Barrons Set 9 Flashcards Preview

GRE Vocab > Barrons Set 9 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Barrons Set 9 Deck (500):
1

scintillate

sparkle; flash; be animated; be full of life; Ex. scintillating conversation

2

scoff

laugh (at); mock; ridicule; Ex. scoff at their threats

3

scotch

stamp out(put an end to); thwart; hinder; Ex. scotch the rumor; CF. cut; CF.

4

score

number of points; written form of a musical composition; reason; group of 20; notch or incision; Ex. full/vocal score; Ex. Don't worry on that score; V: mark with lines or notches; Ex. score the paper to make it easy to fold

5

stamp

step on heavily (so as to crush or extinguish); put an end to; imprint or impress with a mark, design, or seal; shape with a die; characterize; Ex. machine stamping out car bodies; Ex. newspaper stamping him as a liar; N. stamping; implement used to stamp; impression stamped; mark; Ex. Her remarks bear the stamp of truth.

6

scourge

lash; whip (formerly used for punishment); source of severe punishment; V: whip; afflict

7

scruple

hesitate for ethical reasons; fret about; Ex. She did not scruple to read his diary; N: uneasy feeling arising from conscience; conscience

8

scrupulous

conscientious; extremely thorough; Ex. scrupulous worker

9

scrutinize

examine closely and critically; N. scrutiny

10

scuffle

struggle confusedly; move off in a confused hurry; N. CF. scuffling twins ?

11

shuffle

mix together; jumble; move (something) from one place to another; slide (the feet) along the ground while walking; Ex. shuffle papers from one pile to another; N.

12

scurrilous

abusive; obscene; indecent; Ex. scurrilous remark

13

scurry

move hastily; hurry; move briskly

14

scurvy

contemptible; despicable; N: disease caused by deficiency of Vitamin C

15

scuttle

sink (a ship) by cutting holes in the hull; scrap; discard; N: small hatch in a ship's deck or hull

16

hull

husk; dry outer covering of a seed; frame or body of a ship

17

seamy

sordid; base; filthy; unwholesome; Ex. seamy side of city life

18

base

contemptible; morally bad; inferior in value or quality; Ex. base motives/conduct; Ex. base metal such as iron

19

sear

burn the surface of; char or burn; brand; parch; cause (a plant) to wither

20

char

make or become black by burning; reduce or be reduced to carbon or charcoal(black substance made by burning wood) by incomplete combustion

21

scorch

sear; N.

22

brand

trademark; mark burned on the hide of an animal; mark burned into the flesh of criminals; mark of disgrace; V: mark with a brand; give a lasting bad name; stigmatize; Ex. The press branded him a liar.

23

hide

skin of an animal

24

seasoned

experienced

25

season

enhance the flavor of by adding a spice, etc.; inure; harden; N. seasoning: something used in seasoning

26

seasonal

of a particular season; Ex. seasonal rise in employment

27

seasonable

occurring at the proper time or season; opportune; Ex. seasonable intervention in the dispute

28

secession

withdrawal; V. secede: withdraw formally from membership

29

seclusion

isolation; solitude; V. seclude: set apart from others; isolate

30

secrete

conceal; hide away or cache; produce and release a substance into an organism; CF. secretive

31

sect

separate religious body; faction; group of people with common beliefs within a larger group

32

sectarian

of a sect; narrow-minded; parochial; N: member of a sect; narrow-minded person

33

denomination

religious group; unit in a system; name or designation; CF. denominator: common trait or characteristic

34

secular

worldly; not pertaining to church matters or religion; temporal

35

sedate

composed (with no excitement); grave; V: administer a sedative to; CF. sedative

36

sedentary

requiring sitting; done while sitting; not moving from one place to another; settled; Ex. sedentary job/population

37

sedition

conduct or language inciting rebellion; rebellion; resistance to authority; insubordination; ADJ. seditious

38

sedulous

diligent; assiduous; paying attention; N. sedulity

39

seedy

run-down; decrepit; disreputable; having many seeds; Ex. seedy downtown hotel

40

run-down

(of a place) dilapidated; in a bad condition; (of a person) weak or exhausted

41

seemly

(of behavior) proper; appropriate

42

seep

pass slowly through small openings; ooze; trickle; N. seepage

43

seethe

be violently disturbed; boil; (of a liquid) move about wildly as if boiling; Ex. The nation was seething with discontent.

44

seine

seine net; net for catching fish

45

seismic

pertaining to earthquakes

46

semblance

outward appearance; guise; Ex. We called in the troops to bring a/some semblance of order to the city.

