Barrons Set 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Barrons Set 3 Deck (500):
1

creed

system of religious or ethical belief

2

crescendo

increase in the volume or intensity as in a musical passage; climax; CF. crescent

3

far-fetched

too improbable to be believed; implausible; Ex. far-fetched story

4

overture

musical introduction to a long musical piece; first offer or proposal (to begin talks in the hope of reaching an agreement); Ex. overtures for peace

5

crestfallen

dejected; dispirited

6

crest

top (as of a hill or wave); showy feathers on the head of a bird

7

crevice

crack; fissure

8

cringe

shrink back as if in fear; cower

9

criteria

standards used in judging; CF. criterion

10

crone

hag; ugly old woman

11

crotchety

(of someone old) eccentric; odd; whimsical; bad-tempered; N. crotchet: odd or whimsical notion

12

crux

essential or main point; Ex. the crux of the problem; ADJ. crucial: of deciding importance

13

crypt

secret recess or vault usually used for burial; underground room (under a church)

14

cryptic

mysterious; hidden; secret

15

cubicle

small chamber used for sleeping or work

16

compartment

one of the parts into which an enclosed space is divided

17

cuisine

style of cooking; Ex. French cuisine

18

culinary

relating to cooking or kitchen

19

cull

pick out from others (to kill the weakest members); reject; select; collect (information); N.

20

culmination

highest point; climax; V. culminate in: reach the highest point in; end in; Ex. a series of minor clashes culminating in war

21

culpable

deserving blame; blameworthy

22

culprit

one guilty of a crime

23

culvert

artificial channel for water; drain crossing under a road

24

cumbersome

heavy and awkward to carry or wear; burdensome; Ex. cumbersome parcel/uniform

25

cumulative

growing by addition; accumulative

26

cupidity

greed (for wealth); CF. cupid; CF. Cupid

27

curator

superintendent; manager (in charge of a museum or a library)

28

curmudgeon

churlish, miserly individual; bad-tempered old person

29

cursive

(of writing) flowing; running; having the successive letters joined

30

cursory

casual; hastily done with little attention to detail

31

curtail

shorten; reduce

32

cynical

skeptical or distrustful of human motives; N. cynicism; CF. cynic: person who believes all people are motivated by selfishness

33

cynosure

object of general attention; person or thing that is a center of attention; CF. Ursa Minor

34

dabble

work at in a nonserious fashion; splash around; move noisily in a liquid

35

dais

raised platform for speakers or other important people

36

dally

trifle with; toy with; treat without the necessary seriousness; procrastinate; waste time

37

dank

damp; unpleasantly wet

38

dapper

neat and trim (in appearance); (of small men) neat in appearance and quick in movements; neat; spry

39

dappled

spotted

40

daub

smear (as with paint); cover with something sticky; Ex. daub one's clothes with mud/paint; N: small bit of sticky substance; Ex. a daub of paint

41

smear

spread or cover with a sticky substance; N: mark made by smearing

42

smudge

dirty mark with unclear edges made by rubbing; V.

43

daunt

intimidate; frighten; discourage; dishearten

44

dauntless

bold; fearless

45

dawdle

loiter; hang around; waste time doing nothing

46

deadlock

standstill resulting from the opposition of two unrelenting forces; stalemate

47

standstill

condition of no movement or activity; stop

48

deadpan

wooden; impassive; with no show of feeling; with an expressionless face

49

dearth

scarcity

50

d\'eb\^acle

sudden disastrous downfall or defeat; complete disaster

51

debase

degrade; reduce in quality or value; degenerate; lower in esteem; disgrace; N. debasement

52

kneel

go down on one's knee(s)

53

debauch

corrupt morally; seduce from virtue; N. debauchery: wild behavior (with sex and alcohol)

54

seduce

lead away from proper conduct; entice; ADJ. seductive

55

debilitate

weaken (esp. through heat, hunger, illness); enfeeble

56

bout

match; short period of great activity; Ex. wrestling bout; bout of drinking/flu

57

debonair

(of men) friendly, charming, and fashionably dressed; aiming to please; CF. of good disposition

58

d\'ebris

rubble; wreckage; scattered remains of something broken or destroyed

59

debunk

expose as false, exaggerated, worthless, etc.; ridicule

60

debutante

young woman making formal entrance into society

61

debut

d\'ebut; first public appearance; formal presentation of a young woman to society

62

decadence

decay; fall to a lower level (of morality, civilization, or art); ADJ. decadent

63

decant

pour off gently (wine or liquid)

64

decapitate

behead

65

decelerate

slow down

66

deciduous

falling off at a specific season or stage of growth as of leaves; Ex. deciduous tree/teeth

67

decimate

kill (usually one out of ten or every tenth man); destroy or kill a large part of

68

decipher

decode; CF. indecipherable

69

declivity

downward slope

70

d\'ecollet\'e

(of a dress) having a low-cut neckline; CF. d\'ecolletage: low neckline (on a dress)

71

decree

authoritative order; edict; judgment of a court of law; V: order or judge by decree

72

decomposition

decay; V. decompose: decay; break and separate into simple parts

73

decorum

propriety; orderliness and good taste in manners; appropriateness of behavior or conduct

74

decorous

proper (in behavior, conduct, or appearance)

75

decoy

lure or bait; V.

