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Flashcards in Hydrocarbon Deck (27):
1

Hydrocarbon

Only carbon and hydrogen in them no other element

2

How do you name hydrocarbons

Count the carbons and use the prefix for that number
Ex methane

3

MEPBPHHOND

Methane 1
Ethane 2
Propane 3
Butane 4
Pentane 5
Hexane 6
Heptane 7
Octane 8
Nonane 9
Decane 10

4

2

Ethane

5

Organic chemistry

Compounds with carbon and hydrogen in them. Made in the body of living things

6

5

Pentane

7

1

Methane

8

6

Hexane

9

8

Octane

10

3

Propane

11

10

Decane

12

7

Heptane

14

Isomer

Same formula but different shape and properties
Has to have same number of h

15

Monomer

One single small molecule
Like one Lego

16

Polymer

A large molecule made by putting together many small molecules
100 Legos stuck together

17

What reaction type is a polymer

Synthesis

18

Polymer examples

Carbohydrates
DNA
proteins

19

Hydroxyl group

-O-H

20

What is a functional group

A group of atoms with a particular job ( function) adding the group to larger molecules gives the molecule specific properties

21

What property does a hydroxyl group give

Makes soluble in water

22

Example of organic molecule that contains hydroxyl group

Sugars
Alcohols

23

Draw carboxyl group


.........O
.......//
----C
.......\
........O-H

24

What trait does a carboxyl group give

Makes into carboxylic acid

25

Give an example of an organic molecule that contains the carboxylic acid

Fatty acids
Transfats

26

9

Nonane

30

4

Butane

31

Organic polymer

An organic polymer is a large carbon containing molecule that is made by bonding together many smaller molecules.
Examples : proteins, Carbohydrates, DNA