or military advance; V.

328

forbearance

patience; forgiveness; V. forbear: refrain from (in a generous and forgiving way); be patient; Ex. forbear to send him to prison

329

ford

place where a river can be crossed on foot; V.

330

forebears(forbears)

ancestors

331

foreboding

premonition of evil; feeling of coming evil; V. forebode: be a warning of (something unpleasant)

332

forensic

suitable to debate or courts of law; of or used in legal proceedings and the tracking of criminals; Ex. forensic science/medicine

333

forum

public square of an ancient Roman city; public place for open discussion; court of law

334

foreshadow

give an indication beforehand; be a sign of (what is coming); portend; prefigure

335

prefigure

be a sign of; foreshadow

336

forerunner

predecessor; one that comes before and indicates the approach of another

337

foresight

ability to foresee future happenings; prudence in providing for the future

338

forestall

prevent by taking action in advance

339

nuptial

of marriage or the wedding ceremony; N; nuptials; wedding ceremony

340

forfeit

something surrendered as punishment for a crime or breach of contract; V: lose as a forfeit; N. forfeiture

341

forge

counterfeit; reproduce fraudulently; form by heating in a forge and hammering into shape; move with a sudden increase of speed or power; Ex. forged ahead in the last two years; N: furnace where metals are heated

342

forgo(forego)

give up; do without

343

forlorn

sad and lonely; wretched; desolate

344

formality

ceremonious quality; ceremonious adherence to rules; something done just for form's sake; Ex. mere formality

345

formidable

menacing; arousing fear; threatening; difficult to defeat; Ex. formidable foe/question

346

menace

threat; V: threaten

347

forsake

desert; abandon; renounce

348

forswear

renounce under oath; abandon; make a solemn promise to give up; CF. abjure

349

forte

strong point or special talent in a person's character

350

forthright

straightforward; direct; frank

351

forthcoming

happening in the near future; ready; willing to help; Ex. No answer was forthcoming.

352

fortitude

bravery; courage; strength of mind

353

fortuitous

accidental; by chance; N. fortuity

354

foster

rear; bring up (for a certain period only); encourage; promote the development of (feelings or ideas); Ex. help foster friendly relations; ADJ: giving parental care although not related by blood; Ex. foster parents

355

founder

fail completely; sink; CF. flounder

356

founder

person who establishes (an organization or business)

357

fracas

brawl(noisy quarrel or fight) in which a number of people take part; melee

358

fractious

unruly; peevish; cranky; bad-tempered; Ex. fractious horse

359

frail

weak; N. frailty

360

franchise

right or privilege granted by authority; right to vote; license to sell a product in a particular territory

361

frantic

wild; distraught as from fear or worry; Ex. frantic with fear

362

fraudulent

cheating; deceitful; Ex. fraudulent means; N. fraud: deception; swindle

363

fraught

filled (with something unpleasant); full; Ex. fraught with danger and difficulties; CF. freight

364

fray

brawl; fight; V: wear away or unravel by rubbing; have loose threads developing; cause to become worn out (a person's temper or nerves); CF. rub

365

frenetic(phrenetic)

frenzied; frantic

366

frenzied

madly excited; N. frenzy: violent wild excitement

367

fresco

painting on wet plaster (usually fresh)

368

paste

smooth viscous mixture as of flour(powder made by crushing grain) and water (used as an adhesive); V: cause to adhere by applying paste

369

pastry

paste of flour and water (eaten when baked)

370

plaster

paste that hardens to a smooth solid and is used for coating walls; V.

371

fret

be annoyed or vexed; Ex. fret over your poor grades; N: irritation of mind; ADJ. fretful

372

friction

clash or conflict in opinion; rubbing against

373

frieze

ornamental horizontal band on a wall

374

frigid

intensely cold; cold in manner; Ex. frigid zone

375

fritter

waste (time or money on unimportant things)

376

frivolous

lacking in seriousness; flippant; self-indulgently carefree; unworthy of serious attention; relatively unimportant; trivial

377

self-indulgence

excessive indulgence of one's own desire

378

carefree

free from worries; having no problems

379

frolicsome

prankish; gay; playful; merry; frisky

380

frolic

play and jump about happily; frisk; Ex. frolicking young lambs

381

frond

fern leaf; palm or banana leaf

382

litter

waste material thrown away (as bits of paper scattered untidily); V: cover untidily with scattered litter

383

fructify

bear fruit; produce fruit

384

frugality

thrift; economy; ADJ. frugal: practicing economy; costing little; inexpensive

385

fruition

bearing of fruit; fulfillment; realization; Ex. come to/be brought to fruition

386

frustrate

thwart; defeat; prevent from accomplishing a purpose

387

fugitive

fleeting or transitory; lasting only a short time; roving(wandering); running away or fleeing as from the law; N: one who flees; Ex. fugitives at large

388

fulcrum

support on which a lever rests or pivots

389

fulminate

thunder; explode; issue a severe denunciation

390

fulsome

disgustingly excessive; offensively flattering; Ex. fulsome praise/expressions of admire

391

fumble

move the fingers and hands awkwardly (in search of something); mishandle or drop a ball that is in play; bungle; botch; spoil by mishandling; N.

