Manhattan Essential Flashcards Preview

GRE Vocab > Manhattan Essential > Flashcards

Flashcards in Manhattan Essential Deck (493):
1

Abate

(v) Reduce, Diminish, become less in amount or intensity;

2

Abdicate

(v) Formally give up the throne (or some other power or responsibility), give up, such as power, as of monarchs and emperors, or duties and obligations

3

Aberrant

markedly different from an accepted norm,

5

Abhor

Detest, regard with disgust

6

Abjure

Give up, renounce; repudiate, recant, or shun (especially formally or under oath)

7

Abrasive

Rough, suitable for grinding or polishing (such as sandpaper); causing irritation or annoyance

8

Abridge

Reduce or lessen; shorten by omitting parts throughout while retaining the main idea

9

Abstain

Hold back, refrain (especially from something bad or unhealthy); decline to vote

10

Acme

Summit, peak, highest point

11

Activism

The practice of pursuing political or other goals through vigorous action, often including protests and demonstrations

12

Adhere

Stick (to), such as with glue, or to a plan or belief

13

Admonish

Mildly scold; caution, advise, or remind to do something

14

Adverse

(adj) Opposing, harmful

15

Advocate

Speak or argue in favor of (verb); a person who pleads for a cause or on behalf of another person (noun)

16

Aesthetic

Concerning the appreciation of beauty or good taste, pertaining to the science of what is beautiful (adj); a sense of beauty and taste of a particular time and place (noun)

17

Affable

Warm and friendly, pleasant, approachable

18

Affectation

Fake behavior (such as in speech or dress) adopted to give a certain impression

19

Aggrandize

Make greater; exaggerate

20

aggregate

Gather together, amount to (v); constituting a whole made up of constituent parts (adj)

21

Alacrity

Cheerful or Speedy willingness

22

Alienate

Cause to become unfriendly, hostile, or distant

23

Ambiguous

Not clear, hard to understand, open to having several meanings of interpretations

24

Ambivalent

Uncertain; unable to decide, or wanting to do two contradictory things at once

25

Analogous

Comparable, corresponding in some particular way (making a good analogy)

26

Anarchy

Absence of law or government; chaos, disorder

27

Anoint

Rub or sprinkle oil on; make sacred, such as by a ceremony that includes applying oil to someone

28

Anomaly

Deviation from what is common; inconsistency

29

Antagonize

Make hostile or unfriendly

30

Apathy

Not caring; absence of feeling; lack of interest or concern

31

Apocryphal

Of questionable authenticity; false

32

Arcane

Known or understood by only a few; obscure, secret

33

Archaic

Characteristic of an earlier period, ancient, primitive

34

Arduous

Very difficult, strenuous; severe, hard to endure

35

Articulate

Using language in a clear, fluent way (adj.); speak distinctly or give clarity to an idea (v)

36

Artifact

Any object made by humans, especially those form an earlier time, such as those excavated bu archeologists

37

Artless

Free of deceit or craftiness, natural, genuine; lacking skill or knowledge, crude, uncultured

38

Ascertain

Find out with certainty

39

Ascetic

Abstinent or austere in lifestyle; a person who leads an austere and simple life without material pleasures, esp. someone who does this for religious reasons

40

Assuage

Make milder, relieve; soothe, pacify, or calm

41

Audacious

Very bold or brave, often in a rude or reckless way

42

Augment

Make Larger

43

Austere

Severe in manner or appearance; very self-disciplined, ascetic; without luxury or ease; sober or serious

44

Autonomous

Self-governing, independent

45

Aver

Declare or affirm with confidence

46

Avid

Enthusiastic, dedicated, passionate; excessively desirous

47

Balk

Refuse to proceed or to do something

48

Base

Morally low, mean, dishonorable; or little or no value; crude and unrefined; counterfeit

49

Belie

Contradict or misrepresent

50

Benign

Harmless; favorable; kindle, gentle, or beneficial; not cancerous

51

Bogus

Fake, fraudulent

52

Bolster

Strengthen or support

53

Boor

Rude, ill-mannered, or insensitive person a peasant or a country bumpkin

54

Bureaucracy

Govt. characterized be many bureaus and petty administrators or by excessive, seemingly meaningless requirements

55

Burgeon

Grow or flourish rapidly; put forth buds or shoots (of a plant)

56

Buttress

Support or encourage (v); a support or prop, esp. projecting from and supporting the wall of a building (n)

57

Bygone

Past, former (adj.); that which is in the past (usually plural noun)

58

Cacophony

Harsh, discordant, or meaningless mixture of sounds

59

Candid

Open, sincere, honest

60

Canonical

Authorized, recognized; pertaining to the canon, or body of accepted rules, standards or artistic works

61

Capricious

Acting on impulse, erratic

62

Cartography

Map-making

63

Castigate

Criticize severely; punish in order to correct

64

Catalyst

Causer of change

65

Caustic

Capable of corroding metal or burning the skin; very critical or sarcastic

66

Censure

Strong disapproval or official reprimand (n); to issue such disapproval or reprimand (v)

67

Chauvinism

Fanatical patriotism or blind enthusiasm for military glory; undue or biased devotion to any group, cause, etc.

