Barrons Set 1 Flashcards Preview

GRE Vocab > Barrons Set 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Barrons Set 1 Deck (500):
1

abase

lower; degrade; humiliate; make humble; make (oneself) lose self-respect

2

abash

embarrass

3

abate

subside or moderate

4

abbreviate

shorten

5

abdicate

renounce; give up (position, right, or responsibility)

6

aberrant

abnormal or deviant

7

aberration

deviation from the normal; mental disorder

8

abet

assist usually in doing something wrong; encourage

9

abeyance

suspended action

10

abhor

detest; hate

11

abject

(of a condition) wretched; as low as possible; lacking pride; very humble; showing lack of self-respect; Ex. abject apology

12

abjure

renounce upon oath

13

ablution

washing

14

abnegation

renunciation; self-sacrifice; self-abnegation

15

abolish

cancel; put an end to

16

abominate

loathe; hate

17

abominable

detestable; extremely unpleasant

18

aboriginal

being the first of its kind in a region; primitive; native; indigenous; N. aborigine

19

abortive

unsuccessful; fruitless

20

abrasive

rubbing away; tending to grind down

21

abridge

condense or shorten

22

abrogate

abolish

23

abscission

cutting off; separation

24

abscond

depart secretly and hide

25

absolute

complete; totally unlimited; having complete power; certain; not relative; Ex. absolute honesty/ruler; CF. absolutism

26

absolve

pardon (an offense)

27

abstain

refrain; withhold from participation; intentionally not use one's vote

28

abstemious

sparing in eating and drinking; temperate

29

abstinence

restraint from pleasant things, esp. eating or drinking; CF. abstention: act of abstaining from vote

30

abstract

theoretical; not concrete; nonrepresentational

31

abstruse

obscure; profound; difficult to understand

32

abusive

coarsely insulting; physically harmful

33

abut

border upon; adjoin

34

abysmal

bottomless

35

abyss

enormous chasm; vast bottomless pit

36

academic

related to a school; not practical or directly useful

37

accede

agree

38

accelerate

move faster

39

accessible

easy to approach; obtainable

40

accessory

additional object; useful but not essential thing

41

acclaim

applaud; praise; greet with great approval; announce with great approval; Ex. The new drung has been acclaimed as the most important discoveries for years; N: strong expression of approval and praise

42

acclimate

adjust to climate or environment; adapt

43

acclivity

sharp upslope of a hill; OP. declivity

44

accolade

award of merit; strong praise and approval

45

accommodate

oblige or help someone; adjust or bring into harmony; adapt; make enough space for; ADJ. accommodative; CF. accomodating: helpful and obliging

46

accomplice

partner in crime

47

accord

agreement

48

accost

approach and speak first to a person

49

accoutre

equip; N. accoutrement

50

accretion

growth or increase in size by gradual addition; growth; increase; increase by natural growth; Ex. towers and other accretions of the castle; V. accrete

51

accrue

come to one as a gain; accumulate over time; come about by addition; Ex. benefits that accrue from scientific research; Ex. interest accruing in a bank account; N. accrual

52

acerbity

bitterness of speech and temper; ADJ. acerbic: bitter; acrid (in taste, manner, or tone)

53

acetic

vinegary

54

acidulous

slightly sour (in taste or manner); sharp; caustic

55

acknowledge

recognize; admit

56

acme

peak; pinnacle; highest point

57

acoustics

science of sound; quality that makes a room easy or hard to hear in

58

acquiesce

assent; agree passively; comply without protest

59

acquittal

deliverance from a charge; V. acquit: free from a charge or accusation; discharge from a duty; conduct (oneself) in a specified manner

60

acrid

bitter (to the taste or smell); sharp; bitterly pungent

61

acrimonious

stinging; caustic; bitter in words or manner; N. acrimony: bitter ill-natured animosity in speech or behavior

62

acrophobia

fear of heights

63

actuarial

calculating; pertaining to insurance statistics

64

actuary

someone who advises insurance companies

65

actuate

motivate; activate; cause to act

66

acuity

sharpness (of mind or senses of sight or hearing)

67

acumen

mental keenness; sharpness of judgment; ability to judge quickly and well; Ex. business acumen

68

acute

(of the senses) sharp; quickly perceptive; keen; penetrating; brief and severe; Ex. acute sense of smell/analysis/pain

69

adage

wise saying; proverb

70

proverb

adage; someone or something well known for notoriety; ADJ. proverbial: of a proverb; widely known; ADV. proverbially

71

adamant

hard; inflexible

72

adapt

make or become suitable for a specific use; alter; modify; adjust; N. adaptation: act of adapting; composition recast into a new form; Ex. The play is an adaption of a short novel.

