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Flashcards in Pathology2 Deck (59):
0

Fever, headache and skin rash on wrists and feet

Rocky Mountain spotted fever

1

Fever, conjunctivitis, coryza and fine rash on trunk

Measles

2

Fever, neck stiffness and headache

Meningitis

3

Fever, night sweats, weight loss, cough or hemoptysis

Tuberculosis

4

Fever, maculopapulovesicular rash on trunk

Chickenpox

5

Foul floating feces, fatigue and weight loss

Celiac disease

6

Frequent urination with burning on micturition

Urinary tract infection

7

Frothy urine, recurrent infections with normal blood pressure

Nephrotic syndrome

8

Frothy malordorous vaginal discharge

Trichomonas vaginitis

9

Galactorrhea and amenorrhea

Prolactinoma

10

Gumma

Tertiary syphilis

11

Gottron's papules and heliotrope eyelids

Dermatomyositis

12

Gottron's papules and heliotrope eyelids

Dermatomyositis

13

Gout and self-mutation in a child due to pain insensitivity

Lesch-Nyhan syndrome

14

Haygarth's nodes

Rheumatoid arthritis

15

Heartburn worse on lying down after meals

Gastro-esophageal reflux disease

16

Heat intolerance, fine tumors, weight loss or exophthamos

Hyperthyroidism

17

Heberden's and Bouchard's nodes

Osteoarthritis

18

Hematemesis following protracted vomiting and retching

Mallory-Weiss syndrome

19

Hemoptysis in a chronic cigarette smoking

Lung cancer

20

Hemoptysis and hematuria

Goodpasture syndrome

21

Honey-colored crusts on the face near the mouth and nose

Impetigo

22

Hyperpigmented oral cavity and intestinal polyps

Peutz-Jegher syndrome

23

Hyperpigmented skin creases, bronze skin and fatigue

Addison disease

24

Hypertension, hypokalemia and metabolic acidosis

Conn's disease

25

Hypertension, exophthalmos and goiter

Graves' disease

26

Indurated painless penile lesion

Primary syphilis

27

Infant with red hair and swollen abdomen

Kwashiorkor

28

Infant with microcephaly and rocker-bottom feet

Trisomy 18 (Edwards syndrome)

29

Infant with microcephaly and indistinct philtrum

Fetal alcohol syndrome

30

Infant with mongoloid eyes and mental retardation

Trisomy 21 (Down syndrome)

31

Irregularly irregular breathing

Biot's respiration

32

Jaundice, chills and fever

Ascending cholangitis

33

Jaundice, ascites and firm non-tender hepatomegaly

Cirrhosis

34

Jaundice with tender hepatomegaly

Hepatitis

35

Large spatulate hands, protruding jaw

Acromegaly

36

Loss of the outer third of eyebrows and slow reflexes

Hypothyroidism

37

Low back pain, bamboo spine in young male adult

Ankylosing spondylitis

38

Lower abdominal pain and 6-8 weeks of amenorrhea

Ectopic pregnancy

39

Koilonychia and pale mucous membranes

Iron deficiency anemia

40

Koplik spots and fever followed by fine maculopapular rash

Measles

41

Majenta-colored tongue

Vitamine B12 deficiency

42

Male child with recurrent infection and no B cells

Bruton's disease

43

Mental retardation, large scrotal tongue, umbilical hernia

Down syndrome

44

Middle aged male smoker with intermittent claudication

Buerger's disease

45

Midsystolic click and atypical chest pain

Mitral valve prolapse

46

Mole with irregular margins, change in color or size

Malignant melanoma

47

Mucoid urethral discharge in a sexually active male

Chlamydia urethritis

48

Muscle cramps with a positive Chvestek test

Hypoparathyroidism

49

Newborn with paralyzed arm after difficult vertex delivery

Erb-Duchenne palsy

50

Newborn with claw hand after difficult breech delivery

Klumpke's palsy

51

Night blindness, dry eyes and dry skin

Vitamin A deficiency

52

Nocturnal back pain, recurrent infections and fatigue

Multiple Myeloma

53

Obesity, hirsutism and irregular periods

Polycystic Ovarian syndrome

54

Osler nodes, Janeway nodules or Roth spots

Subacute Bacterial Endocarditis

55

Painful finders, wrists bilaterally with morning stiffness > 1 hour

Rheumatoid arthritis

56

Painful hip with a limp in a young child

Legg-Calve-Perthes disease

57

Painful hip with a limp in an overweight teenager

Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis

58

Painful, pulseless, pale perishingly cold limb

Arterial embolism