68

Chronological

Arranged in or relating to time order

69

Clamor

Noisy uproar or protest, as from a crowd; a loud, continuous noise

70

Clinch

Make final or settle conclusively; to fasten or hold together

71

Coalesce

Come together, unite; fuse together

72

Cogent

Very convincing, logical

73

Commensurate

The same in size, extent, etc., equivalent; proportional

74

Complacent

Self-satisfied, smug; overly content (and therefore lazy, neglectful, or some other bad quality)

75

Complementary

Completing; fitting together well; filling mutual needs

76

Compliant

Obeying, submissive; following the requirements

77

Concede

Give in, admit, yield; acknowledge reluctantly; grant or give up (such as giving up land after losing a war)

78

Conciliatory

Reconciling, appeasing, attempting to make the peace

79

Concur

Approve, agree

80

Condone

Overlook, tolerate, regard as harmless

81

Confer

Consult, compare views; bestow or give

82

Connoisseur

Expert, especially in the fine arts; person or educated, redefined tastes

83

Console

Lessen the suffering or grief of (v); a control panel, or small table or cabinet (n)

84

Consolidate

Unit, combine, solidify make coherent

85

Constrict

Squeeze, compress; restrict the freedom of

86

Construe

interpret or translate

87

Contentious

Controversial; prone to causing arguments, especially gratuitous or petty ones

88

Contextualize

Place in context, such as by giving the background or circumstances

89

Conundrum

Riddle, the answer to which involves a play on words; a mystery

90

Converge

Move towards one another or towards a point; unite

91

Conversant

Knowledge about or experienced with

92

Conversely

in opposite way; on the other hand

93

Convoluted

Twisted; very complicated

94

Copious

Plentiful, bountiful

95

Corroborate

Support, add evidence to

96

Cosmopolitan

Belonging to the entire world, at home globally; free from local or national prejudices or attachements

97

Countenance

Facial expression or face (n); approve or tolerate (v)

98

Counterintuitive

Against what one would intuitively expect

99

Counterpoint

Contrasting item, opposite; a complement; the use of contrast or interplay in a work of art

100

Counterproductive

Defeating the purpose; preventing the intended goal

101

Covert

Secret, veiled, undercover

102

Crafty

Cunning, skillful in deception or underhandled schemes

103

Craven

Very cowardly, lacking courage

104

Credibility

Believability, trustworthiness

105

Credulous

Gullible; prone to believing or trusting too easily or without enough evidence

106

Crescendo

Steady increase in force, intensity, or the loudness of a musical passage; a climactic moment or peak

107

Culminate

Reach the highest point or final stage

108

Cynical

Thinking the worst of others' motivations; bitterly pessimistic

109

Daunt

Discourage, dishearten, lessen the courage of

110

Debase

Degrade; lower in quality, value, rank, etc.; lower in moral quality

111

Debunk

Expose, ridicule, or disprove false or exaggerated claims

112

Decorous

Behaving with propriety and good taste; polite

113

Deem

judge; consider

114

Deface

Vandalize. mar the appearance of

115

Default

Failure to act, neglect (n); fail to fulfill an obligation, especially a financial one (v)

