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Flashcards in Macromolecules And Mononers Deck (70):
1

Polysaccharides are a type of

Carbohydrate

2

Examples of Polysaccharides

Cellulose, starch, glycogen, and chitin

3

Examples of monosaccharides

Glucose galactose

4

Examples of disaccharides

Sucrose

5

Polysaccharides uses

Energy, structure, and support

6

Monomers that make up Polysaccharides

Monosaccharides (glucose mostly )

7

Are lipids non polar or polar

Non polar

8

What is saturated

All single bonds, straight chains, solid

9

What is unsaturated

Double or triple bonds. Bent liquids

10

What is better saturated or unsaturated

Unsaturated

11

Examples of lipids

Fats, waxes, and oils

12

Lipid uses

Membrane structure
Energy storage
Steroids

13

Monomers that make up lipids

Triglycerides: fatty acids and glycerol

14

Phospholipid, what are the tail and head, non polar or polar

Tail is non polar and a fatty acid, head is polar phosphate

15

Uses for phospholipids

Membrane structure

16

Monomers that make up phospholipids

Phosphate, f.a. (Fatty acid), and p.a.

17

Nucleic acid are

DNA and RNA

18

DNA info

Deoxyribose sugar with ATCG
stores genetic info/determines genetic traits

19

RNA info

Ribose sugar with AUCG carries genetic info

20

Examples of nucleic acid

DNA and RNA

21

Uses for nucleic acid

Stores and carries genetic info

22

Monomers that make up necleic acid

Nucleotide

23

What is denaturing

Changing the shape of the protein by heating/ changing ph

24

Examples of proteins

Enzymes
Transport proteins
Pigments
Hemoglobin

25

Uses for proteins

Catalyze reactions
Transport substances
Structure and support

26

Monomers that make up proteins

Amino acid

27

Monosaccharide elements

Cho
1:2:1

28

Monosaccharide bonds and functional groups

Covalent bonds
Have OH
And glucose

29

Glucose formula

C6H12O6

30

Hydrophilic and hydrophobic

Phobic is water fearing and non polar
Philic is water loving and polar

31

Monosaccharide characteristic and use

Hydrophilic and used as an easy quick energy source

32

Macromolecules that monosaccharides can make

Carbohydrates, polysaccharides, (glycogen, starch, chitin, cellulose)

33

Glycerol is made of what elements

Cho

34

Glycerol bonds and functional groups

An alcohol with oh-hydroxyl, group

35

Characteristics of a glycerol

An alcohol, hydrophilic, combined with three fatty acids to form a triglyceride,

36

Macromolecules glycerol can make

Lipid

37

Fatty acid elements

Cho

38

Fatty acid functional group

Hydroxyl group and -cooh

39

Fatty acid uses

Used to create triglycerides w glycerol with three fatty acids and also create phospholipids with two fatty acids and phosphate

40

Is fatty acid polar or non polar

Non polar

41

Macromolecules fatty acids can make

Lipids

42

Nucleotide elements

Chonp

43

Nucleotide bonds and functional group

Sugar, phosphate, and nitrogen base
Covalent bond

44

Nucleotide uses

Stable backbone molecule of DNA and RNA

45

Macromolecules nucleotides can make

Nucleic acid

46

Amino acid elements and functional group

Chon
Amino and carboxylic

47

drawing of amino acid

H-----r-----o
---n--c---c
H-----h----oh

48

Amino acids how many

20 different

49

Amino acids make up how any proteins

10,000

50

What type of bond do amino acids have

Peptide

51

Amino acids can make what macromolecules

Proteins

52

Phosphates elements and bonds

PO4
Polyionic ion

53

Phosphate uses

Used with two fatty acids to form phospholipid
Used with sugar and base to form nucleotide

54

What macromolecules can phosphate make

Nucleic acid

55

Glycogen

Storage molecules in animals

56

Cellusose

Makes up cell walls of plants

57

Starch

Storage molecule in plants

58

Chitin

Exoskeletons

59

Lipids are found in

Fat wax and oil

60

LDL

Low density lipoprotein
Bad guy

61

HDL

High density lipoprotein
Good guy

62

Anabolic steroid

Muscle building

63

Androgenic steroid

Sex hormones

64

Plant hormones

Gibberellin, auxin, eytokinins

65

Peptide bond

Hold amino acids together and happens because of dehydration synthesis

66

Dipeptide

Two amino acids

67

Polypeptide

3 or more amino acids

68

Dehydration synthesis

When you remove a water molecule and connect two smaller ones

69

Hydrolysis

Break down molecules by adding water

70

Macromolecules

Polysaccharides
Lipid
Phospholipids
Nucleon acid
Protein