Manhattan Advanced Flashcards Preview

GRE Vocab > Manhattan Advanced > Flashcards

Flashcards in Manhattan Advanced Deck (500):
1

abase

Degrade or humble; to lower in rank, status, or esteem

2

abeyance

Temporary suspension, inactivity

3

abreast

Side-by-side. The more common "abreast of" means keeping up with, staying aware of, or remaining equal in progress with.

4

abscission

Cutting off; sudden termination; the separation of leaves, petals, or other parts from a plant or animal

5

abscond

Depart suddenly and secretively

6

abyss

A deep and vast space or cavity

7

accede

Agree, give consent; assume power (usually as "accede to")

8

accretion

Gradual increase

9

acerbic

Sour

10

acidulous

Slightly acid or sour

11

acumen

Keen, quick, accurate insight or judgment

12

adulterate

Make impure by adding inappropriate or inferior ingredients

13

adumbrate

Give a rough outline of

14

aerie

Dwelling or fortress built on a high place; the nest of a bird of prey, such as an eagle or hawk, built on a mountain or cliff

15

albeit

Although, even though

16

aloof

Distant physically or emotionally

17

amalgamate

Blend, merge, or unite

18

ameliorate

Improve

19

amortize

Gradually pay off a debt, or gradually write off an asset

20

anachronism

Something that is not in its correct historical time; a mistake in chronology, such as by assigning a person or event to the wrong time period

21

analgesia

Pain relief

22

annul

Make void or null, cancel, abolish (usually of laws or other established rules)

23

anodyne

Medicine that relieves pain (noun); soothing, relieving pain (adj)

24

antedate

Be older than, precede in time; assign to an earlier date

25

antithetical

Directly opposed, opposite; involving antithesis (the rhetorical act of placing two phrases opposite one another for contrast, as in love me or hate me)

26

apostate

Person who deserts a party, cause, religion, etc.

27

apostle

Pioneer of a reform movement (originally, an early follower of Jesus)

28

apposite

Highly appropriate, suitable, or relevant

29

apprise

Inform, give notice to

30

approbation

Praise or approval, especially formal approval

31

appropriate

Set aside or authorize (such as money) for a particular purpose

32

arbiter

Judge, umpire, person empowered to decide matters at hand

33

ardent

Very passionate, devoted, or enthusiastic

34

arrogate

Claim or take presumptuously or without the right to do so

35

ascribe

Assign or credit to a certain cause or source

36

aseptic

Free from germs

37

asperity

Rigor, severity; harshness or sharpness of tone; roughness of surface

38

aspersions

Damaging remarks, defamation, slander

39

assail

Attack violently, assault

40

assiduous

Persevering, diligent, constant

41

attenuate

Weaken or thin out

42

attuned

In harmony

43

augury

Telling the future, such as through supernatural means

44

august

Venerable, majestic; inspiring admiration

45

avarice

Insatiable greed

46

axiom

Self-evident truth requiring no proof

47

balloon

Swell or puff out

48

banal

Lacking freshness and originality

49

bane

Something that ruins or spoils

50

baying

Howling in a deep way, like a dog or wolf

51

beneficent

Doing good

52

bent

Personal inclination or tendency

53

besiege

Attack, overwhelm, crowd in on or surround

54

bevy

Group of birds or other animals that stay close together

55

bifurcate

To fork into two branches or divide into two halves

56

bilk

Cheat or defraud

57

blight

Disease that kills plants rapidly, or any cause of decay or destruction (noun); ruin or cause to wither (verb)

58

blithe

Joyous, merry; excessively carefree (so as to ignore more important concerns)

59

bombastic

(Of speech or writing) far too showy or dramatic than is appropriate

60

bonhomie

Friendliness, open and simple good heartedness

61

brandish

Shake, wave, or flourish, as a weapon

62

brook

Suffer or tolerate

63

bucolic

Pertaining to shepherds

64

burnish

Polish, make smooth and lustrous

65

calumny

Malicious lie intended to hurt someone's reputation

66

canard

Rumor, a false or baseless story

67

cardinal

Chief, most important

68

catholic

Universal, broad-minded

69

chicanery

Trickery, deception by knowingly false arguments

70

circumscribe

Strictly limit a role, range of activity, or area; in math, to be constructed around so as to touch as many points as possible