116

Deference

Respectful submission; yielding to the authority or opinionj of another

117

Deflect

Cause to curve; turn aside, esp. from a sstraight course; avoid

118

Deleterious

Harmful, unhealthful

119

Delineate

Mark the outline of; sketch; describe in detail

120

Denigrate

Belittle, attack the reputation of

121

Denote

Be a name or symbol for

122

Deride

mock. scoff at laugh at contemptuously

123

Derivative

Derived from something else; not original

124

Desiccate

Thoroughly dried up, dehydrated

125

Detached

impartial, disinterested; unconcerned, distant, aloof

126

Deterrent

Something that restrains or discourages

127

Diatribe

Bitter, abusive attack or criticism; rant

128

Didactic

Intended to instruct; teaching , or teaching a moral lessen

129

Digress

Go off-topic when speaking or writing

130

Din

Loud, confused noise, esp. for a long period of time

131

Disabuse

Free someone from a mistake in thinking

132

Discerning

Having good judgement or insight; able to distinguish mentally

133

Discredit

Injure the reputation of, destroy credibility of or confidence in

134

Discrepancy

Difference or inconsistency

135

Discriminating

Judicious, discerning, having good judgement or insight

136

Disingenuous

Insincere, not genuine

137

Disinterested

Unbiased, impartial; not interested

138

Disjointed

Disconnected, not coherent, jerky; having the joints separated

139

Dismiss

Allow to disperse or leave; fire from a job; put aside or reject, especially after only a brief consideration

140

Dispassionate

Unbiased, not having a selfish or personal motivation; calm, lacking emotion

141

Dispatch

Speed, promptness; send off or deal with in a speedy way

142

Disperse

Scatter, spread widely, cause to vanish

143

Disposition

A person's general or natural mood; tendency

144

Disquieting

Disturbing, cause anxiety

145

Disseminate

Scatter, spread about, broadcast

146

Dissent

Disagree or take an opposing view, esp. in relation to a formal body such as a government, political party, or church; such a view

147

Dissonance

Harsh, inharmonious sound; cacophony; disagreement

148

Distill

Purify; extract the essential elements of

149

Diverge

Differ, deviate; branch off or turn aside, as from a path

150

Divest

Deprive or strip of a rank, title, etc., or of clothing or gear; to sell off holdings (ant: invest)

151

Divine

Discover through divination or or supernatural means; perceive by insight

152

Document

Support with evidence, cite sources in a detailed way, create documentary evidence of

153

Dogma

A system of principles laid down by an authority; established belief

154

Dormat

Asleep, inactive, on a break

155

Dubious

Doubtfull, questionable, suspect

156

e.g.

For example, such as

157

Eccentric

Peculiar, odd, deviating from the norm esp. in a whimsical way

158

Eclectic

Selecting the best of everything or from many diverse sources

159

Eclipse

The obscuring of one thing by another, such as the sun by the moon or a person by a more famous or talented person (n); to obscure, darken, make less important (v)

160

Efficacy

the quality of being able to produce the intended effect

161

Egalitarian

Related to belief in the equality of all people, esp. in political, economic, or social spheres

162

Egregious

Extraordinarily or conspicuously bad; glaring

163

Elated

Very happy, in high spirits

164

Elevate

Raise, lift up; lift the spirits of; move up to a higher rank or status or raise up to a higher spiritual or intellectual plane

165

Elicit

Call forth, bring out, evoke

166

Eloquent

Marked by forceful, fluid, apt speech; expressive, emotionally moving

167

Embellish

Decorate, add ornamentation; enhance (a story) with fictional or fanciful details

168

Eminent

Prominent, distinguished, of high rank

169

Empirical

Coming from, based on, or able to be verified by experience or experimentation; not purely based on theory

170

Emulate

Copy in an attempt to equal or be better than

171

Enervate

Weaken, tire

172

Enhance

Raise to a higher value, desirability, etc.

173

Enigma

Puzzle, mystery, riddle; mysterious or contradictory person

174

Entitlement

Having the right to certain privileges; believing, sometimes without cause, that one deserves or has a right to certain privileges

175

Enumerate

Count or list; specify one-by-one

176

Ephemeral

Lasting only a short time, fleeting

177

Equitable

Fair, equal, just

178

Erratic

Inconsistent, wandering, having no fixed course

179

Erroneous

Mistaken, in horror; improper, morally incorrect

180

Erudite

Scholarly, knowledgeable; possessing deep, often systematic, knowledge

181

Eschew

Shun, avoid, abstain from

182

Esoteric

Understood by or intended for only a few; secret

183

Estimable

Worthy of esteem, admirable; able to be estimated

184

Eulogy

Speech of praise or written work of praise, esp. a speech given at the funeral

185

Exacerbate

Make worse (more violent, severe, etc.), inflame; irritate or embitter (a person)

186

Exacting

Very severe in making demands; requiring precise attention

187

Exculpate

Clear from guilt or blame

188

Exhaustive

Comprehensive, thorough, exhausting a topic or subject, accounting for all possibilities; draining, tending to exhaust

189

Explicit

Direct, clear, fully revealed; clearly depicting sex or nudity

190

Exponent

Person who expounds or explains; champion, advocate, or representative

191

Extrapolate

Conjecture about an unknown by projecting information about something known; predict by projecting past experience

