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GRE Vocab > Kaplan > Flashcards

Flashcards in Kaplan Deck (500):
1

Abase

to humble; disgrace

2

Abate

to reduce in amount, degree, or severity

3

Abdicate

to give up a position, right, or power

4

Aberrant

deviating from what is normal or expected

5

Abeyance

temporary suppression or supension

6

Abjure

to reject; abandon formally

7

Abscond

to leave secretly

8

Abstain

to chose not to do something

9

Abstemious

moderate in appetite

10

Abyss

an extreely deep hole

11

Accretion

a growth in size; increase in amount

12

Acidulous

sour in taste or manner

13

Acme

highest point; summit; the highest level or degree attainable

14

Adulterate

to make impure

15

Advocate

to speak in favor of

16

Aerie

a nest built high in the air; an elevated, often secluded, dwelling

17

Aesthetic

concerning the appreciation of beauty

18

Affected

phony; artificial

19

Aggrandize

to increase in power, influence, and reputation

20

Alacrity

cheerful readiness, promptness or willingness (speed)

21

Alleviate

to make more bearable

22

Amalgamate

to combine; to mix together

23

Ambiguous

doubtful or uncertain; can be interpreted several ways

24

Ameliorate

to make better; to improve

25

Amortize

to diminish by installment payments

26

Amulet

ornament worn as a charm against evil spirits

27

Anachronism

something out of place in time

28

Analgesia

a lessening of pain without loss of consciousness

29

Analogous

similar or alike insome way; equivalent to

30

Anodyne

something that calms or soothes pain

31

Anomaly

deviation from what is normal

32

Antagonize

to annoy or provoke to anger

33

Antipathy

extreme dislike

34

Apathy

lack of interest or emotion

35

Apocryphal

of questionable authority or authenticity

36

Apostate

one who renounces a religious faith

37

Approbation

approval and praise

38

Arbitrary

determined by chance or impulse

39

Arbitrate

to judge a dispute between two opposing parties

40

Archaic

ancient; old-fashioned

41

Ardor

intense and passionate feeling

42

Arrogate

to claim without justification; to claim for oneself without right

43

Articulate

able to speak clearly and expressively

44

Assail

to attack; assault

45

Assuage

to make something unpleasant less severe

46

Attenuate

to reduce in force or degree; weaken

47

Audacious

fearless and daring

48

Augury

prophecy; prediction of events

49

August

dignified; grandiose

50

Austere

severe or stern in appearance; undecorated

51

Axiom

premise; postulate; self-evident truth

52

Banal

predictable; cliched; boring

53

Belfry

bell tower; room in which a bell in hung

54

Bevy

group

55

Bifurcate

to divide into two parts

56

Bilk

to cheat; defraud

57

Blight

to afflict; destroy

58

Blithe

joyful; cheerful; or without appropriate thought

59

Bolster

to support; prop up

60

Bombastic

pompous in speech and manner

61

Bonhomie

good-natured geniality; atmosphere of good cheer

62

Boor

crude person, one lacking manners or taste

63

Burgeon

to grow and flourish

64

Burnish

to polish

65

Cabal

a secret group seeking to overturn something

66

Cacophony

harsh, jarring noise

67

Calumny

a false and malicious accusation; misrepresentation

68

Canard

a lie

69

Candid

impartial and honest in speech

70

Capricious

changing one's mind quickly and often

71

Cartography

science or art of making maps

72

Castigate

to punish or criticize harshly

73

Catalyst

something that brings about a change in something else

74

Catholic

universal broad and comprehensive

75

Caustic

biting in wit

76

Chaos

great disorder or confused situation

77

Chauvinist

someone prejudiced in favor of a group to which he or she belongs

78

Chicanery

deception by means of craft or guile

79

Circumspect

cautious; aware of potential consequences

