CC: Basic Phenomena and Various Complexities Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in CC: Basic Phenomena and Various Complexities Deck (20):

What is aquisition?

the process of developing and strengthening a conditioned response through repeated pairings of a neutral stimulus with an unconditioned stimulus


What is a symptote?

the max. amount of conditioning that can take place in a particular situation


What is extinction?

a conditioned response is weakened or elimitated when the CS is repeatedly presented in the absence of the US (learned inhibition of responding)


What is spontaneous recovery?

the reappearance of a conditioned responce to a CS following a rest period after extinction


What is disinhibition?

sudden recovery of a conditioned response during an extinction procedure when a novel (unfamiliar) stimulus is introduced


What is stimulus generalisation?

the tendency for a CR to occur in the presence of a stimulus that is similar to the CS (more similar - stronger response)


What is Sematic generalisation?

generalisation of a conditioned response to verbal stimuli that are similar in meaning to the CS


What is stimulus discrimination?

the tendency for a response to be elicited more by one stimulus than another (less similar - greater likelyhood of discrimination)


What is experimental neurosis?

an experimentally produced disorder in which animals exposed to unpredictable events develop neurotic-like symptoms


What theory did experimental neurosis help initiate?

Eysenck's (1957) Personality Theory


What is high order conditioning?

a stimulus that is associated with a CS can also become a CS (third order will be quite weak)


What is sensory preconditioning?

when one stimulus is conditioned as a CS, another stimulus with which it was previously paired can also become a CS


When does sensory preconditioning work best?

if stimuli are paired relatively few times and presented simultaneously in preconditioning phase


What is unconditioned stimulus revaluation?

postconditioning presentation of the US at a difficult level of intensity, thereby subsequently altering the strength of a responce to the previously conditioned CS (inflation or deflation)


What is a compound stimulus?

consists of the simultaneous presentation of two or more individual stimuli


What is overshadowing?

the more salient member of a compound stimulus is more readily conditioned as a CS and thereby interferes with conditioning of less salient member


What is blocking?

the presence of an established CS interferes with conditioning of a new CS (like overshadowing, but NS and CS) - INTERFERENCE from established CS


What is occasion setting?

procedure in which a stimulus (occasion setter) signals whether a CS will elicit a CR


What is latent inhibition?

a familiar stimulus is more difficult to condition as a CS than is an unfamiliar (novel) stimulus (UNFAMILIAR - easier to condition as CS)


What factors affect the strength of conditioning?

time, sensitisation, novelty of stimuli, habituation, intensity of stimuli, biological preparedness