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Flashcards in Review Guide Deck (71):
1

Define compound

Two different atoms bonded together

2

Polar molecule general property

Two opposite charged poles

3

Dissolving in polar molecule

Polar dissolves polar

4

General molecules of non polar

Even sharing electrons

5

Examples of non polar

Fats

6

Hydrogen bonding

Weak ionic bonds, formed between hydrogen oxygen nitrogen and Florine

7

Surface tension

Water sticks to water

8

Cohesion

Water sticks to water

9

Adhesion

Water sticks to different polar molecule

10

Definition of acid

Donate H +

11

Definition of base

Donate OH-

12

Ph scale

0-6 acid
8-14 base

13

What elements are found in all organic compounds

CH

14

Name four groups of organic compounds that are important to living organisms

Lipids, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, proteins

15

Elements that make up carbohydrates

CHO

16

Ratio of H to O in carbohydrates

2:1

17

What are building blocks of carbohydrates

Monosaccharides

18

Formula for simple sugar is

1:2:1
C6H12o6

19

Define monosaccharide, disaccharide and polysaccharide

Mono one
Di two
Poly many

20

Examples of monosaccharide

Glucose
Galactose
Fructose

21

Examples of Disaccharides

Sucrose

22

Polysaccharides

Starch
Glycogen
Cellulose
Chitin

23

Three elements that make up lipids

CHO

24

Ratio of H to O in lipid is

Not uniform

25

What are two building blocks of lipids

Fatty acids + glycerol

26

Difference between saturated and unsaturated

Saturated single bonds solids
Unsaturated double or triple bonds liquids

27

Example of unsaturated fats

Lard and butter

28

Which is healthier saturated or unsaturated

Unsaturated

29

Glycerol molecule

Oh

30

Fatty acid molecule

Cooh

31

Lipid (trig) molecule

Picture in review

32

Elements that make up proteins

CHON

33

What are building blocks of proteins

Amino acids

34

Elements of proteins

CHON

35

How many different kinds of amino acids are there

20

36

What is basic structure of amino acid

Amino group, r variable, carboxylic

37

Define peptide bond

Happens because of dehydration synthesis
Holds amino acids together

38

Dipeptide

Two amino acids

39

Polypeptide

Three or more amino acids

40

Dehydration synthesis

Remove water to hoop two monomers to get her

41

Hydrolysis

Add water to macromolecules to break down into smaller parts

42

Monomer

Building block of polymer

43

Polymer

A big molecule
Long chain of repeating units

44

Carbohydrate food example

Sugar

45

Lipid food example

Fat

46

Protein food example

Meat

47

Carbohydrate monomer

Monosaccharide

48

Lipid monomer

Glycerol and fatty acid

49

Protein monomer

Amino acid

50

Nucleic acid monomer

Nucleotide

51

Carbohydrate polymer

Polysaccharides

52

Lipid polymer

Fats waxes and oils

53

Protein polymer

Enzymes

54

Nucleic acid polymer

DNA RNA

55

What is most common monosaccharide

Glucose

56

Common polysaccharides in plants

Starch and cellulose

57

Most common polysaccharides in animals

Glycogen

58

Are lipids polar or no polar

Non polar

59

Are lipids soluble in water

No

60

Non polar or polar solid able in water

Polar

61

What bond holds amino acids together

Peptide

62

What are a chain of amino acids called

Dipeptide polypeptide

63

What two functions do nucleic acids have

Determine genetic info and carry genetic info

64

What are the three parts that make up a nucleotide

Sugar, phosphate, nitrogen base

65

In the circle, house, square what thing Is it

Nucleotide

66

In circle house square what do each shape represent

Circle is phosphate
House is sugar
Square is nitrogen base

67

DNA sugar

Deoxyribose

68

RNA sugar

Ribose

69

Four base for DNA

ATCG

70

Four bases of RNA

AUCG

71

What four elements are most abundant in living organisms

CHON