47

seminal

related to seed or semen; germinal; creative; providing a basis for further development; influencing future developments; Ex. seminal research in a new field

48

seminary

school for training future ministers; secondary school, especially for young women

49

senility

old age; feeblemindedness of old age; ADJ. senile: resulting from old age; showing the weakness of body or mind from old age; Ex. senile dementia

50

feebleminded

deficient in intelligence; very stupid

51

sensitization

process of being made sensitive or acutely responsive to an external agent or substance; V. sensitize: make or become sensitive

52

sensual

devoted to the pleasures of the sense; carnal; voluptuous; Ex. sensual woman/curves/lips

53

voluptuous

sensual; of or giving sensual pleasure; indulging in sensual pleasures; Ex. voluptuous lines; Ex. voluptuous life of the Romans; N. voluptuary: voluptuous person

54

sensuous

giving pleasure to the senses; pertaining to the physical senses; operating through the senses; sensuous feeling of soft velvet on the skin

55

sententious

pithy; terse; concise; aphoristic

56

sentient

capable of sensation and conscious; aware; sensitive; Ex. sentient creature; N. sentience

57

sentinel

sentry; lookout

58

lookout

act of keeping watch; high place commanding a wide view; person who keeps watch

59

septic

of or causing sepsis; putrid; producing putrefaction; N. sepsis: poisoning of part of the body (producing pus)

60

sepulcher

tomb; V: place in a sepulcher; ADJ. sepulchral

61

sequester

isolate; segregate; seclude; retire from public life

62

sere

sear; parched; dry

63

serendipity

gift for finding valuable things by accident; accidental good fortune or luck; CF. The Three Princes of Serendip

64

serenity

calmness; placidity; ADJ. serene

65

serpentine

winding; twisting; of or like a serpent; Ex. serpentine course of the river; N. serpent: snake

66

serrated

having a sawtoothed edge; Ex. serrated leaf

67

servile

slavish; cringing; N. servility

68

servitude

slavery; compulsory labor imposed as a punishment

69

sever

separate; cut off (a part) from a whole; break up (a relationship); N. severance; CF. severance pay: extra pay given an employee upon leaving a position

70

severity

harshness; intensity; sternness; austerity; ADJ. severe: harsh; strict; extremely violent or intense

71

sextant

navigation tool used to determine a ship's latitude and longitude (by measuring the altitudes of stars)

72

shackle

chain; fetter; confine with shackles; N.

73

sham

pretend; feign; ADJ: not genuine; fake; Ex. sham jewelry; N: something that is not what it appears; impostor; pretense; Ex. The agreement was a sham.

74

shambles

(place or scene of) complete disorder or ruin; wreck; mess; Ex. After the hurricane, the coast was a shambles.

75

shard

fragment generally of broken pottery (glass, clay bowl, or cup)

76

shaving

very thin piece, usually of wood (cut from a surface with a sharp blade)

77

plane

carpenter's tool for smoothing and leveling wood; V. CF. flat

78

sheaf

bundle of stalks of grain; any bundle of things tied together

79

sheathe

place into a case; insert into or provide with a sheath; Ex. He sheathed his dagger; N. sheath: case for a blade

80

sherbet

flavored dessert ice

81

shimmer

shine with a flickering light; glimmer intermittently; Ex. The moonlight shimmered on the water; N.

82

shirk

avoid (responsibility, work, etc.); malinger

83

shoddy

made of inferior material; sham; not genuine; inferior; dishonest; Ex. shoddy goods/trick

84

shrew

scolding woman; very small mouselike animal

85

shrewd

clever; astute

86

shun

keep away from; avoid deliberately; Ex. She has been shunned by her neighbors.

87

shunt

move (a railway train) from one track to another; turn aside; divert; sidetrack; Ex. shunt traffic around an accident; N.

88

sidetrack

switch (a railroad car) to a siding; divert from a main issue; N. CF. siding: short section of railroad track connected by switches with a main track

89

shyster

lawyer using questionable methods; unscrupulous practioner

90

sibling

brother or sister

91

sibylline

prophetic; oracular; N. sibyl: woman prophet (in the ancient world)

92

sidereal

relating to stars; Ex. sidereal day

93

silt

sediment deposited by running water (at the entrance to a harbor or by a bend in a river)

94

simian

monkeylike; N: ape or monkey

95

simile

comparison of one thing with another, using the word like or as

96

simper

smirk; smile in a silly way; smile affectedly

97

simplistic

oversimplified

98

simulate

feign; imitate

99

sinecure

well-paid position with little responsibility; CF. sine cure: without care; CF. San Serif

100

sinewy

(of meat) tough; strong and firm; muscular; N. sinew: tendon; strong cord connecting a muscle to a bone

101

singular

being only one; individual; unique; extraordinary; odd; Ex. singular beauty/behavior

102

sinister

evil; ominous

103

sinuous

twisting; winding; bending in and out; not morally honest

104

skeptic

sceptic; doubter; person who suspends judgment until he has examined the evidence supporting a point of view; ADJ. skeptical; N. skepticism; scepticism

105

skiff

small light sailboat or rowboat

106

skimp

provide or use scantily; live very economically; Ex. skimp on necessities; ADJ. skimpy: inadequate in amount; scanty; stingy; niggardly

107

skinflint

miser; stingy person

108

skirmish

minor fight; minor battle in war; V.

109

skittish

inconstant; capricious; frivolous; not serious; Ex. charming but skittish young woman; CF. skit

110

frisk

move about playfully; froric; ADJ. frisky: playful

111

skulduggery(skullduggery)

dishonest behavior or action; Ex. skulduggery in the election

112

skulk

move furtively and secretly; Ex. He skulked through the less fashionable sections of the city.

113

slacken

slow up; loosen; make or become slack

114

slack

moving slowly; sluggish; inactive; (of a rope) loose; negligent; lax; Ex. slack season; Ex. slack in one's work; N. V.

