Barrons Set 2 Flashcards Preview

GRE Vocab > Barrons Set 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Barrons Set 2 Deck (500):
1

bogus

counterfeit; not authentic; intentionally false; Ex. bogus interview

2

bohemian

unconventional (in an artistic way)

3

boisterous

violent; rough; noisy

4

bolster

support; reinforce

5

bolt

door bar; fastening pin or screw; length of fabric; large roll of cloth; V: dash or dart off; fasten (a door); gobble down

6

dart

move or throw suddenly and quickly

7

gobble

eat very quickly

8

bombardment

attack (as with missiles or bombs); V. bombard

9

bombastic

pompous; using inflated language

10

bombast

grandiloquent, pompous speech

11

boon

blessing; benefit; something very helpful

12

boorish

rude; insensitive

13

boor

rude, insensitive person

14

bouillon

clear beef (or meat) soup

15

bountiful

generous; graciously generous; showing bounty

16

gracious

kind in a generous way (to someone less important)

17

bourgeois

middle class; selfishly materialistic; too interested in material possessions

18

bovine

cowlike; placid and dull; slow-thinking; calm

19

bowdlerize

expurgate; CF. Thomas Bowdler

20

brackish

somewhat saline

21

braggadocio

boasting

22

brag

boast

23

braggart

boaster; bragger

24

brandish

wave around (a weapon); flourish

25

bravado

swagger; assumed air of defiance; false show of bravery

26

swagger

walk or behave with an over-confident manner

27

brawn

human muscle; muscular strength; sturdiness

28

brawny

muscular; having well-developed muscles

29

sturdy

strong and firm (in the body)

30

brazen

insolent; without shame; bold; Ex. brazen lie; V: face with bold self-assurance or with unshamed confidence

31

brawl

noisy quarrel

32

breach

breaking of contract or duty; fissure or gap; opening; V.

33

breadth

width; extent

34

brevity

conciseness; shortness of duration

35

brindled

tawny or grayish with streaks or spots (of animals)

36

tawny

brownish yellow

37

bristling

rising like bristles; showing irritation

38

bristle

short stiff hair; V: (hair or fur) stand up stiffly

39

brittle

hard but easily broken; difficult; unstable; Ex. brittle situation

40

broach

introduce as a subject; moot; open up

41

brocade

rich, figured(patterned) fabric

42

brochure

pamphlet

43

brooch

ornamental clasp; pin

44

clasp

hold firmly within arms

45

brook

tolerate; endure; Ex. brook no interference; N: small stream

46

browbeat

bully; intimidate

47

browse

graze; feed on growing grass; skim or glance at casually

48

graze

(of an animal) feed on growing grass; cause (an animal) to feed on grass; scrape (esp. the skin) or touch lightly in passing; brush; Ex. We can't graze the cattle till summer; N: surface wound

49

skim

read or glance through quickly; touch lightly in passing; brush; remove from the surface of a liquid

50

brunt

main impact or shock (of an attack or blow); Ex. brunt of the argument

51

brusque

blunt; abrupt; curt; not wanting to waste time being nice

52

buccaneer

pirate

53

bucolic

rustic; pastoral

54

buffet

strike forcefully; slap; batter; knock out; N: table with food set out for people to server themselves; meal at which people help themselves to food that's been set

55

slap

hit quickly with the flat part of the hand; N. CF. smack

56

buffoonery

clowning

57

buffoon

stupid person; clown

58

clown

act stupidly; play the fool; N.

59

bugaboo

bugbear; object of baseless terror

60

bullion

gold and silver in the form of bars

61

bulwark

strong wall built for defense; earthwork or other strong defense; person who defends

62

bungle

mismanage; blunder; botch; blow; spoil by clumsy behavior

63

botch

mismanage; blow

64

buoyant

able to float; cheerful and optimistic; N. buoyancy; Ex. buoyancy of wood/water/American market

65

bureaucracy

overregulated administrative system marked by red tape; ADJ. bureaucratic

66

burgeon

grow rapidly; grow forth; send out buds; Ex. burgeoning computer industry; CF. bludgeon

67

burlesque

give an imitation that ridicules; imitate mockingly

68

burnish

make shiny by rubbing; polish

69

buttress

support; prop up; N. stationary structure to support wall; Ex. flying buttress

70

prop

support placed under or against something; V.