80

Cloying

sickly sweet; excessive

81

Coalesce

to grow together to form a single whole

82

Coffer

strongbox; large chest for money

83

Cogent

convincing and well-reasoned

84

Collusion

collaboration; complicity; conspiracy

85

Condone

to overlook, pardon, or disregard

86

Connoisseur

a person with expert knowledge or discriminating tastes

87

Contrite

deeply sorrowful and repentatnt for a wrong

88

Contumacious

rebellious

89

Convoluted

intricate and complicated

90

Corroborate

to support with evidence

91

Cosset

to pamper; treat with great care

92

Coterie

an intimate group of persons with a similar purpose

93

Craven

lacking courage

94

Credulous

too trusting; gullible

95

Crescendo

steadily increasing in volume or force

96

Cupidity

greed; strong desire

97

Curmudgeon

cranky person, usually old

98

Debutante

young woman making debut in high society

99

Declivity

downward slope

100

Decorous

proper; tasteful; socially correct

101

Decorum

appropriateness of behavior or conduct; propriety

102

Deface

to mar the appearance of; vandalize

103

Deference

respect; courtesy

104

Deleterious

subtly or unexpectedly harmful

105

Demagogue

a leader or rabble-rouser, usually appealing to emotion or prejudice

106

Demur

to express doubts or objections

107

Deride

to speak of or treat with contempt; to mock

108

Desiccate

to dry out thoroughly

109

Desultory

jumping from one thing to another; disconnected

110

Diaphanous

allowing light to show through; delicate

111

Diatribe

an abusive, condemnatory speech

112

Dictum

authoritative statement

113

Diffident

lacking self-confidence

114

Dilate

to make larger; expand

115

Dilatory

intended to delay

116

Dilettante

someone with an amateurish and superficial interest in a topic

117

Dirge

a funeral hymn or mournful speech

118

Disabuse

to set right; free from error

119

Discern

to perceive or recognize

120

Disparate

fundamentally different; entirely unlike

121

Dissemble

to present a false appearance; to disguise one's real intentions or character

122

Dissonance

a harsh and disagreeable combination, especially of sounds

123

Distaff

the female branch of a family

124

Distend

to swell, inflate, or bloat

125

Dither

to act confusedly or without clear purpose

126

Diurnal

existing during the day

127

Divine

to foretell or know by inspiration

128

Doctrinaire

rigidly devoted to theories without regard for practicality; dogmatic

129

Dogma

a firmly held opinion, especially a religious belief

130

Dogmatic

dictatorial in one's opinions

131

Droll

amusing in a wry, subtle way

132

Dupe

to deceive; a person who is easily deceived

133

Dyspeptic

suffering from indigestion; gloomy and irritable

134

Ebullient

exhilarated; full of enthusiam and high spirits

135

Eclectic

selecting from or made up from a variety of soures

136

Edify

to instruct morally and spiritually

137

Efficacy

effectiveness

138

Effigy

stuffed doll; likeness of a person

139

Effrontery

impudent boldness; audacity

140

Elegy

a sorrowful poem or speech

141

Eloquent

persuassive and moving, espcially in speech

142

Embellish

to add ornamental or fictitious details

143

Emulate

to copy; to try to equal or excel

144

Encomium

warm praise

145

Endemic

belinging to a particular area; inherent

146

Enervate

to reduce in strength

147

Engender

to produce, cause, or bring about

148

Enigma

a puzzle; a mystery

149

Enumerate

to count, list, or itemize

150

Ephemeral

lasting a short time

151

Epicure

person with refined taste in food and wine

152

Equivocate

to use expressions of double meaning in order to mislead

153

Erratic

wandering and unpredictable

154

Ersatz

fake

155

Erudite

learned; scholarly; bookish

156

Eschew

to shun; to avoid (as something wrong or distasteful)

