Barrons Set 10 Flashcards Preview

GRE Vocab > Barrons Set 10 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Barrons Set 10 Deck (259):
1

tureen

deep dish for serving soup

2

turgid

swollen; distended (as from liquid)

3

turmoil

extreme confusion; great commotion and confusion; Ex. throw the country into turmoil

4

turncoat

traitor

5

turpitude

depravity; baseness; Ex. moral turpitude

6

tutelage

guardianship; training; function of a tutor; instruction

7

tutelary

protective; pertaining to a guardianship; Ex. tutelary deities

8

tycoon

wealthy and powerful businessperson; wealthy leader; magnate; Ex. business tycoon

9

typhoon

tropical hurricane or cyclone

10

tyranny

oppression; cruel government; ADJ. tyrannical: of a tyrant or tyranny; despotic; V. tyrannize: treat tyrannically; oppress

11

tyro

beginner; novice

12

ubiquitous

being everywhere; omnipresent; N. ubiquity

13

wade

walk through a substance, such as water, that impedes movement

14

ulterior

intentionally hidden; beyond what is evident; situated beyond; unstated and often questionable; Ex. ulterior motive

15

ultimate

final; not susceptible to further analysis; fundamental; Ex. The sun is the ultimate source of energy.

16

eventual

happening at last as a result; Ex. eventual victory

17

ultimatum

last demand; last warning; last statement of conditions that must be met; Ex. They have ignored our ultimatum.

18

umbrage

resentment; anger; sense of injury or insult; Ex. take umbrage at his rudeness

19

unaccountable

unexplicable; impossible to account for; unreasonable or mysterious

20

unanimity

complete agreement; ADJ. unanimous

21

unassailable

not open to attack; impregnable; not subject to question

22

unassuaged

unsatisfied; not soothed

23

unassuming

modest; Ex. the champion's unassuming manner

24

unbridled

violent; uncontrolled; Ex. unbridled rage/greed

25

bridle

harness fitted about a horse's head (used to restrain); curb; check; V: put a bridle on; control or restrain; show anger

26

uncanny

strange; mysterious; Ex. uncanny knack

27

knack

special talent; art

28

unconscionable

unscrupulous; not guided by conscience; excessive; beyond reason; Ex. unconscionable demand

29

uncouth

boorish; clumsy in speech or behavior; outlandish

30

unction

the act of anointing with oil; Ex. extreme unction

31

unctuous

oily; bland; insincerely suave

32

underlying

lying below; fundamental

33

undermine

weaken gradually; sap; dig a mine beneath

34

underscore

underline; emphasize

35

undulating

moving with a wavelike motion; V. undulate; CF. und: wave

36

unearth

dig up; discover (facts) by careful searching; Ex. He unearthed some secrets about her; OP. conceal

37

unearthly

not earthly; supernatural; weird; ghostly

38

weird

eerie; strange; unnatural

39

unequivocal

plain; clear; obvious

40

unerringly

infallibly; ADJ. unerring: making no mistakes

41

unexceptionable

entirely acceptable; not offering any basis for criticism

42

unfaltering

steadfast; firm; not changing

43

unfeigned

genuine; real

44

unfetter

liberate; free from chains; V. unfetter

45

hostage

person who is kept as a prisoner by an enemy so that the other side will do what the enemy demands

46

unfledged

immature; not having the feathers necessary to fly; CF. fledgling

47

unfrock

defrock; strip a priest or minister of church authority

48

disbar

make (a lawyer) leave the bar or the legal profession

49

debar

bar; forbid; exclude; Ex. debarred from jury services

50

bar

railing in a courtroom; legal profession; vertical line dividing a staff into equal measures; Ex. prisoner at the bar; V: shut in or out with bars; forbid; exclude; CF. barrister

51

bastard

illegitimate child

52

ungainly

(of someone) awkward in movement; clumsy; (of something) unwieldy; Ex. ungainly dancer/instrument

53

unguent

ointment

54

uniformity

sameness; monotony; ADJ. uniform: the same all over

55

unilateral

one-sided; involving or affecting only one side; Ex. unilateral declaration

56

unimpeachable

that cannot be impeached; beyond doubt or question; blameless and exemplary

57

uninhibited

unrepressed; free in behavior and feelings

58

unintimating

unfrightening

59

unique

without an equal; single in kind

60

unison

unity of pitch (in musical performance); complete accord; Ex. The choir sang in unison.

