CC: Underlying Processes and Practical Applications Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in CC: Underlying Processes and Practical Applications Deck (15):

What is stimulus-substitution theory?

the CS acts as a substitute for the US (Pavlov) (activations in different sections of cortex)


What is the preparatory-response theory?

the purpose of the CR is to prepare the organism for the presentation of the US (eg. dog salvates to get ready for food)


What is the compensatory-response model?

a CS that has been repeatedly associated with the primary response (a process) to a US will eventually come to elicit a compensatory response (b process) - like extreme form of prepatory-reponse


How can CC explain drug tolerance?

presence of CS cues will initiate physiological reactions to compensate for the alcohol you are about to consume


What is the Rescorla-Wagner Theory?

a given US can support only so much conditioning and this amount of conditioning must be distributed among the various CS's that are present (only so much association value available)


What is the Overexpectation effect?

the decrease in the conditioned response that occurs when two separately conditioned CS's are combined into a compound stimulus for further pairing with the US (overexpectation about what will follow)


What is incubation?

the strengthening of a conditioned fear response as a result of brief exposures to an aversive stimulus


What is unconditioned stimulus revaluation?

exposure of a US of a different intensity than that used during conditioning can alter the strength of a response to a previously conditioned CS


What is selective sensitisation?

an increase in one's reactivity to a potentially fearful stimulus following exposure to an unrelated stressful event


What is systematic desensitisation?

behavioural treatment for phobias involving pairing relaxation with a succession of stimuli that elicit increasing levels of fear (slow presentation)


What is counter conditioning?

a CS that elicits one type of response is associated with an event that elicits an incompatible response


What is reciprocal inhibition?

the occurance of one response can be inhibited by the occurance of an incompatable responce


What are the 3 main parts of systematic desensitisation?

training in relaxation
creation of hierarchy of imaginary scenes that elicit progressively intense fear
pairing of each item in hierarchy with relaxation


What is flooding therapy?

a behavioural treatment that involves prolonged exposure to a feared stimulus, thereby providing maximal opportunity for the conditioned fear response to be extinguished (imaginal or in vivo flooding)


What is aversion therapy?

reduces the attractiveness of a desired event by associating it with an aversive stimulus