192

Facetious

Joking, humorous, esp. inappropriately; not serious, concerned with frivolous things

193

Facilitate

Make easier, help the progress of

194

Fallacious

Containing a fallacy, or mistake in logic; logically unsound; deceptive

195

Fanatical

Excessively devoted, enthusiastic, or zealous in a uncritical way

196

Fanciful

Whimsical, capricious; imaginary; freely imaginative rather than based on reason or reality

197

Fathom

Measure the depth of (usually of water)as with a sounding line; penetrate and discover the meaning of, understand

198

Feasible

Possible, logical or likely, suitable

199

Fidelity

Faithfulness, loyalty; strict observance of duty; accuracy in reproducing a sound or image

200

Finesse

Extreme delicacy, subtlety, or diplomacy in handling a sensitive situation or in a performance or skill (n); use tact or diplomacy; employ a deceptive strategy (v)

201

Flag

Get tired, lose enthusiasm hang limply or droop

202

Fleeting

Passing quickly, transitory

203

Figurative

Metaphorical, base don figures of speech; containing many figures of speech (as fancy sounding writing); relayed to portraying human or animal figures

204

Buffer

Something that shields, protects, absorbs shock, or cushions

205

Hedonist

Person devoted to pleasure

206

inasmuch

In like manner, considering that (contradiction of "in as much", generally followed by "as")

207

Incendiary

Setting on fire, pertaining to arson; arousing strife, rebellion, etc.; "inflaming" the senses

208

foment

incite, instigate, stir up, promote the growth of; apple medicated liquid to a body part

209

Foreshadow

Indicate or suggest beforehand, presage

210

Forfeit

Surrender or lose as a result of an error, crime, or failure to fulfill an obligation

211

Fortify

Strengthen, invigorate, encourage

212

Fringe

On the margin, periphery (adj.); the people in a group who hold the most extreme views

213

Frugal

Economical, thrifty, not wasteful with money; inexpensive

214

Futile

Producing no useful result, ineffective, trivial or unimportant

215

Gainsay

Declare false, deny; oppose

216

Garrulous

Talkative, wordy, rambling

217

Gauche

Tactless, lacking social grace, awkward, crude

218

Gawky

Physically awkward (esp. of a tall, skinny person, often used to describe teenagers)

219

Germane

Relevant and appropriate, on-topic

220

Gist

Main idea, essence

221

Glib

Fluent and easy in a way that suggests superficially or insincerity

222

Goosebumps

The "bumps" created by hairs standing up on the skin in response to cold, fear, etc.

223

Gradation

A progression, a process taking place gradually, in stages; one of these stages

224

Gregarious

Social, pertaining to a flock or crowd

225

Guile

Clever deceit, cunning, craftiness

226

Hackneyed

So commonplace as to be stale; not fresh or original

227

Hardy

Bold, brave, capable of withstanding hardship, fatigue, cold, etc.

228

Haven

Harbor or port; refuge, safe place

229

Hearken

Listen, pay attention to

230

Heterogenous

Different in type, incongruous; composed of different types of elements

231

Hierarchy

A ranked series; a classification of people according to rank, ability, etc.; a ruling body

232

Hodgepodge

Mixture of different kinds of things, jumble

233

Homogenous

Of the same kind; uniform throughout

234

Hyperbole

Deliberate exaggeration for effect

235

Idiosyncrasy

Characteristic or habit peculiar to an individual; peculiar quality, quirk

236

Illiberality

Narrow-mindedness, bigotry; strictness or lack of generosity

237

Imminent

Ready to occur, impending

238

Impair

Make worse, weaken

239

Impartial

Unbiased, fair

240

Impede

Hold back, obstruct the progress of

241

Implication

Act of implying or that which is implied; close connection, esp. in a incrimination way

242

Implicit

implied, not stated directly; involbed in the very essence of something, unquestionable

243

Implode

Burst inward

244

Inadvertent

Unintentional; characterized by a lack of attention, careless

245

Incentive

Something that encourages greater action or effort, such as a reward

246

Inchoate

Just begun, underdeveloped, unorganized

247

Incipient

Just beginning; in a very early state

248

Incongruous

Out of place, inappropriate, not harmonious

249

Inconsequential

Insignificant, unimportant; illogical

250

Incorporate

Combine, unite; form a legal corporation; embody, give physical form to

251

Indeterminate

Not fixed or determined, indefinite; vague

252

Indifferent

Not caring, having no interest; unbiased, impartial

253

Inform

Inspire, animate; give substance, essence or context to; be the characteristic quality of

