cardio med term worksheet Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in cardio med term worksheet Deck (40):
1

the clumping of cells as a result of interaction with specific antibodies

Agglutination

2

An abnormal condition of the blood or bone marrow

Dyscrasia

3

The process of transforming a liquid into a solid, especially blood

Coagulation

4

Abnormal increase in the number of red blood cells

Polycythemia

5

A medical specialist in the field of blood

hematologist

6

The breakdown of red blood cells and the release of hemoglobin

Hemolysis

7

Of or pertaining to the bone marrow or spinal cord

Myelo

8

An abnormal decrease in the number of white blood cells

Leukopenia

9

An immature erythrocyte characterized by a mesh-like pattern of threads and particles

Reticulocyte

10

An abnormal low number of platelets

Thrombocytopenia

11

_________describes a condition in which there is decrease in hemoglobin or red blood cells

Anemia

12

__________means stopping or controlling bleeding

Hemostasis

13

____________is a rate iron metabolism disease characterized by iron deposits throughout the body

Hemochromatosis

14

___________is a collection of blood beneath the skin in the form of pinpoint hemorrhages appearing as a red-purple skin discoloration

Purpura

15

The watery, straw-colored fluid portion of the lymph and blood in which the leukocytes, erythrocytes, and platelets are suspended in:

Plasma

16

A stringy, insoluable protein that is a substance of a blood clot is

Fibrin

17

The abbreviation for hematocrit is

Hct

18

An assessment of RBC percentage in the total blood volume is

Hematocrit

19

When a person receives blood or a blood component that has been previously collected from that person through a reinfusion it is called an:

autologous transfusion

20

___________is a localized dilation of a weakened area of the wall of an artery

Aneurysm

21

____________is an absence of contraction of the heart

Asystole

22

Cramp-like pains in the calves of the legs caused by poor circulation of the muscles of the legs is called

Claudication

23

Inflammation of the heart muscle

Myocarditis

24

An abnormal sound or murmur heard with a stethoscope when listening to a carotid artery

Bruit

25

The period of relaxation of the heart

Diastole

26

__________is an inflammation of the inner lining of the heart

Endocarditis

27

Elevated blood pressure/high blood pressure

Hypertension

28

Insufficient oxygenation of arterial blood

Hypoxemia

29

_________is a decrease supply of oxygenated blood to a body part or organ

Ischemia

30

The area between the lungs in the chest cavity that contains, the heart, aorta, trachea, esophagus and bronchi is called

Mediastinum

31

____________is the double membranous sac that enclosed the heart

Pericardium

32

The formation or existence of a blood clot is called

Thrombosis

33

___________is the narrowing of the lumen of a blood vessel

Stenosis

34

A slow heart rate usually less than 60

Bradycardia

35

A rapid, violent, or throbbing pulsation, as an abnormally rapid throbbing or fluttering of the heart

Palpitation

36

______________is a disease of the heart muscle itself, primarily affecting the pumping ability of the heart

Cardiomyopathy

37

___________inflammation of a vein associated with the formation of a thrombus

Thrombophlebitis

38

An ___________is any deviation from the normal pattern of the heart beat

Arrhythmia

39

______________is a diagnostic procedure for studying the structure and motion of the heart

Echocardiography

40

Enlarged, superficial veins

Varicose Veins