71

buxom

full-bosomed; plump; jolly

72

plump

pleasantly fat; nicely rounded

73

cabal

small group of persons secretly united to promote their own interests

74

cache

hiding place; V.

75

cacophonous

discordant; inharmonious; N. cacophony: unpleasant mixture of loud sounds

76

cadaver

corpse; dead human body

77

cadaverous

like a corpse; pale

78

cadence

rhythmic rise and fall (of words or sounds); beat; regular beat of sound; rhythm

79

cajole

persuade by praise or false promise; coax; wheedle

80

coax

persuade by flattery

81

calamity

disaster; misery

82

calculated

deliberately planned; likely

83

caldron(cauldron)

large kettle

84

caliber

ability; quality; diameter of the inside of a round cylinder; Ex. work of very high caliber

85

calligraphy

beautiful writing; excellent penmanship

86

callous

hardened; unfeeling; without sympathy for the sufferings of others; unkind

87

callus

area of thick hard skin

88

callow

youthful; immature; inexperienced

89

calorific

heat-producing; N. calorie

90

calumny

malicious misrepresentation; slander

91

camaraderie

good-fellowship; CF. comrade

92

cameo

shell or jewel carved in relief; star's special appearance in a minor role in a film

93

canard

unfounded false rumor; exaggerated false report

94

candor

frankness; open honesty; ADJ. candid

95

canine

related to dogs; doglike

96

canker

any ulcerous sore; ulcer; any evil; CF. cancer

97

ulcer

sore place appearing on the skin inside or outside the body; Ex. stomach ulcer; ADJ. ulcerous; V. ulcerate

98

canny

shrewd in money matters; thrifty

99

cant

insincere speech or expression of piety; jargon of thieves; special words used by a particular group of people

100

cantankerous

ill-humored; irritable

101

cantata

story set to music to be sung by a chorus (shorter than an oratorio)

102

canter

slow gallop; V. CF. trot

103

canto

division of a long poem

104

canvass

determine or seek opinions, votes, etc.; go through (a region) to solicit votes or orders; conduct a survey; N.

105

capacious

spacious

106

capacity

mental or physical ability; role; position or duty; ability to accommodate; Ex. in my capacity as president

107

capillary

having a very fine bore; resembling a hair; fine and slender; Ex. capillary attraction; N: very fine hairlike tube; CF. capillarity

108

capitulate

surrender; give up all resistance

109

caprice

whim; sudden change of mind without any real cause

110

capricious

unpredictable; fickle

111

caption

title; chapter heading; text under illustration

112

captious

faultfinding; too critical

113

carafe

glass water bottle; decanter

114

carapace

shell covering the back (of a turtle, tortoise, crab, etc.)

115

carat(karat)

unit of weight for precious stones; measure of the purity of gold

116

carcinogenic

causing cancer; N. carcinogen

117

cardinal

chief; most important; N: priest; cardinal number: number that shows quantity rather thatn order

118

cardiologist

doctor specializing in ailments of the heart

119

careen

lurch; sway from side to side; move with irregular swinging movement; stagger

120

career

rush wildly; go at full speed

121

sway

swing from side to side; influence (someone) to change one's opinion; N.

122

caricature

distortion; burlesque

123

carillon

a set of bells (often in a tower) capable of being played

124

carnage

destruction of life; slaughter; killing of large numbers of people or animals

125

carnal

fleshly; sensual; concerning the desires of the body

126

carnivorous

meat-eating; N. carnivore; CF. herbivore

127

carousal

drunken revel; V. carouse

128

carping

petty criticism; fault-finding; fretful complaining; quibble

129

carrion

rotting flesh of a dead body; CF. vulture

130

cartographer

map-maker

131

cascade

small waterfall

132

caste

one of the hereditary classes in Hindu society; social stratification; prestige

133

castigation

punishment; severe criticism or disapproval

134

casualty

serious or fatal accident; person killed or wounded in an accident or battle

135

casual

happening by chance; irregular; occasional; informal; showing or feeling little interest; Ex. casual reader/labor/remark

136

cataclysm

deluge; upheaval; earthquake; violent and sudden event or change

137

catalyst

agent which brings about a chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged; CF. catalysis

138

catapult

slingshot; hurling machine; V: fire from catapult

139

hurl

throw forcefully; shout out violently

140

cataract

great waterfall; eye abnormality (causing a gradual loss of eyesight)

141

catastrophe

calamity ; disaster

142

catcall

shout of disapproval or displeasure (made at the theater or a sports match); boo; V.