61

choir

group of people who sing together (esp. during religious services); place for choir

62

universal

characterizing or affecting all; general; present everywhere; of the universe; cosmic; Ex. universal agreement; Ex. a subject of universal interest

63

unkempt

disheveled; uncared for in appearance; not combed; CF. comb

64

unmitigated

(of something bad) not moderated; unrelieved or immoderate; without qualification; absolute; Ex. unmitigated disaster

65

unobtrusive

inconspicuous; not blatant

66

unprecedented

having no previous example; novel; unparalleled

67

unprepossessing

unattractive

68

prepossessing

attractive; CF. preoccupying ?

69

unravel

disentangle; solve

70

unrequited

not requited; not reciprocated; Ex. unrequited love

71

unruly

disobedient; lawless; difficult to control

72

unsavory

distasteful; disagreeable; morally offensive; Ex. unsavory activity/reputation

73

unscathed

unharmed; Ex. escape the accident unscathed

74

unseemly

unbecoming; not proper in behavior; indecent; Ex. leave with unseemly haste

75

unsightly

ugly; unpleasant to look at

76

unsullied

untarnished; CF. sully

77

untenable

(of a position, esp. in an argument) indefensible; not able to be maintained

78

untoward

unexpected and adverse; unfortunate or unlucky; Ex. untoward encounter

79

unwarranted

unjustified; having no justification; groundless; baseless; undeserved

80

unwieldy

awkward (to carry or move); cumbersome; unmanageable

81

unwitting

not knowing; unaware; unintentional; Ex. She was their unwitting accomplice; Ex. unwitting insult; CF. wit: know

82

unwonted

unaccustomed; unusual; Ex. He arrived with unwonted punctuality.

83

upbraid

reprimand; severely scold

84

braid

plait; interweave strands or lengths of; make by weaving strands together; N: braided segment (as of hair)

85

uproarious

marked by commotion or uproar; very noisy (esp. with laughter); hilarious; causing loud laughter; extremely funny

86

uproar

noisy confusion

87

upshot

outcome; final result

88

urbane

suave; refined in manner; elegant

89

urchin

mischievous child (usually a boy); CF. urchin: hedgehog; CF. porcupine: pig with spikes ?; CF. sea urchin

90

ursine

bearlike; pertaining to a bear

91

usurp

seize another's power or rank (without legal authority); supplant; appropriate; N. usurpation; CF. take for one's own use

92

usury

lending money at illegal high rates of interest

93

utopia

ideal place, state, or society; ADJ. utopian

94

Shangri-la

imaginary remote paradise on earth; CF. Lost Horizon

95

uxorious

excessively submissive or devoted to one's wife; CF. uxor: wife

96

vacillate

waver (in opinion); fluctuate; sway to and fro; N. vacillation

97

vacuous

empty; lacking in ideas; inane; stupid; Ex. vacuous expression; N. vacuity

98

vagabond

wanderer (without a permanent home); tramp

99

tramp

walk with a heavy step; travel on foot; N: vagrant; one who travels aimlessly about; long walk; sound of heavy walking

100

trample

step heavily with the feet; crush under the feet

101

tread

walk; trample; N: grooved face of a tire; horizontal part of a step

102

vagary

capricious happening; caprice; whim; CF. wander

103

vagrant

wandering from place to place; roving; stray; moving in a random fashion; Ex. vagrant thoughts; N. vagrancy

104

vagrant

homeless wanderer

105

vainglorious

boastful; excessively conceited; N. vainglory: great vanity

106

valedictory

pertaining to farewell; N: farewell address (esp. at graduation exercises)

107

valediction

saying farewell; expression of leave-taking

108

leave-taking

farewell or departure

109

valid

logically convincing; sound; legally acceptable; effective; Ex. valid reasoning/passport