73

addendum

addition; appendix to book; something that is added (as at the end of a speech or book)

74

addiction

compulsive habitual need

75

addle

make or become confused; muddle; drive crazy; become rotten (egg)

76

address

direct a speech to; speak to; deal with or discuss; direct one's efforts or attention to; make with a destination; N: formal speech

77

adept

expert at; very skilled

78

adhere

stick fast; be a devotd follower; N. adhesion: adhering; devotion; loyality

79

adherent

supporter; follower

80

adjacent

adjoining; neighboring; close by

81

adjunct

something attached to but holding an inferior position

82

adjuration

solemn urging; V. adjure: entreat earnestly; enjoin solemnly

83

adjutant

staff officer assisting the commander; assistant

84

admonish

warn or speak to with gentle disapproval; reprove

85

adorn

decorate

86

adroit

skillful (in using mind or hand)

87

adulation

flattery; admiration that is more than is necessary or deserved

88

adulterate

make impure or of poorer quality by adding inferior or tainted(contaminated) substances

89

advent

arrival

90

adventitious

accidental; casual; happening by chance

91

adversary

opponent; enemy

92

adverse

going against; opposing; unfavorable; hostile

93

adversity

great hardship or affliction; misfortune; calamitous event

94

advert

refer

95

advocacy

support; active pleading on behalf of someone or something

96

advocate

speak in favor of; support (an idea or plan); urge; plead for

97

aegis

shield; protection; defense

98

aerie(aery,eyrie,eyry)

nest of a large bird of prey

99

aesthetic

artistic; dealing with or capable of appreciating the beautiful (of a person or building); CF. aesthete; CF. aesthetics

100

affable

easily approachable; easy to talk to; warmly friendly

101

affected

artificial; pretended

102

affidavit

written statement made under oath (for use as proof in a court of law)

103

affiliation

joining; associating with

104

affinity

feeling of kinship; similarity; Ex. strong affinity for her; Ex. many affinities between two languages

105

affirmation

positive assertion; confirmation; solemn pledge by one who refuses to take an oath; V. affirm; ADJ. affirmative; CF. affirmative action: positive discrimination

106

affliction

state of distress; trial; cause of distress or suffering; V. afflict: inflict grievous suffering on

107

affluence

abundance; wealth

108

affront

insult; offense; intentional act of disrespect; V: insult or hurt the feelings of intentionally

109

agape

openmouthed

110

agenda

items of business at a meeting

111

agglomeration

collection; heap; V. agglomerate: gather into a rounded mass; N. aggolmeate: jumbled mass; heap

112

aggrandize

make greater; increase in power, wealth, rank, or honor; N. aggrandizement

113

aggregate

sum; total; ADJ. V: gather into a mass or whole; accumulate; add up to; Ex. aggregate 100 dollars

114

aghast

filled with great surprise or fear; horrified

115

agility

nimbleness; ability to move quickly

116

agitate

stir up; disturb

117

agnostic

one who is skeptical of the existence or knowability of a god or any ultimate reality

118

agog

highly excited; intensely curious

119

agrarian

pertaining to land or its cultivation; Ex. agrarian reform

120

alacrity

cheerful promptness without reluctance

121

alchemy

medieval chemistry

122

alcove

nook; recess

123

alias

an assumed name esp. by a criminal (usually to mislead people); ADV. alias

124

alienate

make unfriendly or hostile; estrange; separate; change the ownership of

125

alimentary

supplying nourishment

126

alimony

payments made regularly to an ex-spouse after divorce

127

allay

calm; pacify

128

allege

state without proof

129

allegiance

loyalty

130

allegory

story, play, or picture in which characters are used as symbols; fable

131

alleviate

relieve (pain)

132

alliteration

repetition of beginning sound in poetry

133

allocate

assign; set apart for a particular purpose

134

alloy

mixture as of metals; something added that lowers in value or purity; V: mix; make less pure; lower in value or quality; spoil; CF. unalloyed: not in mixture with other maetals; pure; complete; unqualified; Ex. unalloyed happiness

135

allude

refer indirectly; N. allusion: indirect reference

136

allure

entice; attract; tempt

137

siren

apparatus for making sounds; womanlike creature

138

alluvial

pertaining to soil deposits left by running water

139

aloof

apart; not open in one's relationship with other people; reserved; ADV.