392

functionary

official (who performs a particular function)

393

functional

made for practical use only (without decoration); functioning; Ex. functional modern furniture; CF. functionalism

394

fundamental

basic; primary; essential

395

funereal

sad; solemn; suitable for a funeral

396

furor

frenzy; great anger and excitement; CF. fury

397

furtive

stealthy; quiet and secret (trying to escape notice); sneaky; Ex. furtive glance

398

sneak

move, give, or take in a quiet, stealthy way; N: one who sneaks; ADJ. sneaky

399

underhand(underhanded)

done slyly and secretly (being dishonest)

400

sly

clever in deceiving; secretive; not telling one's intentions

401

fusillade

simultaneous firing or outburst (of missiles, questions, etc.)

402

fusion

union; coalition; V. fuse

403

futile

useless; hopeless; ineffectual

404

gadfly

animal-biting fly; irritating person

405

gaffe

social blunder

406

gainsay

deny

407

gait

manner of walking or running; speed

408

galaxy

large isolated system of stars, such as the Milky Way; collection of brilliant personalities

409

gale

windstorm; gust of wind; emotional outburst (laughters, tears); Ex. gale of laughter

410

gall

bitterness of feeling; nerve; effrontery; CF. gall bladder

411

gall

annoy; exasperate; chafe; N: skin sore caused by rubbing (as on the skin of a horse); exasperation

412

galleon

large three-masted sailing ship

413

galley

low ship with sails (rowed along by slaves)

414

clipper

sailing vessel built for great speed

415

pinnace

small boat

416

clip

cut off with shears; fasten; N: something clipped off (as a short extract from film); clasp or fastener

417

galvanize

stimulate or shock by an electric current; stimulate by shock; shock into action; stir up; coat with rust-resistant zinc by using electricity

418

galvanic

of the production of electricity by the action of an acid on a metal; having the effect of an electric shock; Ex. galvanic cell; galvanic effect; CF. Luigi Galvani

419

gambit

opening in chess in which a piece is sacrificed; action made to produce a future advantage

420

ploy

strategem to gain an advantage; tactic; Ex. management ploy

421

gambol

romp; skip about; leap about playfully; frolic; N.

422

romp

play or frolic boisterously; gambol; N.

423

zest

outer skin of an orange used for giving a special taste to food; spice; interest; flavor; spirited enjoyment; Ex. add a certain zest to the affair; Ex. zest for life

424

gamely

in a spirited manner; with courage; Ex. fight gamely against a superior boxer; ADJ. game

425

gamut

entire range

426

gape

open widely; open the mouth wide; stare wonderingly with the mouth open; CF. agape

427

garbled

mixed up; jumbled; distorted; V. garble: mix up or distort (a message) to such an extent as to make misleading or unintelligible

428

jumble

mix in a confused way

429

gargantuan

huge; enormous; gigantic; CF. the hero of Gargantua and Pantagruel

430

gargoyle

waterspout carved in grotesque figures on a building

431

garish

overbright in color; unpleasantly bright; gaudy

432

trim

make neat or tidy by clipping; reduce by removing what is unnecessary; ornament; decorate (round the edges); Ex. trim the cost; Ex. jacket trimmed with fur; N. ADJ: tidy; in good order

433

garner

gather; store up; amass

434

garnish

decorate; add a garnish to; decorate (food or drink) with small items such as lemon slices; N.

435

garrulous

loquacious; wordy; talkative; N. garrulity

436

gastronomy

art and science of preparing and serving good food; CF. gastronome

437

gauche

clumsy (in social behavior); coarse and uncouth

438

gaudy

flashy; showy

439

flashy

showy; gaudy; giving a momentary brilliance

440

gild

cover with a thin layer of gold

441

gaunt

lean and angular; thin and bony; emaciated; barren

442

gavel

hammerlike tool; mallet(wooden hammer) used by a presiding officer or an auctioneer; V.