110

sound

in good condition; showing good judgment or good sense; thorough; complete; Ex. sound mind/investment/training

111

validate

make valid; confirm; ratify

112

valor

bravery; ADJ. valiant: possessing valor; brave

113

vampire

ghostly being that sucks the blood of the living

114

vanguard

forerunners; foremost position of an army; advance forces; foremost position in a trend or movement; CF. rearguard

115

avantgarde

group of artists whose work is based on the newest ideas and methods; CF. vanguard

116

vantage

position giving an advantage (such as a strategic point); CF. vantagepoint

117

vapid

lacking liveliness; dull and unimaginative; insipid and flavorless; Ex. vapid lecture

118

vaporize

turn into vapor (steam, gas, fog, etc.)

119

variegated

(esp. of a flower or leaf) many-colored

120

variegate

change the appearance of (by marking with different colors)

121

vassal

in feudalism, one who held land of a superior lord; subordinate or dependent

122

vaunted

boasted; bragged; highly publicized; V. vaunt: boast; brag

123

veer

change in direction; swerve

124

vegetate

live in a monotonous way (without interests or activity); CF. vegetation: plants of an area; CF. vegetarian; CF. vegan

125

vehement

forceful; intensely emotional; with marked vigor; strong; N. vehemence

126

velocity

speed

127

venal

capable of being bribed; corrupt; CF. vernal

128

vendetta

blood feud (esp. between two families); CF. Nina Williams

129

vendor

seller

130

veneer

thin surface layer (of good quality wood, glued to a base of inferior material); cover; surface show; fa\c{c}ade; V.

131

venerable

deserving high respect; commanding respect; CF. command: deserve and get

132

venerate

revere; treat with great respect

133

venial

(of a fault or sin) forgivable; trivial

134

venison

meat of a deer; CF. cow: beef; CF. pig: pork, ham, bacon; CF. calf: veal; CF. sheep: mutton; CF. lamb: lamb

135

venom

poison (of an animal); hatred; Ex. remarks full of venom; ADJ. venomous

136

vent

small opening; outlet (as of fumes or a gas); Ex. He gave vent to his anger by kicking the chair.

137

vent

release or discharge through a vent; express (esp. unfairly); utter; Ex. He vented his wrath on his family.

138

ventilate

admit fresh air into to replace stale air

139

ventral

abdominal

140

ventriloquist

someone who can make his or her voice seem to come from another person or thing (without moving lips or jaws); N. ventriloquism, ventriloquy

141

venture

risk; expose to risk; dare; undertake a risk; N.

142

brave

face courageously; Ex. brave the storm

143

venturesome

(of a person) bold; adventurous; daring; (of an action) risky

144

venue

location; place (of a crime, trial, gathering, etc.); CF. come

145

veracious

(of a person) truthful

146

veracity

truthfulness; adherence to the truth

147

verbalize

put into words; ADJ. verbal: of words; spoken rather than written; oral; of a verb

148

verbatim

word for word; in the same words; repeating the actual words exactly

149

verbiage

pompous array of words; too many unnecessary words; wordiness

150

verbose

wordy; N. verbosity

151

verdant

green; covered with green plants or grass; lush in vegetation; Ex. verdant meadows

152

lush

(of a plant or grass) growing very well

153

verdigris

green coating or patina on copper which has been exposed to the weather

154

verge

border; edge, rim, or margin; Ex. on the verge of: very near to; V: border on

155

verisimilar

having the appearance of truth or reality; probable or likely to be true; plausible

156

verisimilitude

appearance of truth; quality of appearing to be true or real; likelihood; Ex. verisimilitude of her performance as Lady Macbeth

157

veritable

being truly so; real or genuine; actual; not false or imaginary

158

verity

quality of being true; lasting truth or principle; Ex. the verity of his testimony; Ex. one of the eternal verities

159

vernacular

living language (as compared to the official language); language spoken in a country or region; natural style; Ex. lapse into the vernacular

160

vernal

pertaining to spring

161

versatile

having many talents; capable of working in many fields; having many uses or functions; N. versatility