140

aloft

upward; high up in the air

141

altercation

noisy quarrel

142

altruistic

unselfishly generous; concerned for others; N. altiruism: unselfish concern for the welfare of others; unselfishness; OP. egoism

143

amalgamate

(of societies or groups) combine; unite in one body

144

amalgam

combination of different things; mixture of metals (containing mercury) used for filling holes in teeth

145

amass

collect (gradually, in a very large amount)

146

amazon

female warrior

147

ambidextrous

capable of using either hand with equal ease

148

ambience

environment; atmosphere; Ex. restraurant with a pleasant ambience; ADJ. ambient: completely surrounding; Ex. ambient temperature

149

ambiguous

unclear or doubtful in meaning; having more than one possible interpretation

150

ambivalence

the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes or opinions

151

amble

walking at an easy unhurried pace; V: walk slowly and aimlessly

152

ambrosia

food of the gods

153

nectar

drink of the gods; sweet liquid collected by bees

154

ambulatory

able to walk

155

ameliorate

improve

156

amenable

obedient; compliant; readily managed; responsive; willing to be led; answerable or accountable legally; responsible; able to be tested by; Ex. amenable to sensible suggestions; Ex. He is very amenable; Ex. amenable to the usual tests

157

amend

correct; change ; generally for the better

158

amenities

convenient features that helps to make life pleasant; social courtesies

159

amiable

agreeable; lovable; warmly friendly

160

amicable

peaceful; politely friendly; not quarrelsome; Ex. amicable settlement

161

amiss

wrong; faulty; Ex. something amiss; ADV.

162

amity

friendship; peaceful relationship as between nations

163

amnesia

loss of memory

164

amnesty

pardon (allowed by government to political criminals)

165

amoral

nonmoral; having no understanding of right and wrong

166

amorous

moved by sexual love; loving; of sexual love; Ex. amorous advances

167

amorphous

formless; lacking shape or definition

168

amphibian

able to live both on land and in water; N.

169

amphitheater

oval building with tiers of seats; CF. arena

170

ample

enough; abundant; spacious; large in size; Ex. ample opportunity/garden; N. amplitude: quality of being ample; abundance; largeness of space

171

amplify

increase in size or effect; expand; broaden or clarify by expanding; intensify; make stronger; Ex. amplify one's remarks with a graph

172

amputate

cut off part of body; prune (a limb)

173

amok(amuck)

in a state of rage; Ex. run amok

174

amulet

charm; talisman; an object worn believed to protect against evil, bad luck

175

anachronism

an error involving time in a story; something or someone misplaced in time; ADJ. anachronistic

176

analgesic

causing insensitivity to pain; N.

177

analgesia

condition of being unable to feel pain

178

analogous

comparable; similar

179

analogy

similarity; parallelism; comparing two similar things

180

anarchist

person who seeks to overturn the established government; advocate of abolishing authority

181

anarchy

absence of governing body; state of disorder

182

anathema

solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse; V. anathematize

183

ancestry

family descent; ADJ. ancestral

184

anchor

secure or fasten firmly; be fixed in place; N. anchorage

185

ancillary

serving as an aid or accessory; auxiliary; N.

