Ch 10 - Nervous System Terminology Flashcards Preview

Biomedical Terminology > Ch 10 - Nervous System Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 10 - Nervous System Terminology Deck (30):
1

cerebell/o

cerebellum

ex. cerebellar - p. the cerebellum

2

cerebr/o

cerebrum

ex. cerebrospinal fluid - fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord

ex. cerebral cortex - outer region of the cerebrum

3

dur/o

dura matter

ex. subdural hematoma - collection of blood under the dura matter

4

encephal/o

brain

ex. encephalitis - inflammation of the brain

ex. encephalopathy - disease of the brain

5

gli/o

glial cells

ex. glioblastoma - malignant tumor of the glial cells

6

lept/o

thin, slender

ex. leptomeningeal - p. the pia matter and arachnoid membrane

7

mening/o,
meningi/o

membranes, meninges

ex. meningeal - p. the meninges

ex. meningioma - tumor of the meninges

ex. myelomeningocele - hernia of the spinal cord and meninges

8

my/o

muscle

ex. myoneural - p. muscle and nerve

9

myel/o

spinal cord (means bone marrow in other contexts)

ex. myelopathy - disease of the spinal cord

10

neur/o

nerve

ex. neuropathy - disease of the nerves

11

pont/o

pons

ex. cerebellopontine - p. the cerebellum and pons

12

radicul/o

nerve root (of spinal nerves)

ex. radiculopathy - disease of the nerve root

13

thalam/o

thalamus

ex. thalamic - p. the thalamus

14

thec/o

sheath (refers to the meninges)

ex. intrathecal injection - substance injected into the subarchanoid space

15

vag/o

vagus nerve

ex. vagal - p. the vagus nerve

16

alges/o,
-algesia

sensitivity to pain

ex. analgesia - no sensation of pain

ex. hypalgesia - diminished sensation of pain

17

-algia

pain

ex. neuralgia - nerve pain

18

caus/o

burning

ex. causalgia - burning sensation of pain

19

comat/o

deep sleep

ex. comatose - a state of unconsciousness from which the patient cannot be aroused.

20

esthesi/o,
-esthesia

feeling, nervous sensation

ex. anesthesia - no nervous sensation

21

kines/o,
kinesi/o,
-kinesia,
-kinesis,
-kinetic

movement

ex. bradykinesia - slow movement
ex. hyperkinesia - excessive movement
ex. dyskinesia - involuntary movement
ex. akineitc - without movement

22

-lepsy

seizure

ex. epilepsy - excessive nerve impulse firing
ex. narcolepsy - sudden uncontrolled episode of sleep

23

lex/o

word, phrase

ex. dyslexia - disorder of reading and writing

24

-paresis

weakness

ex. hemiparesis - slight paralysis

25

-phasia

speech

ex. aphasia - inability to speak

26

-plegia

paralysis

ex. hemiplegia - paralysis in half of the body
ex. paraplegia - paralysis in the lower portion of the body
ex. quadriplegia - paralysis in all four limbs of the body

27

-praxia

action

ex. apraxia - inability to carry out purposeful movement

28

-sthenia

strength

ex. neurasthenia - lack of nerve strength

29

syncop/o

to cut off, cut short

ex. syncopal - p. fainting (caused by inadequate flow of blood to the brain)

30

tax/o

order, coordination

ex. ataxia - no muscular coordination