Ch 13: Personality Flashcards Preview

Psychology > Ch 13: Personality > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 13: Personality Deck (14):
1

Personality

a pattern of behavior and thoughts

2

Psychoanalytical

(Freud)

personality is a struggle between the ID, Ego, and SuperEgo

 

  • ID - present at birth
    • always wants you to feel good
    • 100% pleasure
  • SuperEgo - develops as you gro
    • taught by parents and teachers - high moral standards
    • always wants you to do the "right thing"
  • Ego - develops first year of life
    • balance ID and SuperEgo

3

Humanistic

(Carl Rogers, Maslow)

just ask the person nicely to find out their personality

4

Trait

(Gordon Allport)

found all personalities and archived them

 

test people to fit them into a personality

5

Social Cognitive

(Albert Bandura)

learn personality by watching others

6

Defense Mechanisms - 7

  1. Repression
  2. Regression
  3. Reaction Formation
  4. Projection
  5. Rationalization
  6. Displacement
  7. Sublimation

  1. Repression - pushes down the thought so you don't think about it
    1. Freudian Slips - fail in repression
      1. after a long time
  2. Regression - your retreat into an infantile way
    1. acting like a little kid to get your way
  3. Reaction Formation - switch to the opposite feelings
    1. Sarcasm
  4. Projection - you didguise your own feelings by putting them on someone else
  5. Rationalization - offers a self justifying explination
    1. excuses
  6. Displacement - redirecting anger to a different place
  7. Sublimation - do something good with anger or other emotion

7

Freud's Sexual Stages - 5

  1. oral
  2. anal
  3. phallic
  4. latency
  5. genital

  1. oral - (0-1.5) - pleasure from sucking
    1. pacifier, thumbs
  2. anal - (1.5-3) - pleasure from creating, holding, and letting go of poop
  3. phallic - (3-6) - get pleasure from exploring your body
    1. oedipus complex - boy hates dad, loves mom
    2. electra complex - girl hates mom, loves dad
  4. latency - (6-puberty) - quiet period
  5. genital - (puberty) - pleasure from others

8

Fixation

too much or not enough of a stage

9

Projective test

ambiguous tests that tries to get into the unconscious

not scientific

 

Rorschach Test - ink blots - what do you see?

10

MMPI

Minnesota Multiphase Personality Inventory

inventories - 100's of questions

10 different scalse

2x - one before and after treatment

 

emperically derived

11

Androgny

posess both masculine and feminine traits

12

Unconditional Positive Regaurd

total acceptane of others

13

*Reciprocal Determinism

our personality is shaped by interacting witht the environment

 

environment doesn't just control you, but you think about your environment and act on it

14

Control

Internal vs External

  • Internal - control yourself
    • better health, less depression
    • self efficancy - "I can do it"
  • External - others control you
    • bad
    • *Learned Helplessness - "Anything I do won't matter"