186

anecdote

short story of an amusing or interesting event

187

anemia

condition in which blood lacks red corpuscles; ADJ. anemic

188

anesthetic

substance that removes sensation with or without loss of consciousness; N. anesthesia

189

anguish

acute pain; extreme suffering

190

angular

sharp-cornered; having an angle; not rounded (body); bony; lean; gaunt; stiff in manner

191

animadversion

critical remark; V. animadvert: comment critically with disapproval

192

animated

lively; spirited

193

animosity

active enmity

194

animus

hostile feeling or intent; animosity; hostility; disposition

195

annals

records arranged in yearly parts; history

196

anneal

reduce brittleness and improve toughness by heating and cooling (metal or glass)

197

annex

attach; add to a large thing; take possession of; incorporate (territory) into a larger existing political unit (by force); N: building added to a large one

198

annihilate

destroy

199

annotate

comment; make explanatory notes

200

annuity

yearly allowance

201

annul

make void

202

elope

run away secretly with the intention of getting married

203

anodyne

drug that relieves pain or trouble; opiate; ADJ. Ex. anodyne statement

204

anoint

consecrate; put oil on (in a religious ceremony)

205

anomalous

abnormal; irregular

206

anomaly

irregularity

207

anonymity

state of being nameless; anonymousness; ADJ. anonymous

208

antagonism

hostility; active opposition; V. antagonize: cause to become an enemy; N. antagonist: person who is opposed to another; opponent; adversary; principal character in oppostion to the protagonist

209

antecede

precede

210

antecedents

preceding events that influence what comes later; ancestors or early background

211

antediluvian

antiquated; extremely ancient

212

anthem

song of praise or patriotism; Ex. national anthem

213

anthology

book of literary selections by various authors; CF. omnibus

214

anthropoid

manlike; resembling a human being; N.

215

anthropologist

student of the history and science of humankind

216

anthropomorphic

having human form or characteristics

217

anticlimax

letdown in thought or emotion; something unexciting, ordinary, or disappointing coming after something important or exciting

218

antidote

remedy to counteract a poison or disease; Ex. antidote to the economic troubles

219

antipathy

aversion; dislike or opposition

220

antiquated

obsolete; old-fashioned; outdated

221

antiseptic

substance that prevents infection in a wound; ADJ.

222

antithesis

contrast; direct opposite of or to; ADJ. antithetic or antithetical

223

anvil

iron block used in hammering out metals

224

apathy

lack of caring; indifference; lack of concern or interest in important matters; Ex. He was sunk in apathy after his failure; ADJ. apathetic

225

ape

imitate or mimic (a person's behavior or manner)

226

aperture

opening; hole; adjustable opening in a camera that limits the amount of light

227

apex

tip; summit; climax; highest point

228

aphasia

loss of speech due to injury or illness

229

aphorism

pithy maxim or saying; ADJ. aphoristic

230

apiary

a place where bees are kept

231

hive

box for bees; V: cause to go in a hive

232

apiculture

bee-keeping

233

apiarist

person who keeps bees

234

aplomb

poise; composure in difficult situations; assurance; self-confidence

235

poise

good judgment with composure; balance; V: place in a carefully balanced position

236

apocalyptic

prophetic; pertaining to revelations especially of disaster; N. apocalypse

237

apocryphal

(of a story) widely believed but untrue

238

apogee

highest point; the point farthest from the earth; OP. perigee

239

apolitical

having an aversion or lack of concern for political affairs

240

apologist

one who writes in defense of a cause or institution; N. apologia

241

apoplexy

stroke; loss of consciousness caused by too much blood in the brain

242

apostate

one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs; N. apostasy

243

apothecary

druggist; pharmacist

244

apothegm(apophthegm)

pithy, compact saying

245

apotheosis

elevation to godhood; an ideal example of something

246

appall

dismay; shock deeply

247

apparition

ghost; phantom

248

appease

pacify or soothe; Ex. appease a crying baby; N. appeasement

249

appellation

name; title

250

append

attach

251

application

diligent attention; diligence; V. apply oneself

252

apposite

appropriate; fitting

253

appraise

estimate value of; N. appraisal

254

appreciate

be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious of; ADJ. appreciable: enough to be felt; Ex. appreciable difference

255

apprehend

arrest (a criminal); dread; perceive; N. apprehension

256

apprehensive

fearful; discerning

257

apprise

inform

258

approbation

approval

259

appropriate

acquire; take possession of for one's own use without permission; set aside for a particular purpose; allocate; CF. misappropriate

260

appurtenances

subordinate possessions; something added to a more important thing

261

apropos

with reference to; regarding; Ex. remarks apropos (of) the present situation; ADJ. ADV.