254

Ingenuous

Genuine, sincere, not holding back; naive

255

Ingrained

Deep-rooted, forming part of the very essence; worked into the fiber

256

Inherent

Existing as a permanent, essential quality; intrinsic

257

Innocuous

Harmless, inoffensive

258

Intelligible

Able to be understood, clear

259

intractable

Difficult to control, manage, or manipulate; hard to cure; stuborn

260

Intrepid

Fearless, brave, enduring in the face of adversity

261

Intrinsic

Belonging to the essential nature of a thing

262

Jargon

Vocabulary specific to a group or occupation; convoluted or unintelligible language

263

Jocular

Joking or given to joking all the time; jolly, playful

264

Judicious

Using good judgement; wise, sensible

265

Juncture

Critical point in time, such as a crises or a time when a decision in necessary; a place where two things are joined together

266

Keen

Sharp, piercing; very perceptive or mentally sharp; intense (of a feeling)

267

Kudos

Praise, honor, congratulations

268

Lackluster

Not shiny; dull, mediocre; lacking brilliance or vitality

269

Laconic

Using few words, concise

270

Lament

Mourn; express grief, sorrow, or regret (v); an expression of grief esp. as a song or poem (n)

271

Lampoon

A harsh satire (n); ridicule or satirize (v)

272

Landmark

Object (such as a building) that stands out and can be used to navigate by; a very important place, event, etc.

273

Languid

Drooping from exhaustion. sluggish, slow; lacking in sprit

274

Lassitude

Tiredness, weariness; lazy indifference

275

Laudable

Worthy of praise

276

Lavish

Abundant or giving in abundance; marked by excess (adj.); give very generously (v)

277

Layperson

A person who is not a member of the clergy or not a member of a particular profession (such as medicine, law, etc.)

278

Levity

Lightness (of mind, spirit, or mood) or lack of seriousness, sometimes in an inappropriate way

279

Levy

Collect tax from, wage war on, or enlist for military service (v); act of collecting tax or amount owed, or the drafting of troops into military service (n)

280

Liberal

Favorable to progress or reform; believing in maximum possible individual freedom; tolerant, open-minded; generous(adj.); a person with such beliefs or practices (n)

281

Libertine

Morally or sexually unrestrained personl freethinker (regarding religion)

282

Likewise

Also, in addition to; similarly, in the same way

283

Log

Keep a record of, write down; travel for or at a certain distance or speed (v); a written record (n)

284

Loquacious

Talkative, wordy

285

Lucid

Clear, easy to understand; rational, sane

286

Lull

Soothe or cause to fall asleep (as in lullaby); quite down; make to feel secure, sometimes falsely (v); a period of calm o quite (n)

287

Makeshift

A temporary, often improvised, substitute (n); improvised for temporary use (adj.)

288

Malleable

Able to be bent, shaped, or adapted

289

Maverick

Rebel, individualist, dissenter

290

Mendacious

Lying, habitually dishonest

291

Mercurial

Quickly and unpredictable changing moods; fickle, flighty

292

Metamorphosis

A complete change or transformation (in biology, a change such as a caterpillar becoming a pupa and then a butterfly)

293

Meticulous

Taking extreme care in regards to details; precise, fussy

294

Mitigate

Make less sever; lessen or moderate (damage, gried, pain, etc.)

295

Modest

humble; simple rather than showy; decent (esp. "covering up" in terms of dress); small, limited

296

Molify

Calm or soothe (an angry person); lessen or soften

297

Monotony

Sameness or repetitiousness to the point of being boring; lack variation, uniformity, esp. repetition in sound

298

Moreover

Besides; in addition to what was just stated

299

Mores

Customs, manners, or morals of a particular group

300

Mundane

Common, ordinary, everyday

301

Naive

Simple and unsophisticated, unsuspecting, lacking worldly experience and critical judgement

302

Nascent

Coming into existence, still developing

303

Negate

Deny or refute; make void or cause to be ineffective

304

Net

Remaining after expenses or other factors have been deducted; ultimate (adj.); too bring in as profit, or to catch as in a net (v)

305

Nevertheless or Nonetheless

However, even so, despite that

306

Notoriety

Ill fame; the state of being well known for a disgraceful reason

307

Novel

New, fresh, original

308

Nuance

A subtle difference in tone, meaning, expression, etc.