115

slag

glassy residue from smelting metal; dross; waste matter

116

slake

satisfy (thirst); quench; sate

117

slander

defamation; utterance of false and malicious statements; V. ADJ. slanderous

118

slapdash

hasty and careless; haphazard; sloppy(carelessly done)

119

sleazy

shabby and dirty; flimsy; insubstantial; Ex. sleazy back-street hotel/fabric

120

sleeper

one that achieves unexpected success; something originally of little value or importance that in time becomes very valuable

121

sleight

dexterity; CF. sleight of hand: legerdemain; quickness of the hands in doing tricks

122

slew

large quantity or number; Ex. slew of errands left

123

slight

insult to one's dignity; snub; V: treat as if of small importance; insult; snub; ADJ. small in size; of small importance

124

slipshod

slovenly; careless; sloppy; untidy; shabby; Ex. slipshod work

125

slither

slip or slide

126

sloth

slow moving tree-dwelling mammal; laziness; ADJ. slothful: lazy; indolent

127

slough

(of a snake) shed or cast off (dead outer skin); N: outer layer that is shed

128

slovenly

untidy; careless in work habits; slipshod; N. sloven: one who is habitually untidy or careless

129

sledge

large sled drawn by work animals

130

sleigh

large vehicle drawn by a horse over snow or ice

131

sluggard

lazy person

132

sluggish

lazy; slow; inactive; lethargic; CF. slug: nail with no shell

133

sluice

artificial channel for directing or controlling the flow of water (with a gate to regulate the flow)

134

slur

slander; insult to one's character or reputation; V.

135

slur

pronounce indistinctly; speak indistinctly; mumble

136

smattering

slight knowledge; small scattered number or amount; Ex. smattering of German

137

smelt

melt (ore) for separating and removing the metal; melt or blend ores changing their chemical composition

138

smirk

conceited smile; offensively self-satisfied smile (often at someone else's misfortune); V.

139

smolder

smoulder; burn slowly without flame; be liable to break out at any moment; exist in a suppressed state; Ex. smoldering anger

140

snicker

half-stifled(suppressed) laugh; V.

141

snivel

complain or whine tearfully; run at the nose; snuffle; Ex. Don't come back sniveling to me.

142

snuffle

sniffle; sniff repeatedly (in order to keep liquid from running out of the nose)

143

sobriety

moderation (especially regarding indulgence in alcohol); seriousness

144

sober

serious; solemn; not drunken; abstemious or temperate; V: make or become sober

145

sodden

thoroughly soaked; dull or stupid as if from drink

146

sojourn

temporary stay; V: stay for a time

147

solace

comfort in sorrow or trouble; consolation; V: comfort or console in time of sorrow or trouble

148

solder

repair or make whole by using a metal alloy; N: metal alloy (usually tin and lead) used in the molten state to join metallic parts

149

solecism

nonstandard grammatical construction; construction that is flagrantly incorrect grammatically; violation of social etiquette

150

solemnity

seriousness; gravity

151

solicit

entreat; request earnestly; seek to obtain; Ex. solicit votes; CF. solicitor: one who solicits; chief law officer

152

solicitous

anxious; worried; concerned; eager; Ex. solicitous to do something; N. solicitude

153

soliloquy

talking to oneself (esp. in a play); CF. monologue: soliloquy; long speech by one person (often monopolizing a conversation)

154

solitude

state of being alone; seclusion; ADJ. solitary: existing or living alone (esp. by choice); remote or secluded; single; sole; Ex. solitary life/inn; Ex. no solitary piece of proof

155

solstice

point or time at which the sun is farthest from the equator

156

soluble

able to be dissolved in a liquid; able to be worked out or solved

157

solvent

able to pay all depths; N. solvency

158

solvent

substance that dissolves another; ADJ: capable of dissolving another substance

159

somatic

pertaining to the body; bodily; physical

160

somber

dark; gloomy; melancholy; depressing; CF. shadow

161

somnambulist

sleepwalker; V. somnambulate; N. somnambulism

162

somnolent

half asleep; drowsy; N. somnolence

163

sonorous

resonant; producing a full deep sound; producing sound

164

sonic

of sound or its speed in air; CF. subsonic, supersonic

165

sonnet

14-line poetic verse form with a fixed rhyme pattern

166

sophist

teacher of philosophy; quibbler; employer of fallacious reasoning; N. sophism: plausible but fallacious argument

167

sophisticated

worldly wise and urbane; refined; complex; N. sophistication; V. sophisticate

168

sophistry

seemingly plausible but fallacious reasoning; sophism

169

sophomoric

immature; half-baked; like a sophomore

170

soporific

sleep-causing; marked by sleepiness; drowsy

171

sordid

filthy; foul; base; vile; Ex. sordid bed/story

172

spangle

small shiny metallic piece sewn to clothing for ornamentation

173

sparse

not thick; thinly scattered; scanty

174

spartan

without attention to comfort; lacking luxury and comfort; sternly disciplined; Ex. spartan living condition/life

175

spasmodic

fitful; periodic; of or like a spasm; N. spasm: sudden involuntary muscular contraction; sudden burst of energy or emotion

176

spat

squabble; minor dispute; minor quarrel

177

spate

sudden flood or rush; Ex. spate of accidents

178

spatial

relating to space

179

spatula

broad-bladed instrument used for spreading or mixing

180

spawn

lay eggs (in large numbers); produce offspring (in large numbers); N: eggs of aquatic animals

181

specious

seemingly reasonable but incorrect; misleading (often intentionally)

182

spectral

ghostly; N. specter: spectre; ghost; phantom

183

spectrum

colored band produced when a beam of light passes through a prism; broad and continuous range; Ex. whole spectrum of modern thoughts

184

spendthrift

someone who wastes money; CF. thrift: accumulated wealth

185

sphinx-like

enigmatic; mysterious

186

splice

join together end to end to make one continuous length; fasten together; unite; Ex. splice two strips of tape; N.