162

vertex

summit; highest point; PL. vertices

163

vertigo

severe dizziness; giddiness

164

verve

enthusiasm (as in artistic performance or composition); liveliness; vigor

165

vestige

trace; remains; Ex. vestiges of some ancient religion

166

veto

vested power to reject a bill; exercise of this right; V: prevent or forbid by exercising the power of veto

167

vex

annoy; distress

168

viable

capable of maintaining life; feasible; practical or workable; Ex. viable scheme

169

viand

food; CF. live

170

vicarious

experienced as if one were taking part in the experience of another; done by a deputy for other people; acting as a substitute; Ex. vicarious thrill at the movies; Ex. the vicarious sufferings of Christ

171

vicar

parish priest; representative

172

vicissitude

change (esp. from good to bad); change of fortune; CF. the last emperor of China

173

victuals

food; provisions; V. victual: provide with food

174

vie

contend; compete

175

vigilant

watchful; on the alert; watchfully awake; alert to spot danger; N. vigilance

176

vigil

keeping watch (during normal sleeping hours); Ex. all-night vigil

177

vigilante

one who without authority assumes law enforcement powers

178

vigor

active strength; energy; enthusiasm; ADJ. vigorous

179

vignette

small drawing placed at the beginning or end of a chapter; picture; short literary sketch; short written description of a character or scene

180

vilify

slander; speak evil of; N. vilification

181

vindicate

clear from blame; free from blame or accusation (with supporting proof); exonerate; substantiate; justify or support; avenge; Ex. vindicate one's client; Ex. vindicate one's claim; CF. vindicator

182

vindictive

disposed to revenge; vengeful; out for revenge; spiteful; intended to cause harm; malicious; Ex. vindictive streak

183

vintner

wine merchant; winemaker; seller of wine

184

viper

poisonous snake

185

virile

manly; having masculine spirit or strength; full of strength

186

virtual

in essence; existing in essence though not in actual form; for practical purposes; Ex. virtual ruler/space

187

virtue

goodness; moral excellence; good quality; advantage; Ex. by virtue of; Ex. make a virtue of necessity

188

virtuoso

highly skilled artist (esp. in music); Ex. piano virtuoso

189

virulent

(of a disease or poison) extremely harmful or poisonous; (of a feeling) hostile; bitter; N. virulence; CF. virus; CF. venom

190

virus

disease communicator

191

visage

face; appearance

192

visceral

felt in one's inner organs; N. viscera: internal body organs; CF. eviscerate

193

viscid

adhesive; gluey

194

viscous

(of a liquid) thick and sticky; gluey; viscid; CF. consistency

195

vise

vice; tool for holding work in place; clamping device

196

visionary

produced by imagination; fanciful; mystical; showing foresight; N: one having foresight; one given to speculative impractical ideas

197

vision

eyesight; foresight; mental image produced by the imagination; experience of seeing the supernatural

198

vital

full of life; animated; vibrant and lively; critical; of great importance; necessary to stay alive; of life; living; breathing; N. vitality; V. vitalize

199

vibrant

full of vigor or energy; vibrating

200

vitiate

spoil the effect of; make inoperative; corrupt morally

201

vitreous

of glass; pertaining to or resembling glass; V. vitrify: change into glass; CF. petrify

202

vitriolic

causing sharp pain to the mind; caustic; corrosive; sarcastic; of vitriol; N. vitriol: sulphuric acid (which burns flesh deeply); bitterly abusive expression; caustic expression; CF. glass

203

vituperative

abusive; scolding; V. vituperate: berate; scold; rail against abusively

204

vivacious

lively or animated; sprightly

205

sprightly

lively

206

vivisection

act of dissecting living animals

207

vixen

female fox; ill-tempered woman; CF. shrew

208

vociferous

clamorous; noisy; V. vociferate: cry out loudly (when complaining)

209

vogue

popular fashion; Ex. Jeans became the vogue.

210

volatile

changeable; of a quickly changing nature (as of temper); mercurial; tending to violence; evaporating rapidly; Ex. volatile character/situation in the street

211

volition

act of using one's will; act of making a conscious choice; Ex. She selected this dress of her own volition.

