Ch 18 - Endocrine System Terminology Flashcards Preview

Biomedical Terminology > Ch 18 - Endocrine System Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 18 - Endocrine System Terminology Deck (38):
1

aden/o

gland

ex. adenitis - inflammation of a gland

2

adrenal/o

adrenal gland

ex. adrenalectomy - removal of the adrenal gland

3

gonad/o

sex glands (ovaries and testes)

ex. gonadotropin - hormone that acts on the gonads

ex. hypogonadism - decreased functioning of the gonads

4

pancreat/o

pancreas

ex. pancreatectomy - removal of the pancreas

5

parathyroid/o

parathyroid gland

ex. parathyroidectomy - removal of the parathyroid gland

6

pituitar/o

pituitary gland; hypophysis

ex. hypopituitarism - decreased secretion of the pituitary gland

7

thyr/o,
thyroid/o

thyroid gland

ex. thyrotropic hormone - hormone that acts on the thyroid gland

ex. thyroiditis - inflammation of the thyroid gland

8

andr/o

male

ex. androgen - hormone producing male characteristics

9

calc/o,
calci/o

calcium

ex. hypercalcemia - condition of excessive calcium in the blood
ex. hypocalcemia - condition of low calcium in the blood
ex. hypercalcuria - condition of high levels of calcium in the urine

10

cortic/o

cortex, outer region

ex. corticosteroid - hormone produced by the adrenal cortex

11

crin/o

secrete

ex. endocrinologist - specialist in the treatment of the endocrine gland disorders

12

dips/o

thirst

ex. polydipsia - excessive thirst

13

estr/o

female

ex. estrogenic - p. having estrogen like effects

14

gluc/o

sugar

ex. glucagon - hormone from the pancreas that causes sugars to be released when blood sugar levels are low

15

glyc/o

sugar

ex. hyperglycemia - condition of excessive blood sugar
ex. glycemic - p. sugar
ex. glycogen - an animal starch

16

home/o

sameness

ex. homeostasis - maintaining equilibrium

17

hormon/o

hormone

ex. hormonal - p. hormone

18

kal/i

potassium

ex. hypokalemia - low levels of potassium

19

lact/o

milk

ex. prolactin - substance that stimulates milk production

20

myx/o

mucus

ex. myxedema - swelling of the face and tissue

21

natr/o

sodium

ex. hyponatremia - low sodium in the blood

22

phys/o

growing

ex. hypophysectomy - removal of the pituitary gland

23

somat/o

body

ex. somatotropin - growth hormone

24

ster/o

solid structure

ex. steroid - an organic compound with a ring structure

25

toc/o

childbirth

ex. oxytocin - substance that stimulates childbirth

26

toxic/o

poison

ex. thyrotoxicosis - thyroid crisis

27

ur/o

urine

ex. antidiuretic hormone - hormone that causes water to be released in the body

28

-agon

assemble, gather together

ex. glucagon - hormone from the pancreas that causes sugar to be released when sugar levels are low

29

-emia

blood condition

ex. hypoglycemia - low levels of blood sugar

30

-in,
-ine

substance
ex. epinephrine - substance that raises blood pressure

31

-tropin

stimulating the function of (to turn or act on)

ex. adrenocorticotropin - stimulates the adrenal cortex to release its hormone

32

-uria

urine condition

ex. glycosuria - condition of sugar in urine

33

eu-

good, normal

ex. euthyroid - good thyroid/normal thyroid

34

hyper-

excessive; above

ex. hyperkalemia - excessive potassium in the blood

35

hypo-

deficient; below; under; less than normal

ex. hypoinsulinism - deficient secretion of insulin/low levels of insulin

36

oxy-

rapid, sharp, acid

ex. oxytocin - substance that stimulates childbirth

37

pan-

all

ex. panhypopituitarism - deficiency of all the hormones in the pituitary gland

38

poly-

many or increased

ex. polyuria - excessive urination