71

circumspect

Cautious, prudent; careful to consider the circumstances and consequences

72

clamber

Climb awkwardly or with difficulty, scramble

73

cloying

Disgustingly or distastefully sweet

74

coagulate

Cause a liquid to become solid or semisolid

75

coda

Final part of a musical composition; an ending, esp. one that sums up what has come before

76

coffer

Chest for storing valuables; financial resources, a treasury

77

collude

Conspire

78

compendium

Concise but complete summary

79

complaisant

Eager to please

80

confound

Confuse, frustrate; mix up or make worse

81

connote

Suggest or imply in addition to the precise, literal meaning

82

contraries

Things that are opposing

83

contrite

Remorseful

84

contumacious

Rebellious

85

convoke

Call together, as to a meeting

86

cosset

Treat as a pet, pamper

87

coterie

Close or exclusive group, clique

88

cupidity

Greed, great or excessive desire

89

curmudgeon

Bad-tempered, difficult person; grouch

90

declaim

Speak in an impassioned, pompous, or oratorical manner; give a formal speech

91

declivity

Downward slope

92

delimit

Fix, mark, or define the boundaries of

93

demagogue

A leader who lies and gains power by arousing the passions and especially prejudices of the people

94

demur

Show reluctance or object, especially for moral reasons

95

desultory

Lacking consistency or order, disconnected, sporadic; going off topic

96

diaphanous

Very sheer, fine, translucent

97

dichotomy

Division into two parts or into two contradictory groups

98

dictum

Formal or authoritative pronouncement

99

diffident

Lacking confidence, shy

100

diffuse

Spread widely, disseminate (verb); dispersed, widely spread out, or wordy and going off-topic (adj)

101

dilate

To become wider or make wider, cause to expand; to speak or write at length, elaborate upon

102

dilatory

Slow, late; procrastinating or stalling for time

103

dilettante

Person who takes up an art or activity for amusement only or in a superficial way

104

dirge

A funeral or mourning song or poem

105

discomfiting

Disconcerting, confusing, frustrating

106

discordant

Harsh or inharmonious in sound; disagreeing, incongruous

107

discrete

Separate, distinct, detached, existing as individual parts

108

disparage

Belittle, put down; bring shame upon, discredit

109

disparate

Distinct, different

110

dissemble

Mislead, conceal the truth, put on a false appearance of

111

dissolution

Dissolving, the state of having been dissolved; breaking bonds or breaking up of a group of people; death, disintegration; sinking into extreme hedonism, vice, and degradation

112

distaff

Female, esp. relating to the maternal side of the family; women or women's work; a staff that holds wool or flax for spinning

113

distend

Swell, expand, stretch, bloat

114

dither

Act indecisively (verb)

115

diurnal

Occurring every day

116

doctrinaire

Person who applies doctrine in an impractical or rigid and close-minded way (noun); merely theoretical, impractical, or fanatical about other people accepting one's ideas (adj)

117

doff

Take off (such as clothes), put aside; remove one's hat as a gesture

118

dovetail

Join or fit together

119

droll

Funny in an odd way

120

dupe

Person who is easily fooled or used (noun)

121

duplicity

Deceit, double-dealing, acting in two different ways for the purpose of deception

122

dyspeptic

Grumpy, pessimistic, irritable; suffering from dyspepsia (indigestion)

123

ebullient

Very enthusiastic, lively, excited; bubbling as though being boiled

124

echelon

A level, rank or grade; the people at that level

125

edify

Uplift, enlighten, instruct or improve in a spiritual or moral way

126

effigy

Representation or image of a person, esp. a crude facsimile used to mock a hated person

127

effrontery

Shameless boldness

128

egress

An exit or the action of exiting

129

elegy

Song or poem of sorrow, esp. for a deceased person

130

emaciate

Make abnormally thin, cause to physically waste away

131

encomium

Warm, glowing praise, esp. a formal expression of praise

132

endemic

Native, local; natural, specific to, or confined to a particular place

133

engender

Produce, give rise to, cause to exist; procreate

134

epicure

Person with cultivated, refined tastes, esp. in food and wine

135

equanimity

Composure, evenness of mind; mental or emotional stability, esp. under stress

136

equivocate

Use unclear language to deceive or avoid committing to a position

137

ersatz

Artificial, synthetic; being an inferior substitute

138

erstwhile

Former, previous (adj); in the past, formerly (adv)

139

ethos

The character, personality, or moral values specific to a person, group, time period, etc.