309

Objective

Factual, related to reality or physical objects; not influenced by emotions, unbiased

310

Obsequious

Servile, very compliant, fawning

311

Obsolete

Out of date, no longer in use

312

Obstinate

Stubborn or hard to control

313

Obviate

Prevent, eliminate, or make unnecessary

314

Occult

The supernatural (n); pertaining to magic, astrology, etc.; mysterious, secret or hidden (adj.); to hide, to shut off from view (v)

315

Offhand

Casual, informal; done without preparation or forethought; rude in a short way, brusque

316

Officious

Excessively eager in giving unwanted advice or intruding where one is not wanted; meddlesome, pushy

317

Offset

Counteract, compensate for (v); a counterbalance(n)

318

Onerous

Burdensome, oppressive, hard to endure

319

Opaque

Not translucent; not allowing light, heat, etc. to pass through; dark, dull, unclear or stupid

320

Optimal or Optimum

Best, most desirable or favorable

321

Orthodox

adhering to a traditional, established faith, or to anything customary or commonly accepted

322

Oscillate

Swing back and forth; waver, change one's mind

323

Outstrip

Surpass, exceed; be larger or better than; leave behind

324

Overshadow

Cast a shadow over, darken; dominate, make to seem less important

325

Paradigm

Model or pattern; worldview, set of shared assumptions, values, etc.

326

Paradox

Contradiction that is actually true

327

Pariah

Social outcast, untouchable

328

Partial

Biased, prejudiced, favoring one over others; having a special liking for something or someone (usually partial to)

329

Partisan

Devoted to a particular group, case, etc.(adj); fervent supported of a group, party, idea, etc. guerrilla fighter(b)

330

Patent

Obvious, apparent, plain to see (adj.); a letter from a govt. guaranteeing an inventor the rights to his or her invention (n)

331

Pathological

Relating to or caused be disease; relating to compulsive bad behavior

332

Patronizing

Condescending, having a superior manner, treating as an inferior

333

Paucity

Scarcity, the state of being small in number

334

Peccadillo

Small sin or fault

335

Pedestrian

Ordinary, dull, commonplace

336

Penchant

Liking or inclination (usually penchant for)

337

Perfidious

Disloyal, treacherous, violating one's trust

338

Peripheral

Relating to or making up an outer boundary or region; not of primary importance, fringe

339

Permeate

Spread or penetrate throughout

340

Pervasive

Tending to spread throughout

341

Philanthropy

Efforts to improve the well-being of humankind, generally through giving money

342

Phone

fake, counterfeit; insincere, not genuine

343

Pious

Devout; religiously reverent and dutiful

344

Pith

Core, essence; significance or weight

345

Placate

Satisfy or calm down (an angry or dissatisfied person), esp. by conciliatory gestures

346

Placid

Peaceful, calm, tranquil

347

Plastic

Able to be shaped or formed; easily influenced

348

Plausible

Believable; having the appearance of truth

349

Plummet

Plunge, fall straight down

350

Polarized

Divided into sharply opposed groups

351

Ponderous

Heavy, bulky and unwieldy; dull. labored

352

Posthumous

Happening or continuing after death

353

Potentate

Ruler, person of great power

354

Pragmatic

Practical; dealing with actual facts

355

Preamble

Introductory statement, preface

356

Precarious

Unstable, insecure, dangerous

357

Precursor

Something that comes before, esp. something that also announces or suggests something on its way

358

Predisposed

Having an inclination or tendency beforehand; subscribe

359

Preempt

Prevent; take the place of, supplant; take before someone else can

360

presumptive

Based on inference or assumption; providing reasonable grounds for belied

361

Presumptuous

Too bold of forward; going beyond that which is proper

362

Pretentious

Claiming or demanding a position of importance or dignity, esp. when unjustified; showing off, creating a deceptive, false show of worth

363

Principled

Having high moral standards

364

Pristine

In an original, pure state; uncorrupted

365

Probity

Honesty, integrity

366

Prodigal

Wasteful, extravagant; giving abundantly, lavish

367

Prodigious

Extraordinarily large, impressive, etc.

368

Profligate

Completely and shamelessly immoral, or extremely wasteful

369

Profound

Very insightful, penetrating deeply into a subject; pervasive, intense, "down to the very bottom"; at the very bottom

370

Profuse

Abundant, extravagant, giving or given freely

371

Prohibitive

Tending to forbid something, or serving to prevent

372

Proliferate

Increase or spread rapidly or excessively

373

Prologue

Introductory part to a book, play, etc.