76

decrepitude

state of collapse or weakness caused by illness or old age

77

decrepit

weak and in bad condition from old age or hard use; Ex. decrepit old chair/man

78

decry

express strong disapproval of; condemn openly (something dangerous to the public); disparage; Ex. decry the violence of modern films

79

deducible

derived by reasoning; V. deduce: infer; derive by reasoning

80

deface

mar; disfigure

81

mar

spoil the appearance of

82

defame

harm someone's reputation; malign; speak evil of; slander; N. defamation; ADJ. defamatory

83

default

failure to act; failure to perform a task or be present; V.

84

defeatist

resigned to defeat or failure; accepting defeat or failure as a natural outcome; N. CF. defeatism

85

defection

desertion

86

defect

shortcoming; V: desert (in order to join the opposite one)

87

defer

give in respectfully; submit; delay till later; exempt temporarily; N. deferment; CF. show respect, comply with, courteous

88

deference

courteous regard for another's wish; courteous yielding to another's wish or opinion (showing respect); ADJ. deferential; OP. effrontery

89

defiance

refusal to yield; resistance; V. defy; ADJ. defiant

90

defile

pollute; make filthy or dirty; corrupt morally; profane; desecrate; N: narrow passage or gorge through mountains

91

definitive

most reliable; authorative and complete; that cannot be improved; conclusive; decisive; definite; Ex. definitive decision by the supreme court

92

deflect

turn aside; turn away from a straight course

93

defoliate

destroy leaves; deprive of leaves (by the use of chemicals); N. defoliant

94

defray

provide for the payment of; undertake the payment of; pay

95

defrock

strip a priest or minister of church authority; unfrock

96

frock

long loose garment (worn by monks)

97

deft

neat; skillful

98

defunct

dead; no longer in use or existence

99

degenerate

become worse in quality; deteriorate; ADJ: having become worse; Ex. a degenerate species; N: depraved or corrupt person

100

degradation

humiliation; debasement; degeneration; V. degrade: debase; disgrace; degenerate; reduce (something) in worth; demote (someone); reduce in rank

101

dishonor

disgrace; N. ADJ. dishonorable

102

dehydrate

remove water from; dry out

103

deify

turn into a god; make a god of; idolize; Ex. Kings were deified; CF. deity

104

deign

condescend; stoop

105

stoop

bend forward and down; lower or debase oneself; fall to a lower standard of behavior by doing something; condescend; Ex. stoop to lying

106

delete

erase; strike out

107

deleterious

harmful

108

deliberate

consider; ponder; ADJ: done on purpose; slow

109

delineate

portray; depict; sketch; describe; N. delineation

110

delirium

mental disorder marked by confusion; uncontrolled excitement; ADJ. delirious

111

delta

flat plain of mud or sand between branches of a river

112

delude

deceive

113

deluge

flood; rush; V.

114

delusion

false belief; hallucination; deluding; Ex. delusions of grandeur; Ex. under the delusion that

115

delusive

deceptive; likely to delude; misleading; raising vain hopes; Ex. delusive promises

116

delve

dig; search deeply; investigate

117

demagogue

person who appeals to people's prejudice; false leader of people; CF. demagoguery

118

demean

disgrace; humiliate; debase in dignity; behave

119

demeanor

behavior; bearing

120

demented

insane

121

demise

death

122

demographic

related to population balance; N. demography: statistical study of human population

123

demolition

destruction; V. demolish

124

demoniac(demoniacal)

fiendish; cruel; N. demon: evil supernatural being; devil

125

fiend

evil spirit; devil

126

demotic

of or pertaining to the people

127

demur

object (because of doubts, scruples); raise an objection (showing qualms); hesitate; Ex. demur at the idea of working on Sunday

128

demure

(of a woman or child) grave; quiet and serious; coy; pretending to be demure

129

denigrate

blacken; defame

130

denizen

(animal, person, or plant) inhabitant or resident of a particular place; regular visitor

131

denotation

meaning; distinguishing by name; V. denote: indicate; refer to directly; mean; CF. connotation

132

d\'enouement

final outcome; final development of the plot of a play or other literary work; the end of a story when everything is explained