140

euphemism

Substitution of a mild, inoffensive, or indirect expression for one that is considered offensive or too direct

141

euphony

Pleasing or sweet sound, especially as formed by a harmonious use of words

142

exigent

Requiring immediate attention, action, or aid; excessively demanding

143

exonerate

Clear from blame or accusation

144

expedient

Suitable, proper; effective, often at the expense of ethics or other considerations

145

expurgate

Censor

146

extemporaneous

Done without preparation (esp. of a speech), or with some preparation but no notes; improvised, done on the spur of the moment

147

faction

Group or clique within a larger organization

148

fallow

Left unplanted (of land)

149

fastidious

Excessively particular, difficult to please; painstaking, meticulous, requiring excessive attention to detail

150

fatuous

Foolish, silly, esp. in a smug or complacent manner

151

fawn

Show affection or try to please in the manner of a dog

152

fecund

Fruitful, fertile; capable of abundantly producing offspring, vegetation, or creative or intellectual work

153

felicitous

Admirably appropriate, very well-suited for the occasion; pleasant, fortunate, marked by happiness

154

fervid

Very hot

155

fetid

Stinking

156

fledgling

A young bird that has just recently gotten its feathers, an inexperienced person (noun); new or inexperienced (adj)

157

florid

Reddish or rosy; flowery, showy, or excessively fancy

158

flout

Treat with disdain, contempt, or scorn (usually of rules)

159

fluke

Stroke of luck, something accidentally successful

160

forage

Wander in search of; rummage, hunt, make a raid

161

ford

Place where a river or similar body of water is shallow enough to walk or ride a vehicle across (noun)

162

forestall

Delay, hinder, prevent by taking action beforehand

163

fortuitous

Happening by chance

164

fracas

Noisy disturbance or fight

165

fractious

Unruly, troublemaking; irritable

166

frenetic

Wildly excited, frantic, distracted

167

fulminate

Explode, detonate; attack verbally in a vehement, thunderous way

168

furtive

Done secretly; stealthy, sly, shifty

169

gambol

Frolic

170

garner

Gather and store; amass, collect

171

gestation

Pregnancy

172

glacial

Pertaining to glaciers; cold, icy, slow, unsympathetic

173

glower

Stare in an angry, sullen way

174

goad

Urge on (as cattle) with a pointed or electrically charged stick; spur on, stimulate, encourage

175

gouge

Scooping or digging tool, like a chisel, or a hole made with such a tool (noun); cut or scoop out; force out a person's eye with one's thumb; swindle, extort money from (verb)

176

graft

Insert part of a plant into another plant, where it continues to grow; join living tissue (such as skin) to part of the body where it will continue to live and grow; attach as if by grafting (verb); the part so grafted (as in a graft of skin); the act of acquiring money or other benefits through illegal means, esp. by abusing one's power (noun)

177

grandiloquent

Relating to lofty speech, esp. to the point of being pompous, overblown, bombastic

178

grandstand

Perform showily in an attempt to impress onlookers

179

grating

Irritating

180

grievous

Causing grief or suffering; very serious, grave; flagrant, outrageous

181

grouse

Complain or grumble (verb)

182

grovel

Creep or crawl with one's face to the ground, prostrate oneself as a token of subservience, degrade or abase oneself

183

halcyon

Calm and peaceful, carefree; prosperous, successful, happy

184

hallmark

A mark indicating quality, purity, genuineness, etc.; any distinguishing characteristic

185

hand-wringing

Grasping, squeezing, etc. of the hands as an expression of nervousness, guilt, etc.; extend debate over what to do about an issue

186

hapless

Unlucky, unfortunate

187

harangue

Long, intense verbal attack, esp. when delivered publicly

188

harrow

Farming tool that breaks up soil (noun)

189

hedge

Avoid commitment by leaving provisions for withdrawal or changing one's mind

190

hegemony

Domination, authority; influence by one country over others socially, culturally, economically, etc.