374

Pronounced

Distinct, strong, clearly indicated

375

Propriety

Conforming to good manners or appropriate behavior

376

Prosaic

Dull, ordinary

377

Proscribe

Prohibit, outlaw; denounce; exile or banish

378

Prospective

Potential, in the future

379

Prudent

Wise in practical matters, carefully providing for the future

380

Pugnacious

Inclined to fight, combative

381

Qualified

Modified, limited, conditional on something else

382

Quandary

Uncertainty or confusion about what to do, dilemma

383

Quibble

Make trivial arguments or criticism, find faults in a petty way, esp. to evade something more important

384

Quotidian

Daily; everyday, ordinary

385

Ranks

Personnel; a group of people considered all together

386

Reap

Harvest, such as by cutting; gather; get as a result of one's effort

387

Recluse

Person who lives in seclusion

388

Refute

Prove to be false

389

Relegate

Send or commit to an inferior place, rank, condition, etc.; exile, banish; assign (task) to someone else

390

Remedial

Providing a remedy, curative; correcting a deficient skill

391

Render

Give, submit, surrender; translate declare

392

Replete

Supplied in abundance, filled gorged (used with with)

393

Reproach

Blame, disgrace (n); criticize, express disappointment in(v)

394

Repudiate

Reject, cast off, deny tat something has authority

395

Requite

Reciprocate, repay, or revenge

396

Rescind

Annul, repeal, make void

397

Resolution

The quality of being firmly determined; resolving to do something; a formal judgement, esp. decided by a vote

398

Resolve

Find a solution to; firmly decide to do something; decide by formal vote(v); firmness of purpose (n)

399

Respectively

In the order given

400

Restive

Impatient or uneasy under the control of another; resisting being controlled

401

Reticent

Not talking much; private (of a person), restrained, reserved

402

Retrospective

Looking to the past or backward; applying to the past, retroactive (adj.); An art exhibit of an artist's work over a long period of time (n)

403

Reverent

Feeling or expressing very deep respect and awe

404

Rhetoric

The art or study of persuasion through speaking or writing; language that is elaborate or pretentious but actually empty, meaning little

405

Rife

Happening frequently, abundant, currently being reported

406

Rudimentary

Elementary, relating to the basics; underdeveloped, primitive

407

Rustic

Relating to country life, unsophisticated; primitive; made of rough wood (adj.); a rural or uncultured person (n)

408

Sacrosanct

Sacred, inviolable, not to be trespassed on or violated; above any criticism

409

Sagacious

Wise; showing good judgement and foresight

410

Salubrious

Healthful, promoting health

411

Sanction

Permission or approval, something that gives support or authority to something else (n); to allow, confirm, ratify (v); OR a legal action by one or more countries against anther country to get it to comply (n); to place sanctions or penalties on (v)

412

Sanguine

Cheerfully optimistic, hopeful; reddish, ruddy (as in rosy-red cheeks indicating health or vitality)

413

Sap

The inner fluid of a plant or any essential body fluid; energy; vitality; a person taken advantage of (n); undermine, weaken, tire out (v)

414

Satiate or Sate

To fully satisfy; to go beyond satisfying to the point of excess (possibly inducing disgust, tiredness, etc.)

415

Saturate

Soak or imbue thoroughly; cause a substance to unite with the greatest possible amount of another substance

416

Savor

Appreciate fully, taste or smell with pleasure

417

Scant

Not enough or barely enough

418

Scathing

Severe, injurious; bitterly harsh or critical (as a remark)

419

Secular

Not religious or holy; pertaining to worldly things

420

Sedulous

Preserving, persistent, diligent in one's efforts

421

Sentient

Conscious; experiencing sensation or perceiving with the senses

422

Simultaneous

At the same time

423

Skeptic

Person inclined to doubting or questioning generally accepted beliefs

424

Skirt

Border, lie along the edge of, go around; evade

425

Slack

Loose, negligent, lazy, weak (adj.); neglect to do one's duties; loosen up, relax (v); period of little work (n)

426

Slew

A large number or quantity

427

Slight

Small, not very important, slender or delicate (adj.); treat as though not very important; snub, ignore(v); an act of treating in this way; a discourtesy (n)

428

Solicitous

Concerned or anxious (about another person), expressing care; eager or desirous; very careful

429

Soporific

Causing sleep; sleepy, drowsy (adj.); something that causes sleep (n)

430

Sound

Measure the depth of (usually of water) as with a sounding line; penetrate and discover the meaning of, understand (usually as sound the depths )

431

Spartan

Very disciplined and stern; frugal, living simply; austere; suggestive or the ancient Spartans

432

Spate

Sudden outpouring or rush; flood

433

Spearhead

Be the leader of

434

Specious

Seemingly true but actually false; deceptively attractive

435

Spectrum

A broad range of nevertheless related qualities or ideas, esp. those that overlap to create a continuous series (as in a color spectrum, where each color blends into the next in a continuous way)

436

Speculate

Contemplate; make a guess or educated guess about; engage in a risky business transaction, gamble

437

Sporadic

Occasional, happening irregularly or in scattered locations

438

Sportive

Playful, merry, joking around, done "in sport" (rather than intended seriously)

439

Standing

Status, rank, reputation (n); existing indefinitely, not movable (adj.)