262

aptitude

fitness; talent

263

aquiline

curved; hooked; of or like an eagle; Ex. aquiline nose

264

arable

fit for growing crops; Ex. arable land

265

arbiter

person with power to decide a matter in dispute; judge who is in a position ot make influential judgments; Ex. supreme arbiter of fashion in beachware

266

arbitrary

unreasonable or capricious; random; tyrannical; Ex. arbitrary ruler

267

arbitrate

act as judge (at the request of both sides)

268

arboretum

place where different trees and shrubs are studied and exhibited

269

arboreal

of or living in trees

270

arcade

a covered passageway usually lined with shops

271

arcane

esoteric; secret; mysterious; known only to the initiated; Ex. arcane ritual; Ex. arcane process closed to the uninitiated listener

272

archaeology

study of artifacts and relics of early mankind

273

archaic

antiquated; no longer used; belonging to the past; N.

274

archetype

prototype; primitive pattern

275

arch-

chief; first; Ex. archbishop

276

archipelago

group of closely located islands

277

archives

public records; place where public records are kept

278

ardor

heat; passion; zeal; ADJ. ardent

279

arduous

hard; strenuous; Ex. arduous work

280

argot

slang; speech spoken by only a small group of people

281

aria

operatic solo; a song sung by one person in an opera or oratorio

282

arid

(of land) dry; barren; unproductive

283

aristocracy

hereditary nobility; privileged class; government by nobility; N. aristocrat

284

armada

fleet of warships

285

aromatic

fragrant; having a sweet smell; N. aroma: strong pleasant smell

286

arraign

charge in court; indict

287

array

marshal; draw up in order; arrange in order; clothe splendidly; adorn; N: fine clothes; ordered group; Ex. in battle array

288

arrears

being in debt; money that should have been paid; work that should have been done

289

arrhythmic

lacking rhythm or regularity; N. arrhythmia

290

arrogance

pride; haughtiness; ADJ. arrogant: unpleasantly self-important (with a strong confidence in one's own importance and a lack of respect for other people)

291

arroyo

gully; narrow channel formed by rainwater

292

artery

blood-vessel; CF. vein

293

articulate

effective; distinct; expressing ideas clearly; having clear sounds; having joints; Ex. articulate speech; V: express thoughts and feeling clearly; pronounce clearly; unite by joints

294

arsenal

storage place for military equipment

295

artifacts

object made by human beings, either hand-made or mass-produced

296

artifice

deception; trickery

297

artisan

a manually skilled worker

298

artless

without guile; open and honest

299

ascendancy

controlling influence; position of controlling influence; CF. in the ascendant

300

ascertain

find out for certain; make certain

301

ascetic

practicing self-denial; avoiding physical pleasures and comforts; austere; Ex. ascetic life of Buddhist monks; N. asceticism

302

ascribe

refer; attribute; assign

303

aseptic

preventing infection; having a cleansing effect

304

ashen

ash-colored; deadly pale

305

asinine

stupid; Ex. asinine remarks

306

askance

with a sideways or indirect look (with disapproval or distruct); Ex. look askance at

307

askew

crookedly; slanted; at an angle

308

asperity

sharpness; roughness; severity (of temper or weather); Ex. asperities of a Russian winter

309

aspersion

slanderous remark; Ex. cast aspersions on

310

aspirant

seeker after position or status

311

aspire

seek to attain (position or status); long for; Ex. aspire to become president; Ex. aspire to/after the leadership

312

assail

assault

313

assay

analyze (to discover what materials are present); evaluate (soil or ore)

314

assent

agree; accept; N. assessment

315

assert

state strongly or positively; demand recognition of (rights, claims, etc.); make a claim to (by forceful action); Ex. assert one's independence

316

assiduous

diligent

317

assimilate

absorb; take (food) into the body and digest it; understand (knowledge) completely and be able to use properly; cause to become homogeneous (the people of a country or race in the wasy of behaving or thinking)

318

assuage

mak less severe; ease or lessen (pain); satisfy (hunger); soothe (anger)

319

assumption

something taken for granted; the taking over or taking possession of; Ex. her assumption of power; V. assume

320

regent

a person who governs in place of a ruler who is ill, absent, or still a child; ADJ. Ex. the Prince regent