133

denounce

condemn; criticize; N. denunciation

134

depict

portray

135

expos\'e

public revelation of something discreditable

136

deplete

reduce; exhaust

137

deplore

regret; express sorrow and severe disapproval for something bad; Ex. deplore their violent behavior; ADJ. deplorable: very bad; deserving severe disapproval; Ex. deplorable living condition

138

deploy

spread out (troops) in an extended though shallow battle line; distribute (persons or forces) systematically or strategically

139

battalion

army unit made up of four or more companies

140

depose

dethrone; remove from office; give a deposition; testify

141

deposition

testimony under oath; deposing; dethroning

142

depravity

extreme corruption; wickedness; V. deprave

143

deprecate

express disapproval of; deplore; protest against; belittle; ADJ. deprecatory

144

depreciate

lessen in value; belittle; represent as of little value

145

depredation

plundering; destruction

146

deranged

insane

147

institute

organization for a special purpose; V: establish

148

institution

instituting; (building for the) organization; established custom, practice, or relationship in a society; mental hospital; Ex. institution of marriage

149

institutionalize

make into an institution; put or confine in an institution

150

derelict

negligent; (of someone) neglectful of duty; (of something) deserted by an owner; abandoned; N: abandoned property; homeless or vagrant person

151

dereliction

neglect of duty; abandonment

152

deride

ridicule; treat with contempt; make fun of; OP. respect

153

derision

ridicule; ADJ. derisive; CF. derisory

154

derivative

unoriginal; obtained from another source; Ex. derivative prose style; N.

155

derivation

deriving; origin or source of something; Ex. the derivation of the word

156

dermatologist

one who studies the skin and its diseases

157

acne

skin disease (on the face)

158

derogatory

expressing a low opinion; disparaging; V. derogate: detract; disparage

159

descry

catch sight of (something distant)

160

desecrate

profane; violate the sanctity of

161

violate

break (a law); defile; desecrate; assault sexually; Ex. violate graves

162

desiccate

dry up

163

desolate

(of a place) deserted; unpopulated; (of a person) lonely; forlorn; joyless

164

desolate

make desolate; forsake; abandon and desert

165

desperado

reckless, desperate outlaw

166

desperate

having lost all hope; despairing; reckless and violent because of loss of hope or despair; undertaken as a last resort

167

despise

look on with scorn; regard as worthless or distasteful; ADJ. despicable: contemptible

168

despoil

plunder; sack; Ex. despoil the village

169

despondent

without hope and courage; depressed; gloomy; N. despondency: loss of hope with gloom; dejection

170

despot

tyrant; harsh, authoritarian ruler; CF. despotism

171

destitute

extremely poor; lacking means of subsistence; utterly lacking; devoid; Ex. destitute of any experience

172

impoverish

make poor; deprive of natural strength or something important; Ex. impoverished soil

173

desultory

aimless; haphazard; digressing at random

174

detached

emotionally removed; free from emotional involvement; calm and objective; physically separate; N. detachment; CF. attachment

175

detain

keep waiting; prevent from leaving or going; N. detention

176

determinate

having a fixed order of procedure; precisely defined; invariable; fixed; conclusive; final

177

determination

resolve; firmness of purpose; measurement or calculation; decision

178

deterrent

something that discourages or deters

179

detonation

explosion

180

detraction

slandering; aspersion; detracting; CF. detractor

181

detrimental

harmful; damaging; N. detriment

182

deviate

turn away from (a principle, norm); move away from an accepted standard; swerve; depart; diverge; N. deviation; Ex. deviation of the path of light by a prism

183

devious

roundabout; erratic; deviating from the straight course; not straightforward; not completely honest; Ex. devious route

184

devise

think up; invent; plan; bequeath; N: bequest

185

devoid

empty; lacking

186

devolve

deputize; pass or be passed to others (power, work, or property); Ex. devolve on/upon/to

187

deputize

work or appoint as a deputy; N. deputy: person who has the power to take charge when the leading person is away

188

devotee

enthusiastic follower; enthusiast; Ex. devotee of Bach

189

devout

pious; deeply religious; sincere; earnest; Ex. my devout hope

190

dexterous

skillful; skill in using hands or mind; N. dexterity

191

diabolical

diabolic; devilish; fiendish

192

diadem

crown

193

dialectical

relating to the art of debate; mutual or reciprocal; Ex. dialectical situation; N. dialectic: art of arriving at the truth by the exchange of logical arguments

194

diaphanous

sheer; transparent

195

diatribe

bitter scolding or denunciation; invective; abuse

196

dichotomy

division into two opposite parts; split; branching into two parts (especially contradictory ones)

197

dictum

authoritative and weighty statement (made by a judge in court); saying; maxim; CF. obiter dictum: incidental, nonbinding remark (something said in passing)