143

catechism

book for religious instruction in question-and-answer form; religious instruction by question and answer; V. catechize

144

categorical

without exceptions; made without any doubt in mind; unqualified; absolute

145

qualify

reach a necessary standard; limit the meaning of something stated

146

catharsis

purging or cleansing of any passage of the body; purging and weakening of strong emotions as a result of experiencing a dramatic work of art

147

cathartic

purgative; medicine that causes the bowels to empty; ADJ.

148

catholic

(of likings and interests) universal; general; broad; including many different parts; wide-ranging liberal; Ex. catholic opinions/tastes

149

caucus

private meeting of a group of people in a political party to select officers or determine policy; CF. the Caucus club of Boston

150

caulk(calk)

make watertight (by blocking up cracks as in a ship)

151

causal

implying a cause-and-effect relationship; N. causality

152

caustic

burning; corrosive; able to burn by chemical action; sarcastically biting; (of remarks) intended to hurt; bitter; harmful; OP. harmless

153

cauterize

burn (a wound or snakebite, etc.) with hot iron or caustic substance to stop bleeding and prevent infection

154

cavalcade

procession of riders or horse-drawn carriages; parade; CF. cavalry

155

cavalier

casual and offhand; arrogant; N: knight

156

cavil

quibble; make frivolous objections; find fault unnecessarily

157

cede

yield (title or territory) to (esp. after losing a war); surrender formally; N. cession

158

celerity

speed; rapidity

159

celestial

heavenly

160

hereafter

life after death

161

afterlife

life after death; later part of one's life

162

celibate

abstaining from sexual intercourse; unmarried; N. celibacy

163

censor

(in ancient Rome) overseer of morals (also taking the census); person who eliminates inappropriate matter; V.

164

censorious

severely critical

165

censure

blame; criticize; express strong disapproval; N: severe criticism; strong disapproval

166

centaur

mythical figure, half man and half horse

167

centigrade

denoting a widely used temperature scale (basically same as Celsius)

168

centrifugal

radiating; departing from the center

169

centrifuge

machine that separates substances by whirling them

170

centripetal

tending toward the center

171

centurion

Roman army officer (commanding a company of about 100 soldiers)

172

cerebral

pertaining to the brain or intellect; intellectual rather than emotional; CF. cerebrum

173

cerebration

thought; working of the brain

174

ceremonious

marked by formality; extremely formal and polite; CF. ceremony: conventional social courtesy

175

unceremonious

not done politely without due formalities

176

certitude

certainty

177

cessation

stoppage

178

cession

yielding to another; ceding

179

chafe

warm by rubbing; make sore by rubbing; N.

180

chaff

worthless products of an endeavor; husk(outer seed cover) separated from grain; Ex. separate the wheat from the chaff

181

chaffing

bantering; joking

182

chagrin

annoyance and disappointment; vexation (caused by humiliation or injured pride)

183

chalice

goblet; consecrated cup

184

chameleon

lizard that changes color in different situations

185

champion

support militantly; fight for; N: person who fights for or supports strongly (a principle, movement, person, etc.)

186

championship

position of champion; defense or support; competition held to determine a champion

187

chaotic

in utter disorder

188

charisma

divine gift; great popular charm or appeal; magnetism

189

charlatan

quack; pretender to knowledge (esp. in medicine)

190

chary

cautious; unwilling to take risks; sparing or restrained about giving; OP. bold

191

chase

ornament a metal surface by indenting; follow rapidly to catch

192

chasm

abyss; very deep crack

193

chassis

framework and working parts of an automobile; framework to which components are attached

194

chaste

morally pure; virginal; abstaining from illicit sexual acts; modest; simple (of a style of writing); not highly decorated; austere

195

chasten

discipline; punish in order to correct; CF. castigate

196

chastise

punish as by beating; criticize severely

197

chauvinist

blindly devoted patriot; zealous adherent of a group, cause, or sex; ADJ. chauvinistic; CF. chauvinism; Nicolas Chauvin

198

check

stop motion; curb or restrain

199

checkered (chequered)

marked by great changes in fortune; with many changes of fortuene; CF. checked: having a pattern of squares

200

cherubic

angelic; innocent-looking; N. cherub; CF. seraph: winged angel of the highest order

201

chicanery

trickery; deception

202

chide

scold; rebuke (someone who has done wrong)

203

chimerical

fantastically improbable; highly unrealistic; N. chimera: unreal fancy; fire-breathing female creature

204

chisel

swindle or cheat; N: wedgelike tool for cutting

205

chip

lose a small piece from the surface or edge; N: small piece broken off something; CF. French fry; Potato chip/crisp

206

chivalrous

courteous; faithful; brave; N. chivalry

207

choleric

hot-tempered; bad-tempered; irritable; easily angered; CF. cholera

208

choreography

art of representing dances in written symbols; arrangement of dances

209

chore

daily domestic task (such as cleaning, cooking, and shopping); unpleasant task

210

chortle

chuckle with delight; N.