321

assurance

firm statement that something is certainly true; promise or pledge; certainty; confidence in one's own ability; self-confidence; Ex. In spite of all his assurances, he did not come back; Ex. assurance of his loyalty; Ex. The teacher lacked assurance in fron of his class; V. assure; tell firmly with confidence; ensure; make (something) certain to heappen; make (someone) feel sure; give confidence to; ADJ. assured: self-assured; confident in one's own ability; showing certainty

322

asteroid

small planet

323

astigmatism

eye defect which prevents proper focus; OP. stigmatism

324

astral

relating to the stars

325

astringent

binding; causing contraction (stopping bleeding); harsh or severe; stringent; Ex. astringent criticism

326

astronomical

enormously large or extensive

327

astute

wise; shrewd; keen; seeing quickly something that is to one's advantage

328

asunder

into parts; apart; V. sunder

329

asylum

place of refuge or shelter; protection (religious or political)

330

asymmetric

not identical on both sides of a dividing central line

331

atavism

resemblance to remote ancestors rather than to parents; reversion to an earlier type; throwback; ADJ. atavistic

332

atheistic

denying the existence of God; N. atheism

333

atone

make amends for; pay for; Ex. atone for

334

atrocity

brutal deed; ADJ. atrocious

335

atrophy

wasting away; V: weaken and lose flesh and muscle (through lack of blood or lack of use)

336

attentive

alert and watchful; listening carefully; paying attention; considerate; thoughtful; politely helpful; Ex. attentive audience; Ex. He was attentive to the old lady; N. attentions: act of courtesy and consideration

337

attenuate

make thin; weaken

338

attest

testify; bear witness

339

attribute

essential quality; V: ascribe; explain

340

attrition

rubbing away by friction; gradual decrease in numbers or strength; reduction in the work force without firing employees; wearing away of opposition by means of harassment; Ex. a war of attrition

341

atypical

not normal; not typical

342

audacious

daring; bold; N. audacity

343

audit

examination of accounts of a business; official examination; V.

344

augment

increase; add to

345

augury

omen; prophecy; sign of coming events; V. augur: predict; foretell; be a sign of (something in future)

346

august

impressive; majestic

347

aureole

sun's corona; halo; bright circle of light

348

auroral

pertaining to the aurora borealis; CF. aurora australis

349

auspicious

favoring success; giving signs of future success; Cf. auspices

350

austere

forbiddingly stern; ascetic; without comfort or enjoyment; severely simple and unornamented; Ex. a monk's austere life; Ex. austere grandeur of the cathedral; N. austerity

351

authenticate

prove genuine

352

authoritarian

subordinating the individual to the state; completely dominating another's will; Ex. authoritarian regime/father

353

authoritative

having the weight of authority; regarded as providing knowledge that can be trusted; reliable; peremptory and dictatorial; Ex. authoritative dictionary/manner; CF. definitive

354

autocratic

having absolute unchecked power; dictatorial; N. autocrat, autocracy

355

automaton

mechanism that imitates actions of humans; machine that works by itself

356

autonomous

self-governing; N. autonomy

357

autopsy

examination of a dead body; postmortem; V.

358

auxiliary

offering or providing help; additional or subsidiary; N: helper; assistant

359

avalanche

great mass of falling snow and ice

360

avarice

greediness for wealth

361

avenge

take vengence for something or on behalf of someone; Ex. They avenged his death by burning the village; Ex. He swore to avenge his brother; Ex. They avenged themselves on their enemy.

362

aver

state confidently; declare as true

363

averse

reluctant; disinclined; not liking or opposed; Ex. averse to cats/doing the house work

364

aversion

firm dislike

365

avert

prevent; avoid; turn away (eyes or thought); Ex. An accident was averted by his quick thinking; Ex. She averted her eyes from the terrible sight.

366

aviary

enclosure for birds; large cage

367

avid

greedy; extremely eager for; Ex. avid learner; N. avidity

368

avocation

secondary or minor occupation

369

avow

declare openly; N. avowal

370

avuncular

of or like an uncle

371

awe

solemn wonder; feeling of respect mixed with wonder and fear; V: fill with awe; ADJ. awesome

372

awful

terrible; very bad

373

awl

pointed tool used for piercing

374

awry

distorted; crooked; bent; Ex. Our plans have gone awry.