187

spontaneity

lack of premeditation; naturalness; freedom from constraint; ADJ. spontaneous: self-generated; unpremeditated; happening without being planned

188

spoonerism

accidental transposition of sounds in successive words; Ex. "Let me sew you to your sheet'' for "Let me show you to your seat''; CF. William Spooner

189

transpose

reverse the order or position of

190

sporadic

occurring irregularly; intermittent

191

sportive

playful; frolicsome; merry; CF. sport: play or frolic; CF. sportsmanlike

192

spruce

neat and trim in appearance; smart; Ex. Be spruce for your job interview; V.

193

spry

(esp. of older people) vigorously active; nimble

194

nimble

quick in movement; agile; quick in understanding; Ex. nimble climber/mind

195

spurious

false; counterfeit; forged; illogical; Ex. spurious arguments

196

spurn

reject disdainfully; scorn; Ex. She spurned all offers of help.

197

squabble

minor quarrel; bickering; V: engage in a minor quarrel; Ex. squabbling children

198

squalor

condition of being squalid; filth; degradation; dirty neglected state; ADJ. squalid: dirty; sordid; morally repulsive; Ex. squalid story

199

squander

waste; spend foolishly

200

squat

short and thick; stocky; Ex. ugly squat tower; V. N.

201

staccato

played in an abrupt manner; marked by abrupt sharp sound; Ex. staccato applause

202

legato

(of music) played smoothly

203

stagnant

(of water) not flowing (often bad-smelling); motionless; stale; not developing; inactive; dull; Ex. stagnant industrial output

204

staid

serious and sedate; sober; Ex. staid during the funeral ceremony

205

stalemate

deadlock; situation in which further action is blocked

206

stalwart

physically strong; brawny; steadfast; strong in mind or determination; Ex. stalwart supporter; N: stalwart follower

207

stamina

power of endurance; strength; staying power

208

stanch

stop or check flow of blood; Ex. stanch the gushing wound

209

stanza

division of a poem (composed of two or more lines)

210

static

having no motion; unchanging; lacking development; N. stasis: stable state

211

statute

law enacted by the legislature

212

statutory

created by statute or legislative action; regulated by statute; Ex. statutory age limit

213

steadfast

steadily loyal; unswerving; steady

214

stealth

action of moving secretly or unseen; slyness; sneakiness; secretiveness; ADJ. stealthy

215

steep

soak; saturate; Ex. steep the fabric in the dye bath; ADJ: precipitous

216

stellar

pertaining to the stars; of a star performer; outstanding; Ex. stellar attraction of the entire performance

217

stem

stop or check (the flow of); Ex. stem the bleeding from the slashed artery; N: main axis of a plant; stalk

218

stem_from

arise from; originate from

219

stentorian

(of the voice) extremely loud; CF. Stentor: a loud herald in the Iliad

220

stereotype

one regarded as embodying a set image or type; fixed and unvarying representation; standardized mental picture often reflecting prejudice; Ex. stereotype of the happy slave; V: make a stereotype of; represent by a stereotype; Ex. It is wrong to stereotype people; Ex. stereotyped answer

221

stickler

perfectionist; person who insists things be exactly right

222

stifle

suppress; extinguish; inhibit; smother or suffocate

223

smother

kill from lack of air; suppress; cover thickly; Ex. smothered in little stickers

224

suffocate

die or kill from lack of air; suppress

225

stigma

token of disgrace; brand; V. stigmatize: mark with a stigma; characterize as disgraceful

226

stilted

bombastic; stiffly pompous; Ex. stilted rhetoric; CF. stiff: formal

227

stint

set limits in amount or number; be thrifty; ADJ. stinting, unstinting; CF. stint:savings

228

stint

supply; allotted amount of work; assigned portion of work; limitation; Ex. two-year stint in the army; Ex. without stint

229

stipend

pay for services

230

stipple

paint or draw with dots or short strokes

231

stipulate

state as a necessary condition (of an agreement); make express conditions; specify; Ex. He stipulated payment in advance

232

stock

standard; kept regularly in stock or supply; typical; routine; common; Ex. stock sizes of paper; Ex. stock excuse/character; N: goods for sale in a shop; OP. unique

233

stockade

wooden enclosure or pen; fixed line of posts used as defensive barrier

234

pen

fenced enclosure for animals; confining space; Ex. sheep pen; V: confine in a pen; enclose

235

stodgy

dull; stuffy; boringly conservative; Ex. stodgy book

236

stoic

stoical; impassive; unmoved by joy or grief; N. CF. stoicism

237

stoke

stir up a fire or furnace; feed plentifully

238

stolid

dull; impassive; showing little emotion when strong feelings are expected

239

stratagem

deceptive scheme; clever trick

240

stratified

divided into classes; arranged into strata; V. stratify

241

stratum

layer of earth's surface; layer of society; PL. strata

242

strew

spread randomly; sprinkle; scatter; Ex. flower girl strewing rose petals

243

striated

marked with parallel bands; striped; grooved; Ex. striated rocks; V. striate; N. stria: thin groove or line

