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Flashcards in Cell Parts/notes Deck (56):
1

Is the cell wall in plant or animal cells

Plant cells on the outside

2

What is the structure of the cell wall

Wall surrounding cell
Has holes like windows in wall
Rigid structure made of cellulose

3

What is the macromolecule of the cell wall

Cellulose

4

Main function of the cell membrane

Controls what enters and leaves the cell

5

Structure of cell membrane

Flexible lining just inside the cell wall in plants, outside in animals

6

What is the macromolecule of cell membrane

Phospholipids
Proteins
Cholesterol

7

Is the cell membrane found in animal or plant cells

Both

8

Chloroplast main function

Photosynthesis by converting solar energy into chemical energy

9

Chloroplast structure

Oval bean found in outer membrane, stacks of hollow discs, formed of membrane = grana

10

Macromolecule for chloroplasts

Phospholipids and proteins

11

What two organelles have their own DNA

Mitochondria and chloroplast

12

Centrolie main function

Form spindle fibers to move/separate chromosomes in cellular division

13

Centriole structure

Self replicating, organelles made up of triplets of macrotubles

14

Are centriole found in animal or plant cells

Animals

15

Rough Er main function

Folds and delivers proteins

16

Rough Er structure

Tunes of membrane contains enzymes (inter cellular highway) attached to nucleus

17

Macromolecule of rough Er

Phospholipids
Proteins

18

Golgi apparatus main function

Adds carbs, lipids to proteins, constructs complex carbs, packages proteins

19

Golgi apparatus structure

Flat packets of membrane
Lots of enzymes

20

Smooth Er main function

Transport molecule detoxify

21

Smooth Er structure

Membrane tunes with lots of enzymes attached to nucleus

22

Smooth Er macromolecule

Phospholipids and proteins

23

Lysosomes main function

Digest macromolecules, good hydrolysis

24

Lysosomes structure

Single membrane full of digestive enzymes

25

Macromolecules in lysosomes

Phospholipids and proteins

26

Are lysosomes in animals or plants

Animals

27

Is Golgi apparatus in plants or animals

Both

28

In Er in plant or animals

Both

29

Mitochondria function

Cellular respiration, use oxygen to burn glucose and give energy to cells

30

Mitochondria found in plant or animals

Both

31

Mitochondria structure

Oval bean shape outer membrane, inner membrane has folds (crustac)

32

Macromolecules in mitochondria

Phospholipids and proteins

33

Nucleus function

Stores DNA and directs cells. Small ribosomes

34

Nucleus structure

Round shape, nuclear envelope- double membrane around nucleus, nuclear pores (opening in envelope), chromosomes-segments of DNA, nucleolus

35

What is nucleolus

Dense area where ribosomal DNA is made

36

Macromolecule in nucleus

Phospholipids, proteins, nucleic acid

37

Ribosome main function

Makes proteins

38

Ribosome structure

Two subunits
One protein subunit
One RNA subunit

39

Where is ribosome found

On RER or cytoplasm,

40

What is ribosome macromolecule

Protein and nucleic acid

41

What's another name for vacuole

Vesticles

42

Vacuole function

Storage, in plants structural support (tugor pressure).

43

Vacuole structure

Single membrane filled with water and molecules
Food vacuoles store food.

44

Macromolecules in vacuole

Phospholipids, protein

45

Cytoplasm main function

All functions between nucleus and cell membrane, fluid stuff.

46

Cytoplasm structure

All organelles between membrane and nucleus

47

Hyaloplasm

Fluid that fills cell

48

Cytoplasm macromolecule

All

49

Cytoskeleton

Where hyaloplasm is the solid stuff

50

What is the only organelle that has no membrane

Ribosome

51

Organelles for movement

Cilia and flagella

52

Cilia

Small hair like projects from the cell membrane

53

Example of cilia

Fallopian tubes, mucus membranes, paramecium

54

Flagella

Long tail like projection from the cell membrane

55

Example of flagella

Sperm cell, bacteria,

56

Main function of cell wall

Physical protection