375

axiom

self-evident truth requiring no proof

376

azure

sky blue

377

babble

chatter idly or foolishly; make continuous sounds like water running gently over rounded stone; N.

378

bacchanalian

drunken

379

bacchanal

noisy party with a lot of drinking

380

Bacchanalia

the ancient Roman festival in honor of Bacchus

381

badger

pester; annoy continually with demands; persuade by asking again and again; Ex. The children badgered me into taking them into the cinema; N: a kind of mountain animal

382

badinage

teasing conversation; banter; joking talk

383

baffle

frustrate; perplex

384

bait

harass; tease; torment; Ex. badger baiting; N: food or other lure used to catch fish or trap animals

385

baleful

evil; malignant in intent or effect; deadly; having a malign influence; portending evil; ominous; threatening; Ex. baleful look

386

balk

stop short, as if faced with an obstacle, and refuse to continue; foil; stop or get in the way of; frustrate

387

ballast

heavy substance used to add stability or weight; V. supply with ballast

388

balm

something that relieves pain; oily liquid with a pleasant smell from trees

389

pang

sudden sharp feeling of pain

390

balmy

soft and mild (of air); fragrant

391

banal

hackneyed; commonplace; trite; lacking originality; clich\'ed

392

bandy

discuss lightly or glibly; discuss in a frivolous manner; exchange (words) heatedly; quarrel; Ex. bandy words with

393

bane

posion; cause of ruin; ADJ. baneful: harmful; poisonous

394

bantering

joking talk; good-naturedly ridiculing; N.V. banter

395

barb

sharp projection from fishhook, arrow, or other object; openly cutting remark

396

bard

poet

397

barefaced

shameless and noticeable; blatant; bold; unconcealed; having no covering on the face; Ex. barefaced lie

398

unregenerate

making no attempt to change one's bad practices

399

baroque

highly ornate

400

barrage

barrier laid down by artillery fire; overwhelming profusion; large number of questions or statements; Ex. a barrage of criticism

401

barrister

counselor-at-law or lawyer in the higher court of law; CF. bar

402

solicitor

lawyer in the lower court of law

403

barterer

trader; V. barter: trade; exchange good for other goods rather than money

404

bask

luxuriate; take pleasure in warmth

405

luxuriate

take pleasure in great comfort

406

bastion

stronghold; something seen as a source of protection; Ex. the last bastion of male chauvinism

407

bate

let down; lessen the force of; moderate; restrain; Ex. with bated breath; CF. abate

408

bauble

trinket; cheap jewel; trifle

409

bawdy

indecent; obscene; about sex in a rude funny way; CF. bawd

410

beatific

giving or showing bliss; blissful

411

bliss

complete happiness; ADJ. blissful

412

beatitude

blessedness; state of great happiness

413

mystic

of hidden meaning and spiritual power; Ex. mystic ceremonies; N. CF. mysticism

414

bedizen

dress with vulgar finery

415

finery

beautiful clothes for a special occasion

416

bedraggle

wet thoroughly; ADJ. bedraggled: draggled

417

beeline

direct quick route

418

befuddle

confuse thoroughly

419

fuddle

make stupid or confused as with alcholic drink; N. in a fuddle: confused

420

beget

father; become the father of; produce; give rise to

421

begrudge

envy; give or allow unwillingly; grudge; Ex. We shouldn't begrudge him his success.

422

grudge

deep feeling of dislike; Ex. grudge fight; V.

423

beguile

deceive; mislead or delude; cheat; pass time pleasantly; charm or attract; Ex. beguiling smile

424

behemoth

huge creature; something of monstrous size or power

425

beholden

obligated; indebted; owing thanks; obliged or indebted from gratitude

426

behoove(behove)

be suited to; be incumbent upon; be right and necessary; Ex. It behooves one to do.

427

belabor

harp on; dwell on tediously; explain or go over excessively or to a ridiculous degree; assail verbally; beat severely; attack physically

428

belated

delayed

429

beleaguer

besiege or attack (with an army); harass; beset

430

belie

contradict; give a false impression; disguise; Ex. The poor sales belied our high hopes; Ex. Her smile belies her true feeling of displeasure.

