Flashcards in Block 6 Deck (27):
Which cells in the ovary make estradiol?
Granulosa cells in the ovary make estradiol
What disease is associated with the following symptoms present at birth: microcephaly, low-set ears, and bilateral foot deformity?
What cell type is associated with sarcoidosis?
How do you diagnose tetanus?
History and physical. There is no toxin assay for tetanus.
Where is Broca's area?
The frontal lobe
Which hormone assay is the best for determining the onset of menopause?
Neuromuscular Malignant syndrome is associated with which drug?
Vitamin B6 is required to form aspartate from OAA. What is its other name?
Someone who had many blood tranfusions and presents with low calcium had what happen?
The transfusions contained citrate, which bound up the calcium and eliminated it.
Pyridoxal phosphate is a necessary cofactor for the synthesis of delta-aminolevulinic acid. When is delta-aminolevulinic acid elevated?
During lead poisoning
What protein is responsible for the movement of muscle fibers?
Troponin (not calmodulin, though it plays a role.)
What is the most important indicator of malignant potential?
What antibody is crucial for clearing giardia?
IgA is crucial here, because Giardia infects the intestinal mucosa
A Keq less than 1 indicates what?
An unfavorable reaction
What drug is an alpha blocker that can induce insulin secretion?
Phenoxybenzamine is an alpha blocker that can induce insulin secretion.
If a fetus presents with congenital deafness due to an infection, which is it? It also causes polyarthralgia in adults and has a rash.
If a young person presents with a spontaneous pneumothorax, what happened?
Their subpleural bleb broke
The high potency first generation antipsychotics (haloperidol and fluphenazine) are more likely to cause what set of symptoms?
EPS are more likely in high potency 1st gen antipsych. Low potency are more likely to cause antiSLUDGEBBB symptoms
What is a drug that causes arteriolar dilation, natriuresis, and inc. renal perfusion?
What do you use to treat arsenic poisoning?
How do thiazolidinediones work?
They decrease insulin resistance w/out increasing insulin release
Young children w/ bloody diarrhea may have been exposed to EHEC. How does it cause the bloody diarrhea?
What is the best indicator of mortality and morbidity in a strain of meningitis?
Lipooligosaccharide is the best indicator of M&M here, not capsule
Where is cytokeratin found?
What role do tyrosine kinases have in cell proliferation?
Tyrosine kinases accelerate cell proliferation
ANCA can cause cresentic glomerulonephritis