Ch 8: Memory Flashcards Preview

Psychology > Ch 8: Memory > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 8: Memory Deck (15):
1

Flash Bulb Memory

a very strong memory

 

due to stress hormones

2

Information Processing

Encoding

Storage

Retrieval

  • Encoding - storing info in your brain
  • Storage - keeping info in your brain
  • Retrieval​ - get info out

3

Tip of the Tongue Phenomenon

you know it's in your brain, but you can't retrieve it

4

Richard Atinson and Richard Shinffer

3 stage model of Memory

  1. Sensory Memory
  2. Short Term Memory
  3. ​Long Term Memory

  1. Sensory
    1. ​iconic - (visual) - stays for 0.5 sec
    2. Eidetic Imagry - photographic memory
      1. very rare
    3. echoic - (auditory) -  starys for 3-4 seconds
  2. Short Term
    1. working memory
    2. **holds 7+-2 items
  3. Long Term
    1. encode memory into brain
    2. withing 24 hours

5

Automatic Encoding

go into long term memory by itself

 

time and frequency

 

insults and compliments

6

Effortful Encodng

Maintenance Rehersal

Elaborate Rehersal

you must either use Maintenance Rehersal or Elaborate Rehersal

  • Maintenance Rehersal - repeating info over and over
    • repetition
  • Elaborate Rehersal - self reference - narrative/story
    • mneumic device - tricks or jingles
    • chunking - grouping things to remember them
    • hierarchies - order info

7

Herman Ebbinghaus

father of memory research

 

used nonsense syllables(e.g. BAZ, DAX) to test memory

8

Next in Line Effect

  • people say who thery are and take a test on who others are
    • person before you = person you know the least

9

Serial Position Effect

know first and last items in a list the best

10

Primary Effect

know the first few items in a list the best

11

Recency Effect

know the last few items in a list the best

12

Retrieval

  1. Priming
  2. Mood Congruent
  3. Context Dependent
  4. State Dependent

  • getting info out of memory
  1. Priming - find the right schema
  2. Mood Congruent - be in the same mood
  3. Context Dependent - same location/atmosphere
  4. State Dependent - same mental state

13

Elizabeth Loftus

  • most of memory is reconstructed - false memories

14

Forgetting Theories

Retroactive Interference

Proactive Interference

  • Retroactive Interference - new learning interferes with old
    • e.g. new cell # makes you forget home #
  • Proactive Interference - older learning interferes with new
    • e.g. old # makes new # harder to learn

15

Amnesia

  • forgetting everything
  • usually caused by an accident
  • Anterograde -can't remember anything after accident
  • Retrograde - can't remember anything before an accident
  • Infinite Amnesia - forget things before age 3
  • Source Amnesia - you remember things but not the source