157

Esoteric

known or understood only by a few

158

Estimable

admirable

159

Ethos

beliefs or character of a group

160

Eulogy

speech in praise of someone

161

Euphemism

use of an inoffensive word or phrase in place of a more distasteful one

162

Euphony

pleasant, harmonious sound

163

Exacerbate

to make worse

164

Exculpate

to clear from blame; prove innocent

165

Exigent

urgent; requiring immediate action

166

Exonerate

to clear of blame

167

Explicit

clearly stated or shown; forthright in expression

168

Exponent

one who champions or advocates

169

Exprugate

to censor

170

Fallow

dormant; unused

171

Fanatical

acting excessively enthusiastic; filled with extreme, unquestioned devotion

172

Fatuous

stupid; foolishly self-satisfied

173

Fawn

to grovel

174

Fecund

fertile; fruitful; productive

175

Fervid

intensely emotional; feverish

176

Fetid

foul-smelling; putrid

177

Flag

to decline in vigor; strength; or interest

178

Florid

red/flushed complexion; excessively complicated

179

Foment

to arouse or incite; instigate

180

Ford

to cross a body of water by wading

181

Forestall

to prevent or delay; anticipate

182

Fortuitous

happening by chance; fortunate

183

Fractious

unruly; rebellious

184

Frenetic

frantic; frenzied

185

Frugality

tending to be thrifty or cheap

186

Furtive

secret; stealthy

187

Gambol

to dance or skip around playfully

188

Garner

to gather and store

189

Garrulous

tending to talk a lot

190

Gestation

growth process from conception to birth

191

Glib

fluent in an insincere manner; offhand; casual

192

Glower

to glare or stare angrily and intensely

193

Gradation

process occurring by regular degrees or stages; variation in color

194

Gregarious

outgoing; sociable

195

Grievous

causing grief or sorrow; serious and distressing

196

Grovel

to humble oneself in a demeaning way

197

Guile

deceit; trickery

198

Gullible

easily deceived

199

Hapless

unfortunate; having bad luck

200

Hegemony

the domination of one state or group over its allies

201

Hermetic

tightly sealed

202

Heterogeneous

composed of unlike parts; different; diverse

203

Hoary

very old; whitish or gray from age

204

Homogeneous

of a similar kind

205

Husband

to manage economically; to use sparingly

206

Hyperbole

purposeful exaggeration for effect

207

Iconoclast

one who opposes established beliefs, customs, and institutions

208

Idiosyncrasy

peculiarity of temperament; eccentricity

209

Ignoble

having low moral standards; not noble in character; mean

210

Imbue

to infuse, dye, wet, or moisten

211

Impasse

blocked path; dilemma with no solution

212

Impecunious

poor; having no money

213

Imperturbable

not capable of being disturbed

214

Impervious

impossible to penetrate; incapable of being affected

215

Impetuous

quick to act without thinking

216

Impious

not devout in religion

217

Implacable

unable to be calmed down or made peaceful

218

Imprecation

a curse

219

Impugn

to call into question; to attack verbally

220

Incarnadine

blood-red in color

221

Inchoate

no fully formed; disorganized

222

Inculcate

to teach; impress in the mind

223

Indolent

habitually lazy or idle

224

Inexorable

inflexible; unyielding

225

Ingenuous

showing innocence or childlike simplicity

226

Ingrate

ungrateful person

227

Ingratiate

to gain favor with another by deliberate effort; to seek to please somebody so as to gain an advantage