191

hermetic

Airtight, sealed, isolated; reclusive; pertaining to alchemy, occult

192

hew

Strike, chop, or hack (as with an axe, sword. etc.); make or shape something (such as a statue) with a cutting tool

193

hoary

Very old, gray or white as from old age

194

homage

Honor or respect demonstrated publicly

195

hoodwink

Trick, deceive

196

hotly

In an intense, fiery, or heated way

197

husband

Manage prudently, sparingly, or economically; conserve

198

iconoclast

Attacker of cherished beliefs or institutions

199

idolatry

Idol worship

200

idyllic

Presenting a positive, peaceful view of rural life (as poetry or prose); pleasant in a natural, simple way

201

ignoble

Not noble; having mean, base, low motives; low quality

202

imbue

Permeate or saturate, as dye in a fabric; influence throughout

203

immutable

Unchangeable

204

impasse

Position or road from which there is no escape

205

impassive

Not having or not showing physical feeling or emotion

206

impecunious

Poor, without money

207

imperious

Commanding, domineering; acting like a high-ranking person; urgent

208

impermeable

Impassable, not allowing passage through (such as by a liquid)

209

imperturbable

Calm, not able to be upset or agitated

210

impervious

Impenetrable, not able to be harmed or emotionally disturbed

211

impetuous

Passionately impulsive, marked by sudden, hasty emotion; forceful, violent

212

impious

Not religious, lacking reverence, ungodly

213

implacable

Not able to be appeased, calmed, or satisfied

214

imprecation

Curse

215

impugn

Attack the truth or integrity of

216

impute

Credit, attribute; lay blame or responsibility for (sometimes falsely)

217

incarnadine

Blood red or flesh-colored

218

inconstancy

Fickleness, unreliability; the state of changing without good reason

219

inculcate

Teach persistently, implant (an idea) in a person

220

indefatigable

Untiring, not able to become fatigued

221

indigence

Extreme poverty

222

indolent

Lazy, slothful

223

inert

Inactive

224

inexorable

Relentless, unyielding; not moved by pleading

225

infallible

Incapable of error

226

ingrate

Ungrateful person

227

ingratiate

Make an effort to gain favor with

228

inimical

Hostile, adverse, harmful

229

iniquity

Injustice, wickedness, sin

230

inordinate

Excessive, not within proper limits, unrestrained

231

inquest

Legal or judicial inquiry, especially before a jury and especially made by a coroner into the cause of someone's death; the results of such an inquiry

232

insensible

Incapable of feeling; unconscious, unaware

233

insinuate

Hint, suggest slyly; introduce (an idea) into someone's mind in a subtle, artful way

234

insipid

Dull, stale, lacking taste or interest

235

insular

Pertaining to an island; detached, standing alone; narrow-minded, provincial

236

insurrection

Rebellion or revolt against a government or similarly established authority

237

inter

Bury (a dead body) or place in a tomb

238

interplay

Interaction, reciprocal relationship or influence

239

interregnum

A time in between two reigns or regimes during which there is no ruler

240

intransigent

Refusing to compromise, inflexible, having extreme attitudes

241

inundate

Flood, cover with water, overwhelm

242

inure

Toughen up; accustom or habituate to pain, hardship, etc.

243

invective

Violent denunciation; accusations, insults, or verbal abuse

244

inveigle

Entice, lure; get something by flattery, cleverness, or offering incentives

245

investiture

Investing

246

invidious

Hateful, offensive, injurious

247

irascible

Irritable, easily angered

248

irresolute

Wavering, not sure how to proceed, not firm in one's decision-making

249

itinerant

Traveling from place to place, esp. as part of a job

250

itinerary

Travel schedule

251

jettison

Discard, cast off; throw items overboard in order to lighten a ship in an emergency

252

jingoism

Excessive, loud patriotism and aggressive, warlike foreign policy

253

juxtapose

Place side by side (either physically or in a metaphorical way, such as to make a comparison)

254

kindle

Ignite, cause to begin burning; incite, arouse, inflame

255

kinetic

Pertaining to motion

256

knell

The sound made by a bell for a funeral, or any sad sound or signal of a failure, death, ending, etc. (noun); to make such a sound (verb)

257

lachrymose

Tearful, mournful

258

larceny

Theft

259

largess or largesse

Generosity, the giving of money or gifts (esp. with the implication that the giver is a bit superior to the recipient)