431

belittle

disparage; depreciate

432

bellicose

warlike

433

belligerent

quarrelsome

434

bemoan

lament; moan for; express sorrow or disapproval of

435

bemused

confused; lost in thought; preoccupied

436

benediction

blessing

437

benefactor

gift giver; patron; person who does good or who gives money for a good purpose

438

beneficent

kindly; doing good

439

beneficial

helpful; useful; advantageous

440

beneficiary

person entitled to benefits or proceeds of an insurance policy or will

441

benefit

advantage; anything that brings helpl, advantage, or profit; money provided by the government to the people; fund-raising public entertainment; Ex. unemployment benefit; V: receive benefits; be beneficial to; give benefits

442

benevolent

generous; charitable; having a wish to do good

443

benign

kindly; favorable; not malignant (disease); Ex. benign tumor

444

benison

blessing

445

bent

determined; Ex. bent on advancing in the business; N: natural talent or inclination

446

bequeath

leave to someone by means of a will; hand down in his will; N. bequest

447

berate

scold strongly

448

bereavement

state of being deprived of something valuable or beloved; state of being bereaved or bereft

449

bereaved

deprived of (someone beloved through death)

450

bereft

deprived of (something valuable); lacking

451

berserk

mad with violent anger; frenzied; madly excited

452

beseech

beg; plead with

453

beset

harass or trouble from all directions; hem in

454

hem

surround tightly so that movement is impossible; Ex. hem in; N.

455

besiege

surround with armed forces; harass (with requests); annoy continually

456

besmirch

soil; defile; make dirty

457

bestial

beastlike; brutal; inhuman; very cruel

458

bestow

confer

459

betoken

signify; indicate; be a sign of

460

token

outward sign; Ex. a token of our gratitude

461

betray

be unfaithful; reveal (unconsciously or unwillingly); Ex. Her trembling hands betray her anxiety.

462

betroth

become engaged to marry

463

bevy

large group; Ex. a bevy of starlets

464

bicameral

two-chambered as a legislative body

465

bicker

quarrel

466

biennial

every two years

467

bifurcated

divided into two branches; forked

468

bigotry

stubborn intolerance

469

bigot

one who is intolerant (in matters of religion or politics)

470

intolerant

not willing to accept ways of thinking different from one's own; CF. tolerant; CF. tolerate

471

bilious

suffering from indigestion; sick from having too much bile; irritable; easily irritated

472

bilk

swindle; cheat

473

billowing

swelling out in waves; surging

474

billow

large wave of water; a great swell or surge (of smoke); V: surge, swell, roll in billows

475

swell

long wave of water that moves continuously without breaking; V.

476

surge

powerful movement of or like a wave; V.

477

bivouac

temporary encampment; camp without tents; V.

478

bizarre

fantastic; violently contrasting; noticeably odd; strikingly unconventional

479

blanch

bleach; whiten; make white or pale

480

bland

soothing or mild (food); agreeable; causing no trouble or offence

481

blandishment

flattery

482

blare

loud or harsh roar or screech; dazzling blaze of light

483

screech

unpleasant high sharp sound; shriek; V.

484

dazzle

make blind with a sudden intense light; amaze; fill with wonder

485

blasé

bored with pleasure or dissipation; uninterested or bored

486

blasphemy

irreverence; sacrilege; cursing; bad language about God or holy things; V. blasphem; ADJ. blasphemous; CF. sacrilege

487

blatant

extremely (offensively) obvious; loudly offensive; Ex. blatant lie; N. blatancy

488

bleak

cold or cheerless; frigid; unlikely to be favorable; depressing

489

blighted

suffering from a disease; destroyed

490

blight

plant disease; V: infect with blight; ruin; destroy

491

blithe(blithesome)

gay; joyous

492

bloated

(unpleasantly) swollen or puffed as with water or air

493

blowhard

talkative boaster; braggart

494

bludgeon

club; heavy-headed weapon; V.

495

bluff

pretense (of strength); deception; high cliff; ADJ: rough but good-natured

496

blunder

error; stupid mistake

497

blurt

utter impulsively from nervousness or excitement

498

bluster

blow in heavy gusts; threaten emptily; bully; speak in a noisy or bullying manner; CF. breeze, gust, gale

499

bully

one who is habitually cruel to weaker people; V.

500

bode

foreshadow; portend