228

Inimical

hostile; unfriendly

229

Iniquity

sin; evil act

230

Innocuous

harmless

231

Inquest

an investigatin; an inquiry

232

Insipid

lacking interest or flavor

233

Insurrection

rebellion

234

Inter

to bury

235

Interregnum

period between reigns

236

Intractable

not easily managed or manipulated

237

Intransigent

uncompromising; refusing to be reconciled

238

Latent

potential that is not readily apparent

239

Laud

to giv praise; to glorify

240

Lavish

extremely generous or extravagant; giving unsparingly

241

Leery

suspicious

242

Languid

lacking energy; indifferent

243

Lapidary

relating to precious stones or the art of cutting them

244

Larceny

theft of property

245

Largess

generous giving (as of money) to others who may seem inferior

246

Lassitude

a state of diminished energy

247

Legerdemain

trickery

248

Lethargic

acting in an indifferent or slow, sluggish manner

249

Levity

an inappropriate lack of seriousness; overly casual

250

Liberal

tolerant or broad-minded; generous or lavish

251

Libertine

a free thinker, usually used disparagingly; one without moral restraint

252

Intrepid

fearless; resolutely courageous

253

Inundate

to overwhelm; to cover with water

254

Inure

to harden; accustom; become used to

255

Invective

abusive language

256

Investiture

ceremony conferring authority

257

Invidious

envious, obnoxious, or offensive, likely to promote ill-will

258

Irascible

easily made angry

259

Itinerant

wandering from place to place; unsettled

260

Jargon

nonsensical talk; specialized language

261

Jettison

to discard; to get rid of as unnecessary or encumbering

262

Jingoism

belligerent support of one's country

263

Jocular

playful; humorous

264

Judicious

sensible; showing good judgement

265

Juncture

point of time, especially where two things are joined

266

Keen

having a sharp edge; intellectually sharp; perceptive

267

Kindle

to set fire to or ignite; excite or inspire

268

Kinetic

relating to motion; characterized by movement

269

Knell

sound of a funeral bell; omen of death or failure

270

Kudos

fame, glory, or honor

271

Lachrymose

tearful

272

Laconic

using few words

273

Lament

to express sorrow; to grieve

274

Lampoon

to ridicule with satire

275

Licentious

immoral; unrestrained by society

276

Limpid

clear; transparent

277

Lionize

to treat as a celebrity

278

Lissome

easily flexed; limber; agile

279

Listless

lacking energy and enthusiasm

280

Livid

discolored from a bruise; pale; reddened with anger

281

Loquacious

talkative

282

Lucid

clear and esily understood

283

Lugubrious

sorrowful; mournful; dismal

284

Lumber

to move slowly and awkwardly

285

Luminous

btight; brilliant; glowing

286

Machination

plot or scheme

287

Maelstrom

whirlpool; turmoil; agitated state of mind

288

Magnate

powerful or influential person

289

Malediction

a curse; a wish of evil upon another

290

Malinger

to evade responibilty by pretending to be ill

291

Malleable

capable of being shaped

292

Mannered

artifical or stilted in character

293

Mar

to damage or deface; spoil

294

Martinet

strict discipliarian; one who rigidly follows rules

295

Maudlin

overly sentimental

296

Mendacious

dishonest

297

Mendicant

beggar

298

Mercurial

quick, shrewd, and unpredictable

299

Meretricious

gaudy; falsely attractive

300

Metaphor

figure of speech comparing two different things

301

Meticulous

extremely careful; fastidious; painstaking

302

Militate

to operate against; work against

303

Mirth

frivolity; gaiety; laughter

304

Misanthrope

a person who dislikes others

305

Missive

a written note or letter

306

Mitigate

to soften; to lessen

307

Mollify

to calm or make less severe

308

Molt

to shed hair, skin, or an outer layer periodically

309

Monastic

extremly plain or secluded, as in a monastery

310

Monotony

no variaion; tedioulsly the same

311

Mores

fixed customs or manners; moral attitudes

312

Multifarious

diverse

313

Myopic

lacking foresight; having a narrow view or long-range perspective

314

Nadir

lowest point

315

Naive

lacking sophistication or experience

316

Nascent

starting to develop; coming into existence

317

Neologism

new word or expression

318

Neophyte

novice; beginner

319

Nettle

to irritate

320

Noisome

stinking; putrid

321

Nominal

existing in name only; negligble

322

Nuance

a subltle expression of meaning or quality

323

Numismatics

coin collecting

324

Obdurate

hardening in feeling; resistant to persuasion

325

Oblique

indirect or evasive; misleading or devious

326

Obsequious

overly submissive and eager to please

327

Obstinate

stubborn; unyielding

328

Obviate

to prevent; to make unnecessary

329

Occlude

to stop up; prevent the passage of

330

Officious

too helpful; meddlesome

331

Onerous

troublesome and oppresive; burdensome

332

Opaque

impossible to see through; preventing the passage of light

333

Opine

to express an opinion

334

Opprobrium

public disgrace

335

Orotund

pompous

336

Ossify

to change in to bone; to become hardened or set in a rigidly conventional pattern

