Flashcards in CC: Basic Phenomena and Various Complexities Deck (20):
What is aquisition?
the process of developing and strengthening a conditioned response through repeated pairings of a neutral stimulus with an unconditioned stimulus
What is a symptote?
the max. amount of conditioning that can take place in a particular situation
What is extinction?
a conditioned response is weakened or elimitated when the CS is repeatedly presented in the absence of the US (learned inhibition of responding)
What is spontaneous recovery?
the reappearance of a conditioned responce to a CS following a rest period after extinction
What is disinhibition?
sudden recovery of a conditioned response during an extinction procedure when a novel (unfamiliar) stimulus is introduced
What is stimulus generalisation?
the tendency for a CR to occur in the presence of a stimulus that is similar to the CS (more similar - stronger response)
What is Sematic generalisation?
generalisation of a conditioned response to verbal stimuli that are similar in meaning to the CS
What is stimulus discrimination?
the tendency for a response to be elicited more by one stimulus than another (less similar - greater likelyhood of discrimination)
What is experimental neurosis?
an experimentally produced disorder in which animals exposed to unpredictable events develop neurotic-like symptoms
What theory did experimental neurosis help initiate?
Eysenck's (1957) Personality Theory
What is high order conditioning?
a stimulus that is associated with a CS can also become a CS (third order will be quite weak)
What is sensory preconditioning?
when one stimulus is conditioned as a CS, another stimulus with which it was previously paired can also become a CS
When does sensory preconditioning work best?
if stimuli are paired relatively few times and presented simultaneously in preconditioning phase
What is unconditioned stimulus revaluation?
postconditioning presentation of the US at a difficult level of intensity, thereby subsequently altering the strength of a responce to the previously conditioned CS (inflation or deflation)
What is a compound stimulus?
consists of the simultaneous presentation of two or more individual stimuli
What is overshadowing?
the more salient member of a compound stimulus is more readily conditioned as a CS and thereby interferes with conditioning of less salient member
What is blocking?
the presence of an established CS interferes with conditioning of a new CS (like overshadowing, but NS and CS) - INTERFERENCE from established CS
What is occasion setting?
procedure in which a stimulus (occasion setter) signals whether a CS will elicit a CR
What is latent inhibition?
a familiar stimulus is more difficult to condition as a CS than is an unfamiliar (novel) stimulus (UNFAMILIAR - easier to condition as CS)