244

stricture

severe and adverse criticism; critical comments; limit or restriction

245

strident

loud and harsh; insistent; N. stridency

246

stringent

(of rules) binding; rigid; marked by scarcity of money; Ex. stringent economic conditions

247

strut

pompous walk; V: walk in a self-important manner

248

strut

supporting bar; CF. airplane wing, building support

249

studied

carefully contrived; calculated; unspontaneous; deliberate; thoughtful; Ex. studied remark

250

stultify

make stupid in mind; cause to appear or become stupid or inconsistent; suppress; frustrate or hinder; Ex. stultifying effect of uninteresting work; Ex. stultify free expression

251

stupefy

stun; make numb (as with a drug); amaze

252

stupor

state of being stupefied; state of apathy; daze; lack of awareness

253

stun

make unconscious or numb as by a blow; amaze; astound

254

daze

stun as with a blow or shock; bemuse; benumb; N.

255

stygian

unpleasantly dark; gloomy; hellish; deathly; CF. Styx: the chief river in the subterranean land of the dead

256

stymie

thwart; present an obstacle; stump

257

stump

base of a tree trunk left after the rest has been cut down; V: walk in a heavy manner; baffle; puzzle

258

suavity

urbanity; polish; ADJ. suave: smooth and courteous

259

subaltern

subordinate

260

subdue

less intense; quieter; Ex. subdued lighting; Ex. subdue: conquer; make less intense; quiet; Ex. subdue one's anger

261

subjective

influenced by personal feelings; occurring or taking place within the mind; unreal; Ex. subjective sensation of the ghostly presence

262

subjugate

conquer; bring under control

263

sublimate

refine; purify; replace (natural urges) with socially acceptable activities; change between a solid state and a gaseous state

264

sublime

causing deep feelings of wonder, joy, respect, etc.; exalted; noble and uplifting; utter

265

subliminal

below the threshold of conscious perception; Ex. subliminal advertisement

266

submissive

willing to obey orders; yielding; timid

267

subordinate

occupying a lower rank; inferior; submissive; N. V: put in a lower rank or class

268

suborn

persuade to act unlawfully (especially to commit perjury); N. subornation

269

subpoena

writ(written command issued by a court) summoning a witness to appear in court; V: summon with a subpoena

270

subsequent

following in time or order; later

271

subservient

behaving like a slave; servile; obsequious; subordinate; N. subservience

272

subside

sink to a lower level; settle down; sink to the bottom (as a sediment); descend; grow quiet; become less; moderate; abate

273

subsidiary

serving to assist; subordinate; secondary; of a subsidy; N.

274

subsidy

direct financial aid by government, etc.; V. subsidize: assist with a subsidy

275

subsistence

existence; means of subsisting; means of support; livelihood; V. subsist: exist; maintain life (at a meager level)

276

substantial

of substance; material; solid; essential or fundamental; ample; considerable; well-to-do; wealthy

277

substantiate

support (a claim) with evidence; establish with evidence; verify

278

substantive

substantial; essential; pertaining to the substance; substantial; considerable; Ex. substantive issues

279

subsume

include (as a member of a group); encompass

280

subterfuge

stratagem(deceptive scheme); pretense; evasion; Ex. resort to a harmless subterfuge

281

subtlety

perceptiveness; ingenuity; delicacy; ADJ. subtle: delicate; so slight as to be difficult to detect; able to make fine distinctions; clever; Ex. subtle mind/differences in meaning

282

subversive

tending to overthrow or ruin; V. subvert: overthrow completely (an established system); destroy completely; CF. undermine ?

283

succor

assist (someone in difficulty); aid; comfort; N.

284

succulent

juicy; full of juice or sap; full of richness; N: succulent plant such as a cactus

285

succumb

yield (to something overwhelming); give in; die; Ex. succumb to the illness

286

suffragist

advocate of the extension of voting rights (for women); CF. suffrage

287

suffuse

spread through or over (with a color or liquid); charge; Ex. A blush suffused her cheeks.

288

sully

defile; soil; tarnish; Ex. sully one's hands in menial labor

289

tarnish

make or become dull or discolored; N.

290

sultry

(of weather) hot; sweltering; sensual; voluptuous

291

summation

act of finding the total; summing-up; summary (esp. one given by the judge at the end of a trial)

292

sumptuous

grand suggesting great expense; lavish; rich; Ex. sumptuous feast

293

sunder

separate; part; CF. asunder

294

sundry

miscellaneous; various; several; N. sundries: small miscellaneous items

295

superannuated

retired or disqualified because of age; outmoded; obsolete

296

supercilious

haughty; arrogant; condescending; patronizing; CF. eyebrow, cilium

297

supererogatory

superfluous; more than needed or demanded

298

superficial

of the surface; not deep; shallow; not thorough; trivial; Ex. superficial analysis/knowledge

299

superfluous

excessive; overabundant; unnecessary; N. superfluity

300

superimpose

place over something else

301

supernumerary

person or thing excess of what is necessary; extra; ADJ: additional to the usual or necessary number

302

supersede

replace; cause to be set aside; make obsolete; N. supersession

303

supine

lying on back; passive; inactive; Ex. The defeated pugilist lay supine; Ex. supine acceptance of the decision

304

supplant

take the place of unfairly; usurp; replace

305

supple

flexible; limber; pliant

306

suppliant

entreating; beseeching; N.

