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Flashcards in Brain Deck (25):
0

Sympathetic N.S.

Mobilizes the body for action in the face of stress "fight or flight"

1

Parasympathetic N.S.

Regulates the body's functions to conserve energy

2

Medulla

Autonomic functions

3

Reticular Formation

Arousal of cortex

4

Locus Coeruleus

Directs attention

5

Cerebellum

Sequencing and timing

6

Neurotransmitters

Acetylcholine, norepinephrine, dopamine, serotonin, GABA, glutamate, peptides, gases

7

Striatum

Smooth movements

8

Thalamus

Sensory relay to proper cortex area. "Switchboard"

9

Hypothalamus

Pleasure center; eating, drinking, body temp. Sex drives

10

Suprachiasmatic Nuclei

Circadian rhythm

11

Limbic System

Emotion+memory

12

Hippocampus

Creation of memory

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Amygdala

Generates fierce behavior

14

Corpus Callosum

Connects right and left hemispheres

15

Cerebral Cortex

The thinking brain four lobes: frontal, parietal, occipital, temporal

16

Motor Area

Frontal lobe; originates all movements, except reflexes; left-right up-down crossover

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Somatosensory Area

Parietal lobe; body senses; kinethesis

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Visual Area

Occipital Lobe; upside down lens action; left-right crossover

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Auditory Area

Temporal lobe; both ears to each hemisphere; short route long route

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Association Area

Rest of cerebrum; memory storage; problem solving; cognitive processes

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Broca's Area

Speaking; left frontal

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Wernicke's Area

Listening; left temporal

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Important Glands

Pituitary, thyroid, pancreas, adrenals, testes, ovaries

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Immune System

Thymus, spleen, bone marrow (produce antibodies) (autoimmune disorders)