Block 6 Flashcards Preview

Review and Memorization > Block 6 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Block 6 Deck (27):
1

Which cells in the ovary make estradiol?

Granulosa cells in the ovary make estradiol

2

What disease is associated with the following symptoms present at birth: microcephaly, low-set ears, and bilateral foot deformity?

Edwards syndrome

3

What cell type is associated with sarcoidosis?

CD4 lymphs

4

How do you diagnose tetanus?

History and physical. There is no toxin assay for tetanus.

5

Where is Broca's area?

The frontal lobe

6

Which hormone assay is the best for determining the onset of menopause?

FSH

7

Neuromuscular Malignant syndrome is associated with which drug?

Haloperidol

8

Vitamin B6 is required to form aspartate from OAA. What is its other name?

Pyridoxine

9

Someone who had many blood tranfusions and presents with low calcium had what happen?

The transfusions contained citrate, which bound up the calcium and eliminated it.

10

Pyridoxal phosphate is a necessary cofactor for the synthesis of delta-aminolevulinic acid. When is delta-aminolevulinic acid elevated?

During lead poisoning

11

What protein is responsible for the movement of muscle fibers?

Troponin (not calmodulin, though it plays a role.)

12

What is the most important indicator of malignant potential?

Invasion/metastasis

13

What antibody is crucial for clearing giardia?

IgA is crucial here, because Giardia infects the intestinal mucosa

14

A Keq less than 1 indicates what?

An unfavorable reaction

15

What drug is an alpha blocker that can induce insulin secretion?

Phenoxybenzamine is an alpha blocker that can induce insulin secretion.

16

If a fetus presents with congenital deafness due to an infection, which is it? It also causes polyarthralgia in adults and has a rash.

Rubella

17

If a young person presents with a spontaneous pneumothorax, what happened?

Their subpleural bleb broke

18

The high potency first generation antipsychotics (haloperidol and fluphenazine) are more likely to cause what set of symptoms?

EPS are more likely in high potency 1st gen antipsych. Low potency are more likely to cause antiSLUDGEBBB symptoms

19

What is a drug that causes arteriolar dilation, natriuresis, and inc. renal perfusion?

Fenoldopam

20

What do you use to treat arsenic poisoning?

Dimercaprol

21

How do thiazolidinediones work?

They decrease insulin resistance w/out increasing insulin release

22

Young children w/ bloody diarrhea may have been exposed to EHEC. How does it cause the bloody diarrhea?

Shiga-Like Toxin

23

What is the best indicator of mortality and morbidity in a strain of meningitis?

Lipooligosaccharide is the best indicator of M&M here, not capsule

24

Where is cytokeratin found?

Epithelial cells

25

What role do tyrosine kinases have in cell proliferation?

Tyrosine kinases accelerate cell proliferation

26

ANCA can cause cresentic glomerulonephritis

Know this!

27

The facial nerve and not the glossopharyngial nerve is responsible for innervating which gland?

The submandibular salivary gland is innervated by the facial nerve.