Cardiovascular Anatomy Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Cardiovascular Anatomy Deck (18):
0

The heart develops in the _______ of the developing fetus at the 3rd week?

Mesoderm

1

What are the common congenital anomalies of the heart?

Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)
Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
Tetralogy of Fallot
Patent Foramen Ovale
Persistent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA)

2

What is the most common congenital anomaly of the heart?

Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)

3

Cyanosis is due to the mixing of arterial blood with deoxygenated blood and occurs in ___ to ___ shunts?

Right to Left

4

60-70% of myocardial venous blood drains into the heart via the _______ _______?

Coronary sinus

5

The heart valve from right atrium to right ventricle?

Tricuspid

6

The heart valve from right ventricle to pulmonary trunk?

Pulmonary

7

The heart valve from left atrium to left ventricle?

Mitral (bicuspid)

8

The heart valve from left ventricle to ascending aorta?

Aortic

9

What are the 4 branches of the right coronary artery?

Sinu-atrial
Right marginal
Posterior interventricular
Atrioventricular

10

Branches of the left coronary artery?

Circumflex
Anterior interventricular (left anterior descending)
Left marginal

11

The SA node is innervated by cardiac plexuses with sympathetic fibers from ____ sympathetic ganglia and parasympathetic fibers from CN __?

T1-T5

CN X- Vagus

12

The left subclavian artery comes off the ______, while the right subclavian artery comes off the _____?

Left- arch of the aorta
Right- brachiocephalic trunk

13

The axillary nerve accompanies what artery in the quadrangular space?

Posterior circumflex artery

14

The brachial artery accompanies what nerve in the arm?

Median

15

The femoral artery is accompanied by what nerve in the mid-thigh?

Saphenous

16

The popliteal artery accompanies what nerve in the popliteal fossa?

Tibial nerve

17

The anterior tibial artery accompanies what nerve in the anterior leg compartment?

Deep peroneal nerve (deep fibular)