✅Case Study - Typhoon Haiyan 2013 Flashcards Preview

AQA A Level Geography - PHYSICAL > ✅Case Study - Typhoon Haiyan 2013 > Flashcards

Flashcards in ✅Case Study - Typhoon Haiyan 2013 Deck (35)
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1

Where did the typhoon originate?

South China Sea, the Philippines

2

When did the typhoon occur?

November 2013

3

Why were storm surges increased?

Sea levels have risen by 20cm since 1990

4

Why was Tacloban particularly at risk?

It is at the edge of a bay and water was funnelled in during the storm surge, more than 4m high

5

Why were water levels in the Philippines higher?

Combined with rising sea levels, excess groundwater lead to the land sinking

6

How many people were killed?

7500

7

How many people were affected?

9 million

8

How many were left homeless?

1.9 million

9

How many people were displaced?

6 million

10

Why were there so many casualties?

Due to a lack of aid in the area

11

Why did disease spread so easily?

Likely due to lack of food, water and shelter

12

How much did the damage cost?

$2.9 million

13

What major crops were destroyed?

Major rice and sugar areas

14

How many hectares of land were affected?

71,000

15

How much did the farm damage cost?

$85 million

16

What environmental losses were seen?

Forests were lost and widespread flooding

17

What was leaked into ecosystems?

Oil and sewerage

18

Why were pollution levels higher?

Due to lack of sanitation

19

What did the government declare?

A state of national emergency

20

How did the number of workers in the Tacloban government change?

Went from 2500 workers to 70

21

How many people were given food assistance?

4 million

22

How many temporary learning site were set up?

140,000

23

How many children were screened for malnutrition?

97,000

24

How many households received basic emergency shelter materials?

500,000

25

How many families received solar lanterns?

50,000

26

What services were provided?

Healthcare, food and water

27

How was disease prevented?

Hundreds of thousands of children were vaccinated

28

How many families were given seeds?

44.000

29

How many were given fertilisers to grow crops?

80,000 with the aim of feeding 800,000

30

How many received tools and materials to rebuild homes?

55,000