211

chuckle

laugh quietly

212

chronic

long established as a disease

213

chronicle

report; record (in chronological order)

214

churlish

boorish; rude; N. churl: boor; yahoo

215

ciliated

having minute hairs; CF. cilium; CF. cilia: eyelash

216

cipher

nonentity; worthless person or thing; zero; secret code; V.

217

circlet

small ring; band of gold, silver, jewel, etc. (worn on the head, arms, or neck as decoration)

218

circuitous

roundabout

219

circuit

closed circular line around an area; circumference; regularly repeated journey from place to place

220

circumlocution

indirect or roundabout expression (by using an uncecessarily large number of words esp. when trying to avoid answering a difficult question directly)

221

circumscribe

limit; confine; draw a line around

222

circumspect

prudent; cautious; acting after careful thought

223

circumvent

outwit; defeat by behaving more cleverly; outsmart; baffle; avoid; get around

224

cistern

reservoir or water tank

225

citadel

fortress

226

cite

quote; commend; Ex. cited for bravery in an official record

227

civil

having to do with citizens; not military or religious; courteous and polite; Ex. married in a civil ceremony; Ex. civil strife/disorder/law; N. civility; CF. civic

228

clairvoyant

having foresight; fortuneteller; N. clairvoyance

229

hindsight

understanding the nature of an event after it has actually happened

230

clamber

climb by crawling with difficulties; scramble

231

clamor

loud continous noise; continuous demand or complaint made by a large number of people; V: make a clamor; express (a demand) continually and loudly; ADJ. clamorous

232

clandestine

secret

233

chaperon

older person who accompanies and supervises a young unmarried woman

234

clangor

loud resounding noise; sound of repeated clanging

235

clapper

striker (tongue) of a bell

236

clap

strike the palms of the hands together with a sudden explosive sound; come together suddenly with a sharp sound; put or send promptly; Ex. clap the thief in jail; N: clapping; loud or explosive sound; CF. applause

237

clarion

shrill, trumpetlike sound; kind of trumpet used in former times

238

claustrophobia

fear of being locked in

239

clavicle

collarbone

240

scrimmage

disorderly fight between two or more people

241

cleave

split or sever; cling to; remain faithful to; N. cleavage; ADJ. cloven

242

cleft

N: split

243

clemency

disposition to be lenient in deciding punishments; mildness as of the weather; ADJ. clement

244

cliché

phrase dulled in meaning by repetition; platitude; ADJ. clichéd

245

bromide

platitude; chemical compound used to calm excitement

246

clientele

body of customers

247

climactic

relating to the highest point; N. climax; CF. climatic

248

clime

climate

249

clique

small exclusive group of people

250

cloister

monastery or convent

251

clout

great influence (especially political or social); hard blow with fist

252

cloying

distasteful (because excessive); excessively sweet or sentimental; V. cloy: become unpleasant through too much sweetness or excess

253

coagulate

congeal; thicken; clot; N. coagulant

254

clot

half-solid lump formed from a liquid (or blood); V.

255

pudding

hot sweet dish

256

coalesce

combine; fuse; N. coalescence

257

coalition

partnership; league; union of separate political parties

258

coda

concluding section of a musical or literary composition

259

coddle

treat gently; indulge excessively; pamper; mollycoddle; baby; cook in water just below boiling point; Ex. coddled eggs

260

codicil

supplement to the body of a will; later addition to a will

261

codify

arrange (laws or rules) as a code; classify; N. code: system of words used instead of ordinary writing; collection of laws, rules, established social customs

262

coercion

use of force to get someone to object; compelling; V. coerce

263

coeval

living at the same time as; existing during the same period of time; contemporary; of the same age

264

cog

tooth projecting from a wheel

265

cogent

convincing

266

cogitate

think over; ponder

267

cognate

having a common origin; related linguistically; allied by blood; similar or akin in nature; Ex. cognate languages; N.