198

didactic

(of speech or writing) intended to teach a moral lesson; teaching; instructional; N. didacticism

199

die

metal block used for shaping metal or plastic; device for stamping or impressing; mold; CF. dice

200

diffidence

shyness; lack of self-confidence; timidity; ADJ. diffident

201

diffuse

wordy; verbose; rambling; spread out (like a gas); V: spread out in all directions; disperse; N. diffusion; CF. suffuse

202

digression

wandering away from the subject; V. digress

203

dilapidated

falling to pieces; in a bad condition; ruined because of neglect; Ex. dilapidated old car/castle; N. dilapidation

204

dilate

expand; dilate on/upon: speak or write at length on (a subject)

205

dilatory

delaying; tending to delay

206

dilemma

situation that requires a choice between equally unfavorable options; problem; choice of two unsatisfactory alternatives

207

dilettante

aimless follower of an art or a field of knowledge (not taking it seriously); amateur; dabbler; CF. delight

208

diligence

steadiness of effort; persistent hard work

209

dilute

make (a liquid) less concentrated; reduce in strength; Ex. dilute the influence of the president

210

diminution

lessening; reduction in size; V. diminish

211

din

continued loud noise; V: make a din; instill by wearying repetition

212

weary

tired after long work; V.

213

dinghy

small boat (often ship's boat)

214

maroon

leave helpless on a deserted island or coast; ADJ. red brown

215

dingy

(of things and place) dirty and dull; Ex. dingy street/curtain

216

dull

(of colors or surfaces) not bright; cloudy; overcast; boring; (of edge or sound) not sharp; not rapid; sluggish; slow in thinking and understanding; stupid; V.

217

dint

means; effort; Ex. by dint of hard work

218

diorama

life-size, three-dimensional scene from nature or history; three-dimensional scene with modeled figures against a painted background

219

dire

warning of disaster; disastrous; (of needs and dangers) very great; urgent; Ex. dire prediction/need of food

220

dirge

funeral song; slow mournful piece of music (sung over a dead person)

221

disabuse

correct a false impression; undeceive; free from a wrong belief

222

disaffected

disloyal; lacking loyality; V. disaffect: cause to lose affection or loyalty

223

disapprobation

disapproval; condemnation

224

disarray

state of disorder; a disorderly or untidy state; Ex. with her clothes in disarray

225

disavowal

denial; disclaiming; repudiating; disowning; V. disavow; CF. disclaim

226

disband

dissolve; disperse; (of a group) break up and separate; Ex. The club has disbanded.

227

disburse

pay out (as from a fund); N. disbursement; CF. purse

228

discernible

distinguishable; perceivable; Ex. discernible improvement

229

discerning

mentally quick and observant; having insight; perceptive; able to make good judgments; V. discern: perceive

230

disclaim

disown; renounce claim to; deny; CF. disclaimer

231

disclose

reveal; N. disclosure

232

discombobulated

discomposed; confused

233

discompose

disturb the composure of; confuse

234

discomfit

frustrate; put to rout; defeat; disconcert; embarrass; perturb

235

disconcert

confuse; upset; embarrass; perturb

236

disconsolate

hopelessly sad (at the loss of something)

237

discord

conflict; lack of harmony; dissonance (when musical notes are played)

238

discordant

not harmonious; conflicting

239

discount

disregard; regard (a story or news) as unimportant; deduct from a cost

240

discourse

serious speech, writing, or conversation; formal discussion (either written or spoken); conversation; V.

241

discredit

defame; disgrace; destroy confidence in; disbelieve; N. CF. discreditable: causing discredit; shameful

242

discrepancy

lack of consistency or agreement as between facts; difference; Ex. discrepancy between two descriptions

243

discrete

separate; unconnected

244

discretion

prudence; ability to adjust actions to circumstances; freedom of action or judgment; ADJ. discreet; CF. discretionary

245

discriminating

able to see differences; discerning; prejudiced; N. discrimination

246

discriminate

distinguish; make distinctions on the basis of preference

247

brisk

quick and active; marked by liveliness and vigor

248

discursive

(of a person or writing) digressing; rambling (without any clear plan)

249

disdain

treat with scorn or contempt

250

disembark

debark; go ashore (from a ship); unload cargo from a ship; CF. embark

251

disenfranchise

disfranchise; deprive of a civil right; OP. enfranchise

252

disengage

uncouple; separate; disconnect; stop fighting; OP. engage

253

disfigure

mar the appearance of; spoil

254

disgorge

surrender something (stolen); eject; vomit; OP. gorge

255

disgruntle

make discontented

256

dishearten

discourage

257

disheveled

untidy (of hair or clothing); V. dishevel

258

disinclination

unwillingness

259

disingenuous

not naive; not candid; sophisticated; worldly wise; OP. ingenuous

260

disinter

dig up; unearth; OP. inter

261

disinterested

unprejudiced; free from bias and self-interest; objective

262

disjointed

disconnected; lacking coherence; V. disjoint: disconnect; disjoin

263

disjunction

act or state of separation; disunity; CF. disjunctive: expressing a choice between two ideas; CF. conjunction; CF. conjunctive