337

Ostensible

apparent

338

Ostentation

excessive showiness

339

Overwrought

agitated; overdone

340

Palatial

relating to a palace; magnificent

341

Palliate

to make less serious; ease

342

Pallid

lacking color or liveliness

343

Panache

flamboyance or dash in style and action; verve

344

Panegyric

elaborate praise; formal hymn of praise

345

Panoply

impressive array

346

Paradox

a contradiction or dilemma

347

Paragon

model of excellence or perfection

348

Pare

to trim off excess; reduce

349

Pariah

an outcast

350

Parley

discussion, usually between enemies

351

Parry

to ward off or deflect, especially by a quickwitted answer

352

Pastiche

piece of literature or music imitating other works

353

Pathogenic

causing disease

354

Peccadillo

minor sin or offense

355

Pedant

someone who shows off learning

356

Pejorative

having bad connotations; disparaging

357

Penury

an oppressive lack of resources (as money); severe poverty

358

Peregrinate

to wander fro place to place; to travel; especially on foot

359

Perfidious

willing to betray one's trust

360

Perfunctory

done in a routine way; indifferent

361

Peripatetic

wandering from place to place, especially on foot

362

Permeate

to penetrate

363

Perspicacious

shrewd, astute, or keen-witted

364

Pervade

to be present throughout; to permeate

365

Phalanx

a compact or close-knit body of people, animals, or things

366

Philanthropy

charity; a desire or effort to promote goodness

367

Philistine

a person who is guided by materialism and is disdainful of intellectual or artistic values

368

Phlegmatic

calm and unemotional in temperament

369

Pithy

profound or substantial yet concise, succinct and to the point

370

Placate

to soothe or pacify

371

Plastic

able to be molded, altered, or bent

372

Plebeian

crude or coarse; characteristic of commoners

373

Plethora

excess

374

Plucky

courageous; spunky

375

Polemic

controversy; argument; verbal attack

376

Politic

shrewd and practical in managing or dealing with things; diplomatic

377

Polyglot

a speaker of many languages

378

Posit

to assume as real or conceded; propose as an explanation

379

Potentate

a monarch or ruler with great power

380

Pragmatic

practical, as opposed to idealistic

381

Prattle

meaningless, foolish talk

382

Precipitate

to throw violently or bring about abruplty; lacking deliberation

383

Precis

short summary of facts

384

Prescient

having foresight

385

Prevaricate

to lie or deviate from the truth

386

Pristine

fresh and clean; uncorrupted

387

Probity

complete honesty and integrity

388

Proclivity

a natural inclination or predisposition

389

Prodigal

lavish; wasteful

390

Profligate

corrupt; degenerate

391

Proliferate

to increase in number quickly

392

Propitiate

to conciliate; to appease

393

Propriety

the quality of behaving in a proper manner; obeying rules and customs

394

Prudence

wisdom, caution, or restraint

395

Puerile

childish, immature, or silly

396

Pugilism

boxing

397

Pulchritude

beauty

398

Pungent

sharp and irritating to the senses

399

Pusillanimous

cowardly; without courage

400

Querulous

inclined to complain; irritable

401

Quiescent

motionless

402

Quixotic

overly idealistic; impractical

403

Quotidian

occurring daily; commonplace

404

Raconteur

witty, skillful storyteller

405

Rarefy

to make thinner or sparser

406

Redress

relief from wrong or injury

407

Rejoinder

response

408

Repast

meal or mealtime

409

Replete

abundantly supplied, complete

410

Repose

rexlation; leisure

411

Repudiate

to reject the validity of

412

Requite

to return or repay

413

Restive

impatient, uneasy, or restless

414

Reticent

silent; reserved

415

Rhetoric

effective writing or speaking

416

Ribald

humorous in a vulgar way

417

Rococo

very highly ornamented; relating to an 18th century artistic style of elaborate ornamentation