307

supplicate

petition humbly; pray to grant a favor

308

supplicant

one who supplicates; ADJ.

309

supposition

assumption; hypothesis; surmise; V. suppose

310

supposititious

assumed; counterfeit; hypothetical

311

suppress

put an end to forcibly; subdue; stifle; overwhelm; inhibit the expression of; check; prevent from being published or made public; Ex. suppress a smile; Ex. suppress the magazine/truth

312

surfeit

satiate; feed or supply to excess; stuff; indulge to excess in anything; N: surfeiting; excessive amount; Ex. surfeit of food

313

surly

bad-tempered; rude; cross

314

cross

bad-tempered; showing ill-humor; angry

315

surmise

guess; N.

316

surmount

overcome

317

surpass

exceed

318

surreptitious

done secretly; secret; furtive; sneaky; hidden

319

surrogate

substitute; person or thing used in place of another; Ex. surrogate mother; ADJ.

320

surveillance

close observation of a person (esp. one under suspicion); watching; guarding

321

susceptible

impressionable; easily influenced; sensitive; having little resistance as to a disease; likely to suffer; receptive to; capable of accepting; Ex. susceptible to persuasion/colds; Ex. The agreement is not susceptible of alteration; N. susceptibility

322

sustain

suffer (harm or loss); experience; support; prop; maintain; keep in existence; nourish (to maintain life); Ex. sustain the family/the trapped miners

323

sustenance

sustaining; means of livelihood, support, food, nourishment; something that maintains life; food

324

suture

stitches sewn to hold the cut edges of a wound or incision; material used in sewing; V: sew together a wound

325

swarthy

(of a skin or complexion) dark; dusky; Ex. swarthy Italian ?

326

swathe

swath; wrap around; bandage; Ex. one's head swathed in bandages

327

swelter

(of a person) suffer from oppressive heat; be oppressed by heat

328

swerve

deviate; turn aside sharply from a straight course; Ex. swerve from the principle; Ex. The car swerved to the right.

329

swill

drink greedily

330

swindler

cheater

331

sybarite

lover of luxury; person devoted to pleasure and luxury; CF. Sybaris: an ancient Greek city in Italy

332

sycophant

servile flatterer; bootlicker; yes man; ADJ. sycophantic

333

syllogism

logical formula consisting of a major premise, a minor premise and a conclusion; deceptive or specious argument

334

sylvan

pertaining to the woods or the country

335

symbiosis

interdependent relationship (between groups, species) often mutually beneficial; ADJ. symbiotic; CF. together + life

336

symmetry

arrangement of parts so that balance is obtained; congruity; ADJ. symmetrical

337

lopsided

heavier or larger on one side than the other; Ex. lopsided way of walking

338

synchronous

similarly timed; simultaneous with; occurring at the same time; V. synchronize

339

synoptic

providing a general overview; summary; N. synopsis

340

synthesis

combining parts or separate things into a whole; the whole so formed; PL. syntheses; V. synthesize

341

synthetic

not natural; artificial; resulting from synthesis; Ex. synthetic fiber; N.

342

tacit

understood (without actually being expressed); not put into words; Ex. tacit agreement

343

taciturn

habitually silent; talking little

344

tactile

pertaining to the organs or sense of touch

345

tact

skill or sensitivity in dealing with people without causing offence

346

taint

contaminate; cause to lose purity; modify with a trace of something bad; Ex. tainted reputation; N: stain; touch of decay or bad influence; CF. touch

347

talisman

charm; object believed to give supernatural powers to or protect its bearer

348

talon

claw of bird

349

tangential

only slightly connected; not central; peripheral; digressing; showing divergence; CF. tangent

350

tangible

able to be touched; real; concrete; palpable; possible to realize or understand; Ex. tangible proof

351

tanner

person who turns animal hides into leather

352

tan

convert (hide) into leather; make brown by exposure to the sun

353

tantalize

tease; excite by exposing something desirable while keeping it out of reach; torture with disappointment; CF. Tantalus: Greek mythological figure

354

tantamount

equivalent in effect or value; Ex. This invasion is tantamount to a declaration of war; CF. amount

355

tantrum

fit of bad temper; fit of petulance; caprice; Ex. The child went into tantrums.