212

voluble

fluent; talkative; glib; N. volubility

213

volley

simultaneous discharge of a number of shots; V.

214

voluminous

having great volume (as of a garment or container); bulky; large

215

bulk

size or volume (esp. when very large); main part; Ex. The bulk of the work has already been done; ADJ. bulky: having great size

216

voodoo

religion practiced chiefly in Haiti

217

voracious

ravenous; eating large quantities of food; exceedingly eager; insatiable; Ex. voracious animal/reader

218

vortex

whirlwind; whirlpool; center of turbulence; predicament into which one is inexorably plunged

219

vouchsafe

grant condescendingly; guarantee; Ex. vouchsafe your fair return on your investment

220

vouch

give a personal guarantee; Ex. I can vouch for his integrity; N. voucher

221

voyeur

Peeping Tom; person who derives sexual gratification from observing the sexual acts of others

222

vulnerable

susceptible to wounds or attack; N. vulnerability

223

vulpine

like a fox; crafty

224

craft

skill (esp. with one's hands); skill in deceiving people; guile; ADJ. crafty: cleverly deceitful; cunning

225

vulture

carrion-eating birds

226

vying

contending; CF. vie

227

waffle

speak equivocally about an issue; N.

228

waft

move gently (in air or in seas) by wind or waves; Ex. leaves wafting past the window

229

waggish

humorous; mischievous; tricky

230

wag

shake repeatedly from side to side; Ex. The dog wagged its tail; N: humorous person; wit

231

waif

homeless child or animal; Ex. waifs and strays

232

waive

give up temporarily; yield; N. waiver: waiving a right or claim; document that waives a right or claim

233

wake

trail of ship or other object through water; path of something that has gone before; Ex. hunger followed in the wake of the war

234

wallow

roll in mud; indulge in; (of a ship) roll in a rough sea; become helpless; Ex. wallow in the mud/luxury

235

wan

having a pale or sickly color; pallid

236

wanderlust

strong longing to travel

237

wane

decrease in size or strength (after being full); grow gradually to an end; Ex. The moon waxes and wanes every month; N.

238

wangle

achieve by cleverness or trick; wiggle out; fake; Ex. She tried to wangle an invitation to the party.

239

wiggle

wriggle; move from side to side with irregular twisting motions

240

fake

not genuine; N: one that is not genuine; impostor; sham; V: counterfeit; Ex. fake the results of the experiment/the signature

241

wanton

unrestrained; gratuitously cruel; willfully malicious; unchaste; sexually improper; promiscuous; Ex. wanton spending/killing; CF. having no just cause

242

warble

(of a bird) sing; babble; N.

243

warp

twist out of shape; N.

244

warranted

justified; authorized

245

warrant

justification; written order that serves as authorization (esp. a judicial writ); Ex. search/death warrant; V: justify; guarantee

246

warranty

guarantee; assurance by seller

247

warren

tunnels in which rabbits live; overcrowded living area; crowded conditions in which people live

248

wary

very cautious; watchful

249

wastrel

waster; profligate

250

wax

increase gradually (as the moon); grow

251

waylay

ambush; lie in wait for and attack

252

ambush

act of lying in wait to attack by surprise; sudden attack made from a concealed position; Ex. lie in ambush; V.

253

wean

accustom a baby not to nurse; accustom (the young of a mammal) to take nourishment other than by suckling; give up a cherished activity; cause to gradually leave (an interest or habit); Ex. wean oneself from cigarettes

254

weather

pass safely through (a storm or difficult period); endure the effects of weather or other forces

255

welt

raised mark from a beating or whipping

256

welter

confusion; turmoil; confused mass; bewildering jumble; Ex. welter of data

257

welter

wallow (as in mud or high seas); lie soaked (as in blood); Ex. The victims weltered in their blood.

258

wheedle

deceive, persuade, or obtain by flattery; cajole; coax; Ex. wheedle a promise out of her

259

whelp

young animal (esp. of the dog or cat family