418

Rustic

rural

419

Sacrosanct

extremely sacred; beyond criticism

420

Sagacious

shrewd; wise

421

Salient

prominent; of notable significance

422

Salubrious

healthful

423

Sanguine

ruddy; cheerfully optimistic

424

Sardonic

cynical; scornfully mocking

425

Satiate

to satisfy fully or overindulge

426

Scintilla

trace amount

427

Sedition

behavior that promotes rebellion or civil disorder against the state

428

Sentient

aware; conscious; able to perceive

429

Seraphic

angelic; sweet

430

Sinecure

a well-paying job or office that requires little or no work

431

Slake

quench or satisfy

432

Sobriquet

nickname

433

Solecism

gtrammatical mistake; blunder in speech

434

Soporific

causing sleep or lethargy

435

Spartan

highly self-disciplined; frugal; austere

436

Specious

deceptively attractive; seemingly plausible but fallacious

437

Sportive

frolicsome; playful

438

Stasis

a state of static balance or equilibrium; stagnation

439

Stentorian

extremely loud

440

Stigma

a mark of shame or discredit

441

Stolid

unemotional; lacking sensitivity

442

Stratagem

trick designed to deceive an enemy

443

Sublime

lofty or grand

444

Sully

to tarnish; taint

445

Supplant

to replace (another) by force; to take the place of

446

Surfeit

excessive amount

447

Surly

rude and bad-tempered

448

Sybarite

a person devoted to pleasure and luxury

449

Sycophant

a self-serving flatterer; yes-man

450

Symbiosis

cooperation; mutual helpfulness

451

Syncopation

temporary irregularity in musical rhythm

452

Tacit

done without using words

453

Taciturn

silent; not talkative

454

Talon

claw of an animal, especially a bird of prey

455

Tangential

digressing; diverting

456

Tawdry

gaudy, cheap,or showy

457

Terrestrial

earthly; down to earth; commonplace

458

Tirade

long, harsh speech or verbal attack

459

Toady

one who flatters in the hope of gaining favors

460

Tome

book, usually large and academic

461

Torpor

extreme mental and physical sluggishness

462

Transitory

temporary; lasting a brief time

463

Trenchant

acute, sharp, or incisive; forecful; effective

464

Turgid

swollen as from a fluid; bloated

465

Tyro

beginner; novice

466

Umbrage

offense; resentment

467

Unconscionable

unscrupulous; shockingly unfair or unjust

468

Unequivocal

absolute; certain

469

Upbraid

to scold sharply

470

Usury

the practice of lending money at exorbitant rates

471

Vacillate

to physically sway or to be indecisive

472

Variegated

varied; marked with different colors

473

Venerable

respected because of age

474

Venerate

to respect deeply

475

Veracity

filled with truth and accuracy

476

Verbose

wordy

477

Verdant

green with vegtation; inexperienced

478

Vernal

related to spring; fresh

479

Vestige

a trace; remnant

480

Vex

to annoy; irritate; puzzle; confuse

481

Vicissitude

a change or variation; ups and downs

482

Vim

vitality and energy

483

Viscous

thick and adhesive, like a slow-flowing fluid

484

Vituperate

to abuse verbally; berate

485

Volatile

easily aroused or changeable; lively or explosive

486

Voluble

talkative; speaking easily; glib

487

Wan

sickly pale

488

Wanton

undisciplined; unrestrained; reckless

489

Waver

to fluctuate between choices

490

Whimsical

lightly acting in a fanciful or capricious manner; unpredictable

491

Wily

clever; deceptive

492

Winsome

charming; happily engaging

493

Wizened

shriveled; withered; wrinkled

494

Wraith

a ghost or specter; a ghost of a living person seen just before his or her death

495

Xenophobia

a fear or hatred of foreigners or strangers

496

Yoke

to join together

497

Zeal

passion; excitement

498

Zealot

someone passionately devoted to a cause

499

Zenith

the point of culmination; peak

500

Zephyr

a gentle breeze; something airy or usubstantial