264

dislodge

remove (forcibly); force out of a position; Ex. dislodge the food caught in his throat; CF. lodge

265

dismantle

take apart; disassemble

266

mantle

loose sleeveless outer garment; cloak; something that covers or envelops; the layer of the earth between the crust and the core

267

crust

hard outer covering (as of earth or snow)

268

dismember

cut into small parts; cut (a body) apart limb from limb

269

dismiss

eliminate from consideration; no longer consider; put out of court without further hearing; reject; discharge from employment; direct to leave; ADJ. dismissive; N. dismissal

270

disparage

belittle

271

maneuver(manoeuver)

strategic military or naval movement (done for training purposes); carefully planned process; stratagem; V: carry out a military maneuver; use maneuvers in gaining an end

272

disparate

basically different; impossible to compare; unrelated

273

disparity

difference; condition of inequality; OP. parity

274

dispassionate

calm; impartial; not influenced by personal feelings

275

dispatch

speediness; prompt execution; message sent with all due speed; V: send to a specified destination; finish promptly; kill

276

dispel

scatter; drive away; cause to vanish

277

dispense

distribute; prepare and give out (medicines); N. dispensation: dispensing; religious system; official exemption from an obligation or a rule

278

disperse

scatter; Ex. disperse the cloud/crowd

279

dispirited

lacking in spirit

280

disport

amuse; Ex. disport oneself; CF. divert

281

disputatious

argumentative; fond of argument

282

disquietude

uneasiness; anxiety; V. disquiet: make anxious

283

disquisition

formal systematic inquiry; explanation of the results of a formal inquiry; long formal speech or written report

284

dissection

analysis; cutting apart in order to examine

285

dissemble

disguise; hide the real nature of; pretend

286

disseminate

distribute; spread; scatter (like seeds)

287

dissent

disagree

288

dissertation

formal essay; treatise

289

dissident

dissenting (with an opinion, a group, or a government); rebellious; N.

290

dissimulate

pretend; conceal by feigning; dissemble

291

dissipate

squander; waste foolishly; scatter

292

dissolution

disintegration; reduction to a liquid form; looseness in morals; sensual indulgence; debauchery; ADJ. dissolute: lacking in moral restraint; leading an immoral life

293

reduce

diminish; bring to a weaker or more difficult condition; demote; lower in rank; separate into components by analysis; Ex. reduced to the ranks; Ex. reduce the house to rubble; N. reduction

294

dissuade

persuade not to do; discourage; N. dissuasion

295

dissonance

discord

296

distant

reserved or aloof; cold in manner; Ex. distant greeting; ADV. distantly

297

distend

expand; swell out

298

distill

refine (a liquid by evaporating and subsequent condensation); concentrate; separate the most important parts from; Ex. distill fresh water from sea water; CF. brew

299

distinction

honor; excellence; difference; contrast; discrimination; Ex. graduated with distinction; Ex. a writer of real distinction

300

distinct

clearly different; clearly noticed

301

distinctive

clearly different from others of the same kind

302

distort

twist out of shape; give a false account of; misrepresent; N. distortion

303

distrait

absentminded; distracted

304

distraught

upset; distracted by anxiety; very anxious and troubled almost to the point of madness; Ex. distraught with grief/worry

305

distract

take (one's attention) off something; upset emotionally; make anxious; ADJ. distracted

306

diurnal

daily; occurring during the daytime

307

diva

operatic singer; prima donna

308

diverge

vary; go in different directions from the same point; ADJ. divergent: differing; deviating

309

diverse

differing in some characteristics (from each other); various; N. diversity: variety; dissimilitude; lack of resemblance

310

diversion

act of turning aside; pastime; V. divert: turn aside from a course; distract; amuse

311

divest

strip (as of clothes); deprive (as of rights); dispossess; N. divestiture(divestment)

312

divine

perceive intuitively (by or as if by magic); foresee the future; foretell; dowse; ADJ. N. divination

313

dowse

use a divining rod to search for underground water or minerals

314

divulge

reveal

315

docile

obedient; easily managed; submissive

316

ferocious

fierce; violent; N. ferocity

317

docket

program as for trial; book where such entries are made; list of things to be done; agenda; label fixed to a package listing contents or directions; V: describe in a docket

318

doctrinaire

unable to compromise about points of doctrine; dogmatic; unyielding; marked by inflexible attachment to a doctrine without regard to its practical difficulties

319

doctrine

teachings in general; particular principle (religious, legal, etc.) taught; dogma; tenet; ADJ. doctrinal

320

indoctrinate

cause to accept a doctrine without questioning it; Ex. indoctrinated with mindless anti-communism

321

document

provide written evidence (for a claim); record with documents; N.

