Ch 13 - Blood System Terminology Flashcards Preview

Biomedical Terminology > Ch 13 - Blood System Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 13 - Blood System Terminology Deck (38):
1

bas/o

base (alkaline, the opposite of acid)

ex. basophil - WBC, or dark staining granule

2

chrom/o

color

ex. hypochromic - deficiency of color

3

coagul/o

clotting

ex. anticoagulant - substance that works against clotting

4

cyt/o

cell

ex. cytology - study of cells

5

eosin/o

red, dawn, rosy

ex. eosinophil - WBC

6

erythr/o

red

ex. erythroblast - immature RBC

7

granul/o

granules

ex. granulocyte - WBC

8

hem/o

blood

ex. hemolysis - destruction/breakdown of RBCs

9

hemat/o

blood

ex. hematocrit - separation of blood

10

hemoglobin/o

hemoglobin

ex. hemoglobinopathy - disease of the hemoglobin

11

is/o

same, equal

ex. anisocytosis - abnormal condition of unequal size of cells

12

kary/o

nucleus

ex. megakaryocyte - cell with a large nuclei

13

leuk/o

white

ex. leukopenia - deficiency of WBCs

14

mon/o

one, single

ex. monocyte - WBC

15

morph/o

shape, form

ex. study of shape/form

16

myel/o

bone marrow

ex. myeloblast - immature bone marrow
ex. myelodysplasia - abnormal development of the bone marrow

17

neutr/o

neutral (neither base nor acid)

ex. neutropenia - deficiency of the neutrophil

18

nucle/o

nucleus

ex. polymorphonuclear - WBC w/ multi nucleus

19

phag/o

eat, swallow

ex. phagocyte - cells that ingest other cells

20

poikil/o

varied, irregular

ex. poikilocytosis - irregular shape of the RBC

21

sider/o

iron

ex. sideropenia - deficiency of iron

22

spher/o

globe, round

ex. spherocytosis - erythrocyte that has a rounded shape

23

thromb/o

clot

ex. thrombocytopenia - deficiency of clotting cells

24

-apheresis

removal, a carrying away

ex. plasmapheresis - separation of plasma
ex. leukapheresis - separation of WBC
ex. plateletpheresis - separation of platelet

25

-blast

immature or embryonic cell

ex. monoblast - immature WBC

26

-cytosis

abnormal condition of cells (increase in cells)

ex. macrocytosis - abnormal increase in the RBC
ex. microcytosis - abnormal decrease in the RBC

27

-emia

blood condition

ex. leukemia - cancer of the WBC

28

-gen

giving rise to; producing

ex. fibrinogen - plasma converting into fibrin for clotting

29

-globin,
-globulin

protein

ex. hemoglobin - blood protein in erythrocyte
ex. immunoglobulin - protein that acts to protect the body

30

-lytic

pertaining to destruction

ex. thrombolytic therapy - treatment to destroy the blood clot

31

-oid

derived or originating from

ex. myeloid - derived from the bone marrow

32

-osis

abnormal condition

ex. thrombosis - abnormal condition of clotting

33

-penia

deficiency

ex. granulocytopenia - deficiency of the granulocytes
ex. pancytopenia - deficiency of all the cells

34

-phage

eat, swallow

ex. macrophage - large cells that eat other cells

35

-philia

attraction for (an increase in cell numbers)

ex. eosinophilia - increase in the number of eosinophils
ex. nutrophilia - increase in the number of neutrophils

36

-phoresis

carrying, transmission

ex. electrophoresis - separation of protein

37

-poiesis

formation

ex. hematopoiesis - formation of blood cells
ex. erythropoiesis - formation of erythrocyte
ex. myelopoiesis - formation of the bone marrow

38

-stasis

stop, control

ex. hemostasis - stopping of the blood flow