✅Case Study - Alberta 2016 Flashcards Preview

AQA A Level Geography - PHYSICAL > ✅Case Study - Alberta 2016 > Flashcards

Flashcards in ✅Case Study - Alberta 2016 Deck (32)
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1

How did the climate encourage the start of the wildfire?

Dry conditions and strong winds with low humidity
El Nino caused high temperatures

2

How much rainfall was seen in Fort McMurray?

41.3mm between January and April, 60% of average

3

Why did below average precipitation lead to dry vegetation?

Less precipitation meant less snowpack and therefore dry vegetations

4

What was the highest temperature seen in Fort McMurray?

91 degrees F/33 degrees C

5

How fast were winds?

22mph

6

How many people were evacuated?

80,000

7

How were people physically affected?

Visibility was low due to smoke and people developed breathing difficulties

8

How was the sense of community impacted?

People's homes were destroyed, affecting communities

9

How many homes were destroyed in Fort McMurray?

1600

10

What percentage of all structures were destroyed?

15%

11

Why were jobs put at risk?

Operations on oil sands were shut down

12

How many were housed in the University of Calgary while the blaze was tackled?

2600

13

How were basic water supplies affected?

Firefighters had to use untreated water to tackle the blaze, so supplies were contaminated

14

How was the countries economy affected?

Major oil production was shut down, so exports slowed

15

How many major oil companies suspended operations?

9

16

How much was production of oil cut down by?

1 million barrels a day. 1/3 of Canada's output

17

How many residents were out of work?

90,000

18

How much was lost in real GDP?

$985 million

19

Why was the fire likely to smoulder for months?

Because there is thick peat in the area, which can allow it to keep burning

20

How much CO2 was emitted?

Millions of tonnes, particularly from burning peat

21

How were rivers and lakes affected?

The ash polluted them

22

How far was smoke from the fires able to travel?

3400km to the US Gulf Coast

23

How long were people without electricity for?

More than 14 days

24

What did the fire fuel politically?

A debate on the possible impacts of climate change

25

What was used to evacuate oil sands workers?

Aircraft including helicopters

26

What did the Alberta government declare?

A state of emergency

27

Which countries responded with aid?

US, Russia and Australia with helicopters, water-bombers and firefighters

28

How much did the Canadian government provide to evacuees per adult?

$1250

29

How much did the Canadian government provide to evacuees per dependant?

$500

30

How much was collected by the Red Cross in aid?

$50 million