322

doddering

shaky; infirm from old age; V. dodder

323

merit

deserve; ADJ. meritorious: deserving reward or praise

324

doff

take off; OP. don

325

dogged

determined; stubborn; stubbornly persevering; tenacious; Ex. Inspector Javert's dogged pursuit of Jean Valjean

326

persevere

continue steadily in spite of difficulties

327

doggerel

poor verse

328

dogmatic

opinionated; holding stubbornly to one's opinion; arbitrary; doctrinal

329

doldrums

blues; listlessness(lack of spirit or energy); slack(inactive) period; period of stagnation; ocean area near the equator where ships cannot move because there is no wind; Ex. in the doldrums

330

blues

state of depression or melancholy; style of slow, mournful music (evolved from southern Black American songs)

331

dolorous

sorrowful; N. dolor

332

dolt

slow-thinking stupid person; CF. dull

333

domicile

home; V. ADJ. domiciled: having one's domicile; Ex. He is domiciled in Britain.

334

domineer

rule over tyrannically

335

dominate

control; rule; enjoy a commanding position in; overlook from a height

336

dominant

exercising the most influence; high and easily seen; stronger than the other part of a system; not recessive

337

don

put on; OP. doff

338

outfit

clothing or equipment for a special purpose; Ex. cowboy outfit

339

dormant

sleeping; temporarily inactive; lethargic; latent

340

dormer

window projecting upright from roof; CF. sleeping room

341

dorsal

relating to the back of an animal; Ex. dorsal fin

342

dossier

file of documents on a subject or person; file; CF. bundle of papers labeled on the back

343

dotage

senility; feeblemindedness of old age; Ex. In one's dotage

344

dote

be excessively fond of; show signs of mental decline

345

dour

sullen; gloomy; stubborn

346

sullen

silently showing ill humor or resentment; dark; gloomy

347

brood

sit on in order to hatch; think deeply or worry anxiously; N: the young of certain animals; group of young birds hatched at one time

348

douse

plunge into water or liquid; dip; immerse; drench; wet throughly; extinguish; throw water over; dowse

349

dowdy

untidy (of a woman or clothes); slovenly; dressed in an unattractive way; shabby; CF. unattractive woman

350

downcast

disheartened; dejected; sad; directed downward

351

drab

dull; lacking color; cheerless ; Ex. drab coat/life

352

draconian

extremely severe; Ex. draconian punishment; CF. Draco: Athenian politician

353

dregs

sediment in a liquid; lees; worthless residue

354

drivel

nonsense; foolishness; V: talk nonsense

355

nonsense

speech or writing with no meaning; foolish behavior or language; Ex. make (a) nonsense of: spoil; cause to fail

356

dribble

flow or fall in drops; let saliva flow out slowly from the mouth; move a ball; N.

357

drip

fall or let fall in drops; shed drops; N: action or sound of falling in drops; liquid that falls in drops

358

trickle

flow in drops or in a thin stream; N.

359

droll

queer and amusing

360

queer

strange; eccentric; deviating from the normal

361

drone

idle person who lives on other people's work; male bee

362

drone

talk dully; buzz or murmur like a bee; N.

363

murmur

low, indistinct, continuous sound; V. CF. mumble

364

dross

waste matter; worthless impurities

365

drudgery

hard unpleasant work; menial work

366

drudge

do drudgery; N: person who drudges

367

dubious

questionable; (of something) causing doubt; (of someone) filled with doubt; N. dubiety

368

ductile

malleable; pliable; (of metals) easily pulled into shape; flexible; (of someone) easily influenced or controlled

369

dulcet

sweet sounding; pleasing to the ear; melodious

370

dumbfound(dumfound)

astonish (making dumb); ADJ. dumbfounded, dumfounded, dumbstruck

371

dupe

someone easily fooled or deceived; V: deceive

372

duplicity

double-dealing; hypocrisy; being dishonest and deceitful; ADJ. duplicitous

373

duration

length of time something lasts

374

duress

forcible restraint, especially unlawfully; coercion by threat; illegal coercion; Ex. a promise made under duress

375

dutiful(duteous)

(of people or their behavior) respectful; obedient (filled with a sense of duty)

376

dwindle

shrink; reduce gradually

377

dynamic

energetic; vigorously active

378

dynamo

generator for producing electricity; energetic person

379

dyspeptic

suffering from indigestion; N. dyspepsia: indigestion; difficulty in digesting food