260

latent

Potential

261

laudable

Worthy of praise

262

lax

Not strict; careless, loose, slack

263

leery

Suspicious or wary

264

legerdemain

Slight-of-hand (magic as performed by a magician)

265

lethargic

Lazy, drowsy, or sluggish

266

licentious

Sexually unrestrained

267

limpid

Clear, transparent; completely calm

268

lionize

Treat like a celebrity

269

lissome

Flexible, supple, agile

270

listless

Spiritless, lacking interest or energy

271

livid

Furiously angry, enraged

272

lugubrious

Mournful, gloomy (sometimes in an exaggerated way)

273

lumber

Walk in a heavy or clumsy way, sometimes due to being weighed down

274

luminous

Shining, radiant, well-lit; brilliant or enlightening

275

lurid

Gruesome or excessively vivid; sensational, shocking, unrestrained

276

machination or machinations

Crafty schemes or plots

277

maelstrom

Violent whirlpool; any chaotic, turbulent situation

278

magnanimous

High-minded, noble, lofty; generous in forgiving others, free of resentment

279

magnate

Very important or influential person, esp. in business

280

malediction

A curse

281

malinger

Pretend to be sick, esp. to get out of work, duties, etc.

282

manifest

Obvious, apparent, perceptible to the eye (adj); to show, make clear, or prove (verb)

283

mannered

Having a particular manner, esp. an artificial one

284

mar

Damage, spoil, ruin

285

martinet

Person who adheres to rules extremely closely

286

maudlin

Excessively sentimental, showing sadness or some other emotion in a foolish or silly way

287

maxim

A general truth or fundamental principle, esp. expressed as a proverb or saying

288

mendicant

Beggar, or religious follower who lives by begging

289

meretricious

Attractive in a vulgar or flashy way, tawdry; deceptive

290

metaphysical

Concerned with abstract thought, related to metaphysics (branch of philosophy concerned with explaining the nature of being and of the world); very subtle or abstruse

291

milieu

Environment, atmosphere; the environmental setting in which something happens or develops

292

militate

Have a great effect, weigh heavily (often as militate against)

293

mired

Stuck, entangled (in something, like a swamp or muddy area), soiled

294

mirth

Jollity, merriment; amusement or laughter

295

misanthrope or misanthropist

Hater of humankind

296

missive

Letter, written message

297

modicum

A little bit or limited quantity

298

modish

Stylish, contemporary

299

molt

Shed or cast off, esp. to regularly shed skin, feathers, etc. (as a snake)

300

monastic

Relating to or resembling a monastery (where monks or nuns live), esp. by being quiet, secluded, contemplative, strict, and/or lacking luxuries

301

morose

Gloomy, sullen

302

multifarious

Diverse, having a lot of variety

303

munificent

Generous, giving liberally

304

myopic

Near-sighted; lacking long-term thinking, short-sighted

305

nadir

Lowest point

306

neologism

New word or phrase (or a new meaning applied to an existing word or phrase)

307

neophyte

Beginner, novice; person newly converted to a religion

308

nettle

Irritate, sting, or annoy

309

noisome

Offensive, disgusting; harmful

310

nominal

Trivial, so small as to be unimportant; in name only, so-called

311

nontrivial

Important or big enough to matter

312

normative

Implying or attempting to establish a norm

313

obdurate

Stubborn, hardhearted, hardened in wrongdoing

314

oblique

Slanting or sloping; indirect, misleading, or evasive

315

occlude

Stop up, close, shut in or shut off

316

opine

Express an opinion

317

opprobrium

Disgrace and disapproval that result from outrageously shameful actions

318

orotund

Full, rich, and clear (of the voice or speaking); pompous, bombastic

319

ossify

Become bone or become hard like bone; become inflexible in attitudes, opinions, etc.