268

cognitive

having to do with knowing or perceiving related to the mental processes; N. cognition: the mental process of knowing

269

cognizance

knowledge; ADJ. cognizant; having knowledge; aware

270

cohabit

live together

271

cohere

stick together

272

cohesion

tendency to keep together

273

cohorts

group of people who share some common quality; armed band; a group of between 300 and 600 soldiers under one commander (in the ancient Rome)

274

coiffure

hairstyle

275

coin

make coins; invent or fabricate (a word or phrase); N. coinage: word or phrase recently invented

276

coincidence

the chance occurrence, at the same time, of two or more seemingly connected events; V. coincide: happen at the same time; be in agreement; CF. coincident; CF. coincidental

277

colander

utensil with perforated bottom used for straining

278

collaborate

work together; cooperate treasonably with the enemy

279

collage

work of art put together from fragments

280

scrap

small bit or fragment; discarded waste material; fight; Ex. a scrap of paper/cloth; V: break into parts for disposal; discard as worthless; fight; quarrel

281

scraps

leftover food

282

scrappy

quarrelsome

283

collate

examine and compare in order to verify authenticity; arrange in order (the sheets of a book before they are bound)

284

collateral

security given for loan; ADJ: secondary; descended from the same person but through different sons or daughters

285

collation

a light meal; collating

286

colloquial

pertaining to conversational or common speech; informal; N. colloquialism: colloquial expression

287

colloquy

informal discussion; conversation

288

collusion

conspiring in a fraudulent scheme to cheat or deceive others; V. collude

289

colossal

huge

290

colossus

gigantic statue; person or thing of great size or importance

291

comatose

in a coma; extremely sleepy

292

coma

deep prolonged unconsciousness caused by disease, poison, or a severe blow

293

combustible

easily burned; N. CF. combustion

294

comely

attractive; agreeable; having a pleasing appearance

295

homely

not good-looking; unattractive

296

comestible

something fit to be eaten

297

comeuppance

deserts; well-deserved punishment or misfortune; rebuke

298

deserts

what someone deserves

299

comity

courtesy; civility; Ex. comity of nations

300

commandeer

take (private property) for military use without needing permission or giving payment; draft for military purposes

301

draft

first rough form; conscription; draught; V: make a draft of; conscript

302

draught

current of air (through a room or to a fire); act of pulling roads; act of swallowing liquid or amount of liquid swallowed at a time

303

commemorative

remembering; honoring the memory of; Ex. commemorative stamp

304

commemorate

honor the memory of; serve as a memorial to; Ex. commemorate the 100th anniversary/those who died in the war

305

commensurate

equal in extent; of the same size

306

commiserate

feel or express pity or sympathy for

307

commodious

spacious and comfortable

308

communal

held in common; public; of a group of people; of a commune

309

commune

small (often rural) community whose members share work and income; V: exchange thoughts or feelings; Ex. commune with nature

310

compact

agreement; contract; ADJ: tightly packed; firm; brief; concise; Ex. compact statement

311

compatible

harmonious; in harmony with; able to exist together

312

compelling

overpowering; irresistible in effect; holding one's attention; that compels one to do something; Ex. a compelling adventure story; V. compel

313

compulsion

compelling; strong desire that is difficult to control; irresistible impulse

314

compulsory

obligatory; that must be done

315

compulsive

resulting from compulsion

316

compendium

brief, comprehensive summary; ADJ. compendious

317

compensatory

making up for; repaying

318

compilation

listing of information in tabular or book form; compiling

319

compile

assemble; gather; accumulate; make (a report or a book) from facts and information found in various places; Ex. compile a dictionary

320

complacency

self-satisfaction; smugness; ADJ. complacent

321

smug

self-satisfied; complacent

322

complaisant

trying to please; obliging; willing to please others

323

complement

complete; consummate; make perfect; N.

324

complementary

serving to complete something

325

compliance

conformity in fulfilling requirements; readiness to yield; disposition to yield to others; V. comply

326

compliant

readily acting in accordance with a rule, order, or the wishes or others; yielding; comforming to requirements

327

complicity

participation; involvement (in a questionable act or a crime)

328

component

element; ingredient

329

comport

bear one's self; behave; Ex. comport oneself; N. comportment

330

deport

send out of the country; behave; N. deportation, deportment

331

bearing

deportment; connection

332

composure

mental calmness

333

compound

combine; produce by combining; increase; make worse by adding to or increasing; exacerbate; Ex. compound an error; ADJ: consisting of two or more parts; N: combination of two or more parts; area enclosed by a wall containing a group of buildings; Ex. factory compound; CF. complex

334

comprehensive

broad; including a lot or everything; thorough; inclusive

335

compress

force into less space; squeeze; contract; put into fewer words; N: thick mass of cloth pressed to part of the body to stop bleeding or swelling, reduce fever, etc.