443

bid

command; utter (a greeting); offer as a price; N: offer of a price; amount offered; earnest effort to gain something; Ex. bid for freedom

444

gawk

stare foolishly; look in open-mouthed awe

445

gazette

official periodical publication; newspaper

446

genealogy

record of descent; lineage; ancestry; study of ancestry

447

generality

vague statement; general statement which is not detailed; quality of being general; greater part; most; Ex. generality of people

448

generate

cause; produce; create

449

generic

characteristic of an entire class or species; of a genus

450

genus

division of animals or plants, below a family and above a species

451

genesis

beginning; origin

452

geniality

cheerfulness; kindliness; sympathy; ADJ. genial: cheerful and good-tempered

453

genre

particular variety of art or literature

454

genteel

well-bred; elegant; striving to convey an appearance of refinement; Ex. genteel poverty

455

gentility

those of gentle birth; high social class; refinement; quality of being genteel

456

breed

produce young; rear; bring up; produce (an undesirable condition); N: kind or sort of animal or plant

457

crossbreed

hybridize; N: hybrid; CF. interbreed; CF. inbreed

458

well-bred

of good upbringing; well-mannered and refined

459

gentry

people of standing(rank or position); people of good family or high social position; class of people just below nobility

460

gentle

kindly; soft; mild; of good family

461

genuflect

bend the knee as in worship

462

germane

pertinent; bearing upon(having connection with) the case at hand; appropriate

463

germinal

pertaining to a germ; creative; Ex. germinal idea

464

germ

earliest form of an organism; seed or bud; something that may develop into something larger or more important; microbe

465

germinate

cause to sprout; sprout

466

sprout

begin to grow; give off shoots or buds; N: new growth on a plant; shoot

467

shoot

new growth from a plant

468

gerontocracy

government ruled by old people

469

gerontology

study of the sociological phenomena associated with old age

470

geriatrics

medical treatment and care of old age

471

gerrymander

change voting district lines in order to favor a political party; N. CF. Elbridge Gerry + (sala)mander

472

gestate

evolve as in prenatal growth; N. gestation: period of development from conception until birth

473

natal

connected with birth; CF. prenatal; CF. postnatal

474

gesticulation

motion; gesture; V. gesticulate: make gestures (while speaking)

475

ghastly

horrible; terrifying; resembling ghosts; CF. aghast

476

gibberish

nonsense; nonsensical or unintelligible talk or writing; babbling

477

gibe

mock; make jeering remarks; N: jeering remarks

478

giddy

light-hearted; not serious; frivolous; dizzy; causing dizziness; Ex. giddy youth; Ex. giddy climb/height

479

gingerly

very carefully; ADJ.

480

girth

distance around something; circumference

481

gist

essence; main point; substance

482

glacial

like a glacier; of an ice age; extremely cold; Ex. glacial epoch; CF. iceberg

483

glaring

(of something bad) highly conspicuous; harshly bright; shining intensely and blindingly

484

glare

shine intensely and blindingly; stare fixedly and angrily; N.

485

glaze

cover with a thin and shiny surface; apply a glaze to; N: thin, smooth, shiny coating (as for pottery); Ex. unglazed pottery

486

glean

gather leavings; gather grain left behind by reapers; gather bit by bit (facts or information) often with difficulty

487

glib

fluent (with insincerity or superficiality); facile; slick

488

slick

make smooth or glossy; N: smooth surface; Ex. oil slick; ADJ: smooth; glossy; deftly executed; adroit; glib

489

sleek

smooth and shining (as from good health); V.

490

glimmer

shine erratically; twinkle; N: dim or unsteady light; faint indication; Ex. glimmer of hope

491

glitter

shine brightly with flashing points of light; Ex. glittering diamond ring; N: sparkling light; attractiveness; glamor; Ex. glitter of the sun on the waves

492

glamor

compelling charm; ADJ. glamorous

493

gloat

express evil satisfaction; look at or think about with evil satisfaction; view malevolently; Ex. The thief gloated over the stolen jewels.

494

gloss_over

explain away with the intention of deceiving or hiding faults

495

gloss

brief explanation note or translation of a difficult expression; V.

496

glossary

brief explanation of words used in the text

497

glossy

smooth and shining; N. gloss: shiny brightness on a surface; superficially attractive appearance; Ex. gloss of good manners

498

mat

not shiny; matte; having a dull finish; N: flat piece of material used as a floor covering; V.

499

finish

surface texture; completeness of execution

500

finished

properly made and complete; Ex. finished product/performance