Ch 11: Motivation Flashcards Preview

Psychology > Ch 11: Motivation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 11: Motivation Deck (18):
1

Motivation

a desire that energizes your behavior and directs it towards a goal

2

Drive Reduction Theory 

you have a need, your body creates a "drive", and you fulfill that need

 

e.g. you need food - you get hungry - you eat

3

Homeostasis

body wants balance

4

Optimal Arousal

if everything is in balance - we now want arousal

bored

5

Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

  • Physiological Needs - food, water - body needs
  • Self Actualization - abstract - worldly needs
  • self Transcendence - new ideas
    • contemplation

A image thumb
6

What motivates Hunger/Eating

Internal vs External

  • Internal
    • Stomach Contractions - Washburn experiment
      • put balloon in stomach
        • when full - not hungry
        • when empty - hungry
    • Hypothalamus - moniters blood sugar (glucose)
      • fat rat experiment - stimulate left side = don't stop eating
        • stimulate right side = can't eat
  • External
    • anticipation - looking forward to food
    • cultural - cultural events = food
    • taste - cravings
      • sweet and salty are universal
        • other tastes are learned

7

Set Point

if you lose weight, brain turns down metabolizing to gain more weight

8

*Exercise + Eat Right

eat food that turns on metabolism

9

Atkins Diet

no sugar or carbs

10

Fiber

fills stomach by expanding in H20

11

Anorexia

not enough food intake

12

Bulemia

vomiting, extreme exercise, laxatives

13

Achievement Motivation

desire of accomplishment and to make something

14

John Atkinson

Ambigious Picture Text

fantasies reflect your concern for your own achievement

15

Intrinsic vs Extrinsic Achievement Motivation

  • Intrinsic - do it for yourself
    • informative rewards - do things because you want to do it
  • Extrinsic - do it for rewards
    • controlling rewards - do it becase you get something

16

Task Leadership

sets standards, very directive, strict deadlines

17

Social Leadership

build team spirit, mediates conflict, delegates authority, democratic

 

best for worker moral

18

Boss

X Theory

Y Theory

  • X Theory - workers are lazy - only want money
  • Y Theory - workers work because they enjoy it
    • if given freedom - they will work