336

comprise

include; consist of

337

compromise

adjust or settle by making mutual concessions; endanger the interests or reputation of; put into danger, disrepute, or a dishonorable position; Ex. compromise one's principle; N.

338

compunction

remorse; strong uneasiness caused by guilt

339

compute

reckon; calculate

340

reckon

count; calculate; regard as; think; suppose

341

concatenate

link as in a chain

342

concave

hollow; curved inwards; OP. convex

343

concede

admit; acknowledge as being true (often reluctantly); yield; grant; Ex. concede a goal

344

conceit

vanity or self-love; too high opinion of one's own value; extravagant metaphor (in poetry)

345

vain

full of self-admiration; conceited; without result; unsuccessful; N. vanity

346

concentric

having a common center

347

conception

beginning; forming of an idea; fertilization; V. conceive: form an idea in the mind; devise; become pregnant; CF. inception

348

concerted

mutually agreed on; done together by agreement; Ex. concerted effort; CF. in concert: working together

349

concession

an act of yielding; conceding; something conceded; point, right, etc. given unwillingly; privilege of maintaining a business in a certain place; Ex. oil concessions in the North sea; CF. concessionaire

350

conciliatory

reconciling; soothing; V. conciliate: reconcile; soothe; win the friendly feelings (by removing anger)

351

concise

brief and compact

352

conclave

private secret meeting

353

conclusive

decisive; ending all debate

354

concoct

prepare by mixing or combining; make up in concert; devise (something false) so as to deceive; Ex. concoct an elaborate excuse for being late; N. concoction

355

concomitant

that which accompanies; Ex. Deafnes is a frequent concommitant of old age; ADJ: existing or happening together with something else

356

concord

harmony; accord

357

concordat

formal agreement

358

concur

agree; coincide; happen at the same time

359

concurrent

happening at the same time; in agreement

360

condescend

(derog.) bestow courtesies with a superior air; descend to the level of one considered inferior

361

condign

adequate; (of punishment) severe and well deserved

362

condiments

seasonings; spices

363

condole

express condolences; N. condolence: sympathy for someone who has experienced great sorrow

364

condone

overlook; forgive; give tacit approval; excuse

365

conducive

helpful; contributive; V. conduce; Ex. conduce to/towards

366

conduit

aqueduct; passageway for fluids

367

confidant(confidante)

trusted friend (to whom one tells one's secret)

368

confide

tell in confidence (to a person one trusts); be confident about

369

confidence

self-assurance; calm unworried feeling based on a strong belief in one's abilities; strong belief in the ability of a person or plan; trust or faith in a person or thing; something confided; secret; Ex. confidence in your ability; Ex. I'm telling you this in confidence; Ex. exchange confidences about their boyfriends; ADJ. confident

370

confidential

spoken or written in secret; trusted with private matters; Ex. confidential secretary

371

confine

shut in an enclosed space; restrict; keep within limits; N. confinement

372

confiscate

seize; take possession of (private property) by official order (usu. as a punishment); commandeer

373

conflagration

great fire

374

confluence

flowing together; the place where two rivers flow together; crowd; gathering together

375

conformity

harmony; agreement with established rules or customs; similarity; Ex. behave in conformity with; V. conform: be similar; act in agreement; comply; Ex. conform to the rule; CF. conformance

376

confound

confuse; puzzle

377

congeal

freeze; coagulate

378

congenial

pleasant; friendly; in agreement with one's tastes and nature; Ex. congenial weather

379

congenital

existing at birth

380

conglomeration

mass of material sticking together

381

conglomerate

corporation made up of several different companies in diversified fields; mass of various material gathered together; rock consisting of small stones held together by clay; V.

382

congruence

correspondence of parts; harmonious relationship; CF. congruity

383

congruent

in agreement; harmonious; corresponding; coinciding exactly; CF. congruous

384

conifer

pine tree (usu. evergreen); cone-bearing tree; ADJ. coniferous; CF. deciduous; CF. evergreen

385

conjecture

surmise; guess; V.

