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Flashcards in Pathology Deck (88):
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Abdominal pain, blue gum line and constipation

Lead poisoning

1

Abdominal pain and tenderness in the right iliac fossa

Appendicitis

2

Abdominal pain following an alcoholic binge

Pancreatitis

3

Abdominal pain in right iliac fossa and diarrhea

Crohn's Disease

4

Abdominal in left iliac fossa, blood in stool, young female

Ulcerative colitis

5

Abdominal pain in left iliac fossa, blood in stool, older male

Diverticulitis

6

Abdominal pain, splenomegaly in a black child

Sickle Cell disease

7

Adrenal hemorrhage and shock

Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome

8

Amenorrhea, no lactation after postpartum hemorrhage

Sheehan's syndrome

9

Arachnodactyl, lens dislocation, hypermobile joints

Marfans disease

10

Argyll-Robertson pupil, aortic aneurysm and angina pectoris

Tertiary syphilis

11

Ataxia, heart problems and scoliosis

Friedreich's disease

12

Beefy-red tongue and fatigue

Vitamin B12 deficiency

13

Bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy, erythema nodosum

Sarcoidosis

14

Bilateral ptosis, diplopia and difficulty in chewing in female

Myasthenia gravis

15

Bitot's spots in the eye

Vitamin A deficiency

16

Bladder or bowel control problem

Cauda Equina syndrome

17

Bleeding swollen gums

Scurvy

18

Blue lips, swollen ankles and dyspnea

Chronic bronchitis

19

Blue sclera and frequent fractures in an infant

Osteogenesis imperfecta

20

Bone pain, head enlargement and deafness

Paget's disease of bone

21

Bronze skin, cirrhosis and diabetes mellitus

Hemochromatosis

22

Buffalo hump, obesity, and purplish abdominal striae

Cushing's syndrome

23

Buboes in the groin, sign of the groove

Lymphogranuloma venerum

24

Bull's eye rash

Lyme disease

25

Butterfly rash and multiple painful joints in young female

Systemic lupus erythematosus

26

Cafe-au-lait spots and skin nodules

Neurofibromatosis

27

Calf pseudohypertrophy ad positive Gower's sign

Duchenne's muscular dystrophy

28

Cape-like distribution of loss of pain

Syringomyelia

29

Caput medusa

Cirrhosis with portal hypertension

30

Carditis, chorea, polyarthritis and subcutaneous nodules

Rheumatic fever

31

Casal's necklace

Pellagra

32

Cat scratch, fever and local lymphadenitis

Cat scratch disease

33

Cauliflower-like lesions on the hands or genitalia

Human Papilloma viral infection

34

Cherry-red spot on the macula

Tay-Sachs disease

35

Cherry-red skin and headaches

Carbon Monoxide poisoning

36

Chest pain worse on lying down and better on sitting forward

Pericarditis

37

Chest pain worse with exertion, better with rest

Angina pectoris

38

Chest pain with sweating and feeling of apprehension

Myocardial infarction

39

Chills, fever, vomiting and costovertebral angle tenderness

Pyelonephritis

40

Chorea and dementia

Huntington's disease

41

Chronic non-healing ulcer on ear or nose

Basal cell carcinoma

42

Cirrhosis and Kayser-Fleisher rings

Wilson's disease

43

Clubbing and cyanosis in an infant with heart murmur

Fallot's tetralogy

44

Condylomata accuminata

Human papilloma virus infection

45

Condylomata lata

Secondary syphilis

46

Coryza, conjunctivitis and "C" oplick spots

Measles

47

Deep labored breathing with acetone smell on breath

Diabetic ketoacidosis

48

Dermatitis, diarrhea and dementia

Pellagra

49

Dry eyes, dry mouth and arthritis

Sjögren's syndrome

50

Dysphagia, glossitis and iron deficiency anemia

Plummer-Vinson syndrome

51

Dyspepsia worse with eating food

Gastric type of peptic ulcer disease

52

Elastic skin with hypermobile joints

Ehlers-Danlos syndrome

53

Enlarged nerves and anesthetic hypopigmented rashes

Leprosy

54

Fair, fat, fertile female over 40 with abdominal pain

Cholecystitis

55

Fever, cough, chest pain in a parrot breeder

Bird fancier's disease

56

This necrosis is seen in infarctions in the heart and is due to protein denaturation?

Coagulative necrosis

57

This necrosis is seen in infarctions in the brain?

Liquefactive necrosis

58

This necrosis is seen in tuberculosis.

Caseous necrosis

59

This necrosis is seen in acute pancreatitis.

Enzymatic necrosis

60

This necrosis is seen in liver damage and injury to fatty tissue?

Fatty necrosis

61

This type of degeneration shows waxy hyaline as seen in skeletal muscle damage?

Zenker's degeneration

62

This type of degeneration is the dying back of the nerve axons after injury to the nerves?

Wallerian degeneration

63

A congenital right to left shunt in the heart causes?

Cyanotic Heart Disease

64

A congenital left to right shunt in the heart causes?

Acyanotic Heart Disease as in VSD, ASD, and PDA

65

What is the most commonly blocked artery causing myocardial infarction?

Left Anterior Descending artery

66

Right heart failure due to COPD or pulmonary embolism is termed?

Cor pulmonale

67

What does CREST syndrome stand for?

Calcinosis cutis
Raynaud's phenomenon
Esophageal dysfunction
Scleroderma
Telangiectasia

68

What is the most common adrenal medulla tumor in children?

Neuroblastoma

70

What is known as the 10% tumor?

Pheochromocytoma (adrenal medulla tumor)

71

This is secreted during the first half of the cycle to stimulate egg development

FSH

72

This is secreted from the pituitary mid cycle to cause ovulation

LH

73

This is responsible for proliferation during the first half of the cycle and increases pregnancy

Estrogen

74

This is responsible for secretion during the second half of the cycle, secreted by the corpus leuteum and increases pregnancy

Progesterone

75

S/S: ectopic endometrium, painful menstruation, can lead to infertility

Endometriosis

76

This is an infection of fallopian tubes, under 35 y/o, IUD increases risk, ectopic pregnancy

Salpingitis

77

This is improper implantation of an egg, rupture could cause sterilization and/or death

ectopic pregnancy

78

Instead of a fetus, a disorganized, benign mass develops and is termed what?

Hydatidiform mole

79

Instead of a fetus a cancerous mass develops and is termed what

choriocarcinoma

80

An increase in GH in a child can lead to what?

Gigantism

81

An increase in GH in an adult can lead to what?

Acromegaly

82

A decrease in GH can lead to what?

dwarfism

83

AKA for hyperthyroidism

Graves

84

S/S: weight loss, insomnia, tachycardia, goiter, nervousness and hypertension

Graves

85

aka for hypoadrenalism

Addisons

86

aka for hyperadrenalism

Cushings

87

S/S: moon face, hirsutism, purple striae, weight gain, hypertension, buffalo hump

Cushings

88

S/S: bronze skin, hypotension

Addisons