380

dys-

abnormal; impaired

381

dyslexia

word blindness; learning disorder marked by impairment of the ability to read

382

dysentery

inflammatory disorder of the lower intestinal tract

383

earthy

unrefined; coarse; of earth; Ex. earthy remarks; OP. ethereal

384

earthly

of this earth; terrestrial; worldly; not divine; possible; Ex. no earthly reason

385

ebb

(of the tide) recede; lessen; diminish; N. OP. flow: rise of tide

386

ebullient

showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm; boiling; N. ebullience; N. ebullition: state of boiling

387

eccentric

irregular; odd; unconventional; whimsical; bizarre; not concentric

388

eccentricity

oddity; idiosyncrasy

389

ecclesiastic

ecclesiastical; pertaining to the church; N: minister; priest; cleric; clergyman

390

chapel

small church (in a prison, college, or hospital)

391

chaplain

clergyman attached to a chapel

392

padre

chaplain (in the armed forces)

393

eclectic

selective; composed of elements drawn from disparate sources; selecting individual elements from a variety of sources; N. eclecticism

394

eclipse

darken; extinguish; outshine; surpass; cause an eclipse

395

ecliptic

path of the sun and the planets

396

ecologist

person concerned with the interrelationship between living organisms and their environment; person concerned with the detrimental effects of human civilization on the environment; CF. ecology

397

ecosystem

ecological community together with its environment

398

economy

efficiency or conciseness in using something; thrifty management of resources

399

ecstasy

rapture; very strong feeling of joy and happiness; any overpowering emotion; ADJ. ecstatic: causing or experiencing ecstasy

400

rapture

great joy and delight; ecstasy; ADJ. rapturous

401

eddy

swirling current of water, air, etc.; V.

402

edict

decree (especially one issued by a sovereign); official command

403

sovereign

ruler in a monarchy; ADJ: (of a country) independent and self-governing; having supreme power; supreme; excellent

404

sovereignty

complete independence and self-government (of a country); supremacy of authority; power to govern

405

edify

instruct; correct morally

406

edifice

building (of imposing size)

407

eerie

weird; causing fear because strange

408

efface

rub out; remove the surface of

409

effectual

able to produce a desired effect; valid

410

effective

effectual; producing a strong response; striking; in operation; in effect; Ex. effective speech/photograph

411

effectuate

effect; produce; achieve; Ex. effectuate a reconciliation

412

effeminate

having womanly traits

413

emasculate

weaken; castrate

414

castrate

remove the sex organs (of a male animal or person)

415

effervescence

inner excitement or exuberance; showing high spirits; emitting bubbles forming inside; bubbling from fermentation or carbonation; ADJ. effervescent; V. effervesce

416

effete

having lost one's original power; barren; worn out; exhausted

417

efficacy

power to produce desired effect; ADJ. efficacious: effectual

418

effigy

dummy; likeness of a person made of wood, paper, or stone; Ex. burn an effigy of the President

419

dummy

imitation of a real object used as a substitute; effigy

420

effluvium

noxious(harmful) smell

421

effrontery

rudeness without any sense of shame; shameless boldness; presumptousness; nerve; cheek

422

effulgent

shining brightly; brilliant

423

effusion

pouring forth; unrestrained outpouring of feeling; V. effuse: pour out; ADJ. effusive: pouring forth; gushing

424

gush

(of liquid) pour out in large quantities from a hole; make an excessive display of feeling (without true feeling); Ex. Blood gushed from the wound.

425

egoism

excessive interest in one's self; belief that one should be interested in one's self rather than in others; selfishness; ADJ. egoistic, egoistical

426

ego

one's opinion of oneself; self-esteem

427

egotistical

egotistic; excessively self-centered(egocentric); self-important; conceited

428

egotism

tendency to speak or write of oneself excessively; conceit; self-importance

429

egregious

notorious; conspicuously bad or shocking

430

egress

exit; opening for going out; act of going out; OP. ingress

431

ejaculation

exclamation; abrupt ejection (to discharge sperm); V. ejaculate

432

elaboration

addition of details; intricacy

433

elaborate

work out carefully; add more detail or information; ADJ.

434

elated

filled with excited joy and pride; overjoyed; in high spirits; joyful and proud; Ex. elated crowd; V. elate; N. elation

435

elegy

poem or song expressing lamentation (for the dead); ADJ. elegiacal, elegiac

436

elicit

draw out fact or information (by discussion or from someone)

437

elixir

cure-all; panacea; something invigorating

438

ellipsis

omission of words from a text; mark used to indicate an omission (when the meaning can be understood without them); PL. ellipses

439

elliptical

elliptic; oval; of an ellipse; containing an ellipsis; ambiguous either purposely or because key words have been left out

440

eloquence

expressiveness; persuasive speech; ADJ. eloquent: movingly expressive; expressing ideas well so that the hearers can be influeneced

441

elucidate

explain; make clear; clarify; enlighten; CF. lucid

442

elusive

evasive; not frank; baffling; hard to grasp, catch, or understand; V. elude: escape from; escape the understanding or grasp of; Ex. elude the hunter; Ex. His name eludes me.