386

conjugal

pertaining to marriage

387

conjure

cause to appear by magic; summon (a devil or a spirit) by magical power; practice magic (esp. by very quick movement of the hands); evoke; conjure up: bring into the mind; Ex. The magician conjured a rabbit out of his hat.

388

connivance

pretense of ignorance of something wrong; assistance; permission to offend; V. connive: feign ignorance (of a wrong); cooperate secretly in an illegal action; conspire

389

connoisseur

person competent to act as a judge of art, etc. (whose judgments are respected); a lover of an art

390

connotation

suggested or implied meaning of an expression; V. connote

391

connubial

pertaining to marriage or the matrimonial state

392

matrimony

state of being married

393

patrimony

property inherited from a father

394

consanguinity

kinship; relationship by birth

395

consanguineous(consanguine)

having a common ancestor

396

conscientious

scrupulous; through and careful; Ex. conscientious worker

397

conscript

draftee; person forced into military service; V.

398

consecrate

dedicate; sanctify; declare as sacred; Ex. consecrate one's life to helping the poor

399

consensus

general agreement; opinion reached by a group

400

consequential

self-important; significant; consequent; following as a result; Ex. consequential air; CF. subsequent

401

conservatory(conservatoire)

school of the fine arts (especially music or drama); glass-enclosed area; CF. conservancy

402

consign

send to a person or place for sale; deliver officially; entrust; put into the care of another; set apart (for a special purpose); N. consignment; CF. consignor, consignee

403

consistency

absence of contradictions; uniformity; degree of thickness or firmness; Ex. consistency of thick cream; CF. viscous

404

console

lessen sadness or disappointment; give comfort; allay the sorrow of; N. consolation

405

consolidation

unification; process of becoming firmer or stronger; V. consolidate: merge; strengthen

406

consonance

harmony; agreement

407

consonant

harmonious; in agreement; N.

408

consort

associate with; keep company; N: husband or wife (or a ruler)

409

conspiracy

treacherous plot; secret plan against the law (by two or more people)

410

conspire

take part in a conspiracy; (of events) work together; combine; Ex. Events conspired to produce great difficulties.

411

consternation

great shock; dismay

412

constituent

supporter; voter; member of a constituency; component

413

constituency

voters represented by an elected official; district so represented; group of supporters (or constituents)

414

constitution

constituting; system of laws; composition of something; physical makeup or structure of a person; Ex. men with strong constitutions

415

constraint

restraint; compulsion; repression of feelings; reticence; V. constrain: hold back; restrain; compel; oblige; confine forcibly; imprison

416

construe

explain; interpret; Ex. construe her silence as meaning that she agreed; CF. misconstrue

417

consummate

complete; V.

418

contagion

infection (by contact); ADJ. contagious; CF. infectious: that can be passed by infection in the air

419

drastic

strong; violent and severe; Ex. drastic changes/measures

420

contaminate

pollute

421

contempt

scorn; disdain; ADJ. contemptuous; CF. contemptible

422

contend

struggle; compete; assert earnestly; state strongly

423

contention

assertion; claim; thesis; struggling; competition

424

thesis

opinion put forward and supported by reasoned arguments

425

boost

lift by pushing up from below; increase; raise; N: push upward; increase

426

contentious

quarrelsome; controversial; likely to cause arguments

427

contest

dispute; argue about the rightness of; compete for; try to win; Ex. contest the election results; Ex. contest a seat in Parliament; N.

428

context

writings preceding and following the passage quoted; circumstance in which an event occurs

429

contiguous

adjacent to; touching upon

430

continence

self-restraint; sexual chastity; sexual abstinence; voluntary control over bladder and bowel functions; ADJ. continent

431

contingent

dependent on something uncertain or in the future; conditional; happening by chance; accidental; N: a group of soldiers, ships to a larger force; CF. contingency: future event that may or may not occur; possibility; Ex. prepare for every contingency

432

contortions

twistings; distortions; V. contort: twist violently out of shape; CF. contortionist

433

contraband

illegal trade; smuggling; smuggled goods; ADJ.

434

contravene

contradict; oppose; violate (a rule, law, or custom); N. contravention

435

contrite

penitent; repentant; N. contrition

436

contrived

unnatural and forced; artificial; not spontaneous; Ex. The ending was rather contrived.

