Ch 10: Intelligence Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 10: Intelligence Deck (21):
1

Intelligence

the ability to profit from experience and adapt to new conditions

2

Creativity

something new is added and has value(for at least one person)

3

Convergent vs Divergent thinking

  • Convergent - spend time on 1 idea on how to solve a problem
  • Divergent - brainstorm and think about several ideas to solve a problem

4

Alfred Binet

created the first IQ test in France

5

Stanford/Binet IQ Test

IQ test specialized for USA

6

William Stern

creates a single # formula for IQ test

(mental age/actual age)*100

7

Thurstone - 7 factors of intelligence

  1. Number
  2. Space
  3. Verbal Fluency
  4. Verbal Comprehension
  5. Memory Factor
  6. Reasoning
  7. ​Perceptual Speed

  1. Number - math
  2. Space -  visualize 3D objects
  3. Verbal Fluency - words
  4. Verbal Comprehension - understand words
  5. Memory Factor - recall past experiences
  6. Perceptual Speed - see details and quickly notice

8

Robert Sternberg

memo test - can you write a good memo

9

Howard Gardner - Multiple Intelligence - 8

  1. Word Smart
  2. Number Smart
  3. Music Smart
  4. Body Smart - atheletics
  5. Space Smart - spacial reasoning
  6. Nature Smart
  7. *Intrasmart - (yourself) - understanding yourself
  8. *Intersmart - (others) - understanding others

10

Peter Salvery

Emotional Intelligence

  • combination of Inter and Intra smart
  • more important thatn IQ

 

11

METS

Multifactor Emotional Intelligence Scale

helps find EQ score

determins EQ level

12

Aptitude Tests

predicts future performance

e.g. driving test

13

Achievement Test

reflection on what you have learned

14

*WAIS

Weschelar Adult Intelligence Scale

  • #1 IQ test
  • verbal and performance
  • 11 subtests

15

Intelligence Tests need 2 things

  1. Reliability
  2. ​Validity

  1. Reliability - constant results
    1. no fluctuating scores within 24 hours
  2. Validity - measures what it's supposed to measure

16

Stereotype thread

phenomenon occurs when you think you might not do well on a test

 

psychosomatic - causes you to fail because you think you won't do well

17

Mental Retardation

IQ <= 70

  • Mild - (50-70) - understand up to 6th grade level
  • Moderate - (49-55) - 2nd grade level
  • Severe - need 24 hour supervision
  • Profound - need 24 hour supervision

18

Sevant

mental retardation in all but one subject - amazing in that subject

19

Retification

a reasoning error

viewing an abstract concept as real

 

e.g. gifted/genious

20

Flynn Effect

  • rising IQ scores over years
    • more school
    • better and more food
    • better medicine

21

Stereotype Threat

a self-confirming concern that one will be evaluated based on a negative stereotype