443

elysian

relating to paradise; blissful

444

Elysium

place or condition of bliss

445

emaciated

thin and wasted (from hunger or illness)

446

emanate

issue forth; come out

447

emancipate

set free; liberate

448

embargo

ban on commerce or other activity

449

embark

commence; go on board a boat; begin a journey

450

embed(imbed)

enclose; place in something; fix firmly in a surrounding mass

451

embellish

adorn; ornament; enhance as a story (by adding fictitious details)

452

embezzlement

taking for one's own use in violation of trust; stealing (of money placed in one's care)

453

emblazon

ornament richly (a shield or flag); N. emblazonment

454

embody

give a bodily form to; incorporate; include

455

emboss

produce a design in raised relief; decorate with a raised design

456

embrace

hug; clasp with the arms; adopt or espouse; accept readily; encircle; include; Ex. embrace the cause/socialism; Ex. all-embracing; CF. brace; CF. bracelet

457

encircle

surround

458

embroider

decorate with needlework; ornament (a story) with fancy or fictitious details; embellish

459

embroil

throw into confusion; involve in strife, dispute, or quarrel; entangle; CF. imbroglio

460

embryonic

undeveloped; rudimentary; N. embryo: organism in the early stage of development

461

emend

correct (usually a text); N. emendation: correction of errors; improvement

462

emetic

substance causing vomiting; ADJ.

463

eminent

rising above others; high; lofty; distinguished; Ex. eminent position

464

emissary

agent (sent on a mission to represent another); messenger

465

emollient

soothing or softening remedy (for the skin); ADJ.

466

emolument

salary; payment for an office; compensation

467

empathy

ability to identify with another's feelings, ideas, etc.; identification with and understanding of another's feelings; V. empathize; CF. sympathy

468

compassion

sympathy for the suffering of others; ADJ. compassionate

469

empirical

based on experience

470

emulate

imitate; rival; try to equal or excel (through imitation)

471

enamored

in love; Ex. enamored of his own beauty; V. enamor: inspire with love

472

encipher

encode; convert a message into code; put into cipher

473

enclave

territory enclosed within an alien land

474

encomiastic

praising; eulogistic; N. encomium: very high praise; eulogy

475

encompass

surround; include; Ex. His activities encompass publishing and computers.

476

encroachment

gradual intrusion; Ex. I resent all these encroachments on my valuable time; V. encroach: take another's possessions or right gradually or stealthily; intrude; Ex. encroach on/upon

477

encumber

burden; N. encumbrance

478

endearment

fond word or act; expression of affection

479

endear

make beloved; Ex. endear her to everyone; ADJ. dear: loved; cherished; high-priced

480

endemic

prevailing among a specific group of people or in a specific area or country; peculiar to a particular region or people; CF. pandemic

481

endorse

approve; support; write one's signature on the back of; N. endorsement; CF. dorsal

482

endue

provide with some quality; endow

483

enduring

lasting; surviving; V. endure: bear (pain or suffering) for a long time; remain alive (in spite of difficulties); last; survive

484

energize

invigorate; give energy to; make forceful and active

485

enervate

weaken; take away energy from

486

enfranchise

admit to the rights of citizenship (especially the right to vote); CF. franchise

487

engage

attract; employ; hire; pledge oneself; confront; fight; enter into confliction; interlock; lock together; participate; N. engagement: agreement to marry; arrangement to meet someone or to do something; battle

488

engaging

charming; attractive

489

engaged

employed; busy; betrothed; involved in conflict

490

engender

cause; produce; give rise to

491

engross

occupy fully; absorb

492

enhance

increase; make greater (as in value, reputation, or usefulness); improve

493

enigma

puzzle; mystery; ADJ. enigmatic: obscure; puzzling

494

puzzle

baffle or confuse by a difficult problem; ponder over a problem in an effort to solve; clarify or solve by reasoning; Ex. puzzle out the answer; N.

495

enjoin

command; order; forbid

496

enmity

ill will; hatred; hostility

497

ennui

boredom; listlessness and dissatisfaction resulting from lack of interest; CF. annoy

498

enormity

hugeness (in a bad sense); excessive wickedness; Ex. enormity of the crime; ADJ. enormous

499

enrapture

please intensely; fill with rapture and delight

500

ensconce

settle comfortably; place comfortably (in a secure place)