440

Stark

Complete, total, utter; harsh or grim; extremely simple, severe, blunt, or pain

441

Static

Fixed, not moving or changing, lacking vitality

442

Status quo

Existing state or condition

443

Stingy

Not generous with money, reluctant to spend or give

444

Stoic or stoical

Indifferent to pleasure or pain, enduring without complaint; person indifferent to pleasure or pain (n)

445

Stolid

unemotional, showing little emotion, not easily moved

446

Stymie or stymy

Block, hinder, or thwart (v); an obstacle (n)

447

Subjective

Existing in the mind or relating to one's own thoughts, opinions, emotions, etc.; personal, individual, based on feelings

448

Subside

Sink, settle down, become less active, return to a normal level

449

Substantiate

Support with evidence or proof; give a materiel existence to

450

Succeeding

Coming after or following

451

Supersede

Replace, take the position of, cause to be disregarded as void or obsolete

452

Supplicate

Pray humbly; ask, beg, or seek in a humble way

453

Surfeit

Excess, excessive amount, overindulgence

454

Surmise

Guess, infer, think or make an opinion with incomplete information

455

Sycophant

Servile flatterer, parasitic person who fawns in order to get ahead

456

Synchronous

Happening at the same time; occurring at the same rate and thus happening together repeatedly

457

Table

Lay aside to discuss later, ofter as a way to postpone discussion indefinitely

458

Tacit

Understood without being said; implied, not stated directly; silent

459

Taciturn

Not talking much, reserved; silent, holding back in conversation

460

Tangential

Only slightly relevant, going off topic

461

Temparence

Moderation, self-control, esp. regarding alcohol or other desires or pleasures; total abstinence from alcohol

462

Tenuous

Long and thin, slender; slimsy, having little substance

463

Timely

Well-timed, happening at a suitable time

464

Timorous

Fearful, timid

465

Tirade

Bitter, abusive criticism or verbal attack

466

Torpor

Sluggishness, lethargy, apathy; a period of inactivity

467

Torrid

Very hot, parching, burning; passionate

468

Tractable

Easily controlled or managed, docile; easily shaped or molded

469

Transitory

Temporary, short-lived, not lasting

470

Trifling

Trivial, not very important; so small as to be unimportant; frivolous, shallow

471

Trite

Lacking freshness and originality, lacking effectiveness due to overuse, cliche

472

Ubiquitous

Existing everywhere at the same time

473

Undermine

Weaken, cause to collapse by digging away at the foundation (of a building or an argument ); injure or attack in a secretive or underhanded way

474

Underscore

Emphasize (or, literally, to underline text)

475

Unearth

Dig up, uncover, expose

476

Unequivocal

Unambiguous, clear, absolute; having only one possible meaning

477

Unprecedented

Never before known or seen, without having happened previously

478

Unseemly

Improper, inappropriate, against the rules of taste or politeness

479

Vacilate

Waver in one's mind or opinions, be indecisive

480

Venerate

Revere, regard with deep respect and awe

481

Veracity

Truthfulness, accuracy; habitual adherence to the truth

482

Verbose

Wordy

483

Viable

Capable of living (or growing, developing, etc.); practical, workable

484

Vintage

Related to items of high quality from a previous era, old fashioned antique (adj.); the wine of a particular year (n)

485

Virtual

Existing only in the mind or by means of a computer network; existence in results or in essence but not officially or in name

486

Vituperate

Verbally abuse, rebuke or criticize harshly

487

Volatile

Varying, inconsistent, fleeting; tending to violence, explosive;

488

Warranted

Justified, authorized (warrant can mean to justify or a justification, but can also mean to vouch for or guarantee)

489

Wary

Watchful, motivated by caution, on guard against danger

490

Whereas

While on the contrary, considering that

491

Whimsical

Marked or motivated by whims (odd, fanciful ideas); erratic, unpredictable

492

Wily

Crafty, cunning, characterized by tricks or artifice

493

Zeal

Great fervor or enthusiasm for a cause, person, etc., tireless diligence in furthering that cause; passion, ardor

494

Zenith

High point, culmination