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Flashcards in Block 8 Deck (25):
1

What cell line gives rise to C-cells and those of the adrenal medulla?

Neural Crest gives rise to C-cells of the thyroid and those of the adrenal medulla.

2

Which condition is associated with a high NADH:NAD+ ratio and hypoglycemia?

chronic alcoholism

3

A patient places their unreasonable impulses on another person. What does this describe?

Projection

4

What are the key words to associate with mitochondrial disease of the muscle?

myoclonic epilepsy and Ragged Red Fibers. Cannot be passed on by men, only by women.

5

What renal condition is contraindicated with ACE inhibitors?

Renal artery stenosis

6

People who are exposed to an oxidative stress and then develop hemolytic anemia have what condition?

G6PD deficiency is associated with hemolytic anemia after exposure to an oxidative stress.

7

How does SCID present

With many different diseases early in childhood.

8

A patient presents with a significant fall in blood pressure upon inspiration. What is this called, and what disease do they have?

This is known as pulsus paradoxus and is associated with pericardial disease.

9

What is the best way to control an acute asthma attack?

B-Agonists, not antihistamines, are the best way to control an acute asthma attack.

10

How do prolactinomas lead to increased bone loss?

Prolactinomas have the ability to suppress GnRH leading to accelerated bone loss.

11

Sensory loss on contralateral side is associated with all lesions within the CNS.

Remember it!

12

What would lipohyalinosis and atherosclerosis of the small arterioles in the brain be associated with?

Lacunar infarcts are associated with lipohyalinosis and atherosclerosis of the small arterioles in the brain.

13

Which clotting factor unites the intrinsic and extrinsic clotting cascades?

Factor X unites the extrinsic and intrinsic clotting cascades.

14

What metabolic defect leads to galactosemia?

Galactosemia is caused by a defect in the conversion of galactose-1-phosphate to UDP galactose

15

What is the genetic makeup of rhinovirus?

Rhinovirus has SS+ RNA, which is able to cause disease in its naked state

16

What disorder is associated with a mousy odor and mental retardation. How is it inherited?

PKU is associated with a mousy, musty odor and mental retardation. It is AR

17

How is gentamicin resistance achieved?

Gentamicin resistance is achieved through enzymes that cause acetyl group transfer

18

What is a good Tx choice for narcolepsy?

modafinil

19

What is the difference btw an inflamed gallbladder and a porcelain gallbladder?

An inflamed gallbladder is associated with acute cholecystitis while a porcelain gallbladder is with gallbladder carcinoma

20

How do barbituates affect warfarin concentration?

Barbituates induce warfarin metabolism leading to a decrease in INR that merits monitoring

21

What is a unique cyclodextrin associated with TB?

CD14

22

Meniere's disease is associated with increased endolymph in the inner ear.

Remember!

23

What mutation is associated with HNPCC?

DNA mismatch repair mutations

24

What is the first sign of alcohol withdrawal?

Tremulousness

25

What is immotile cilia syndrome associated with?

Immotile cilia syndrome is associated with infertility and emphysema.