356

taper

very thin candle; gradual decrease in the width of a long object; V. make or become gradually narrower toward one end

357

tarantula

venomous spider

358

tarry

linger; delay in starting or going; dawdle

359

taut

tight; strained; tense; ready; OP. slack

360

tautological

needlessly repetitious; Ex. ``It was visible to the eye''; N. tautology: needless repetition of the same sense; statement that is always true

361

tawdry

cheap and gaudy; Ex. tawdry jewelry

362

taxonomist

specialist in classifying (animals, etc.); CF. taxonomy: science of classification

363

tedium

boredom; weariness; ADJ. tedious

364

teetotalism

practice of abstaining totally from alcoholic drinks; N. teetotaler;; ADJ. teetotal; CF. T + total

365

temerity

boldness; nerve; rashness; Ex. temerity to ask for a pay increase after only three day's work

366

temper

moderate; make less severe; tone down or restrain; toughen (steel) as by alternate heating and cooling

367

temperament

characteristic frame of mind; disposition; emotional excess; ADJ. temperamental: of temperament; having frequent changes of temper; Ex. temperamental dislike of sports; Ex. temperamental actress

368

temperate

moderate; restrained; self-controlled; moderate in respect to temperature; CF. temperance: moderation and self-restraint; abstinence of alcoholic drinks; Ex. temperance society

369

tempestuous

stormy; violent; impassioned; N. tempest: violent storm

370

tempo

speed of music

371

temporal

of time; not lasting forever; limited by time; temporary; secular; worldly

372

temporize

gain time as by postponing an action; avoid committing oneself

373

tenacious

holding fast (as to a belief); persistent

374

tenacity

firmness; persistence

375

tendentious

promoting a particular point of view; biased; having an aim; designed to further a cause; Ex. tendentious rather than truth-seeking; CF. tend: move in a certain direction

376

tender

offer formally; extend; Ex. tender one's resignation/the exact fare; N: formal offer; money; Ex. legal tender; ADJ: young and vulnerable; sensitive to the touch; sore; soft; delicate; Ex. child of tender years; Ex. tender wound

377

tenet

doctrine; dogma

378

tensile

capable of being stretched; of tension; Ex. tensile rubber

379

tension

stretching; condition of being stretched; mental strain; strained relationship between groups or people

380

tentative

not fully worked out or developed; provisional; experimental; uncertain; hesitant; not definite or positive; Ex. tentative agreement/reply

381

tenuous

thin; slim; rare

382

tenure

holding of an office or real estate; time during which such an office is held

383

tepid

lukewarm; slightly warm; ¹ÌÁö±ÙÇÃ'; half-hearted; not eager; Ex. tepid reaction to the new film; Ex. tepid supporter

384

termination

end; V. terminate

385

terminology

terms used in a science or art; study of nomenclature

386

terminus

last stop of railroad; end

387

terminal

part that forms the end; railroad or bus station; ADJ. forming an end; ending in death; fatal; Ex. terminal cancer

388

terrestrial

on or relating to the earth

389

terse

concise; abrupt; pithy

390

tertiary

third in order or rank

391

tessellated

mosaic; inlaid; Ex. tessellated pattern

392

testator

maker of a will; CF. testatrix

393

testy

irritable; impatient and bad-tempered; short-tempered; N. testiness

394

tether

tie (an animal) with a rope or tether; N: rope or chain to which an animal is tied; limit of one's endurance; Ex. the end of one's tether

395

thematic

of a theme; relating to a unifying motif or idea

396

theocracy

government run by religious leaders

397

theoretical

based on theory; not practical or applied; hypothetical

398

therapeutic

curative; N. therapy

399

thermal

pertaining to heat; producing heat; warm; Ex. thermal bath; N: rising current of warm air

400

thespian

pertaining to drama; N: actor or actress

401

drama

prose or verse composition to be performed by actors; play; exciting and unusual situation

402

thrall

slave; bondage; slavery; Ex. Her beauty held him in thrall; CF. enthrall

403

threadbare

worn through till the threads show; shabby and poor; hackneyed; Ex. threadbare excuses

404

thrifty

careful about money; economical; N. thrift

405

thrive

prosper; flourish

406

throes

violent anguish

407

throng

crowd (of people or things); V.

408

throttle

strangle; regulate the speed of with a throttle; N: valve that regulates the flow; CF. throat ?

409

strangle

kill by choking or suffocating; suppress

410

thwart

block or hinder; baffle; frustrate

411

tightwad

miser; excessively frugal person

412

tiller

handle used to move boat's rudder (to steer)

413

timbre

quality of a musical tone produced by a musical instrument (which distinguishes it from others of the same pitch)

414

timidity

lack of self-confidence or courage

415

timorous

fearful; timid; demonstrating fear

416

tipple

drink (alcoholic beverages) frequently; N: alcoholic drink

417

tirade

long angry denunciatory speech; diatribe; harangue; extended scolding; denunciation

418

tardy

slow; sluggish; not on time; late; Ex. tardy arrival

419

titanic

gigantic; N. titan

420

tithe

tax of one-tenth (contributed to a church); V: pay a tithe

421

titillate

tickle; excite pleasantly; Ex. not to titillate the audience but to enlighten it

422

tickle

touch (the body) lightly so as to cause laughter; please

423

title

name (of a book, film, etc.); mark of rank; formal appellation as of rank or office (such as Lord or General); right or claim to possession; championship; Ex. title as head of the family; Ex. title to the estate

424

titter

nervous giggle; nervous laugh; V.

425

titular

of a title; in name only; nominal; having the title of an office without the obligations; Ex. titular head of the company

426

toady

servile flatterer; yes man; sycophant; V: be a toady to; fawn

427

toga

Roman outer robe

428

tome

large volume; book

429

handsome

large in quantity; generous; Ex. handsome reward

430

tonsure

shaving of the head especially by person entering religious orders; V.

431

topography

physical features of a region (such as the shape and height); CF. topo-: place

432

torpedo

underwater explosive apparatus; V.