320

ostensible or ostensive

Professed, evident, or pretended; outwardly appearing in a certain way

321

ostentatious

Pretentious, boastful showiness

322

overwrought

Overly nervous, agitated, or excited; too ornate, elaborate, or fussy; overdone

323

palatial

Suitable for or resembling a palace, magnificent

324

palliate

Make less serious or severe

325

pallid

Abnormally pale (as skin)

326

panache

Flair, style, swagger; a flamboyant or grand way of acting

327

panegyric

Formal or lofty expression of praise

328

panoply

Splendid, wide-ranging, impressive display or array

329

paragon

Model of excellence, perfect example

330

pare

Peel or cut off the outer layer (such as peeling fruit with a knife), reduce or trim as if cutting off the outer parts

331

parley

Discussion, negotiation, esp. between enemies (noun); to have such a discussion (verb)

332

parry

Deflect or avoid (esp. a blow or attack)

333

pastiche

Mix of incongruous parts; artistic work imitating the work of other artists, often satirically

334

pathogenic

Capable of producing disease

335

pedant

Person who pays excessive attention to book learning and rules, or who uses his or her learning to show off

336

peddle

Travel around while selling

337

pejorative

Disparaging, derogatory, belittling (adj); a name or word that is disparaging (noun)

338

pellucid

Transparent, translucent; clear, easy to understand

339

penitent

Regretful, feeling remorse for one's sins or misdeeds (adj); a person who feels this way (noun)

340

penumbra

Outer part of a shadow from an eclipse; any surrounding region, fringe, periphery; any area where something "sort of" exists

341

penury

Extreme poverty or scarcity

342

per se

Intrinsically

343

peregrinate

Travel from place to place, esp. on foot

344

perennial

Lasting through the years or indefinitely, enduring; recurring

345

perfunctory

Done superficially, without much care, or merely as routine

346

peripatetic

Journeying from place to place

347

pernicious

Very harmful or destructive, deadly

348

perspicacious

Having penetrating insight or good discernment

349

phalanx

Formation of soldiers carrying shields close together for defense

350

philistine

Person deficient in or hostile to culture

351

phlegmatic

Apathetic, sluggish, not easily excited or made emotional

352

platitude

A shallow, overused statement; cliche

353

plebian

Of the common people

354

plethora

Excess

355

plucky

Brave, spirited

356

plutocracy

Rule by the wealthy

357

polemic

Controversial argument, esp. one attacking a specific idea

358

politic

Shrewd, pragmatic; tactful or diplomatic

359

polyglot

Speaking or composed of many languages (of a person, book, etc.); a person who knows several languages

360

posit

Presume, suggest, put forward (an idea)

361

prattle

Talk in an idle, simple-minded, meaningless, or foolish way; chatter, babble

362

precipitate

Cause to happen suddenly or prematurely; fling, plunge, or hurl down

363

predilection

Preference, tendency or favorability towards

364

prescient

Having foreknowledge or foresight, seeing the future

365

preternatural

Supernatural, exceptional

366

prevaricate

Stray from the truth, mislead, lie

367

primacy

The state of being first or most important

368

proclivity

Inclination, natural tendency

369

prolix

Excessively long and wordy (of a person, piece of writing, etc.)

370

propagate

Reproduce, spread, increase

371

propensity

Natural inclination or tendency

372

prophetic

Relating to prophesy, predicting, ominous

373

propitiate

Attempt to reconcile with, satisfy, or reduce the animosity of (a person who is angry, offended, etc.)

374

propitious

Favorable, giving good signs for the future, likely to work out; kind or forgiving

375

providential

Lucky, fortunate, or relating to divine care (the idea that a deity has helped or cared for a person)

376

proxy

Agent, substitute, person authorized to act on behalf of another

377

précis

Concise summary, abstract

378

puerile

Juvenile, immature

379

pugilism

boxing, fighting with the fists

380

puissance

Power, might

381

pulchritude

Physical beauty

382

pungent

Having a sharp taste or smell; biting, stimulating, sharp

383

pusillanimous

Cowardly, timid

384

querulous

Given to complaining, grumbling

385

quiescent

Quiet, still

386

quixotic

Extremely impractical but very romantic, chivalrous, or idealistic; impulsive

387

raconteur

Witty storyteller

388

rarefied

Lofty, very high up or elevated (in a metaphorical way); exclusive, select; thin, pure, or less dense (as air at the top of a mountain)

389

reactant

Something that reacts

390

recalcitrant

Not obedient, resisting authority, hard to manage

391

recant

Withdraw, retract, or disavow something one has previously said, esp. formally

392

recapitulate

Summarize, repeat in a concise way

393

recondite

Not easily understood, hidden, dealing with an obscure topic

394

recrudescent

Revival, breaking out into renewed activity

395

redound

To have a good or bad effect, esp. as a result of a person's efforts or actions (usually used with to, on, or upon)

