Flashcards in bones and muscles 2 Deck (40):
The outer end of the scapula, extending over the shoulder joint @ forming the highest point of the shoulder, to which the collar bone is attached
Deep furrow or slit (as in bone)
Point at which a muscle attaches to a movable bone
(Movement Forward) or in the anterior postition
(Moving back) Movement in the posterior direction
A muscle that brings a limb or other anatomical part back to its initial position of rest.
Responds by stretching.
Facts about Antagonist
The antagonist is important when a person extends or contracts a limb,
It holds objects against gravity, and tries to maintain balance while standing erect.
The antagonist helps the body maintain a state of relaxation.
Muscle that works in opposite direction of the antagonist.
(ex:Biceps brachii @ triceps brachii)
Small fluid filled sac that reduces friction of joints
Muscles on the front of the upper arm.
Necessary for rotating @ lifting the arm.
Most visible and impressive muscle
Muscle responsible for 2 primary movements of arm
1. Carrying 2. Lifting the arm
Most commonly used muscle in body
Arm muscle located just above the elbow @ beneath the bicep
Primary Purpose-flex elbow isometrically.
A kind of joint action which produces a circular or conical movement of the limb extending from that joint.
Circling the arm @ shoulder is and example.
(ex: wrist, base of fingers)
Arm moves in a cone shape when pitching baseball.
Ball-and -Socket joint-found at hip @ shoulder-truly capable of this - 360 degree movement
Fracture where bone is broken into several pieces.
This type can involve crushing or splintering of bone.
Common in elderly, people with weak bones, or cancer
At least 3 pieces of bone must be present for fracture to be comminuted
Fluid filled joint with a distictive oval shape.
It is a synovial joint.
Characterized by presence of a fluid-containing joint capsule, which lubricates the surface of adjacent bones in the joint.
A joint that connects the 2 uppermost bones of the cranium.
The frontal @ parietal bones.
A fibrous joint held together by dense collagen tissue.
This type of joint allows little or no movement.
Facts about Coronal Suture
These sutures extend from temple to temple.
They do not form a straight line.
Bones fit tightly together like puzzle pieces.
Has no synovial fluid.
Thin, delicate layer of connective tissue that surrounds individual muscle fibers.
Contains reticular fibers(contain collagen), blood vessels, capillaries, arteries, veins,and nerves that create a mesh-like network of vessels.
Outermost layer of dense connective tissue surrounding muscles.
Primary Function-Combine with other muscular connective tissue to form a thick, collagenous cord of tissue known as-tendon
A membrane that protects and supports groups of fibers within the skeletal muscle.
Responsible For: shaping @ organizing the muscle fibers @transmitting forces within the muscle.
Made of collagen @ elastin fibers.
Collagen fibers give tissue strength.
The elastin promotes elasticity. This holds the structure together @ allows fibers to move easily against one another.
One of the bones that makes up the skull.
A spongy type of bone with light bony plates.
Situated between nasal cavity @ brain cavity, and makes up the nasal cavity roof, part of nasal cavity walls, part of bony orbits around the eyes, part of the floor of cranium.
Located in pairs at the rear of each vertebrae.
Helps link adjoining vertebrae.
Known as Z-joints
Allow free movement of the spine.
They limit range of motion to protect the discs.
Longest, thickest @ strongest bone in body
Runs from pelvis to top of knee.
Gives support to entire body
Helps body contend with gravity.
Plays role in standing, walking, running @ jumping.
Smallest of 2 bones that run between knee and ankle
Bone is slender and not weight bearing
Larger of 2 bones located between knee and ankle.
Considered to be strongest weight bearing bone in the body.
Triangular inner shape
Ridge running down front of leg-not covered by muscle
This bone is slightly different in men and women.
Women-Slants down and slightly outward because women have wider hips than men
More likely to break than any other bone
Condition associated with the Tibia
Movement of joints, tendons and muscles beyond their normal limit.
May cause injury. Most commonly affected-knees and elbows.
Can cause joint pain, swelling, or immobility
Muscle running between the cheek bone and the lower jawbone.
2 on each side of skull, very strong
The mandibular nerve supplies the muscle with nerve impulses which cause it to contract raising and lowering the jaw when chewing or speaking.
Remaining in place. Not capable of movement or being moved.
The rotation of the forearm so that the palm faces posteriorly in relation to the anatomical position.
In pronation the radius and ulna cross
Rotation of the forearm so that the palm faces anteriorly in relation to the anatomical position.
In supination the radius and ulna are parallel
Short bones which make up the foot
The sac enclosing a joint. Made of outer fibrous articular capsule @ inner synovial membrane
A muscle located in the facial region.
Begins at bridge of nose @ inserts into the frontal bone, between eyebrows.
Helps pull down skin between eyebrows.
Also aids in movement that allows flaring of the nostrils @ facial expression-show anger
Has a bit of pyramid shape
Primary Function-Provides protection to eyes from glare of sun
Strap-like muscle runs along lower half of body, from pubic bone to shaft of femur.
Linked to movement of thigh @ knee.
When referring to a pulled groin this muscle is involved
This muscle can be used in a wide range of reconstructive surgeries. (ex: to cover wounds)
Process by which new blood cells are formed.