CC: Basic Phenomena and Various Complexities Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in CC: Basic Phenomena and Various Complexities Deck (20):
1

What is aquisition?

the process of developing and strengthening a conditioned response through repeated pairings of a neutral stimulus with an unconditioned stimulus

2

What is a symptote?

the max. amount of conditioning that can take place in a particular situation

3

What is extinction?

a conditioned response is weakened or elimitated when the CS is repeatedly presented in the absence of the US (learned inhibition of responding)

4

What is spontaneous recovery?

the reappearance of a conditioned responce to a CS following a rest period after extinction

5

What is disinhibition?

sudden recovery of a conditioned response during an extinction procedure when a novel (unfamiliar) stimulus is introduced

6

What is stimulus generalisation?

the tendency for a CR to occur in the presence of a stimulus that is similar to the CS (more similar - stronger response)

7

What is Sematic generalisation?

generalisation of a conditioned response to verbal stimuli that are similar in meaning to the CS

8

What is stimulus discrimination?

the tendency for a response to be elicited more by one stimulus than another (less similar - greater likelyhood of discrimination)

9

What is experimental neurosis?

an experimentally produced disorder in which animals exposed to unpredictable events develop neurotic-like symptoms

10

What theory did experimental neurosis help initiate?

Eysenck's (1957) Personality Theory

11

What is high order conditioning?

a stimulus that is associated with a CS can also become a CS (third order will be quite weak)

12

What is sensory preconditioning?

when one stimulus is conditioned as a CS, another stimulus with which it was previously paired can also become a CS

13

When does sensory preconditioning work best?

if stimuli are paired relatively few times and presented simultaneously in preconditioning phase

14

What is unconditioned stimulus revaluation?

postconditioning presentation of the US at a difficult level of intensity, thereby subsequently altering the strength of a responce to the previously conditioned CS (inflation or deflation)

15

What is a compound stimulus?

consists of the simultaneous presentation of two or more individual stimuli

16

What is overshadowing?

the more salient member of a compound stimulus is more readily conditioned as a CS and thereby interferes with conditioning of less salient member

17

What is blocking?

the presence of an established CS interferes with conditioning of a new CS (like overshadowing, but NS and CS) - INTERFERENCE from established CS

18

What is occasion setting?

procedure in which a stimulus (occasion setter) signals whether a CS will elicit a CR

19

What is latent inhibition?

a familiar stimulus is more difficult to condition as a CS than is an unfamiliar (novel) stimulus (UNFAMILIAR - easier to condition as CS)

20

What factors affect the strength of conditioning?

time, sensitisation, novelty of stimuli, habituation, intensity of stimuli, biological preparedness