396

redress

Setting something right after a misdeed, compensation or relief for injury or wrongdoing (noun); correct, set right, remedy (verb)

397

refractory

Stubbornly disobedient, hard to manage

398

refulgent

Shining, radiant

399

rejoinder

Response or reply, esp. a witty comeback

400

rend

Tear violently, esp. to tear one's clothing or hair out of grief; pull apart, split, or tear away

401

repast

A meal (noun)

402

repertorial

Pertaining to a repertory or repertoire, a stock of available things or a number of theatrical performances presented regularly or in sequence

403

repose

The act or state of resting; peacefulness, tranquility; lying dead in a grave

404

reprobate

Disreputable, unprincipled, or damned person (noun); shameless, depraved (adj)

405

resurgent

Having a revival, renewing, rising or surging again

406

revamp

Renovate, redo, revise (verb); a restructuring, upgrade, etc. (noun)

407

ribald

Using or relating to obscene or vulgar humor

408

ridden

Dominated or burdened by

409

rift

A gap or fissure (such as in rock), a break in friendly relations

410

rococo

Very elaborate and ornate (in decorating or metaphorically, as in speech and writing); relating to a highly ornate style of art and architecture in 18th-century France

411

rue

Regret, remorse (noun); to feel regret or remorse (verb)

412

ruminate

Turn over in the mind, reflect on; chew cud (as a cow)

413

salient

Obvious, standing out; projecting, protruding, jutting out

414

sardonic

Scornfully or ironically mocking, cynically derisive

415

savant

Learned person, scholar, someone admitted to membership in a scholarly field; a person with amazing mental abilities despite having a cognitive difference or disability

416

scintilla

A tiny bit or trace

417

scurvy

Contemptible, mean

418

searchingly

In a searching or penetrating manner

419

secrete

Produce and release a substance from a cell or gland of the body for a functional purpose

420

sedition

Inciting rebellion against a government, esp. speech or writing that does this

421

semantic

Relating to the different meanings of words or other symbols

422

seraphic

Like an angel; serene, spiritually carried off or transported

423

shard

Fragment of some brittle substance, esp. a sharp fragment of pottery, glass, etc.

424

sinecure

A job or position that pays while requiring little or no work

425

skittish

Shy, fickle, uncertain, or prone to act suddenly due to nervousness; lively in a restless or excessive way

426

slake

Satisfy (esp. thirst), cool, or refresh; make less active

427

sobriquet

A nickname

428

solecism

Nonstandard use of grammar or words; mistake, esp. in etiquette

429

solidarity

Fellowship in interests, feelings, responsibilities, etc., such as among a group of people or among classes, nations, etc.

430

somatic

Of the body

431

squalid

Disgusting, filthy, foul, extremely neglected

432

squelch

Crush, squash; suppress or silence; walk through ooze or in wet shoes, making a smacking or sucking sound

433

stasis

Equilibrium, a state of balance or inactivity, esp. caused by equal but opposing forces

434

steeped

Immersed (in), saturated (with)

435

stentorian

Very loud and powerful (generally of a human voice)

436

stigma

Mark of disgrace, a figurative stain or mark on someone's reputation

437

stint

Period of time spent doing something, or a specific, limited amount of work (noun); to be frugal, to get by on little (verb)

438

stipulate

Specify; make an open demand, esp. as a condition of agreement

439

stratagem

Military maneuver to deceive or surprise

440

stratum

One of many layers (such as in a rock formation or in the classes of a society)

441

strut

A structural support or brace

442

sublime

Lofty or elevated, inspiring reverence or awe; excellent, majestic; complete, utter

443

subpoena

A court order requiring a person to appear in court and give testimony

444

sully

Make dirty, stain, tarnish, defile

445

supplant

Take the place of, displace, especially through sneaky tactics

446

supposition

Assumption, hypothesis, something that has been supposed

447

surly

Bad-tempered, hostile, unfriendly, or rude

448

surrogate

Substitute, person who acts for another (noun); acting as a replacement (adj)

449

sybarite

Person devoted to pleasure and luxury

450

symbiosis

Mutually dependent relationship between two organisms, people, groups, etc.

