Ch 4: Nature vs Nurture Flashcards Preview

Psychology > Ch 4: Nature vs Nurture > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 4: Nature vs Nurture Deck (17):
1

Nature

born with genetic code

every cell in body includes genetic code for entire body

2

Nurture

you learn content from other people and experiences

3

Chromosomes

  • 46
  • made up of DNA

4

Nucleotides

  • 4
  1. Adenine - Goes with Thymine
  2. Thymine - Goes with Adenine
  3. Guaine - Goes with Cytosine
  4. Cytosine - Goes with Guanine
  • Make up chromosomes

5

Human Genome Project

  • (2003)
  • identify all protein genes combinations that build the human body
  • 3 billion have not been discovered

6

DownSyndrome

Trisomy

  • person has extra 21st chromosome

7

Turner Syndrome

only one X chromosome, no Y or other X

8

XYY Syndrome

2 Y chromosomes in the 21st chromosome

9

Fox Study

  • Can we speed up evolution?
  • mate the foxes and only reproduce the nice baby foxes to continue the experiment
  • created domestic foxes

10

Minnesota Twin Study

  • 68 sets of identical twins seperated at birth
    • don't know they have a twin
  • bring the twins together and let them bond for a week then put them through tests
  • twins had the similar
    • personalitites
    • IQ scores
    • Heart Rate
    • Brain waves

11

Placenta

  • better placement of placenta = better nourshment
    • can give more nutrients to child

12

Early Experience

  • "The one with the most toys wins"
  • more stimulation = bigger brain -> by 10%
    • more synapse -> by 20%

13

Peer Influence

  • pre-schoolers will eat similar foods to other children
  • accents will be lost at schools to fit in easier

14

Culture

all the ways of life

(tradition, ideas, attitudes, relations, norms)

15

Norms

  • rules of behavior
  • How you talk
  • Personal Space
  • Child Rearing

16

Memes

new ideas that spread very fast in your culture

17

Social Learning Theory

the theory that we learn social behavior by observing and imitating and by being rewarded or punished