Ch 12 - Respiratory System Terminology Flashcards Preview

Biomedical Terminology > Ch 12 - Respiratory System Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 12 - Respiratory System Terminology Deck (34):
1

adenoid/o

adenoids

ex. adenoidectomy - removal of the adenoids
ex. adenoid hypertrophy - enlargement of the adenoids

2

alveol/o

aveolus, air sac

ex. alveolar - p. the alveolus

3

bronch/o,
bronchi/o

bronchial tube, bronchus

ex. bronchospasm - sudden contraction of the bronchial tubes
ex. bronchiectasis - dilation of the bronchial tubes
ex. bronchodilator - substance that widens the bronchial tubes
ex. bronchopleural - p. the bronchial tube & the pleura

4

bronchiol/o

bronchiole, small bronchus

ex. bronchiolitis - inflammation of the bronchiole

5

capn/o

carbon dioxide

ex. hypercapnia - excessive carbon dioxide

6

coni/o

dust

ex. pneumoconiosis - dust in the lung

7

cyan/o

blue

ex. cyanosis - blueish skin color

8

epiglott/o

epiglottis

ex. epiglottitis - inflammation of the epiglottis

9

laryng/o

larynx, voice box

ex. laryngeal - p. the larynx
ex. laryngospasm - sudden contraction of the larynx
ex. laryngitis - inflammation of the larynx

10

lob/o

lobe of the lung

ex. lobectomy - removal of a lobe of the lung

11

mediastin/o

mediastinum

ex. mediastinoscopy - using an instrument to visually examine the mediastinum

12

nas/o

nose

ex. paranasal sinuses - p. sinuses near the nose

13

orth/o

straight, upright

ex. orthopnea - upright breathing

14

ox/o

oxygen

ex. hypoxia - condition of decreased oxygen

15

pector/o

chest

ex. expectoration - expulsion of material

16

pharyng/o

pharynx, throat

ex. pharyngeal - p. the pharynx

17

phon/o

voice

ex. dysphonia - condition of voice impairment

18

phren/o

diaphragm

ex. phrenic nerve - nerve that carries messages to the diaphragm

19

pleur/o

pleura

ex. pleurodynia - pain of the pleura
ex. pleural effusion - fluid in the pleural cavity

20

pneum/o,
pneumon/o

air, lung

ex. pneumothorax - air in the pleural cavity
ex. pneumonectomy - removal of the lung

21

pulmon/o

lung

ex. pulmonary - p. the lung

22

rhin/o

nose

ex. rhinoplasty - surgical repair of the nose

23

sinus/o

sinus, cavity

ex. sinusitis - inflammation of the sinus cavity

24

spir/o

breathing

ex. spirometer - instrument to measure breathing
ex. expiration - breathing out
ex. respiration - breathing

25

tel/o

complete

ex. atelectasis - collapsed lung (incomplete expansion of a lung)

26

thorac/o

chest

ex. thoracotomy - incision into the chest

27

tonsill/o

tonsils

ex. tonsillectomy - removal of the tonsils

28

trache/o

trachea, windpipe

ex. thracheotomy - incision into the trachea

29

-ema

condition

ex. empyema - condition of pus in the pleural cavity

30

-osmia

smell

ex. anosmia - absence of sense of smell

31

-pnea

breathing

ex. apnea - no breathing
ex. dyspnea - difficult breathing
ex. hyperpnea - an increase in the depth of breathing
ex. tachypnea - excessively rapid & shallow breathing

32

-ptysis

spitting

ex. hemoptysis - spitting of blood

33

-sphyxia

pulse

ex. asphyxia - lack of pulse/absence of pulse

34

-thorax

pleural cavity, chest

ex. hemothorax - blood in the pleural cavity
ex. pyothorax - pus in the pleural cavity