451

synoptic

Relating to a synopsis or summary

452

syntax

The rules governing grammar and how words join to make sentences (or how words and symbols join in writing computer code), the study of these rules, or any system or orderly arrangement

453

tawdry

Gaudy, cheap or cheap-looking; indecent

454

tendentious

Marked by a strong point of view, biased

455

terrestrial

Relating to the Earth or to land

456

terse

Concise, brief and to the point (sometimes to the point of rudeness)

457

toady

Someone who flatters or acts in a servile manner for self-serving reasons

458

token

Sign, symbol, mark, badge; souvenir, memento; coin-like disk used as currency for subways, arcade games, etc.; sample, or person, thing, idea taken to represent an entire group (noun); of very little or merely symbolic value (adj)

459

tome

Large or scholarly book

460

tortuous

Twisting, winding, complex; devious, not straightforward

461

transgression

Violation of a law, moral rule, order, etc.; sin

462

travesty

Exaggerated, debased, or grotesque imitation

463

treacherous

Betraying trust, not faithful or trustworthy; not dependable; dangerous or deceptive

464

trenchant

forceful or vigorous, effective, keen; caustic, sharp

465

truculent

Fierce, cruel, savage; belligerent

466

tumultuous

Riotous, violently agitated, marked by disturbance or uproar; noisy, chaotic

467

turgid

Swollen, inflated; or, metaphorically "inflated," such as in overblown, pompous speech

468

turpitude

Depravity, baseness of character, corrupt or depraved acts

469

tyro

Beginner

470

umbrage

Offense or annoyance (usually as take umbrage, meaning become offended or annoyed)

471

unconscionable

Not guided by conscience; morally wrong, unjust, unreasonable

472

unsparing

Generous, lavish (as in not sparing any help or gifts to others); unmerciful, harsh (as in not sparing any criticism)

473

untempered

Not toned down; not moderated, controlled, or counterbalanced

474

upbraid

Find fault with, criticize or scold severely

475

usury

Charging interest on a loan, esp. charging illegally high or excessive interest

476

vanguard

Leading units at the front of an army; leaders in a trend or movement, people on the "cutting edge"; the forefront of a trend or movement

477

variegated

Varied in color, having multicolored patches or spots; diverse

478

verdant

Green, such as with vegetation, plants, grass, etc.; young and inexperienced

479

verisimilar

Having the appearance of truth, probable

480

vernal

Relating to the spring; fresh, youthful

481

vestige

Trace or sign of something that once existed

482

vex

annoy or bother

483

via

Through, by means of, by way of (by a route that goes through or touches)

484

vicissitude

Changes or variations over time, esp. regular changes from one thing to another

485

vim

Pep, enthusiasm, vitality, lively spirit

486

virulent

Extremely infectious, poisonous, etc.; hateful, bitterly hostile

487

viscid or viscous

Thick, adhesive, or covered in something sticky

488

vitriol

Something highly caustic, such as criticism (literally, one of a number of chemicals including sulfuric acid)

489

vociferous

Noisily crying out, as in protest

490

voluble

Easily fluent in regards to speech

491

wan

Unnaturally pale, or showing some other indication of sickness, unhappiness, etc.; weak, lacking forcefulness

492

wanton

Reckless, vicious, without regard for what is right; unjustifiable, deliberately done for no reason at all; sexually unrestrained or excessively luxurious

493

welter

Confused mass or pile, jumble; confusion or turmoil (noun); roll around, wallow, toss about, writhe (verb)

494

whet

Stimulate, make keen or eager (esp. of an appetite)

495

whitewash

A substance used to whiten walls, wood, etc. (noun); deception, covering up of wrongs, errors, misdeeds, etc. (verb)

496

winnow

Sift, analyze critically, separate the useful part from the worthless part

497

winsome

Charming, engaging, esp. in a sweet and innocent way

498

wizened

Withered, shriveled

499

xenophobia

Fear or hatred of foreigners or that which is foreign

500

yoke

A burden or something that oppresses; a frame for attaching animals (such as oxen) to each other and to a plow or other equipment to be pulled, or a bar across a person's shoulders to help carry buckets of water, etc. (noun); to unite together or to burden (verb)