Blood Flashcards Preview

IHO Final > Blood > Flashcards

Flashcards in Blood Deck (50):
1

Cells of blood

Ertyhrocytes, Leukocytes, Platelets, hemoconia, Chylomicrons

2

Difference between plasma and serum

plasma clots, serum lacks firbringoen

3

diameter of RBC

7.7 micron

4

3 cytoskeleton elements of RBC

spectrin, ankyrin, actin

5

stack of red blood cells

rouleaux

6

diameter platelet

1/2 RBC - 2-4 microns

7

Granulocytic leukocytes

neutrophils, Eosinophils, Basophils

8

Agranulocytic leukocytes

lymphocytes, monocytes

9

all leukocytes contain these granules of lyzomes

azurophilic

10

multi lobe leukocyte

neutrophil

11

first line of cellular defense

neutrophil

12

bi-lobed nucleus

eosinophils

13

eosinohils use arginine to combat these

parasites/protazoas

14

eosinophil locations

ct of digestive and resp. tract

15

known for parasitic destruction these cells also migrate to sites of allergic reactions

eosinophils

16

basophilic granules contain contain these important cells

histamine, heparin, peroxidase, chemotactic factors

17

basophils increase in these situations

leukemiz, chickenpox, sinus inflammation

18

basophil have Fc fragment for this Ig

IgE

19

3 classes of lymphocytes

B, T and Null (NK)

20

B-lymphocytes fate (2)

plasma and memory

21

majority of lymphocytes are of this type

T-lymphocytes

22

3 subsets of T cells

Cytoxic T cells, T helper cells, T suppressor cells

23

kidney bean nucleus cell

monocyte

24

monocytes become these cells in the ct

macrophages

25

find these cells in blood after fatty meal

chylomicrons

26

blood debris

hemoconia

27

granulocytes in lymph is significant for what?

pathological problem

28

Tissue produces most blood cell types, location

Myeloid, medullary cavity of bones

29

Tissue responsible for immune defenses of body, location

Lymphatic, thymus, lumph nodes, spleed, lymph nodules

30

hematiopoetic tissue is derived from this

mesenchyme

31

first hemopoiesis takes place here

yolk sac

32

major blood formation in fetus

liver

33

location of red marrow

skull, ribs, sternum, vertebral bodies, cancellous bone, long/short bones, iliac crest

34

component of myeloid tissue

stroma, sinusoid, blood cells

35

Holes in these structures allow cells to move from stroma to capillaries

sinusoids

36

regulating factor that limits blood cells to a certain fate

poietins (erythropoietin)

37

EPO is produced here

kidney, liver

38

stage at which nucleus is pushed out of RBC

Orthochromatiophilici erythroblast --> reticulocyte

39

Myeloblasts become larger with more granulocytes and are called these cells

pro-myelocyte

40

first cell in granulocyte progression that is not mitotic

metamyelocyte

41

granule cells with dented nucleus

metamyelocyte

42

granular series cell that does not contain granules

blast

43

platelets are formed from these cells

Megakaryocytes

44

Normal value for RBC

M - 4.3-5.7 trillion/L F - 3.9 -5 trillion/L

45

Normal range for WBC

3.5-10.5 billion/Liter

46

Normal range for eosiniophils

0-7% of PMNs

47

Approximately how long does granulopoesis take?

14 days

48

Normal range for platelets

120-450 billion/L

49

What cells are contained in the bone marrow stroma

Macrophages, fibroblasts, fat storing cells, osteogenic factors, endeothelial

50

Hypoxia results in the release of what poietin?

EPO