433

torpor

lethargy; sluggishness; dormancy; ADJ. torpid: lethargic; lazy; inactive; (of an animal) dormant; hibernating

434

torque

twisting force; force producing rotation

435

torrent

rushing stream; flood; Ex. The rain fell in torrents.

436

torrid

(of weather) hot or scorching; passionate; Ex. torrid love affairs

437

torso

trunk of statue with head and limbs missing; human trunk

438

trunk

main wooden stem of a tree; human body excluding the head and limbs; torso; prehensile nose of an elephant

439

tortuous

winding; full of curves; Ex. tortuous mountain road

440

totter

shake or move unsteadily; sway as if about to fall

441

touchstone

stone used to test the fineness of gold alloys; criterion; standard

442

touchy

oversensitive; easily offended; irasible; delicate; needing delicate handling; Ex. touchy situation

443

tout

promote or publicize (one's goods or service); praise excessively (as a form of advertisement); CF. advertise

444

toxic

poisonous; N. toxicity

445

tract

propaganda pamphlet (esp. by a religious or political group); expanse of land; region of indefinite size; system of related organs; Ex. digestive tract

446

tractable

docile; easily managed; (of something) easily changed or molded; N. tractability

447

traduce

expose to slander

448

trajectory

path taken by a projectile; Ex. trajectory of a bullet

449

elevation

elevated position; altitude; height; flat upright side of a building; angle made by pointing a gun; Ex. The elevation of her style is much admired; Ex. front elevation of the house

450

tranquillity

calmness; peace

451

transcendent

exceeding ordinary limits; superior; surpassing; V. transcend: go beyond; exceed; surpass; N. transcendancy

452

transcendental

going beyond common thought or ideas; impossible to understand by practical experiences or practices; known only by studying thoughts or intuition; OP. empirical; CF. transcendentalism

453

transcribe

copy; write a copy of; N. transcription

454

transgression

violation of a law; sin; V. transgress: go beyond (a limit); violate; do wrong

455

transient

staying for a short time; momentary; temporary; N: one that is transient

456

transition

going from one state of action to another

457

transitory

transient; impermanent; fleeting; N. transitoriness

458

translucent

partly transparent

459

transmute

transform; change; convert to something different

460

transparent

permitting light to pass through freely; easily detected; obvious; clear; Ex. transparent lie

461

transpire

(of a fact) become known; be revealed; happen; give off (watery waste matter) through pores

462

transport

strong emotion; rapture; Ex. in a transport/transports of; V: move to strong emotion; enrapture

463

trappings

outward decorations; ornaments (as an outward sign of rank)

464

traumatic

(of an experience) deeply shocking; pertaining to an injury caused by violence; N. trauma: serious wound; emotional shock that causes lasting psychological damage

465

travail

strenuous work; toil; painful labor; labor of childbirth

466

traverse

go through or across

467

travesty

copy or example of something that completely misrepresents the true nature of the real thing; comical parody or imitation; treatment aimed at making something appear ridiculous; Ex. travesty of justice; OP. paragon

468

treatise

article treating a subject systematically and thoroughly

469

trek

travel; journey; V: make a long difficult journey

470

tremor

trembling; slight quiver (as of the earth or from nervous agitation)

471

tremulous

trembling; wavering

472

trenchant

cutting; incisive; keen

473

furrow

long shallow trench made by a plow; deep wrinkle in the skin; V.

474

trepidation

fear; nervous apprehension

475

tribulation

suffering; ordeal; distress; trial

476

tribunal

court of justice

477

tribune

official of ancient Rome elected by the plebians to protect their rights; protector of the people

478

tribute

tax levied by a ruler; payment made by one nation to another in acknowledgment of submission; mark of respect (such as praise or gift); Ex. pay tribute to

479

trident

three-pronged spear

480

prong

pointed projecting part

481

trifling

trivial; unimportant

482

trifle

something of little importance or value; small amount; Ex. a trifle; V: treat without seriousness; flirt

483

trigger

set off; start

484

trilogy

group of three related works (connected by a shared subject but each complete in itself)

485

trinket

knickknack; bauble; cheap jewelry

486

trite

hackneyed; commonplace

487

trivia

trifles; unimportant matters

488

troth

pledge of good faith especially in betrothal; betrothal; Ex. by my troth

489

trough

long narrow container for feeding farm animals; lowest point (of a wave, business cycle, etc.); long narrow depression as between waves

490

truculence

aggressiveness; ferocity; ADJ. truculent: aggressive; pugnacious; fierce

491

truism

self-evident truth

492

truncate

cut the top off; shorten

493

tryst

meeting arranged by lovers; arrangement between lovers to meet

494

tumid

(of a part of the body) swollen; distended; bombastic; pompous

495

overblown

inflated; exaggerated

496

tumult

commotion of a great crowd; riot; noise; uproar; ADJ. tumultuous: noisy and disorderly

497

tundra

rolling treeless plain in Siberia and arctic North America

498

rolling

(of land) rising and falling in long gentle slopes; happening continuously by stages; Ex. rolling devolution of power to local governments

499

turbid

(of a liquid) having the sediment disturbed; muddy; thick

500

turbulence

state of violent agitation; ADJ. turbulent: violently agitated or disturbed