437

contrive

invent or fabricate in a clever way (by improvisation); manage; Ex. contrive to attract his attention

438

contrivance

something contrived; machine or apparatus; clever deceitful plan; scheme

439

controvert

oppose with arguments; attempt to refute; contradict; ADJ. controversial; N. controversy

440

contumacious

stubborn and disobedient; resisting authority (esp. disobedient to an order made by a court)

441

contusion

bruise

442

bruise

injure without breaking the skin; N.

443

conundrum

riddle; difficult problem

444

convene

come together; assemble; call to meet; Ex. convene the council

445

convention

social or moral custom; established practice; formal meeting; international agreement

446

conventional

ordinary; typical; not nuclear; Ex. conventional weapons

447

converge

approach; tend to meet; come together

448

conversant

familiar with; having knowledge of

449

converse

opposite; ADJ.

450

convert

one who has adopted a different religion or opinion; V: change into another form; (persuade to) adopt a particular religion or belief

451

convex

curving outward

452

conveyance

vehicle; transfer; act of conveying; Ex. public conveyance

453

conviction

judgment that someone is guilty of a crime; strongly held belief

454

convivial

pleasantly merry; festive; joyous; gay; characterized by joviality; jovial

455

convoke

call together; Ex. convoke Parliament; N. convocation

456

convoluted

coiled around; twisted; involved; complicated; intricate; complex; N. convolution: twist; one of the convex folds of the surface of the brain

457

convulsion

violent uncontrollable shaking movement (caused by illness); V. convulse; ADJ. convulsive

458

copious

plentiful

459

coquette

flirt; flirtatious woman; woman who tries to attract the admiration of men without sincere feelings; V.

460

flirt

behave in a way that attracts (sexual) attention; deal triflingly with; N: one (or woman) given to flirting; ADJ. flirtatious

461

cordial

warmly friendly; gracious; heartfelt; Ex. cordial welcome

462

cordon

extended line of men or fortifications to prevent access or egress;

463

cornice

projecting molding on building (usually above columns or pillars)

464

cornucopia

horn (or horn-shaped container) overflowing with fruit and grain; symbol of abundance; horn of plenty

465

corollary

natural consequence (which naturally follows from something else)

466

corporeal

bodily (rather than spiritual); of a bodily form; material; tangible

467

corpulent

very fat; N. corpulence

468

corpus

collection (of writings or information); Ex. the corpus of Shakespear's works; Cf. corpse

469

corpuscle

red or white cell in the blood

470

correlation

mutual relationship

471

correlate

either of the correlated things; V.

472

corroborate

confirm; support; strengthen

473

corrode

destroy or wear away gradually by chemical action (over a long period)

474

corrosive

eating away by chemicals or disease; (of language) fierce

475

corrugated

wrinkled; ridged

476

wrinkle

small ridge on a smooth surface (face or cloth); V.

477

crinkle

wrinkle

478

cosmic

pertaining to the universe; vast

479

coterie

group that meets socially; select circle; close group of people with shared interests

480

countenance

approve; support; tolerate; Ex. countenance his rude behavior; N: face; appearance

481

countermand

cancel; revoke (an order)

482

counterpart

thing that completes another; things very much alike; thing that has the same purpose in a different system

483

coup

highly successful action or sudden attack; coup(s) d'\'etat; CF. coup de gr\^ace: deathblow or shot which kills

484

couple

join; unite; OP. uncouple

485

courier

messenger

486

covenant

binding agreement between two groups or people; compact; V: enter into a covenant; promise

487

bargain

agreement between two groups or people; something for sale at a price advantageous to the buyer; V: negotiate; trade; Ex. bargaining power

488

covert

secret; hidden; implied; OP. overt

489

covetous

avaricious; desirous of (someone else's possessions); V. covet: desire eagerly (someone else's possessions)

490

cow

terrorize; intimidate

491

cower

shrink quivering as from fear; cringe

492

coy

shy (flirtatiously); showing a (pretended) lack of self-confidence; modest; coquettish; CF. job offer

493

cozen

cheat; hoodwink; swindle

494

crabbed

sour; bad-tempered; peevish; difficult to read as handwriting

495

peevish

bad-tempered; irritable; V. peeve: make angry

496

crass

very unrefined; grossly insensible; crude and undiscriminating; Ex. crass behavior

497

craven

cowardly

498

credence

belief

499

credo

creed

500

credulity

belief on slight evidence; gullibility; naivet\'e; ADJ. credulous